Lesson video

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Hi my name is Miss Speakman, and I will be teaching the Crime and Punishment unit.

We're on Lesson 1 of 14, and in today's lesson, we're looking at crime and punishment within the UK.

Now I love teaching this unit because I find it so so interesting.

And also 'cause I think it's interesting, the idea of crime and punishment anyway, and looking at reasons for crime and the death penalty, et cetera, et cetera.

What I just love about this unit is that it brings in a lot of things I didn't know myself before I started teaching about law and punishment in the UK.

But then also lots of other things I didn't know, too, about other parts of crime and punishment and attitudes towards it.

So, what we're going to do in this lesson specifically, is learning about the law in the UK, learning about the treatment of criminals in the UK, and consider beliefs on good and evil and intentions and actions.

Because what's quite interesting is there are lots of different views on good and evil.

Whether people are good or people can be evil.

But then also distinguishing the fact that there's different ideas on when someone has intended to do something.

And whether the intention or the action is the bad thing.

So to get ourselves ready, we're going to need a pen or a pencil, a piece of paper or an exercise book, and a different colour pen ready for corrections.

We're also going to need to make sure that we've got a nice clear working space, please.

So TV and music off so it wont' distract you, phone to one side if you're not using it for the lesson, because then you won't get distracted by notifications, and a nice, clear working space.

So make sure you've got a nice, clear space to work on that's also free from distractions.

If you need to make sure that you've got some of those things, or want to get yourself set up, then please pause the video now, and then unpause when we're ready to start looking at some definitions.

One thing that's really helpful to start off with at first is what is crime? And what is punishment? Because if we're looking at crime and punishment within the UK, what do we mean by those terms? So a crime is an offence which is punishable by law.

So for example, murder is a crime.

It's an offence which is punishable by law.

Now crimes will be different within different countries.

Some countries may say something is a crime, when other countries don't.

And we'll talk about where those laws come from in a moment.

And then punishment is something legally done to somebody who's found guilty of breaking the law.

So when we talk about punishment today, we're going to be talking specifically about a legal punishment.

What I would like you to do is to write these two definitions down, so please pause the video now, and then unpause when you are ready to move on.

Okay, hopefully you've written those two things down, what we're going to do now is have a look at the approach to crime in the UK.

And we're going to talk about how laws are made, what the police do, the role of the police when arresting somebody, and what happens when someone is charged when they commit a crime.

So crimes in this specific context of the UK, crimes are when you break the law set by the rules of the country.

So in the UK, our government must get the approval of Parliament before a new law is written.

Parliament is made up of MPs, members of Parliament, who are voted in by the voting population, those who are able to vote.

The police will arrest people who are suspected of having broken the law.

After questioning, only after they are then confident that this person is the right person they've arrested they will then charge the criminal with having committed a criminal offence to be charged is to be formally accused.

It doesn't mean you're guilty.

So for example, when you might watch TV programmes, when they arrest somebody they might say, "Oh, I'm arresting you on suspicion of murder." They essentially have some reason to believe that person has committed that crime.

And then after questioning them, they can then formally charge a person.

I charge you with murder.

And that essentially means that they think they have evidence enough to believe that this person did do it.

But that doesn't mean they are guilty.

They could be found innocent.

Now, usually if a person is charged then they will go to court.

So they'll go to a hearing in a court.

Serious crimes may mean they have to face a local magistrate before appearing to it before what we call a crown court in front of a judge and a jury.

A jury is made of 12 people selected at random.

In a local magistrate courts, three people will be appointed decision-makers, we'll hear the charge and the evidence and decide if that person is guilty.

And if it's a minor crime, they might have a small punishment and they will decide what punishment that will be.

In the crown court with the jury, they will all listen to the evidence and the jury we'll decide with the judge on whether that person has committed a crime or not.

If that person is found guilty, it's then up to the judge to deliver a sentence.

It's not the jury to decide if that person deserves so much time in prison, for example.

So when we talk about serious crimes is when we usually find a jury involved in a crown court made of 12 people who will decide based on all of the evidence and all of the hearing, whether that person is guilty, if they're found guilty, the judge is then in charge of deciding the length of that prison sentence or whatever other punishment they need to face.

Sometimes, let's say someone has been arrested on suspicion of something, but they might not be charged.

So it's not always the case that someone is charged.

They might be cautioned.

