# Lesson video

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Hi, my name's Mrs Harris, and I'd like to welcome you to your maths lesson.

We're going to be creating and describing colour and size patterns.

We have a busy lesson ahead of us, but you're going to enjoy it.

We're going to sing a song and then we'll do some new learning about patterns.

Then I'm going to have you do a little bit of talking about patterns.

After that, you'll develop your understanding of patterns with me before you do some independent learning about patterns by yourself to show me everything that you've learnt in this lesson.

We need quite a few things.

Some of them you might think are a bit strange.

We need some potatoes, and if you can find them, some other fruit and vegetables from around your house.

Then I'd like you to have some paint and some paper to put the paint on.

So if you haven't got them things right now, pause the video, go and find them, and then come back to me.

Our song today is about the finger family, and you can see them on the screen.

The finger family, they're a bit bored of their clothes.

Look at their clothes.

They're all plain.

No patterns on them at all.

So in this lesson, we're going to help them create some patterns that they could decorate their clothes with, or maybe make some new ones.

But before we help them, let's sing a little song about them.

Can you get your finger family ready? Here's mine.

And we sing.

♪ Daddy finger, daddy finger, where are you ♪ ♪ Here I am, here I am, how do you do ♪ ♪ Mummy finger, mummy finger, where are you ♪ ♪ Here I am, here I am, how do you do ♪ Then we have sister finger.

It's hard to move sister finger by herself.

♪ Sister finger, sister finger, where are you ♪ ♪ Here I am, here I am, how do you do ♪ Then we have brother finger.

He's our thumb, but we'll call him brother finger.

♪ Brother finger, brother finger, where are you ♪ ♪ Here I am, here I am, how do you do ♪ And our last one is baby finger.

♪ Baby finger, baby finger, where are you ♪ ♪ Here I am, here I am, how do you do ♪ You know our learning is about patterns today.

And I have some patterns on my screen.

Can you see them? Now we can describe the patterns we can see, and we can use the sentence starter above me to help us.

It says, "The pattern is." Let's have a look at the top pattern.

The pattern is pink, black, pink, black.

And it keeps going like that, doesn't it? 'Cause patterns quite often, they repeat.

And that is the type of pattern we're looking at today, a pattern that happens over and over again.

Let's have a look at the next pattern.

The pattern is short tree, tall tree, short tree, tall tree.

And it keeps going on like that, doesn't it? Could you describe the next pattern for me, The one with the pencils? Remember to use, the pattern is.

Well done, the pattern is short pencil, long pencil, short pencil, long pencil.

And that just keeps going, doesn't it? Let's have a look at the pattern on the bottom, Hm, let's do it together.

The pattern is orange dot, blue dot, orange dot, blue dot, orange dot, blue dot, orange dot, blue dot.

What would come next? That's right.

If we continued the pattern, we would have an orange dot next and then? A blue dot.

Hm, go right back to the beginning of that one.

What would come before the orange dot at the beginning if we wanted to extend the other way? Yes, we'd put a blue dot there, wouldn't we? Well done at describing these patterns.

So we've described the patterns together.

Do you remember I told you we were doing size and colour patterns today? Now two of these colour patterns and two of them are size patterns.

Just have a look on the screen.

Which are the colour patterns and which are the size patterns? Hm.

Ah, I know.

The size patterns are the ones where we had the short trees and the tall trees, because they're different sizes, aren't they? One is small and one is big.

And the pencil is a size pattern as well because we had a short pencil and a long pencil.

Then we went back to a short pencil, didn't we? And then a long pencil, and then a short pencil.

And we just kept going like that.

So the colour patterns, that must be the ones where we said the pattern is pink, black, pink, black, and we kept going.

And when we said the pattern is orange dot, blue dot, orange dot, blue dot.

Hey, we know how to describe patterns now.

And we know the difference between a colour pattern and a size pattern.

Brilliant.

The talk task is where we're going to start using.

The talk task is where we're going to start using the fruit and vegetables that you got right at the beginning of the lesson.

We're going to make a pattern with them.

And I should think you can find a few different ways to make a pattern with them.

This is what I found.

I found some potatoes.

I found some bananas.

They're still a bit green, not quite ready for eating.

I found some tangerines.

And I found some apples.

Now my apples are a bit different colour to each other, but that doesn't matter.

They're all apples.

And now look, I've actually done some sorting before I've made my patterns.

I've sorted them into the types of fruit and vegetables that they are.

Now, let me have a think about my pattern.

I know.

