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Hello everyone, my name is Ms Butt and today I'm going to be teaching you some new vocabulary for you to use in your unit on "How to Train Your Dragon." At the moment, I know that you're preparing to write a set of instructions on how to train a dragon.

Now, it's really important that when you train a dragon, you have certain character traits.

So today we are going to be learning some really ambitious and impressive new ways of describing, trying hard because you've got to try hard if you want to train a dragon.

I hope you enjoy today's lesson.

Okay, let's get started.

So in today's lesson I'm going to introduce the new vocabulary one word at a time and we're going to be looking at illustrations to help us picture what these words mean.

Then we're going to identify the word pairs and synonyms, so we can see how these words can be used in different contexts and understand words mean the same thing.

And finally, we're going to apply these words in sentences and then you're going to have a go at the end of the lesson at writing your own sentences.

And we're going to try to make these sentences about instructions on how to train a dragon, so that they'll be useful for when you do your writing.

For today's lesson you're going to need something to write on and something to write with towards the end of the lesson.

You're also going to need your brains.

So to make sure you can focus, can you try to clear away anything that might distract you and get anything that you need now? Pause the video.

Okay, great.

So here's some key vocabulary we'll be using today.

I'm going to say each word and then I'd like you to repeat it back to me.

Synonym, word pair, adjective, verb, noun, and an adverb.

Let's go through what these mean.

A synonym is a word that means exactly or nearly the same as another word, like merry and happy.

Word pairs are words that often appear together like a bright sun or a bright moon.

An adjective is a describing word and a noun is a person place or thing.

And adjectives often describe nouns.

A verb is a doing or a being word and an adverb adds information about the verb.

So it describes how a verb happened.

For example, if the verb was run, the adverb would be run quickly.

So let's start thinking about training a dragon.

If you were going to train a dragon, like the dragons in this book, "How to Train your Dragon" or the film if you've seen the film.

What types of skills would you need to have? Can you pause the video and think of perhaps two skills that you think you would need to train a dark dragon? Okay, well today we're going to be learning some character traits that you would also need to have in addition to those skills.

So these will be really useful to include in your instructions.

Let's take a look at our first trying hard word.

Before I show you the word we're going to look at an illustration.

Can you look closely at this picture and describe what is happening? What story is it telling and how is this person or character trying hard? Pause the video and have a think now.

Well, it seems to me that both these characters are trying hard.

The character who is walking ahead off the cliff in her high heels looks like whatever they're talking about they're so absorbed by it and so interested in it that they haven't even noticed that they've walked off a cliff and the character that looks like maybe her assistant that's following after her taking notes of what she's saying also looks like he's trying very hard to keep up with what she's saying.

Let's find out what this word is, dedicated.

Dedicated, dedicated is an adjective and it means keen or devoted.

When you care about something so much, nothing can stop you.

If you were going to train a dragon you would need to be dedicated because if you weren't dedicated to it and you didn't really care about it, and you got distracted and that you were off to train your dragon then someone said, "would you want to play a game?" And you go, well, actually I might do that instead.

Then your dragon is probably not going to get trained successfully.

I'm going to read some words to you now and as I read them I want you to try to identify the synonyms of dedicated.

Remember, a synonym is a word that means more or less the same thing.

If the words aren't synonyms that probably means they're word pairs.

So, words that we would describe as dedicated.

Let's take a look, devoted, follower, team, committed, staff, teacher, keen, employee, space volunteer, to help you here's the word in a sentence.

You must find a dedicated space for your dragon to sleep as they like to sleep in the same spot each night.

Can you pause the video and see if you can spot the synonyms of dedicated? I can see one, two, three synonyms. I wonder if you can spot them as well.

Let's see how you got on, the synonyms are, devoted, committed, and keen.

These are all skills you would need to have or character traits you'd need to have in order to train a dragon.

And that means all these other words are word pairs, so we can see how many different things we can describe as dedicated.

You might, for example have a dedicated follower, perhaps if you are a pop star and you had a dedicated follower, they would have all of your albums and posters of you in their room.

There might be a dedicated team that practise every single day without fail.

Maybe there would be a dedicated staff.

If you had dedicated staff then they would probably be a very successful team.

A dedicated volunteer, a volunteer is someone who offers to work often for free.

So if they were dedicated, that would be brilliant 'cause it means they would turn up every day on time and work really hard.

A dedicated teacher.

I'm sure that all of your teachers are dedicated.

