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Hello everyone, my name is Ms Butt.

And today I'm going to be teaching you some new vocabulary to use in your unit on How to Train Your Dragon.

Now, I know that at the moment, you're looking at the scene where Hiccup first discovers, Toothless all tied up in the ground.

And so today we're going to be learning some ways that we can describe Hiccup.

Now, if I think about Hiccup as a character, one of the ways that I would describe him is clumsy.

He's a very kind character but he is a little bit clumsy.

And therefore, today we're going to be learning some ways to describe a clumsy person.

And hopefully these will be really useful in your buildup writing.

I hope you enjoy today's lesson.

Here's what we're going to do today.

First I'm going to introduce the new vocabulary one word at a time, and we're going to be looking at illustrations to help us understand what each word means.

Then we're going to look at word pairs and synonyms. And again, this will give us a deeper understanding of the word.

And finally, we're going to apply these words in sentences, and hopefully you're going to write some sentences that will be useful in your How to Train Your Dragon unit.

For today's lesson, you're going to need something to write on and something to write with at the end of the lesson, throughout the lesson, you're going to need your brain.

So I hope that you are ready for your learning.

Perhaps you might want to pause the video now to make sure you've got everything that you need and to try to clear away anything that might distract you.

Okay, great.

Let's get started.

Here's some key vocabulary we need to understand for today's lesson.

I'm going to say each word and then I'd like you to say the word back to me.

Synonym, word pair, adjective, noun.

Thank you for joining in.

So a synonym is a word that means exactly or nearly the same as another word, like the word, merry and happy.

They mean the same thing.

Word pairs are often words, that words that often appear together, like a bright sun or a bright moon.

So when we learn these three new words today, we'll be looking at the word pairs that are often matched up with, and that will help us to understand how these words are normally used.

An adjective is a describing word.

And because we're going to be thinking of words to describe Hiccup today, we're going to be learning three adjectives and a noun is a person, place, or thing.

So let's start off by thinking about how would you describe Hiccup? So I've already said he's a bit of a clumsy character.

But what other character traits does he have? Can you think of three words to describe Hiccup? Pause the video and off you go.

Well done, when I think about Hiccup, I think he's very creative, I think that he's quite bad tempered sometimes, especially when he's getting fed up with his father.

And I actually think he's very brave.

So let's have a look at our first clumsy word before I show you the word, we're going to look at an illustration.

Here's the illustration, the illustrations are often very funny.

So what's happening in this picture? What can you see? What's this character up to? How would you describe this character? What story is this telling? Can you pause the video and either have a think about it or describe the picture out loud? So it looks to me like this little dog has got himself into a right mess.

He's tried to go fishing, but when he's got his fishing rod and cast it and threw it out into the pond, when it flicks back, it seems to have hooked his trousers.

And now it's lifting him up out of the water.

It looks like he's about to splash into the water.

This is definitely something that is a little bit of a clumsy thing to do.

So let's find out what this word is.



Bumbling is an adjective and it means awkward, clumsy or useless.

Like a fisherman who gets tangled up in his own fishing rod.

I think definitely Hiccup's sometimes is a bit awkward, clumsy or useless, look at what he was like in that Ah in the first scene of How to Train Your Dragon, when the dragons attack the village.

And he, he tries to help, but he's so bumbling, he gets everything wrong.

The word bumbling sounds awkward.

If you say it like bumbling, just like the action it describes other examples of this are the words splash, which the word splash almost sounds like something's splashing in the water, Bang, boom, and crunch.

So let's take a look at some words.

Now I'm going to read these to you, and as I read them, I want you to think about which of these words could be synonyms of bumbling.

Now, remember if it's not as synonym, then it's probably going to be a word pair.

So a bumbling umm.

As I read them, can you spot the three synonyms? Fool, idiot, clumsy, buffoon, burglar, useless, detective, sidekick, awkward, servant.

To help you out.

Here's the word in a sentence.

Every time Hiccup tries talking to his father, he ends up feeling like a bumbling fool.

Now, usually if a words a synonym, we could replace the word bumbling with a new word in that sentence.

It doesn't always work, but it can help.

So pause the video and see if you can spot the three synonyms. Let's see how you got on, the synonyms are clumsy, useless, and awkward.

And that means all the other words are word pairs which I'm going to read to you now.

A bumbling fool, a bumbling idiot, idiot is not really very nice word to call someone.

A bumbling buffoon.

A buffoon is a bit like a fool.

You might sometimes think that a clown, for example, might be like a buffoon.

A bumbling burglar, I think if the burglar was bumbling, they would probably get caught, Don't you? A bumbling detective? Probably not very good at solving crimes.

A bumbling sidekick.

Now a sidekick is a word to describe someone, who, so if you often have like a superhero, like Batman, Robin might be the sidekick, almost like the superheroes helper.

And a bumbling servant.