I'm going to need a lot of space, aren't I? So the pattern is potato, banana, apple, tangerine.

So I could say the pattern is potato, banana, apple, tangerine.

And I want to do that again, because I'm making a repeating pattern.

So I'll say I will place a potato, then a banana, then an apple, then a tangerine.

Okay, my pattern's starting to look really good.

So the pattern is potato, banana, apple, tangerine.

I need to do another repeat now.

I will place potato, banana, apple, tangerine.

Did you notice how I said what I was going to put next? I'd like you to do that when you make your pattern.

But look, I've got one potato left.

I haven't got any more bananas.

I haven't got any more apples.

I haven't got any more tangerines.

I could pop it there.

And we could imagine what would come next.

It would be a banana, an apple, a tangerine.

Well, this is my pattern.

I might make some more whilst you're still busy doing yours.

So I would like you to pause the video, have a go at making your own pattern using the sentences that are on the screen, and then come back to me.

We're going to develop our understanding of patterns now using our paint.

but we're not finished with the vegetables either, the potatoes.

I'd like your grownup to go and cut them in half, because we're going to use these to paint with, not a paintbrush.

And if your grownup should be feeling particularly creative today, they could try and cut a pattern, a pattern into the potato for you to print with.

Now making patterns with paint is a little bit different to making it with things we can move around, because if we made a mistake with the vegetables we could have just rearranged them, couldn't we? But when we're painting, whatever we put there stays there.

So let me start making a pattern to show you.

I'm going to use green and purple.

I'm going to do a colour pattern.

I'm going to start by making sure I've got paint, not too much, all over my potato.

Then, ooh, I'm going to put one there.

I'm going to hold the paper as I pull my potato off.

And I've got one potato.

I'm going to have another purple.

I think I'm going to have two purple, one green.

Ah, two purple, one, two, one green.

What am I going to do next? Two purple.

Ooh, this is looking like a great pattern.

Done two purple, what comes next? One green.

Okay, I don't want to put my green away yet.

I'm going to think ahead in my pattern.

I'm going to leave a space for two purple, one purple, two purple, green.

Now I'll do my purple.

I'm going to go in the gap.

Wow, I finished one row.

It's like I'm making wrapping paper, isn't it? I might try something different this time.

I could make my rows all the same, but I think I'll do them different.

I'm going to do a sideways purple, an upright green.

Sideways purple, upright green.

I could do that all the way along.

Remember if I want to save time, I can imagine where I'm going to put the other one and leave a space for it.

Oh, these look great.

I did feel a bit creative today.

So I did cut some potatoes into shapes.

I don't know how well they'll work.

I haven't even tried them yet.

I tried this one into a bit of a cross.

I'm going to put that in my red and make sure it's all covered, but not too much.

Hm, can you see it better now? Like a kiss, isn't it? Going to put one there.

Ooh, that's worked, good.

I think I'll have two of them.

Two kisses.

This one, I took the middle out of.

I tried to make it look a little bit, you might say like a naught, or some people say it's hugs and kisses, don't they? Let me see.

Aha, I think I'll do two of them as well.

I'll show you my pattern in a second.

One, two.

How many blue ones? One, two.

And then two red kisses again.

Oh, I'm loving making patterns with my potatoes.

I could use all of them now, couldn't I? Okay, let's start with a blue kiss, green potato.

That's a bit better.

Ah, red kiss, purple.

So the pattern is, do you remember we used that? The pattern is blue, green, red, purple.

Even though I've got shapes, it's actually easier for me to remember the colours and do them in that order.

Now notice as I'm printing, I'm just putting my potato on the paper.

I'm not squidging it around, 'cause then the shape doesn't come out.

And pull it off.

I need purple now.

Wow, this is so much fun.

Mm-hm, that one.

That one, and that one.

Okay, let me just move them out the way, 'cause them I'm ready to show you my painted patterns.

Tada! I hope you enjoyed finding out how to make a pattern with the paint and potatoes, because now it's your turn.

So I would like you to do a potato printed pattern, maybe a little bit like mine.

So pause the video and have a go.

And whilst you're doing that, I'll go and wash up.

How did you get on with the potato printing? Was it fun to print with potatoes rather than do painting with a brush? Did you make some great patterns? Did you remember to say, "The pattern is?" I would love to see some of your patterns and maybe even share them with the finger family.

You can do that by asking your grownup, your parent or carer, to share your work on social media.

I'll be looking out for it.

I'm off right now to show brother finger the T-shirt I've made him.

Bye.