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Hello everyone.

My name is Miss Butt.

And today I'm going to teach you some new vocabulary.

I know that you're doing a unit at the moment, all about the anglerfish, which is a creature I'm a bit afraid of.

Today, we're going to be learning three words that you could use to describe the water.

I hope you enjoy today's lesson.

Okay, let's get started.

In today's lesson, I'm going to first introduce each new word, one at a time.

Then we're going to look at the synonyms and word pairs for each word.

And we're going to talk about what those things mean in a second.

And finally, we're going to have a go at applying these new words that we've learned in sentences that would be useful for your unit on "The Anglerfish." So today's lesson, you are going to need a piece of paper or a notepad to write in, at the very end of the lesson, I'm going to ask you to write three sentences.

You'll need a pencil and you'll need your brains.

Please make sure as well that you try as hard as you can to care away anything that's going to distract you.

I've just put my phone away in my drawers in the back that it doesn't distract me.

So could you pause the video now and get everything that you need for this lesson and make sure you're ready for your learning? Okay, let's start thinking about the water.

I'd like you to quickly tell me, three things that you might find in the water, off you! Wow, great ideas.

Lots of different variations there.

I've put this picture up because actually, this is one of my worst nightmares.

I've got a bit of a fear of unnatural things under the sea.

So anything.

I don't mind, fish or whales or things like that.

But if there was like a shipwreck under the sea, or like an old rusty anchor under the sea, that really freaks me out.

So this would be my nightmare going diving under the water and finding an old shipwreck.

I wonder if any of you are afraid of things in the ocean too? Maybe it's just me.

Maybe you're much more brave.

Okay, here's the key words we're going to be using today.

And I'm going to say them and then I'd like you to say them.


Word pair.



Okay, let's go through what these mean.

So a synonym is a word that means exactly or nearly the same as another word.

For example, merry and happy.

You could say merry Christmas to someone, or you could say, happy Christmas.

Merry and happy mean more or less the same thing.

Word pairs are words that often appear together.

Like a bright sun or a bright moon or a bright light.

Adjectives are describing words.

So if I was going to describe, for example, this mug, I might describe it as being a stripey mug.

And this mug is a noun because it's not a person or a place, but it is a thing.

So a noun is a person, place or a thing, and an adjective often describes them.

So we're going to take a look now at our first word that we could use to describe the water.

Before I reveal the word.

we're going to, first of all, look at an illustration.

Here is the illustration.

Now this picture has been drawn especially, to show what this word is.

So I'd like you to spend some time now, looking very closely at this picture and having a look at what's happening.

What do you see? What do you notice and how do you think these characters are feeling? Could you pause the video and have a little think about this now? Okay, so it looks to me like there are some twin characters here and I think it looks like a sort of inflatable dinghy or something like that.

They're in the water.

They look to me, pretty terrified.

I can tell that by the way their facial expressions are.

And maybe the reason they're terrified is because, it looks like this water isn't nice and calm and still.

It looks like it's quite wild.

I wonder what this word could be? Let's find out.

This word is treacherous.


Well done.

Treacherous is an adjective, so it's a describing word.

It means dangerous or unsafe, like terrifying rapids that might throw you out of your boat.

So now we're going to look at some words that could be synonyms of the word, treacherous.

And if it's a synonym, what is it again, can you just remind me? Oh, that's right.

Yeah, words that mean almost or exactly the same as treacherous.

I'm going to read these to you.

Rapids, dangerous, journey, mountains, risky.

Ice, conditions, unsafe, attack and enemy.

So what I am asking you is, out of all of those words, to identify which words are synonyms, which word means the same thing as treacherous.

And to help you, here's the word treacherous in a sentence.

Luckily, the anglerfish have adapted to cope in the treacherous conditions of the ocean.

So if a word here is not a synonym of treacherous, then it's going to be at one of the word pairs of treacherous.

So I'd like you now, to pause the video and see if you can identify the synonyms of treacherous.

Off you go! Okay, let's see how you got on.

The synonyms are, dangerous, risky, and unsafe.

I could therefore replace the word treacherous in the sentence with one of those words.

For example, the anglerfish have adapted to cope in the dangerous conditions of the ocean.

That means the rest of these words, are word pairs.

I'm going to read them to you now.

Treacherous rapids, it's when the water is wild.

A treacherous journey.

Can you imagine what would a treacherous journey be like? Maybe if you went on a really narrow path that was running along a cliff.

Treacherous mountains, treacherous ice, treacherous conditions.

It's like your surroundings, that could be like the weather or the conditions of a certain area.

Treacherous attack and a treacherous enemy.

Now it's really important when we try to learn new words that we say them aloud, because that's the way that we'll remember them.

We don't remember them just from hearing them or reading them.