So if the police might caution a criminal rather than send them to a magistrate court or to a crown court.

The caution stays in a person's record.

And if they get in trouble again, then the caution might stand against them.

So they might say, "Yeah we're cautioning you on this occasion.

We're not going to pursue this in court, but do you realise again if you get into trouble, then it will stand up against you." If someone is found guilty of a serious offence, so that's hats maybe something like rape or murder,* then the punishment could be a life sentence in prison.

It is important they, for us to have a look at the fact that a life sentence doesn't mean that person will stay in prison for the rest of their life.

So a minimum term will be set by the judge.

So minimum term they have to be imprisoned for, and then when they are in prison for that amount of time, that's when they have the possibility of release.

It doesn't mean that they'll automatically get released after that many years.

There's a possibility of them being released.

If perhaps maybe the prison can say, actually they seem to have changed their ways.

They show a lot of remorse, et cetera.

In the UK, the average minimum sentence for life in prison is 15 years.

So on average, someone who's given a life sentence will spend 15 years in prison.

Less serious crimes are punished in other ways.

So it could be a shorter prison sentence.

It could be a fine, it could be community service, not always are people with less serious crimes given prison time.

There's a lot of information there isn't there.

So I think it'd be a really good idea to do is do what I call quickfire multiple choice questions.

If you've seen any of my videos before, then you'll know how these work, but I'm assuming that you haven't.

So I'm going to explain to you what I expect to see in these multiple choice questions.

So what you're going to do is I'm going to give you a question.

There'll be two possible answers.

I will read out the question and the possible answers.

I will then count down from three.

And after that, I would expect you to say out loud or point to the screen, which one is the correct answer.

These are really good because it's a good way of testing knowledge like this.

I always say to my students, if you can't answer a question like that, it means you don't know well enough.

If you're there you might be able to do it after a little bit of thinking time.

But what I really want is to be able to do it automatically.

It's also something you don't have to really commit to by writing down on paper.

I know sometimes people struggle at first to write things down on paper.

Cause they're like, "I'm scared of getting it wrong." This is a good way of, it's okay if you get it wrong, because you've ever only pointed or said something out loud and you can say, "Oh no, I didn't get that right." That's okay and it's just a good way of highlighting what we have learned, and what we haven't learned and what we need to go back to.

So, what we're going to do is going to get started on those.

Are you ready? Laws are created by the population of the UK.

Is that true or false? Three, two, one, false.

Of course, because we know that this is decided by parliament and MPs, the government.

Of course, those people are voted in by the public, but it is the MPs who create laws.

If someone is arrested, this means they have definitely committed the crime.

Is it true or false? Three, two, one.

False of course, they were all arrested on suspicion of that crime.

It doesn't mean that they are guilty.

If you're charged with a crime this means you are guilty, true or false? Three, two, one.

False, very good.

Because of course they might be charged.

They might have evidence to suggest they could have done it, but it doesn't mean they are definitely guilty.

If a person is charged with a crime, they are likely to go to court true or false? Three, two, one.

Good, yes, true.

If a is person charged with a crime, it's most likely then to go to some sort of court, whether it's local magistrate or crown court.

A judge decides on a punishment after the jury has decided if someone is guilty, is that true or false? Three, two, one.

Good, it's true.

It's not to the jury to decide length of punishment, that's up for the judge to decide.

You can be cautioned for a crime, is that true or false? Three, two, one.

Good, that is true.

You can be cautioned, sometimes you don't have to go to court or have received some sort of punishment, you could be cautioned instead for it.

A life sentence in the UK means a criminal is literally in prison for the rest of their life.

Is that true or false? Three, two, one.

Good, that is false.

It's not likely that person will spend the rest of their life in prison.

We'll talk about the average life sentence in a moment.

For serious crimes a minimum time in prison is set and after this time is served there's a possibility of release.

Is that true or false? Three, two, one.

Good, that is true.

For serious crimes you will spend a minimum time in prison.

When that term has been served, then you have a possibility for release.

It doesn't mean you definitely will be released.

In the UK, the average life sentence is how many years? Is it 15 or 20? Three, two, one.

Good, is 15, the average life sentence.

Well done if you've got all of those questions, correct.

If you didn't, that's absolutely fine.

What we'll be doing soon is doing some work to test you on that with some longer answers.

So well done, if you've got all those correct.

We're now going to move on to doing some other types of questions to test us, but also to get us thinking about what we've learned so far.

