Lesson video

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Hello, everybody, it's Ms Chamberlain-Webber here to teach you spelling again.

I really hope you're enjoying the unit so far.

Today we're going to do lots of practise and applying of spelling rules.

For the full suffixes -ate, -en, -ify and -ise.

Now they've got something in common.

We looked at how they change the meaning of words and sometimes the spelling of the real word.

So today I'm going to teach you a new strategy that will hopefully help you remember these words.

Let's get started.

We'll start the lesson, reviewing key vocabulary and spelling rules.

Then I'm going to teach you a new spelling strategy and finally you're going to have a test with the 10 spelling rules from last lesson.

In this lesson you're going to need some paper, exercise book and a pencil.

Please try and be in a nice calm space with your mind ready for your learning today.

If you haven't got a pencil or paper, pause the video and go and get it.

Key vocabulary.

We looked at some key words last time.

Can you read the definitions and decide which key word matches with the definition? Pause the video now if you need more time.

A doing or being word is? A verb.

A person, place or thing is? A noun.

Remember there are two types of nouns, abstract nouns and concrete nouns.

Can you tell me what's the difference between them? Concrete nouns are a person, place or thing that we can see or touch.

Whereas an abstract noun, is something like an idea or a concept.

For example, hate.

A group of letters at the end of a word that change its meaning are? Suffixes.

We're looking at four different suffixes today.

And the word onto which the prefix is attached or a suffix is attached is called a? Root word.

If you got all four of those, you've really remembered from last time.

Well done.

What does a suffix mean? We just looked at this word so tell me.

A group of letters at the end of a word that change its meaning.

So the four suffixes we looked at last time, some of them mean to become and some mean to make.

Can you remember which ones? En, ate and ise mean to become, and ify means to make.

So what happens to the word class? Looking at the word soft, formula, memory and pure, what word class are they? And when the suffix is added onto the end, how does that word class change? Pause the video here for some thinking time.

Perhaps you noticed that the purple words are nouns and the pink words are adjectives.

So what happens when we add the suffix en, -ate, -ise or -ify onto the end? The word class changes to a verb, a doing or a being word.

And this pattern is the same throughout.

Last lesson I gave you a little challenge.

There's four words in our spelling list in bold here.

Did you notice what was different about them? The ones not in bold have a really clear root word, don't they? For example, number four, thick.

Thick is root word and a word that makes sense by itself.

How about the others in bold though? One, accommod, does that word make sense by itself? No.

Communi, so that was the slight difference in these spellings.

The ones in bold don't have a clear root word, although they will have a definite origin from which that word comes from.

If you want to explore that a bit further yourself, please go ahead.

Say them.

The words without the suffix can't stand alone in English.

They don't have a meaning completely by themselves.

Words are so interesting sometimes.

Learning new spelling strategy.

Lets look at what that is.

So sometimes we can use the best bet strategy.

For example, for these trickier words, accommodate, communicate and exaggerate, I know that I can sometimes forget the double consonants in these words.

Now look at the words to the left are missing some of those double consonants.

If I write a word like this out, I might notice that there's no double consonant because they don't look quite right.

So writing out two examples of words and then looking at them side by side can be a really helpful strategy.

It help us see mistakes in words.

Can you take a moment to decide which list is correct? It's the one on the right.

Those words on the left are missing some of those very important double consonants in bold.

Can you point at the double consonants in the words as I read them now to make sure you remember.

Accommodate, two sets of double consonants.

Communicate, you should be pointing at the double Ns in the middle.

Exaggerate, can you tell me what letter has been doubled in this word? Hey, a quick review of our suffix, -en.

En means to become.

So our adjective thick needs to change to a verb.

Can you tell me what that verb is? Thicken, fantastic.

Now what's happened to the spelling of the word when it's changed from thick to thicken? It hasn't changed to two.

Remember though, sometimes these suffixes with an -en at the end just sound as if they've just got an en, thicken.

But we must always remember to spell it with an E, thicken.

When you're spelling these types of words, maybe it would be helpful if you actually say the E with a lot more emphasis like this, thicken.

Your turn.

Good job.

Now, I have a spelling of straight, straighten, below.

Let's use our best fit strategy.

Which one's correct and which is not? Take your time and pause the video if you need to.

