Lesson video

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- Today's lesson is called Fireproof.

We will be looking at fires within the home.

In this lesson, we are going to be learning about house fires and looking at some fire hazards that you can prevent.

We will then look at actions you can take to mitigate these hazards.

And we can take away some key messages from our professional superheroes.

Our wonderful fairy job mother will be on hand to give you some career ideas.

And finally, you will draw your very own fire evacuation plan.

In today's lesson, you will need some paper or an exercise book, a pen or a pencil, some coloured pencils or felt tips, a ruler and your hazard spotting eyes.

Pause the video, collect your materials and come right back.

Hello, everybody.

It's me, Mrs. Walsh again.

How are you all? Fabulous.

That's nice to hear.

I can't wait to go through this lesson with you.

I've got some amazing people for you to meet.

So, let's get on with it.

So we need to think about what a hazard is.

So hazard is a danger or a risk.

So if we're going to be talking about fire hazards, then we need to put the two together.

So fire obviously, dangerous, hot, burn.

And then hazard is a danger or a risk.

So a fire hazard is something that can burn or harm us or even worse.

And you might be thinking, "Well, I'm only a kid.

That's a job for a grownup." Well, that's where your wrong, children.

And I'm going to show you why.

This is why.

I know that many of you will have some of these items. Curlers or a hairdryer, a mobile phone or a tablet and hair straighteners.

Now you might be a little bit too young for hair straighteners, but I know that you most certainly will have some in the future.

So looking after these items, is vital.

It's so important, because these actives are a fire hazard.

And if you stick with me through this lesson, you will learn how, but you will also learn how to protect yourselves.

Have a look at this table.

It is so important to understand how to mitigate these fire hazards.

Mitigate, yes, that's a word.

So basically, it means to reduce the hazard so that these hazards do not become a risk.

So in this instance, we are making these fire hazards less severe.

What I would like you to do is think about these items and how we could reduce the risk of a fire happening.

Copy this table onto your paper.

You can draw the pictures if you like, but the words will be just fine.

Write your answers in the final column.

Pause the video whilst you do this.

Oh, you're smashing this one, children.

So a mobile phone or tablet.

Yes, they are fire hazards.

But we can do things to make sure that a fire doesn't happen.

So never leave a phone or tablet charging on it's own.

And pop them on a bedside table or the floor when charging.

Hair straighteners.

Never leave hair straighteners unattended whilst they're on.

And you can buy a heat proof mat to rest them on when not in use and cooling down.

Hairdryers and curlers.

You must always leave to cool down on a heat proof map.

Never leave them on your bed when you finish using them.

You will find out why later on.

This is the reason we need to reduce the risk of fire.

You can see in this picture that it was once a comfortable bed, a very own place of comfort, a place where we are likely to relax whilst on our mobile phones.

On this day, this mobile phone was left on charge under the pillow, whilst the family went out for the day, This family was very lucky nobody got hurt.

Look at these images.

Never leave your phone unattended whilst charging.

It's just not worth it.

This fire happened because the charging wire was incorrect for the phone.

It was a cheap charging wire.

Always make sure your charging wire is the one that comes with your phone or the one that the manufacturer for your phone approves.

Place your phone on a flat, solid, stable surface whilst charging, but make sure there are no flammables around.

Once you're reaches 100%, you must take it off charge.

These images are real too.

They are a result of leaving hair straighteners and a hairdryer on the bed.

They get so hot, children.

So why would you leave them on the material of your bed to catch fire? I hope you realise how dangerous and easily fires can start now.

And maybe you might do things a little bit differently.

On the following slides, you will see another set of hazards.

They are still fire hazards, but basically they are all the fire hazards that can start in the home.

And this is where you matter, children.

Because if you see anything like this in your home, you can tell your parents and carer to put it right.

G hazard spotting eyes at the ready, you might need to pause the video whilst you spot the hazard.

What do you think the fire hazard is in this hallway? Don't forget to pause the video.

Absolutely, children.

An overloaded extension lead can be so dangerous.

This could cause the plug in the wall sockets to overheat and set on fire.

Next one.

Take a look at this kitchen and spot the fire hazard.

Don't forget to pause the video.

Oh, you're smashing in this one, children.

Never ever leave a tea towel over your cooker door.

The tea towel will very easily set on fire.

Always ask an adult to remove it.

And what about this one? Pause the video and see if you can spot the hazard.

Well done.

Anything left near a cooker flame, could be extremely dangerous, even if it has fallen over.