We need to actually say them aloud.

So I'd like you now to pause the video, and just like I did, I'd like you to read each word out aloud.

Off you go! Well done.

Now I'd like to see if you can tell me, what does the word treacherous mean, can you remember? Well done, it means dangerous or unsafe.

Let's have a look at our second water image.

Very different image now.

Now we're underwater.

What's happening in this picture? What can you see? What do you notice? How do you think these characters are feeling and how would you describe this water? What does that look like to you? Pause the video and either have a think or just tell me out loud? Okay, so I can see here that it looks like this animal has put their head underwater and there's a fish right in front of it, but it looks like they can barely see each other because this water is not very clean.

It looks to me quite brown or greeny coloured and maybe quite dirty, this water.

So let's see what this word is.

Ah, this word is murky.


Well done, murky is also an adjective.

So it's a describing word and it means dark, muddy or cloudy, like water that's so dirty, you can barely see through it.

Now, I love swimming in the sea, despite being afraid of shipwrecks.

As long as there are no shipwrecks, I love swimming in the sea.

And I love swimming in the sea when the water is very clear so that when you can look underneath, you can see your hands or even your toes right at the bottom.

If there's murky water, it makes me a little bit more afraid because I always imagine what could be lurking underneath.

I wonder if you have the same thing.

So let's have a look at which words are synonyms, just like we did before.

So here are the words we've got, dark, water, past, depths, pond, atmosphere, swamp, muddy, darkness, cloudy, gloom, and sky.

So here's the word in a sentence.

These fascinating fish are tricky to spot in the murky depths of the ocean.

So which out of these words, do you think, are synonyms of the word, murky? Can you pause the video and see if you can spot any? Okay, let's see how you got on.

The synonyms are, dark, muddy and cloudy.

So we could take out the word, murky from this sentence and replace it with one of these words.

It doesn't always work with synonyms, but it often does work because they mean more or less the same thing.

That means that all the rest of these words are word pairs.

So let's read those now.

I'll read them first and then you're going to read them afterwards.

Murky water, the kind of water I don't like to swim in.

A murky past.

Now this is an interesting one.

If we know that murky means that it's kind of cloudy.

If you have a murky past, it means that again, it's kind of cloudy.

People don't know much about you.

So if you imagine that there was a new neighbour who moved into your town or your village or your street, if someone described him as having a murky past, it would mean that it's not very clear where they've come from or what they've been up to before.

And quite often, it's seen as a kind of negative thing having a murky past because obviously, people like to just know the truth about where people have come from or what they're like, what they've done before.

So having a murky past always makes people a little bit suspicious of them.

Murky depths.

That's where the anglerfish lives.

A murky pond, ponds are quite often murky.

A murky swamp.

Murky darkness.

A murky sky, say that's maybe on a really cloudy or grey day, and murky gloom.

I'd like you now to pause the video and say these word pairs aloud.

Off you go! Well done.

Can you tell me, what does murky mean? Can you remember? That's right, it means, dark, muddy or cloudy.

We've learned two, of our three words.

So let's have a look at the final image.

That is a very different image this time.

So what's happening in this picture? Can you be detectives and look at all the things, all the different clues to try to decide what this picture is showing us? Pause the video and have a think or tell me out loud.

Okay, so it looks like this character has gone fishing.

They've got their fishing boots on, their fishing overalls and their fishing rod.

This doesn't however look like somewhere where I would want to catch fish.

That's because this water doesn't look very fresh.

There are lots of flies hanging above it.

There's an old tyre in it.

And there's an old can of something.

That's because it's got that exclamation mark in that triangle that usually shows me that this might be some kind of toxic substance.

And as you can see, he's pulled out a fish and the fish is dead.

Just a fish's skeleton.

So this water to me, does not look like very fresh water.

I wonder what the word is? Let's have a look.

Ah, this word is stagnant.


Stagnant is also an adjective and it means stale or motionless, like a dirty pond where nothing is living or moving.

So this image kind of almost implies that this stagnant means that the water is toxic and that's not necessarily true.

If something is stagnant, it's more about it being motionless.

Motion is movement.

So motion less, is when something's completely still.

Now the movement in water is what keeps it clean and fresh.

So if you've got to motionless water where nothing's ever moving through it, or it's never flowing, that's when it can get a little bit stale and a little bit smelly.

And when things don't really survive there.

And that's what this image here is showing.

So let's have a look again, at which words are synonyms. Pond, water, sewer, lifeless, foul, swamp, air, mars, stale.

To make it easy for you, here's the word in a sentence.

These creatures are found in the stagnant depths of the ocean.

If a word is a synonym, we can usually replace the word in a sentence.

So we should be able to take out stagnant and put in a synonym.

Pause the video and see if you can spot any synonyms of the word, stagnant.

