# Lesson video

In progress...

Hi everyone.

I'm Ms. Mitchell.

How are you today? Today in math, we're going to be following a route around the map.

In today's lesson, you will be giving directions.

You will then complete the talk task, an independent task, and then a quiz.

For today's lesson.

You will need a pencil and some paper.

Pause the video now to get this, if you have not got it already.

Here is a picture of a mug.

What would the mug look like if it was rotated a quarter turn? What would the muggle it like if it was rotated a quarter turn? Now remember I like to focus on one particular point and move that point a quarter turn, and then I will know what the rest of the position of the mug will look like.

So for example, I'm going to take this top part of the mug, the circle, you rotate one quarter turn clockwise, and the mug would look like this.

It'd be facing three o'clock.

So this point up here has rotated a quarter turn to this point here.

What would the mug look like if it was rotated a half turn? Now remember a half is the same as two quarters.

So two quarter turns is the same as one half turn.

So what do you think the mug would look like? And there's the answer.

So, the top of the mug for one quarter turn would be facing here.

And then for the second quarter turn, it would be upside down.

If we know what a quarter turn looks like, and we know what a half turn looks like, what would the mug look like if it was rotated a three quarter turn? So how many quarter turns do you think is in a three quarter turn? That's right, three.

So focus on that one point, move it one quarter, a half, three quarters.

And so the mug would be facing nine o'clock on a mug.

Okay, so we have some star words.

So star words are special words that you will see a lot in the lesson and they are words that I would like you to use as well say.

So could you repeat after me please? Clockwise.

Anticlockwise.

Steps.

Left.

Right.

Up.

Down.

Quarter.

Half.

Three-quarter.

Full turn.

Forward and backwards.

Now the trickiest words I think are left and right.

Now can you remember the trick to know which is your left and which is your right?.

It's when you put your fingers out and one of them, the L will be facing you.

So you know that side is your left side.

And the other hand is a backwards L which means that is your right side.

Can you have a go do that now, please? So have your fingers out, your thumbs facing inward, so they're facing each other.

Can you see that your one hand is making an L? So that's your left.

And then your other hand is making a backwards L which means it is your right.

So, the man is at the zoo.

Can you help him find the animals? Now we want- He wants the quickest and the easiest way to find the animals.

So the first animal he is looking for is the lion.

So this line up here, can you please find that on the grids? That's right.

Then what do you think the quickest and easiest way to find the lion is? That's right.

One, two, three, four, five, six steps to the right.

So let's just do that together because although you can only see five arrows, the sixth one is when you land on the animal.

So let's do it together, one, two, three, four, five land on the animal six.

So that is six steps to the right.

Can you now pause the video? How is the ma- How can the man get to the, the monkey? The chimpanzee? How can the man get to the chimpanzee in the quickest and easiest routes? So with less steps possible.

Pause the video and have a think now.

Well done.

Now let's have it go together.

So there are two different routes you could do.

The first one is you can up, one, two, three steps, and then you go right, one step or you could go right first and then go one, two, and then up to the third point.

So you can either move one step right and then one, two, three steps forwards, three steps up or you can do the three steps up, one, two, three, and then the step to the right.

It is the same number of steps.

So whichever way you wrote it down, it will be right.

Did you manage to get that? Okay, the last animal that he would like to go and find is the zebra.

Can you help him find the zebra? So could you pause the video now and tell me the quickest and easiest route to find the zebra? Now Well done, let's have a go together.

So you can go up, one, two, three, four steps, and then you can go right.

So you can go up, one, two, three, four steps and move to the right one, two, three, four steps or there's another route you can go.

It's the same rate, but you just turn it the other way.

So you would go right, one, two, three, four and then up one, two, three, four to land on the animal.

So to get from the man to the zebra, you could move four steps right, and then four steps up or, you can move four steps up four steps right.

They would both lead to the same number of steps.

So they would both be right.

I would like you to give directions, to get from your bedroom to the fridge.

So the first thing I'd like you to do is just go to your bedroom and then work out the number of steps and the direction to get to your fridge.

Using these star words in this box here.

Once you said out loud, could you please have a go at writing it down? Pause the video to do this now.

Now we going to move on to a different question.

What I'd like you to do is to follow the directions, to see where Tom ends up.

So this is Tom here, Tom walks three steps down, one, two, three.

he then turns one step to the right, one, where is he? That's right, Tom is at the shop.

We'll do that one more time.

He walked three steps down, one, two, three and then he turns one step to the right, one, so that means that Tom has ended up at the shop.

Now for your independent task, I would like you to follow the direction and tell me where Tom ends up.

So Tom always starts in the same place, which is up here, follow the directions and tell me where Tom ends up.

And here are the answers, Press pause, so you can check that your answers are the same as mine.

You've worked really, really hard today.