A dedicated employee, that's someone you employ and a dedicated space.

Now this is a tricky one and we saw it actually in the sentence that I wrote earlier about making sure you have a dedicated space for your dragon to sleep.

If you went to a doctor's surgery there's often a dedicated space for the doctor.

And that means that that space is committed or devoted just to the doctor.

So no one else can park there 'cause obviously it's important that they have somewhere to park, so they can see their patients on time in the morning.

It's important when we learn new words to read the words out loud.

So can you pause the video now and read these words pairs just like I did out loud.

Great job, well done.

So before we move on to our next word, can you just remind me, what does dedicated mean? Well done, it means keen or devoted, when you care about something so much, nothing can stop you.

Let's take a look at our second illustration.

What's happening in this picture? Can you see, can you describe what you can see how the character's feeling and what story this is telling? How is this character trying hard? Pause the video and have a think now.

It looks to me like this might be a race, because I can see above where this character is finished it says the finish and he's re running through a ribbon which sometimes happens at the end of a race.

Now this character looks absolutely exhausted.

They definitely have tried hard in this race.

I can tell that because their eyes look tired, they're slumped over, their sweat running off their face.

So, I wonder what this word could be.

Persevere, persevere.

Persevere is a verb.

So the last word we looked at, dedicated was an adjective, a describing word but this is a verb, which is a doing word.

So persevere is something that you would do.

It means to keep going or carry on, like running all the way to the end of a marathon.

You might've been told at school to persevere with an activity.

If we find something difficult which every single person does, if we can either, we've got two choices, we can either give up and move on or we can persevere, which means we can keep on trying.

And if we keep on trying, it's really rewarding and satisfying when we get there in the end.

So to persevere is a really important life skill.

The prefix per at the start of this word is the Latin for thoroughly or very, which makes sense when we look at these other words, persist again if you persist in something it means you keep going with it, you don't just give up.

Perfect and permanent something's permanent.

It means it will be there forever.

So we can see the prefixes, for example this prefix per, can often give us clues about what words mean.

I'm going to read a set of words to you now and I'd like you to, as I read them, see if you can spot the synonyms of persevere, there should be three synonyms. Keep going, in the race, with the job, in the search, carry on, persist, steadily, doggedly despite all obstacles and with the diet.

Say some words there and some phrases, here's the word persevere in a sentence.

At times you may lose patience with your pet but you must persevere if you want to succeed, can you pause the video and see if you can spot the three synonyms for persevere? So the synonyms are, keep going, carry on and persist.

And that means these other phrases, all word pairs.

So, you might persevere in the race like this character did, perhaps you might persevere with the job often when people first start a new job, they might not like it at first because they're learning how to do all the different tasks they need to do and they might be a bit shy but you should always persevere with the job.

Persevere with the diet or perhaps if you're trying to be really healthy and not eat too many chocolates and sweets and then you really tempted to have a naughty treat but you've got to try to persevere with the diet.

Persevere in the search.

So if you're looking for something don't give up.

Persevere despite all obstacles.

So obstacles just means that no matter what gets in your way, you still persevere.

Persevere steadily, slow and steadily and persevere doggedly, steadily and doggedly are both adverbs.

They describe how that would happen.

Doggedly, if you imagine a dog that won't let go of a bone, like really determined, that's kind of what doggedly means.

So can you pause the video now and reading these word pairs aloud? Off you go.

Excellent, so before we left our final word what does persevere mean? Can you tell me and look at the picture to help you? Yeah, it means keep going or carry on.

Ooh, here's our third illustration.

What's happening in this picture? What's the characters doing? How do you think they feel? What story is this telling? Can you pause the video and have a think now? So it looks to me like these two characters have tied each other to one another.

And because of the little hearts above their heads I'm guessing that they are in love.

These characters are committed.

Committed, this is an adjective and it means completely loyal and dedicated, like to people who have promised to stay together forever.

Often, that's why people might get married because they want to make a commitment to each other.

So the prefix in this word com, means with which again makes sense if we think about the word mean committed, being, meaning that you stay loyal and dedicated with someone else.

Other words that you use the same prefix, com is community which is a group of people.

Communicate, so that's when you're communicating again with people and committee, which is again it's like a group of people who might make decisions together.

So again, we've got another word with the prefix that gives us a clue as to what it might mean.

Let's take a look at what could be the synonyms, relationship, worker, supporter dedicated, team player, devoted, believer, loyal, couple.

Here's the word in a sentence.