Now when we learn new words, it's really important that we actually say the words aloud.

So can you pause the video now? And read these word pairs out loud just as I did.

Off you go.


Well done.

So before we look at our second word, could you just remind me, what does the word bumbling mean? And you can use the image to help you.

Well done.

It means awkward, clumsy or useless, like a fisherman who gets tangled up in his own fishing rod.

Do you think we could describe Hiccup as being bumbling? Yeah I agree.

Okay, let's take a look at our second illustration.

Oh dear.

What's happening in this picture? What can you see? What's happening with this character? Why do you think this has happened? What story is this telling? Can you pause the video and have a think about that now? So it looks to me like this character was trying to perhaps put some butter on his sweet corn, on his corn on the cob.

But because he's got butter all over his fingers and that's made his fingers very slippery, the plate and all his food has fallen off his table.

Let's see what this word can be.

Wow, it's literally exactly what's happening.

This word is butterfingered.


This is an adjective that means clumsy or accident prone like someone who constantly drops things.

Now I imagine if you've got your finger tips and you smeared butter all over them, it would mean that whenever you picked something up, it would probably just slip right out to them.

And that's why this word means clumsy.

Because if you had butter on your fingers, you would probably be dropping things all the time.

Butterfingered is a compound word.

That's when two words go together to make a word a bit like a compound sentence with two main clauses.

Other examples are key board, keyboard, a table and a cloth or a tablecloth, a note and a book or a notebook and a foot and a ball make a football just like in this word, butter and fingers.

Make the word butterfingered.

And you'll notice there's no hyphen in between these two words the two words are connected.

So just like I did before, I'm going to read some words and I want you to spot the three synonyms and all the rest of the words will be word pairs.

Clumsy, cook, buffoon, accident-prone, catcher, clown, goalkeeper, sloppy, waiter.

Here's the word in the sentence.

The butterfingered boy dropped the knife that he was clutching in his sweaty hands.

Can you pause the video and identify the three synonyms of butterfingered? Okay, so the synonyms are clumsy, accident-prone.

If you're prone to accidents, it means that they happen to you all the time, and sloppy.

And that means the rest of these words are word pairs that I'll read to you now.

A butterfingered cook.

A butterfingered buffoon, that's that word you saw earlier that means foolish.

A butterfingered waiter, deary me, you wouldn't want a butterfingered waiter, because they're just going to drop everything and probably end up smashing lots of plates.

A butterfingered clown, perhaps that would drop all of their tricks that they were doing.

A butterfingered goalkeeper, ball would keeps slipping through their fingers and a butterfingered catcher.

So imagine in a game of cricket, if you had someone catching fielding, if they were butterfingered.

They probably wouldn't be a very good catcher.

So can you pause the video just like you did before and read these word pairs out loud.

Great job.

So before we move to our final image, what does butterfingered mean? That's right, it means clumsy or accident prone.

I think poor old Hiccup is a little bit butterfingered as well.

Here's our final image, So what's happening in this picture? How would you describe this character? Pause the video and have a think.

Well, this character looks like they opened up their mouth to say something, But their tongue is in a knot and therefore they probably can't speak because our tongues are really important when we speak.

And this person, this character, looks a bit shocked that that's happening.

Let's find out what the word is.

So this adjective is tongue-tied.

I say, you say, tongue-tied, tongue-tight.

So this is actually unlike butterfingered, This these two words do you have a hyphen in between them.

So this is also an adjective and it means speechless or lost for words, when you feel shy and can't think of anything to say.

So imagine a situation where you felt a little bit shy or a bit lost for words, because you've been so shocked about something.

And it's almost as if your tongue has been tied.

So you cannot speak.

Let's take a look at some words that could be synonyms of tongue-tied, fool, presenter, nervous, teacher, actor, pupil, speechless, contestant, stuttering, and silence.

I'm just going to go over some of these words for you.

So the presenter is someone who presents something, so it could be like a presenter of a TV show a contestant is somebody who takes part in a competition.

And stuttering is what people do when they're trying to say something.

And if they stutter on their words, it's like, it does, the words don't come out.

They keep saying certain letters again and again, before they can say the full word.

Here's the word in a sentence.

Hiccup was so tongue-tied when he saw the dragon that he just stood there with his mouth open.

Can you pause the video and see if you can spot the three synonyms of tongue-tied.

Well done.

So there's synonyms are nervous, speechless and stuttering.

That means the rest of these words are word pairs.

And I'm going to read them to you now.

The tongue-tied fool, the tongue-tied presenter, the tongue-tied teacher.

The tongue-tied actor, the tongue-tied pupil, the tongue-tied contestant and tongue-tied silence.

Can you pause the video and read these word pairs loud so that this was tongue-tied sticks in your memory.

Good job.

So we have learned three new words.

Can you remember having a look at each image, what these three adjectives are.