Straighten is not correct with an ay.

Although the ay makes the same sound as aigh, we must remember that straighten is the type of word that has A-I-G-H in it, a common for the aigh sound.

Have a go using the best fit strategy to spell some of these words, passion and fright.

Now what suffix goes on the end of these? En or -ate.

Pause the video here and decide how to spell these words with the suffix added-on Passionate.

Your turn.

Passionate is one of those words that doesn't change.

The root word, passion, stays the same.

But please remember there are double consonants in this word, double S.


Frighten is another word that the root word does not change at all.

They follow the same pattern.


Now, which of our words in our spelling list follow the same rule? Can you point to the ones that don't change at all when the suffix is added.

Thicken and straighten, there we have it.

You've noticed a little passion there, haven't you? The -en suffix.

Quite often, the root words do not change at all.

What do you remember about the suffix -ify? Let's look at some words and their meaning to remind us.


Glory is something that's really great or magnificent.

What happens when I add on the suffix? Pure.

Pure is something that's really simple in a very, very basic form.

Have a go at adding on the suffix and see if you notice anything about the spelling.

Glorify and purify need to have letters removed.

Can you point at the ones that have to be removed before the suffix is added please? Y and E, great.

That's because vowels and Y, when you're adding suffixes are often removed.

Here are two of your spellings from your spelling list.

I want you to decide which one is correct and which is not using our best fit strategy.

I'm going to pause the video here, and I want you to decide and point at the one that is correct.


Although it sounds like an S we must remember that there's a C in specify.

Sympathise, which letter was tricky in this one? It's the Y.

It also sounds very similar to an I, but we must remember that sympathy is with a Y.

Someone who you might sympathise with might be someone who's crying so I like to remember this Y by thinking of the word cry ending in Y.

What spelling rules did we discover today? Well, we've got four suffixes.

Can you remind me of any spelling rules we really need to make sure we remember before adding these suffixes to the end of root words? The first one, sometimes it doesn't change.

If the root word ends in a vowel, remove the suffix.

And if the root word ends in a Y remove the suffix.

Time for your spelling test.

Please get a fresh sheet of paper so that you can't see those spellings from earlier and label the numbers one to 10 down the side.

What I'm going to do is I'm going to say each spelling to you and then I'm going to put it in a sentence so that you fully understand the meaning of that word.

You don't need to write down the sentence that I say the spelling in, just the word at the beginning.

Now, often each time I've read out the spelling, I want you to pause the video so that you have more time to double-check your spelling.

Let's get started with number one.

If you haven't finished writing one to 10, please pause the video now.

Number one, accommodate.

They were kind enough to accommodate me.

Number two, communicate.

Birds communicate through song.

Number three, exaggerate.

I sometimes exaggerate how far I can run.

That's actually true.

Number four, thicken.

Whip double cream to thicken it.

Number five, straighten.

He likes to straighten the bedsheets.

Number six, glorify.

They all glorify the hero.

Number seven, purify.

Purify the water for the experiment.

Number eight, specify.

Did she specify which spelling rule? Number nine, agonise.

Don't agonise over this spelling test.

Number 10, sympathise.

I sympathise with the crying baby.

Pause here and look through each word individually.

Really look carefully at your spelling rules to check you've got them correct before we mark them together.

I recommend you get a different colour pen for marking.

Let's get started.

Number one, accommodate.

I hope you remembered those two sets of double consonants, the double C and the double M.

Number two, communicate.

Another set of double consonants there.

Number three, exaggerate.

Double that G.

Number four thicken.

Did you remember that there is a C and a K together that make k sound.

Straighten, A-I-G-H for the A sound.


Number seven, purify.

Number eight, specify with a C.

Number nine, agonise.

Number 10, sympathise with a Y.

I hope you did better than your last test.

Remember, it's fine to make mistakes.

What we do is we recognise what we need to edit and try our best to remember that next time you're going to really focus on that spelling rule.

Maybe there's two or three words that you spelled correctly, and I want you to really practise these a lot more after the lesson.

So let's have a review.

Today, we looked at key vocabulary and a new spelling strategy, best bet.

And finally, you've completed your test.

Congratulations, it was a great spelling lesson, and I hope to see you next time.