So as you can see here, I've got a question for you, which is like a personal opinion question and that's absolutely fine that we do these sorts of questions.

I think it's really good, especially when we do the thematic units and the GCSE that we get thinking about our own thoughts on this 'cause it's maybe something that we've not really considered before.

So we'd spend about three minutes on this question.

Do you think life in prison should be for the rest of the criminal's life? I'm going to explain your answer because of course we know that at the moment and the way that the law works in the UK is that the minimum life minimum average life sentence is 15 years.

And some people don't particularly like that idea, 15 years is a long time, of course, but some people believe that life should mean life.

So what I'd like you to do is spend about three minutes, writing your own views on this.

There's no right or wrong answer as I said, because obviously it's an opinion question.

But when you start thinking about what we've looked at so far and whether or not you agree with how this works in the UK.

So you pause the video, please.

And then I'd like you to write down your thoughts before we move on to something else.

Hopefully you've written down your thoughts, is something that perhaps would be not considered before, but it's nice to get started thinking on, what do I actually think about the law in the UK and how it works? We're now going to move on to different types of punishment within the justice system.

And what we'll see is that these types of punishment are types of punishments that we don't use in the UK.

So, the first two that we're looking at, as I say are not what we use in the UK, corporal and capital punishment, or two types of punishment, we do not use in the UK.

These are essentially two different types of punishment, which have been used in the UK but now are no longer used.

So corporal punishment is causing physical harm to a criminal.

So that could be whipping them or beating them.

It was actually used in schools for a while.

So you may be able to ask a parent or a carer, guardian or even grandparents, if they ever remember being caned at school.

Corporal punishment was used in schools as a method of punishment when students misbehaved.

Now, corporal punishment is no longer used as a punishment neither is capital punishment.

Capital punishment is another word for the death penalty, killing a criminal in punishment for what they have done often used when someone's committed murder.

Some countries in the world still use both corporal and capital punishment.

So for example, Iran and Saudi Arabia are two Islamic countries known for using corporal and capital punishment.

And the USA is well known for having capital punishment.

Although this will only be in a select number of States in the US, not the whole of the USA.

But some States in the USA still practise the death penalty.

In the UK, it's not permitted for the victim of a crime to punish the offender.

So for example, let's say someone unfortunately stubbed me, that'd be horrible and I would not like that at all, but I would not be allowed to then go and harm that person who harmed me.

If I did that, I have committed an offence against the law.

And so I could still be punished for harming that person.

It's therefore up to the police to arrest people and suspicion to charge, et cetera.

Not down to the individual themselves, to seek punishment, to seek revenge.

Now, serious offences in the UK will not be used.

You will not have capital or corporal punishment used on you, there's no longer used in the UK.

They will instead carry a prison sentence.

And some crimes as we know already will carry a life sentence.

Although we know that, that doesn't mean necessarily life.

It means about average 15, 20 years.

Less serious crimes will carry a shorter spell in prison.

So for example, on like less serious crimes, like theft may have a shorter time in prison and non-custodial sentences exist, it would be something like community service or paying a fine.

So a judge could decide, for example, a mixture of these are short spell in prison with perhaps maybe afterwards, a fine or some community service.

If someone is found guilty of a crime, not sorry, if they found not guilty of a crime, then they can just be released without any form of punishment.

So someone goes to court and they find them not guilty, they would just be released as innocent.

Now, a country's laws, so for example, the laws in the UK like theft is wrong.

It's not the same as religious laws.

Now we might see a lot of overlaps with, for example, the 10 commandment says you shouldn't steal and the law says you shouldn't steal, but that doesn't mean that all laws are the same as religious laws.

We might see that in the 10 commandments in Christianity, that they Outlaws murder and we outlaw murdering in the UK law.

But the 10 commandments also say that you shouldn't worship idols.

And in the UK you can't be punished by law for worshipping an idol.

For example, you might say it's good to give to charity, but there's no law giving to charity.

There is also a difference between what we call civil law and criminal law.

Civil law might be disputes between two private individuals, but not an attack on a public order or public good or society.

Civil law deals with things like divorce settlements, dispute between renters and landlords, tenants disagreements about wills.

So there are different types of laws, there's civil law, criminal law, And many people often talk about sharia'ah council, sharia'ah is Islamic law.