If you want to succeed in training your dragon you must be committed to it and work with it every day.

So could you pause the video and see if you can spot the synonyms of committed? I can see one, two.

Oh, I wonder if there's just two of this one.

Pause the video and have a think.

Sorry, I've just seen three, there are three.

So pause the video and see if you can find the three or maybe you've already done that.

So the synonyms are dedicated, devoted, and loyal.

That means the rest of word pairs, which I'll read now committed relationship, a committed worker.

So if you had a committed worker, perhaps they've stayed in your business for really long time, they haven't left.

They've been really committed to the job.

A committed supporter.

So perhaps you might support a football team and they keep on losing but despite that, you're not going to give up on them because you've made a commitment to support them.

A committed team player, a committed believer and a committed couple.

Can you pause the video now and read these words out loud? Well done.

So we've learned three new ambitious words to describe trying hard.

Two of them are adjectives and one of them is a verb.

Can you remember what each word is? Pause the video and see if you can have a go at.

So the answers are, the first picture showed the word dedicated.

The second picture shows the word persevere and the third word was committed.

Can you now pause the video and have a go at defining what each word means? Because often when we put things in our own words that's how we can help to retain it and to remember it.

So imagine that you were explaining to a younger child what these words mean.

Off you go.

Brilliant, so just a reminder, dedicated means keen or devoted, persevere means keep going and carry on and committed means loyal and dedicated.

Let's take a look at some sentences and think about what word we would put in each sentence.

Dragons become very attached to their owners.

So you must make sure you are to your dragon for life.

Which words do you think fits here? Well, there's a bit of a clue because if you're going to stay with your dragon for life because they get attached, then that tells me there should be committed.

And something that staying loyal to your dragon not just then thinking, oh there's a new cool dragon.

I'm going to ditch this one and have a new one now.

Although dragons are hard work, they are very useful pets so you must with the training.

Imagine that you're trying to train but your dragon keeps annoying you and not listening and not doing what you say but they are very useful.

So what should you do with your training? Persevere, well done.

That's a bit of a clue that 'cause it's doing word of that.

And finally, if you want to succeed and flying your dragon you must have a approach and accept that it will take time to gain your pets trust.

Which word do you think fits here? A dedicated approach.

Now you might notice that this sentence starts with 'if' and that means it's called a conditional if clause.

We can see that we've got 'if' at the beginning and then we've got a comma after the 'if' clause.

Now, conditional, 'if' clauses are really useful when you're writing instructions.

So for example, if you were making a cake, it might say in the recipe, if you don't have this baking tray, comma you can use this one instead.

So when these 'if' clauses appear a lot in instructions.

So I'd like you to have a go now at writing a sentence using the word dedicated and I've put here a sentence scaffold 'cause I would like you to write an 'if' sentence that includes an 'if' clause.

So take a look.

If you comma, then how could you fill in the blanks in that sentence? Remember, you've got to have a comma at the end of your 'if' clause.

And again, try to sneak in this new word we've learned, dedicated.

So pause the video and have a go at writing that sentence now.

Perhaps you could write something like, if you are dedicated to your training comma, your dragon will be ready in no time.

I really look forward to seeing the sentences that you'll write.

So now I'd like you to have a go at writing a sentence with the word persevere.

Remember, it means keep going or carry on.

There are some word pairs there to help you, or again try and think about your instructions and how could the word persevere be useful word in a sentence on how to train your dragon, pause the video and have a go now.

So perhaps you could say something like, dragons don't always listen at first but if you persevere, they will soon begin to obey you Finally, can you write a sentence using the word committed, remembering that if you're committed to something, it means you're loyal and you stick with it.

So how could we write a sentence in our instructions about being committed to your dragon? Pause the video and have a go at writing this final sentence now.

Brilliant, well done, it's always a good idea after we've completed any writing to just go back and read through our sentences to check them.

Quite often when I write sentences, I forget things like capital letters or full stops or commas, sometimes I even miss words out, and when I read my sentences back, I spot those mistakes.

So I wonder if you could just pause the video again and read back through your three sentences to check for any errors.

Excellent, well done You've worked so hard in this lesson and you've learned three brilliant new ways of describing someone who tries hard, and I think we'll all agree you would need to try hard to train a dragon.

If you feel really proud of your sentences then you want to show them off.

Then ask a parent or carer to take a photo of them and you can upload them on Twitter.

Thank you so much for watching this lesson, I've really enjoyed teaching you and I look forward to seeing you soon.