Lesson video

In progress...


In the lesson today, we'll look at the term sector and why jobs might be categorised.

We'll also consider the different skills needed for different careers.

Hello, Key Stage 2, and welcome to another RHE lesson with me, Mr. Bailey.

First we'll look at what you're going to need for the lesson.

Then we'll consider the success criteria and a breakdown of the lesson.

For the lesson today, you'll just need a pen or a pencil, some paper or a notebook, and in an ideal world, somewhere quietish to work.

By the end of today's lesson, you'll understand what the term sector means and you'll know about different types of jobs.

At the end, we'll create a job vacancy role for a job of your choosing.

So, to the breakdown of today's lesson.

The first thing we're going to consider is what is a sector? So look at what a sector is, before moving on to then categorising different jobs into some of those sectors.

Next, I'll speak to my alter ego, Daniel.

And then after that, we'll look at the skills that are required for people of different types of jobs and different types of sectors.

The final task for today, will be to create a job vacancy advert.

So you're going to be the employer.

You're going to be looking for the right candidate.

What sort of things are you going to be looking for? A sector is a collection of jobs for a particular purpose.

It's a little bit like when we categorise different types of animals as birds or mammals or reptiles, because they share certain characteristics.

These sectors group together different types of jobs, but that have got similar characteristics.

And they're usually for a similar type of purpose.

For example, you'd probably agree that maybe working at a bank is similar to being an accountant.

They both look at money as their primary role, and albeit they're different, they have got similar characteristics.

On the next slide, we'll look at some of those different sectors.

Here's a list of different sectors.

If we look at retail as an example, that would include a clothes shop, or a supermarket, or a shop selling flowers, many of the shops you're likely to see on the town centres or at a shopping centre.

But also online companies as well.

Like Amazon, for example, they'd be in the retail sector.

Energy and utilities would be the gas, electricity, or water companies, those who provide energy to our businesses and homes.

We don't have time to go through them all now, but if you can think of a job, it's likely to fit into one of these sectors.

A solicitor would be in the law sector, A builder or a plumber would be in the property and construction sector, a nurse in the health care sector and so on.

Let's look in a little bit more detail about how these jobs are categorised into different sectors.

Time to get your pen and paper ready.

On the next slide, there's a task for you to complete where I'm going to ask you to categorise different types of jobs into specific sectors.

This is your first task, Key Stage 2.

At the top in bold, there are five different sectors.

Sales, healthcare, creative arts, hospitality and events, and science and pharmaceuticals.

There are 20 job titles below which I've mixed up.

I'd like you to try and match the job to the job sector listed above.

Pause the video and draw the table into your book, using the sector headings that I've used, and see if you can match all the jobs to the different sectors.

There's four jobs for each of the five sectors.

Don't worry if you haven't heard of any of the specific jobs.

See if you can work them out.

It's not about always getting things right.

What's really important is having a go.

And I'm sure you'll do a great job.

Pause the video for the task and press play when you're finished.

Here are the answers to that first task.

How did you do? Hmm, right, okay.

So, some of you got a few in the wrong places.

Some of you did really well and only got one or two wrong.

And there's one or two of you out there who managed to match them all up.

Well done all of you having a go at that task.

It was a really tricky one I thought.

Pat yourself on the back.

Some of them were pretty easy.

For example, it makes sense that a pharmacist would be involved in pharmaceuticals.

We can look at the root word there.

But I must say, there were some really tricky ones there.

And there were some really quite complex job roles.

Great work for having a go at that task because I thought it was really tricky.

Let's look at how Daniel did when he tried that tricky task.

He had some questions after.

Maybe some similar to the ones that you had when you completed the task.

Let's have a look at how he did.

How did you do with the task? I thought that was really hard.

I hadn't heard of all the jobs, but I worked some out by a process of elimination.

But others were hard.

Like I wonder what a medicinal chemist does.

Well, we can look at what we know about the words.

For example, where have you heard the word medicinal, or can you think of a word that you know that sounds similar to medicinal? You mean like medicine? Okay, yeah.

And what's a chemist? Or have you heard a similar sounding word to that? Yeah, we study chemistry sometimes in science.

It's about chemicals and things.

So, do they use chemicals then to make medicines? Great work.

Well decoded.

Even when you're an adult, you'll come across words that you haven't heard of.

And it's really useful to try and decode it, using maybe similar words that you do know or reading around the text.

And remember, no one ever said that learning was easy.

If it was too easy, you wouldn't be learning, would you? Actually, when I work them out, I realise that there's some sectors, I wouldn't even want to work in.

For example, I don't really like science at school.

It's too black and white.

There's no grey areas.

It's a bit like maths.

You're either right or you're wrong.

I mean, don't get me wrong, other people at school love it, but personally, I prefer to be a bit more creative.

And I hate blood.

I could never be a midwife or a paramedic.

Mm, interesting.

So which sector do you think suits you then? I didn't really think about it.

Well, you're creative and you don't like blood and you want something where there's more than one way of doing things maybe.

Actually, I love doing this sort of thing.

I think I'm going to be an actor.

Don't you think I'm doing a great job? Better than Mr. Bailey? If you say so.

But you do make a great point.