Okay, let's see if you guessed any.

So the answers are, lifeless, because we said not many things can live there if it's stagnant.

Foul and stale.

And that means all the other words are word pairs.

And I'm going to read them to you.

A stagnant pond, stagnant water, stagnant sewer.

I would not want to go near a stagnant sewer.

I Imagine that would be very stinky.

Stagnant swamp, stagnant air.

So if there was a room and you never opened the window, the air might be stagnant.

That's why sometimes it's nice to open the windows.

So you've got nice fresh air and wind and breeze movements coming through.

And finally, stagnant marsh.

Now a marsh is low lying land which is covered in water.

Okay, just like before, I'd like you now to read these wide pairs aloud, because that way, it will help you to remember this new word.

Brilliant, well done.

So we have now learned of three new words and hopefully these will be really useful when you're describing the anglerfish's habitat.

So I'd like you now to see if you can match up the word with the image.

Pause the video and see if you can do that now.

Okay, so here are the answers.

You can see if you got it right.

The first image shows the word, treacherous.

The second image shows, murky and the final image shows stagnant.

Now I've got an even bigger challenge for you.

I'd like you to.

All of my definitions here, have got muddled up.

So I would like you to read the definitions and match them up to the correct piece of vocabulary.

So pause the video and have a go at that now.

Let's see how you got on.

Treacherous means, dangerous or unsafe.

Murky means dark, muddy or cloudy and stagnant means, stale or motionless.

Would you rather go swimming in treacherous water, murky water or stagnant water? None of the options are very good.

I think if I had to choose one though, I'd probably go with murky because I wouldn't want to go into stagnant water.

And I certainly wouldn't want to go in dangerous water.

Let's have a go now at applying these new words in sentences.

So this first sentence is, the waters of the deep make this creature hard to see.

There's a bit of a clue there.

If it's hard to see, which word is the best fit in the sentence? Pause the video and tell me.

Well done.

It is, murky, because if something's hard to see it shows the water is cloudy.

This ferocious predator finds its prey in this still shallows of the ocean.

There's a bit of a clue there in that word, still.

Which word do you think fits best here? Well done.

The answer is stagnant.

And finally, after locating its prey in the depths of the pitch black ocean, the anglerfish attacks.

It's a nice complex sentence, starting with the subordinating conjunction, after.

Which word fits best in here? Pause the video and see if you can tell me.

And the answer is, treacherous.

The clue was the fact that it was pitch black.

And if something's pitch black, it sounds like it could be quite dangerous 'cause you can't see what's around.

You could have also said the murky depths, or the stagnant depths.

Now I think treacherous fits well here.

So now, it's your turn to write your own sentences.

Now these words are tricky and we've only just learned them.

or some of them, you may have heard of them before.

So it's really useful to use the word pairs to help you write your sentences.

For example, you could use the word pair, ice, treacherous ice, and then around that word pair, you can form your idea to a sentence.

Don't forget your sentences need to have a capital letter and a full stop.

If you're struggling to think of an idea, here is a sentence scaffold that you could use.

As this predator searches in the conditions, so you could use the word treacherous there, comma, and then you can finish that off.

This is a complex sentence and we've got two things here happening at the same time.

As the predator searches in the treacherous conditions, comma, what's the other thing it could be doing? So if you want, you could use that sentence scaffold to help you.

Could you pause the video now and have a go at writing your own sentence, using the word, treacherous? Brilliant, well done guys.

Next sentence, I'd like you to have a go at writing is a sentence including the word, murky.

Again, use the word pairs to help you.

For example, you could pick the word pair, murky depths, and then you could write a sentence about the murky depths of the ocean.

If you like, you could try making a sentence about the anglerfish, because then it could be a sentence that you could use in your writing.

Pause the video and have a go now.

Okay, brilliant.

Well done.

one last task for you to do today and that's to write a sentence using the word, stagnant.

Again, use the word pairs to help you.

For example, you might write a sentence about a stagnant pond or stagnant air.

Because this is your last sentence, you can make it really ambitious.

Perhaps you could try, like I did in the other slide, perhaps you could try to do a complex sentence starting with something like, as, or when, or after or before.

Pause the video and have a go at writing your final sentence for the day.

Wow, well done.

You have worked so hard today and you've learned three, new, really ambitious words.

And I really hope that these words are useful.

Not only when you're describing the water in your "Anglerfish Unit," but also hopefully you can use them more generally.

I think you've worked extremely hard and you should be really proud of yourself.

If you want to share any of your work, you can ask your parent or carer to take a photo of it and upload it on Twitter.

And that way we can see your amazing sentences that you have written.

Thank you so much for watching this lesson and for working so hard.

I hope you enjoyed it and I'll see you soon.

Bye everyone.