Make sure you keep your eyes peeled for hazards around your cooker top, but makes sure you have an adult remove them.

Don't you go anywhere near a flame.

I know what you thinking boys and girls.

It all seems pretty scary.

But not to worry, now you know how to spot these hazards.

You have become fire detectors.

There are also other things we can use to help us.

Let us see if you can solve this riddle.

I like a good riddle.

Clue number one, I am high up.

Clue number two, I am loud.

Clue number three, like me or not, I could save your life.

What am I? Absolutely, children.

It's a smoke detector or a smoke alarm.

These clever little devices work in a very special way.

Inside the smoke detector there is a little red light.

When smoke gets inside the little grid and covers the infrared light, the smoke alarm detects this and sounds the alarm.

- [Anthony] Today, I've been fitting some smoke alarms in a home to keep the people who live there safe.

Did you know you should fit at least one smoke alarm on each floor of your home? Test your smoke alarm every month and don't forget to vacuum it every six months.

- [Mrs. Walsh] Oh, fabulous advice, Anthony.

Thank you very much.

Let's see how much the children know.

What I would like you to do, children, is I would like you to look at the following statements and I would like you to pick which statement you think is true, when looking after a smoke alarm.

Pause the video whilst you do this.

That's wonderful.

If you picked number one, four and five, you are absolutely correct.

That is exactly how you look after a smoke detector.

Well done.

Here are firefighter Anthony's top tips.

You must make sure there's a fitted smoke detector on each floor of your home.

And you have to test your smoke detector monthly.

You also need to hoover your smoke detector every six months and you must change the batteries every single year.

Maybe, children, you can make this one of your jobs.

- [Fairy Job Mother] Hello, children.

It's your fairy job mother again, and today I'm going to talk to you about different jobs.

We've already spoken once about the fire service and all the different jobs that firefighters can do.

But we're going to dig a little deeper in today's lesson and we're going to learn about what keeps our home safe.

Did you know that certain firefighters can come to your house and fit you a smoke alarm? They can also test the smoke alarm if you already have one.

It's really important to keep it safe and every home should have one.

Now there's lots of companies all over England that make devices such as fire alarms. They also make things like CCTV, fire extinguishers, and emergency lighting.

All things that keep us safe in our homes and schools.

Maybe you'd like to work on a production line, making these devices.

Or maybe you'd like to do the testing to make sure that they work properly.

You could even work in the offices and write the manuals with all the instructions for these devices.

Why don't you go onto the internet, with an adult that you trust, and have a look at all the different types of jobs that might keep us safe in our homes.

The list is endless.

You never know, you might just find the dream job for you.

- Thanks, fairy job mother.

Now it's your turn, children.

We've discovered what a fire hazard is, how to spot one and what device is used to alert us of a fire.

We're now going to look at something else you can do to make sure that you are the safest you can be in your home.

Your task is to create an evacuation plan of your own homes, so that you all know how to escape safely.

I hope you never ever have to use it, but you can keep it in a safe place and share it with your parents and carers.

This is a floor plan of my house.

It is an aerial view.

That means looking down onto it.

It shows a route of escape, should my house ever catch fire.

If you look at my key at the top, you can see that the door is a half semi-circle and the windows are a blue rectangle shape.

My plan shows where all the doors and windows are in my house.

Firstly, I drew the outline of my ground floor and first floor.

Mine is a rectangle shape, but if yours is square, draw a square.

If you live in a flat or apartment, you will have to draw the shape of your flat or apartment.

And you can also add your hallway so that you can identify where the outside is.

Secondly, I marked out all the doors and windows so I can clearly see which one lead to outside.

Then finally, I used a red and green pen to identify two different escape routes.

You can choose any two bold colours of your choice.

Here is your success criteria.

Step one, draw the aerial view of your home.

Create the main outline of each floor, using rectangles or squares for your rooms. Step two, you need to label your plan so that everybody knows what room they are looking at.

Remember to mark all of your doors and windows and label the outside area.

This is where you'll all stand safely while you wait for the fire service to turn up.

Step three, add in your two escape routes.

It is a good idea to do one escape route out of the front of your house and a second escape route out of the back or the side, depending on where your backdoor is.

Don't forget to share with everybody in your house, so they are aware of your fire evacuation plan.

So that's it, children.

It's time for you to get busy with your evacuation plans.

I do hope you have enjoyed today's lesson.

I certainly have.

I cannot wait to see what you produce with your evacuation plans.

If you'd like to, please ask your parents or carer to share your work on Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter tagging @OakNation and #LearnWithOak.

See you soon.