And there has been a lot of news coverage on sharia'ah law councils in the UK and what they can and can't do.

Now to be really clear, sharia'ah law counsellors in the UK can only deal with civil disputes and not criminal disputes.

So sharia'ah law councils are allowed to exist within the UK to deal with civil disputes like disagreements between landlords and tenants disagreements with divorce, settlements, whales, et cetera, but they cannot deal with criminal punishments like theft, murder, rape, et cetera.

So what I'm going to get you to do, cause again, I've talked a lot about law and what it's like in the UK and different types of punishment.

Just very quick to give you a quick run through of those things.

Corporal and capital punishment, not using the UK.

Corporal is causing physical harm to a person who's committed a crime, capital punishment is the death penalty.

So killing, executing a criminal because of their crime, they are not used in the UK.

In the UK we use prison sentences for serious crimes and also less serious crimes, depending on what's been committed.

So for example, murder might carry a life sentence, which on average is the minimum of 15 years, less serious crimes might have a shorter spell in prison.

We also in the UK have non-custodial sentences, such as community service and fines.

And in the UK Shari'ah law councils exist to carry out civil dispute law.

So I want to know again, to think about your opinion.

Now I've said very briefly about how capital punishment, and the death penalty is not something we have in the UK.

This is something which is disputed quite a lot.

And I want you to think, do you think personally, the UK should have capital punishment? Should we allow for the law to execute a criminal who has committed a serious offence? So I'd like you to do spend about three minutes on this.

Explain your answer though.

Please don't just tell me yes or no.

I would also for you to say, because of this reason and perhaps maybe you think it should be used in some circumstances, not all and give me those examples.

So we'd spend about three minutes answering this question, pause the video now unpause when you're ready to move on.

Hopefully you've got an answer down, as I said, it's your opinions so there's no right or wrong answer, but it's important that you explain your answer.

So you can say really clearly which one you believe is the correct answer, the correct response.

And because if we're trying to explain, and we're trying to discuss this with somebody and encourage them to believe the same as we do, you want to make it convincing, want to make sure you've got reasons to justify it.

What we're going to do now is move on to some more multiple choice, quick fire questions, just to test what we've learned so far about the types of punishments in the UK that can be used.

So are you ready? Corporal punishment is, causing a criminal physical harm or the death penalty? Three, two, one.

Good, corporal punishment is causing criminal physical harm.

The death penalty is called corporate punishment or capital punishment? Three, two one.

Good, it is capital punishment.

The UK does not allow corporal punishment true or false? Three, two, one.

Good, that is true.

The UK does not allow corporal punishment anymore.

The UK allows capital punishment true or false? Three, two, one.

False, the UK does not have capital punishment.

We do not execute criminals for a crime committed.

A country's laws are the same as religious laws.

Is that true or false? Three, two, one.

Good, that is false, they are not the same.

sharia'ah law courts exist in the UK to deal with civil disputes, is that true or false? Three, two, one.

Good, yes they can deal with civil disputes, but cannot deal with criminal disputes.

So, well done if you've got all of those correct really really good way of testing on knowledge.

We're now going to sort of ramp up the challenge a little bit and I'm going to ask you very similar questions, but this time we're going to be writing out our answers.

We've got a record of this really important information.

So what I'll ask you to do is to pause the video on the next slide to complete your task, which contains a number of questions I'd like you to complete based on what we've looked at so far.

So you've got nine questions there, who sets the country's laws? Who do police arrest? Are all people who are arrested charged with committing a crime? Do you have to go to court if you admit to police you've committed a crime? What's the average length of a life sentence in the UK? In the UK, can a victim punish the criminal that hurt them? Which two types of punishment are not allowed in the UK ? Are country's laws the same as religious laws? Explain.

And what type of disputes can Shari'ah law courts deal with in the UK? What I like you to do please, is to answer these questions in full sentences by pausing the video now please brighten them out and then unpause when you're ready to go through corrections.

If you can see this screen and I'm assuming that you were ready for corrections, please have your different coloured pen out.

If you ready for corrections, if you're not quite ready, then rewind the video go back to it and then make sure that you're continuing with your questions and then return to us when you are ready to go through the answers.

So, the first four answers.

Who sets the country's laws, which is the government, in this country is the Houses of Parliament, made up of mostly MPs who are voted for by the public.

Police arrest people who are suspected of breaking the law.

So people who are suspected of.