Many of these jobs from specific sectors require people to possess similar qualities or skills.

Let's look at some of those on the next slide.

In my discussions with Daniel, he said that he'd perhaps like to be an actor, because it matches some of his skills and personal qualities.

Interestingly, being creative is also important for other jobs in the same sector, creative arts, such as being a makeup artist, or a photographer.

And that's because within each sector, they tend to be similar types of jobs.

As another example, in the leisure and tourism sector, it would also be important for someone to be energetic and fit, and to be able to inspire and motivate people.

Whether you're a guide taking people around a city walk, or a personal trainer or a swimming instructor, all of those skills would be important to all of them.

It's not an exact science and not all skills are required in the same job sector all the time.

But, I suppose it's like categorising animals.

They've got similar traits, not exactly the same.

For example, who would have placed a human and a whale into the same category of a mammal? Well they are, because they've got lots of things in common.

They're not exactly the same.

They've got similar traits.

Let's look at some of those personal qualities that might be required for different types of sectors.

Here we have a list of just some personal qualities.

There's many more, but I've just selected some at random.

Let's look at a particular job and identify which personal qualities or skills would be the most important.

I'm going to select a job as a police officer.

Now, you could argue that to a greater or lesser extent, all qualities have some importance to all jobs.

But it's pretty obvious that some are more important for certain roles.

For example, artistic aptitude would be really important for a computer game designer, but not really for a police officer.

If I was to select three qualities from this list that I would want for my police officer, then I'd select maybe problem solving, so that they can solve crimes.

Flexibility, because they need to work long hours and long shifts, like through the night.

And logical thinking, because they've got lots of evidence that they need to put together and present.

For your next task, I'd like you to do the same.

Choose a job, perhaps one that you're interested in, and then select what you think are the three most important qualities from the list that I've given you.

As a next step, you could perhaps list one of the qualities that you think is the least important for your job.

Have a go, pause the video, choose your job, and then list the three most important qualities from my list.

When you're finished, play the video, and move on to the next slide.

We've looked at sectors and how some jobs fall into a particular sector.

And then we've considered that some of the skills that are essential for people working in those types of careers.

For your final task, I'd like you to pretend that you're the employer and that you need to recruit someone into a particular job role.

You're going to create a job vacancy advert for that role, as though you wanted to recruit someone.

Think about what qualities you'd be looking for.

What skills would they need? Let's take a look on the next slide at how you're going to formulate your job advert.

Here are the things that I'd like you to include in your job advert.

Firstly, what is the job title and what sector is it in? Next, what is the role of that person? For example, if you were to choose a plumber, it might be to fit bathrooms and kitchen pipes or fix leaks and instal a boiler, for example, Consider the wage that someone in that job would earn.

Remember that you're the employer, so pay them a reasonable wage for the job you're advertising.

Next, what hours will you expect that person to work? For example, a school chef might only be needed Monday to Friday during school opening times, from seven o'clock in the morning until two o'clock in the afternoon.

Do you have any entry requirements for that role? For example, do you want them to have a degree or another particular type of qualification before you'll consider them? And then finally, I'd like you to think about those all important qualities that you want from your candidate.

I'd like you to split them into essential and desirable qualities.

An essential quality would be those where there's no excuses.

They must a hundred percent have those qualities.

And the desirable ones are qualities that you'd really like, but they're not absolutely essential for everyone.

Let's have a look on the next slide at my job advert for the role of a police officer.

Here are the things you might want to include in your job vacancy advert.

First and foremost, we talked about the job title and the sector.

For mine, police officer is the job title and the sector that it's in, is law enforcement and security.

Next we mentioned the type of role that it was.

Well for me, police officers role are about solving crime.

They're about policing events, like football and concerts, and other sporting events.

And it's about working with the public.

So those are the things that I've mentioned.

With regards to the salary or the wage, I've said that they'll start around about 20,000 pounds per year, and that that could increase around about 35,000 pounds, roughly, because after a number of years of being in the police, your wage can go up to about that.

With regards to the hours of work, I've been quite particular.

So I've said it's 40 hours per week, but I've mentioned that they need to be able to work unsociable hours, because they're going to be working lots of shifts.

With regards to the entry requirements, I don't require anyone necessarily to have a degree.

I'll do my own little tests, but there's no specific entry requirements.

Now to those all important personal qualities.

The things that I think are essential, you have to have them in order to be a police officer are firstly, team working.

It's important to work as a team.

Problem solving and flexibility.

And problem solving, we've already mentioned.

Logical thinking and also, people need to be able to communicate really well.

So those are my essential qualities.

You must have them in order to apply for the job.

Next, I've thought about some desirable things, things that I'd really want, but they don't have to have them.

Because we can maybe train them up with things like that.

First thing I've said is writing skills, because there'll be a lot of paperwork with the files that they'll need to present.

And then secondly, people need to be physically fit.

Those are the desirable things that I want from people who are going to apply for my job.

So, that's my vacancy advert.

The thing I'd like you to do is, think about your job, and then complete your own vacancy job advert.

Think about it as you're the employer, you're the person recruiting.

What do you want from those potential candidates? Have fun doing it, and I look forward to seeing some of your job adverts.