Lesson video

In progress...


Hello and welcome to our third lesson in the first aid unit, CPR.

I'm Mr. Clarke and I'm going to be your teacher today's lesson and I'm really excited to have you joining me today as well.

Over the last two lessons, we've learned about how to assess a casualty, put someone to recovery position and today we are exploring what it is and how to do CPR.

And if you're like me right now, I bet you can't wait to get started.

So shall we? Come on then.

To be able to fully participate in today's lesson, you're going to need an exercise book or piece of paper and a pen.

So if you need to quickly go and find that before we start, pause the video now and press play when you're back and ready to begin.

By now you should have started your learning journey today because you should have completed the intro quiz.

And a lot of you have been great with these so well done.

During the rest of today's lesson, we will be understanding what CPR is, learning how to perform CPR and knowing what to do if we felt unable to perform it.

This will then give you all that you need to get you ready to take on the exit quiz.

Will you get a hundred percent correct this lesson? Let's find out.

We've got a lot of key words to explore today so you might like to write these down because they're going to be used a lot throughout today's lesson.

First up is CPR.

Now this stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation which is not easy to say.

Can you say it? Should we try and say it together? I'll say it first.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Well done.

And this is an emergency lifesaving procedure performed when the heart stops beating.

Have I not been telling you that you are learning lifesaving skills in this unit? Our final two key words today are respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest.

Now, respiratory arrest is used when someone stops breathing whereas cardiac arrest is when the heart has stopped.

Try to remember which way round it means.

So cardiac means heart and respiratory is referring to breathing.

Now we know what CPR means.

Do you think you can tell me the answer to this question? Pause your screen now to write down your answer and when you think you've got it press play again.

Okay, welcome back.

Are you ready to find out? Well, you must never do CPR on someone if they're awake and breathing normally.

We looked at type of breathing and what wouldn't count as normal breathing in lesson one.

So did you get this correct answer? If not, make sure you write it down because it's really important that we remember.

Never do this on someone who is awake and breathing.

Look at these facts on your screen.

Can you point to the one that you think is not true? Can you? I'll give you a countdown.

Get ready, read them carefully cause I want you to point at the one you think is not true in three, two, one.

Point now the answer you think is not true.

Should we see if you're right? The correct answer is that children are not allowed to do CPR.

That's because anyone can perform CPR.

Although it's sometimes is harder for young people because of the strength it uses up but we'll cover what else you can do if you don't want to do or can't do CPR later on.

We must also recognise that at this point that although CPR does save lives, it's not a 100% guarantee and sometimes people still can unfortunately die.

Even though CPR might've been performed but there is always a chance that you might save a life through using CPR.

CPR is fairly simple.

And the two most important aspects of it are called rescue breath and chest compressions.

A rescue breath is an artificial breath which is delivered through the mouth via your own mouth usually as you can see in the image below.

You might've heard it sometimes being called mouth to mouth.

Now, chest compressions you can do via your hands interlocked like this.

One hand, place your other hand on top like this.

Can you do that? So one hand and the other hand on top.


Now, you deliver these to the centre of the chest and you'll see me doing this more clearly in the step-by-step video shortly but can you find the centre of your chest and you go down there's a squichy bit.

Can you feel it? Just there.

Can you notice how in the images not doing this to someone who's real and that's because we must remember, as we noticed earlier, that we don't do this on anybody who's awake and breathing normally.

Now that we've gained understanding of the purpose of CPR, shall we get ourselves ready to see how it's done? Okay.

But, just before we get there, can you remember the steps we would take before we get to this point? Pause the video and write down what the four things are that we would check or do before we perform CPR.

Press play when you're ready.

Are you ready to see how well you did? All right.

What the first step.

Beginning with D it's danger.

Well done.

We must remember to check the danger and then we would that the airway is open.


To allow us to check the breathing which if we believe is normal we will place them in a recovery position remember from lesson two.

And if by doing free circulation, we notice signs of cardiac or respiratory arrest we would go into CPR straight away.

During the CPR demonstration video I'm about to show you, I want you to be listening extra closely to try and keep a tally of how many times I say the following words: rescue breath, chest compressions, cardiac arrest, respiratory arrest and CPR.

Do you think you're up for the challenge? Do you think you'll be able to keep up? Pause the video now so you can write these words down and press play when you're ready.

When you perform CPR there's a little bit of choice involved because if you don't feel comfortable or you haven't been trained to use rescue breaths, then you can perform what's called hands only CPR.

This is done by placing the hail of your hand on the breastbone at the centre of the person's chest.

Place your other hand on top of your first-hand and interlock your fingers.

Position yourself with your shoulders above your hands.

Using your body weight, not just your arms, press straight down by five to six centimetres or two to 2.

5 inches on their chest.

Keeping your hands on their chest, release the compression and allow the chest to return to the original position.

Now you need to repeat these chest compressions at a rate of a hundred to 120 times a minute until an ambulance arrives for you or you become exhausted.

Now, if you don't remember these steps that's okay.

Because when you call an ambulance, the telephone systems now exist that can give you basic lifesaving experience including advice how to do CPR.

If you have been trained in CPR, including rescue breaths, and you feel competent using this skill, then you should give chest compressions with the rescue breaths.

Now how this works is very similar but apart from with adults you're going to start by giving 30 compressions to begin with.

After you've given 30 chest compressions, you'll then going to give two rescue breasts and by tilting the casualty's head gently and lift their chin up with two fingers.

You pinch the person's nose, seal your mouth over their mouth and blow steady and firmly into the mouth for about one second.

Check that the chest rises and then go and give the other rescue breath.

If you are performing CPR to children and you are using rescue breaths as well, then you would start with an initial five rescue breaths.

You would then go on to give 30 chest compressions.

But with a child, you are likely to only use one hand not two like you do on an adult.

So after with a child you've given five rescue breaths and you've given 30 chest compressions, you would then go and give two rescue breaths and repeat the cycle of 30 chest compressions to two rescue breaths.

How did you find that? And how closely were you listening to what I was saying? I'm now going to show you how many times I said each of those words and that see if they match up.

Here we go.

How did you do? CPR is exhausting and very physically demanding that sometimes we may not feel able to do it or indeed feel comfortable doing it.

Nicky here is not feeling confident or strong enough to perform CPR.

What do you think he could still do to help? I want you to pause this video and jot down some ideas on what Nicky could do.

when you think you've got some ideas, press play again.

Let's explore some of these examples.

And if I got any that you didn't make sure you write them down so you can remember them for next time.

He could recognise an emergency, call 999 and look out for the ambulance.

He might be able to call out for help from someone.

He might also be able to help someone else to perform CPR.

He could talk them through the steps, count the chest compressions or the breaths for them, provide encouragement and reassurance that they are doing the right things.

So even though Nicky might not have felt strong enough or competent enough to perform CPR himself, there is still so much more he can do and he is still playing a vital life saving role.

Before we finish our lesson today, let's do a quick quiz.

Write down and match up the statement with the correct number.

Pause this video now and press play when you are finished.

Should we see the answers? Sure you want to see the answers? All right, okay then.

How many compressions in a minute? 100 to 120.

Who are we going to call in an emergency? Of course 999.

How many rescue breaths should we start with for a child? Good, five.

Which means we have to be pushing down how many centimetres when doing chest compressions? Of course five to six.

How many did you get right? Well done.

How is it the end of the lesson already? Wow.

Well, well done for today and we are well on our way to becoming fully first aid quipped.

There's just one more lesson we have to do and that is around exploring defibrillators.

But before you rush over to the next lesson with excitement, don't forget to complete the exit quiz for this lesson first.

Until then, see you next time.