Are all people who are arrested charged with committing a crime? No, they will be questioning the suspect on further investigation before a suspect is charged.

So it could be that there's no more evidence then that person's been released without charge.

Do you have to go to court if you admit to police you have committed a crime? That is not always, the police have a right to issue a caution, don't they? The caution was stay on a person's record and may count against them if they commit another crime.

So what I'd like you to do, please feel free to make any corrections for the first four questions.

Can you please pause the video now, and write in your corrections with a different coloured pen, please.

Questions five to nine.

The average length of a life sentence in the UK is 15 years.

The UK can a victim punish the criminal that hurt them.

No, to do so in itself a criminal offence.

The two types of punishment not allowed in the UK are corporal which is causing physical harm and capital, which is the death penalty.

Country's laws are not the same as religious laws.

They are not identical.

There may be some areas of overlap.

So for example, murder is outlawed in the UK law and also outlawed in the 10 commandments.

The types of disputes that Shari'ah law courts deal with in the UK are civil disputes, such as divorce settlements or disagreements between tenants.

So again, if you need to make any corrections, please pause the video now, make those corrections and then when we unpause, we're going to start looking at the difference between good and evil and actions and intentions.

So it's important for us to consider good and evil, criminal non-criminal and the intentions behind an action.

So when we talk about good actions, you might hear someone saying, "Oh, it's good to give to charity." Good does not mean it's also lawful or non-criminal.

So for example, there's no law telling us that we should be giving to charity, but essentially these are the sorts of actions we want to try and encourage people to do.

If we're saying that's a good action, we want to encourage people to do it.

Evil actions are often those that we say cause suffering.

So for example, some people might say that murder does an evil action 'cause it causes suffering.

Theft might be an evil action 'cause it's the cause of suffering.

And both of those are criminal offences, murder and theft.

But some actions such as adultery, so having sex outside of marriage, when you're within a marriage is sleeping someone who's not your marriage partner, that is not against the law.

It's not a criminal offence but lots of people say it causes sufferings and so it's an evil action.

So those sorts of ideas and that goodness I'd actually want to encourage people to do, evils actions we want to discourage people from doing.

And there may be evil actions which are criminal offences, but the idea is that good does not mean the same as lawful and evil does not mean the same as unlawful.

Perhaps, maybe our actions we discourage people from doing.

And we often talk about intentions when we talk about why someone's done something.

So the motivation behind when someone's done a certain action.

So for example, we might say that we're perhaps a bit more lenient on someone who might have stolen, which is of course a criminal offence.

If perhaps they stole because they are in poverty and they were close to death and needed some food to eat.

Whereas we might not be so lenient on someone who is a billionaire who stolen 1000s of pounds, worth of jewellery.

The motivation, the intention behind what someone's done it, may be something that we take into account when we're considering whether something's good or evil.

So, what I would like you to do for me is just to bring all that together, just to make sure you understand and spend about five minutes on this question.

I want you to explain the difference between good and evil and criminal and non-criminal.

So by this, I mean, I want you to explain what a good and evil actions.

Can you give me some examples? What's a criminal or non-criminal action and how are they different? So how can we say that good and evil is not the same as lawful or unlawful? So have a go at writing something.

What we'll do is I'll give you a model answer afterwards.

So give it your best go.

If you need to go back and watch parts of the video again, sort of get your head round a little bit and feel free.

And then unpause in a moment, once you finished for us to go through corrections.

If you could see the slide then I'm assuming that you are ready for your corrections, please make sure you've got different coloured pen out ready for your corrections.

I'm going to give you a model answer.

It doesn't have to be word for word like mine, but this is hopefully a really helpful way of seeing what it looks like to write out an answer for this.

So a criminal offence breaks the laws of a country.

If something is non-criminal, it simply means there's no law outlawing the action in that country at that time.

However, if something is good, then we are claiming that apart from any country's laws, the action is right or should be done where possible.

If something is bad, then we are claiming that apart from any country's laws, the action is wrong or should not be done.

Adultery is not criminal in our country, but many think it is nevertheless bad.

So of course you don't have to have it word for word like me.

You could have written your own explanation and talked about how good does not mean the same as lawful.

You might encourage some things like charity, which is of course not made lawful, or you might have talked about how evil does not mean the same as unlawful or criminal.

So well done.

If you've got that, if you need to pause the video and make any corrections, please do so now.