Now I've been bit mean here, because I haven't given you them to then pick which word matches which image.

You've just got to try to remember them.

Don't worry if you can't, but see if you can remember any of these words, pause the video and have a think now.

So the first word we looked at was it begins with a bah.


The second word also begins with a B or the sound bah.

And it is butterfingered is quite a big clue in that, in that picture.

And finally, again we can look at the image to help us.

This word is tongue-tied.

Now I'd like you to look at each word and see if you can define each word.

Now you don't need to do a really long definition but you might just give a couple of words that mean the same thing as, as each of these words, or you might describe it in a different way.

So it's really important sometimes that we put things in our own and in our own sentence.

And then that helps us to remember it.

So pause the video and see if you can describe what each word means.


Let's see how close you were.

So bumbling means awkward, clumsy, or useless.

Butterfingered means clumsy or accident prone and tongue-tied means speechless or lost for words.

Now we're going to have a go at applying these words in sentences.

So I've written some sentences that you could use in your buildup.

When a Hiccup first sees Toothless all tied up and I'd like you to see which of these adjectives fits best in each sentence.

Here's the first one.

Gasping in shock, the umm young Viking stood as still as a statue.

When people stand still as a statue, it's usually because they're very shocked.

Which words do you think could fit in the sentence? Hmmm, now I think if he's very shocked and he's standing still, then he's probably not moving or speaking.

So therefore the word is tongue-tied.

Now you'll notice in this sentence that we've got a non-finite clause at the start.

That's when we have a verb that ends in I N G.

The verb or doing word in this sentence is gasping.

And so we've got after this clause we've got a comma, gasping in shock, comma.

The tongue-tied young Viking stood as still as a statue.

We could take out his non-finite clause and just say the capital letter, The tongue-tied young Viking stood as still as a statue, but this non-finite clause that we snuck in at the beginning gives us a little bit more information about what Hiccup was doing, gasping in shock.

Perhaps today, when you write your sentences, you could try to include an non-finite clause.

The best way to do it is to think of a verb like gasp add I N G, gasping and remember that whatever the clause is, it's got to have a comma at the end of it.

Let's think of an example together.

I could use the word walk, that's a verb, it's a doing word.

So then I need to add I N G.

Walking, perhaps I could say walking closer to the dragon, comma Hiccup, noticed it was tied up.

So perhaps that's what you could do when you add, you could do that same trick of thinking of a verb and adding I N G when you write your own sentences.

Let's take a look at an another example, Despite trying to stay calm, the teenager umm teenager tripped and stumbled as he approached the dragon.

He's tripping and he's stumbling.

How would you describe this, Hiccup in this sentence? Well done, bumbling.

You could also have said butterfingered but he's not dropping anything here.

He's more stumbling.

So I think that bumbling would be better.

Let's take a look at the final sentence.

Dropping his dagger, the umm boy, let out a terrified yelp.

Now, what was he going to do? So he's dropped something, which words do you think could fit in here? That's right.

The butterfingered boy.

Do you notice what the sentence starts with? Well done.

A non-finite clause.

We can tell this because we've got a verb, drop that's a doing word, but we've got I N G on the end of it.

Dropping his dagger.

And then it's got to comma, after the non-finance clause with the comma, we then have got the main clause.

So I'd like you to have a go at writing one of your sentences now using a non-finite clause and including the word bumbling.

You could use the word pairs to help you.

So for example, you might talk about a bumbling idiot or a bumbling fool.

Here is a sentence scaffold to help you.

And you can see that this starts also with a non-finite clause because the verb is step, stepping, slowly, stepping closer, comma.

So how could you complete this sentence? Slowly stepping closer comma.

And remember I want you to see if you can use the word, bumbling.

Pause the video and have a go at that now.

Well done.

Can you just read your sentence back and check that you've got your comma after the non-finite clause, if you used one, that you've got a full stop at the end and a capital letter at the beginning.


I would now like you to write a sentence using the word butterfingered.

Now, remember if someone's butterfingered, they're clumsy but often it might be because they have dropped something.

So think about the scene with Hiccup.

What might he be holding and what could he drop in this scene? Perhaps that might help you to build a sentence.

Pause the video and have a go now at writing your own sentence.


Well done.

And finally, I would like you to write a sentence using the word tongue-tied.

Again, you can use the word pairs to help you, if you would like to, or you can picture the scene when Hiccup sees Toothless the dragon.

And you can think about how you could use the word tongue-tied to describe what's happening in that scene.

Try to make the sentence really ambitious as it's your last task for the lesson.

Good luck.


Well done.

If you feel really proud, of your sentences, which I hope you are, and you can always ask a parent or carers to take a photo and upload it on Twitter.

So we get to see the brilliant work you're doing.

Well done for working so hard in this lesson, you've learned three new adjectives, and I hope that they're really useful when you're describing Hiccup.

Thank you for watching and I'll see you soon.