So your next part is to explain the difference between actions and intentions.

So what I'd like you to do is tell me what is the difference between performing action and then also the intention behind the action.

So we going to spend about three minutes on this, so I want you to pause the video now have a go at writing it down for me.

What's the difference between actions and intentions? Alright, if you can see this slide, I'm assuming that you already for corrections, please make sure you've got a different coloured pen out ready for corrections.

If you're not quite ready, then you can rewind the video and carry on and then come back to us when you're ready for corrections.

So again, it doesn't have to be the exact same as what I have written, but I think that this could be quite useful so you can use it if you'd like to.

So an action is what you do.

The intentions or the thoughts and feelings which you have about your action.

They're often a plan or motivation, which lies behind your action.

For example, I might steal a loaf of bread to feed a starving family member.

The taking of someone else's bread, is the stealing is the action.

The desiring and planning to feed the family member by the theft is the intention.

So for example, the action of stealing that is the action.

I'm taking someone else's bread.

The desire to feed my family member by the theft is my intention.

If you need to make any corrections, please pause the video now and make those corrections.

And then unpause when you're ready to move on.

So we're now going to consider Christian and Muslim beliefs about good and evil actions.

Now, many Christians would say there is no such thing as an evil person.

So you won't hear many Christians saying that they believe people are evil within themselves.

They would say that perhaps that evil is a result of original sin which is caused by Adam and Eve.

So many Christians would say that the cause of the disappointment of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden, that all humans are born with this built in tendency and urgency towards sin.

And you hear many Christians also say hate the sin, not the sinner, making it very clear that it's the action which is the evil thing, not the person themselves.

In Islamic thought, there's a similar sort of idea.

Many Muslims believe that evil is linked to Iblis, Shaytan.

Now Iblis, Shaytan the devil, isn't really the same as what we might say the devil is within Christianity.

There are similarities but within Islam, Iblis Shaitan is not a fallen angel, he is a Jin.

A Jin is a spirit made of fire.

So angels in Islam made of light, Jin made from fire and essentially Iblis Shaytan is something that was created by Allah in order to tempt human beings, to see whether or not they would be tempted away from the straight path of Islam.

So most Muslims believe that humans are not perfect and we'll make mistakes because of this.

That Iblis is allowed to tempt them and that he will tempt people but that they need to ask for mercy and forgiveness from Allah.

So this idea that perhaps, maybe someone who's commit to an evil action has not resisted the temptation from Iblis and they are in need of forgiveness.

But it doesn't mean that they're bad people.

It's a very similar ideas within Islam, within Islam with Christianity, but mostly this idea that humans are still accountable for actions.

I need to make sure that they ask for forgiveness in our idea.

What I'm going to do now is I'm going to test you on what we've looked at so far on Christianity and Islam and their beliefs on good and evil.

So I'm going to disappear.

And then we're going to have a look at some questions.

So I'm going to ask you to pause the video on the next slide, to complete your task.

And I need to make sure that you are going to answer the questions and then we'll go through answers together afterwards.

So I want you to answer these four true or false questions.

You'll see that I've given you the statement.

You can tell me whether it's true or false, and then give me a reason why it is true or false.

So can you please pause the video now and have it go to answering these true or false questions.

Then we'll go through the answers together.

If you can see this slide, I'm assuming that you're ready for corrections.

Please make sure you've got your different coloured pen out.

If you're not quite ready, then you can rewind the video and then have another go at this questions.

If not, we're now ready to go through them.

So most Christians believe someone who performs a bad action is evil is false because most belief there's no such thing as an evil person.

Some Christians believe in original sin, is true because of when Adam and Eve was said to have disobeyed God.

Most Muslims believe someone who performs a bad action has been tempted is true because most believe humans are tempted by Iblis.

Most Muslims believe evil is because of a fallen angel called Iblis is false because they believe Iblis is a Jin, not a fallen angel.

So if you need to make any corrections, can you please do so now by pausing the video then unpause when you are ready for us to move on.

So I want to say a huge thank you, for you taking part in this lesson today.

We've covered a lot of stuff in today's lesson.

We've looked at law in the UK, different types of punishment.

We have looked at the attitude towards criminals.

We've looked at good and evil in actions and intentions.

So really, really well done for doing some really amazing work today.

So I really hope that I will see you again soon for some more lessons on crime and punishment.

Thank you very much, see you later.