Lesson video

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- Today's lesson is called Hazards in the Home.

We will be looking at dangers in our own environment and how to reduce the risks.

By the end of this lesson, you will know how to identify hazards within your home.

We will be looking at real hazards and listening to safety tips about what we should be doing to help keep ourselves safe.

We will then learn which professionals deal with hazards.

And finally, you will be completing your very own risk assessment.

Don't worry if you don't know what one of those is yet, you will do soon.

In this lesson, you will need some paper or an exercise book, a pen or a pencil, a ruler, and your hazard spotting eyes.

Pause the video, collect your materials and come right back.

Hello everybody it's Mrs. Walsh here again.

Welcome back.

Let's get on with today's session.

Today we're going to be staying indoors, so there's no chance of us getting cold.

We're going to be spotting hazards.

A hazard is a danger or risk.

Just means something that can harm us.

Hazards can be really tricky to spot, especially in our home environment, because we are comfortable and used to our surroundings.

Take a look at the room you are sat in and make a list of any hazards that you can see.

Pause the video whilst you do this.

Did you spot any? Don't worry if not, I think we might need some help from a superhero, but who can we ask? I don't think a firefighter will cut it, do you? No, let me have a think.


Firefighter, I know, my good friend, Miss Mohammad.

She's a health and safety manager.

She gets paid to spot hazards.

How cool is that? Let's go and see if her house has any hazards, come on.

Before we go to Miss Mohammad's house, split your page into four sections, like my mine right here.

Make sure you label each box with living room, kitchen, bathroom and bedroom.

Pause the video whilst you do this.

Can you spot any hazards in the living room? I can see two.

How many can you see? Pause the video and write them down in your living room box.

- Should never put I've never put anything in front of a hot fire.

And also, if you're not charging your things, we must always switch off the socket and take the charger out.

- [Mrs Walsh] Did you spot those two children? If not, don't worry.

There are more opportunities coming up.

Use my bullet points to help you.

Pop them into your living room box.

Pause the video whilst you do this.

Okay, what about the kitchen? Take a look at this picture and write down any hazards that you see.

Again, pause the video whilst you do this.

- So this is a hazard, we must never any sharp things out in the kitchen.

So put that back in the drawer.

And also, the gas cooker, we need to make sure we switch it off every time we've used it.

- [Mrs Walsh] How did you do with that one, children? Did you spot those scissors on the cupboard and the hot flame on the cooker? If these hazards are in your kitchen, always ask a grownup to reduce the risk by putting the sharp objects away and turning the cooker off.

But only if your parents aren't cooking your dinner, otherwise you may be waiting a while to eat.

If you didn't manage to get them, use my bullet points to help you.

Pop them in the kitchen box on your sheet of paper.

Pause the video whilst you do this.

There are other things we can do to make sure we are as safe as possible in the kitchen.

Listen to Mother Safety's advice so you can share this with your parents.

- I am a mum and a grandma so I know a thing go two about a hazard-free home.

Sharp knives are for adults to hold and they must always, always be pointed to the floor like this.

- [Mrs Walsh] We are serious hazard-spotters now.

Take a look at this bathroom and see what hazard you can spot.

Pause the video so you can take your time.

One of them is quite small.

- So if you have a stool to wash your hands, you can trip over it.

You must tuck it away and also, a razor is sharp, this lives in the drawer.

- [Mrs Walsh] Oh, you are getting good at this.

The trip hazard and the razor, anything on the floor is a trip hazard, so you must make sure that you don't leave anything out.

You might know it's there, but somebody else in your family may not.

- It is also important to remember that water and electricity do not mix.

If water touches an electrical item, whilst you are using it, you will get an electric shock.

The results can be fatal.

So children, keep your electricals out of the bathroom.

- [Mrs Walsh] Mother Safety is correct, boys and girls.

Electricals must never be used in the bathroom unless you have a special socket in your bathroom for shavers like this.

You will notice a difference because it only has two holes for the plug to fit in.

You must never take anything in your bathroom that fits into this kind of plug socket.

Oh, this room looks familiar.

We are now in the bedroom.

Pause the video and see what hazard you can spot.

- That's right, there are two hazards in this room, the candle and the drawer.

- Amazing, children.

Did your hazard-spotting eyes manage to see the candle? If not, not to worry, use my example and pop them in your box where it says bedroom.

Pause the video whilst you do this.

Let me give you some advice.

It is so important to keep your bedroom tidy, at all times, for three reasons, number one, it becomes a hazard-free zone.

Number two, it helps you to sleep at night.

A tidy room is a tidy mind.

A number three, a really important one, you don't get told off, of your parents for having a messy bedroom.

You can thank me later.

- Hello children, your Fairy Jobmother here, don't you think that health and safety manager, Mrs. Mohammad did a fantastic job at helping us all become really good hazard-spotters? Maybe now you've got aspirations to become a health and safety manager, or maybe you didn't even know that job existed.

Well to become a health and safety manager, you need to have a really keen eye for detail.

You also need to be compassionate and caring and make sure that people in your workplace are kept safe at all times.

You need to be assertive and tell people when they're not following health and safety rules.

Why don't you go onto the internet, with an adult you trust, and have a look what else the health or safety manager does.

You never know, this could be the dream job for you.

- Now it's your turn to become hazard-spotters.

But before you do, let's explore a new word so we can use it in our next task.

The word is called mitigate.

You say it.


It means to make something bad less severe.

So in Miss Mohammad's house.

We removed the stool from the front of the fire and we mitigated that hazard.

So what I would like you to do now, children, is look at the slides, the pictures in the next slide.

And I would like you to write a sentence to say how you would mitigate the hazard.

Don't worry, I've got a writing frame for you to use.

So don't forget to pause the video, though.

You must pause the video so you can spot the hazard and write your sentence down.

Do you understand? Okay.

Take a look at this picture, spot the hazard and use the writing frame to help you.

Pause the video whilst you do this.

Did you spot that one? If you didn't don't worry, pause the video and copy my sentence down.

The hazard in this picture is a trailing wire.

I would mitigate this hazard by removing it from the floor and placing it in a cupboard or drawer.

Okay, take a look at this picture and do the same.

Use my writing frame to help you pause the video whilst you do this.

This was a tricky one.

I know you know what the hazard is, but it is so important that you get a parent or carer to help us with some hazards.

Like this hot iron, children should never mitigate a hazard that could harm you.

Always tell an adult.

Pause the video and write the sentence down, if you need to.

The hazard in this picture is a hot iron left on the cupboard.

I would mitigate this hazard by telling a grownup in my house to remove it and put it in a safe place.

Wonderful children, we're halfway there to creating our very or risk assessment, because that's exactly what a risk assessment is.

You spot the hazard and then you mitigate the hazard or you put measures in place to mitigate the hazard.

The only thing we need to do now is put you onto a special document, but I'll show you what the document looks like now.

This is the document, it's called a risk assessment.

It's now your turn to create your very own risk assessment.

This one is a blank one.

What you need to do is copy the table down.

It will be easier if you have lined paper, but if you only have plain paper, just use your ruler.

Make sure you put your name at the top, along with the chosen room and then you can go around that room and spot all the hazards.

So the hazard that you spot, you put in the first column, which is Identified Hazards.

Once you've identified all your hazards, you need to put the steps in place to mitigate it.

So just like we did in Miss Mohammad's house, where we spotted the hazard and then put the hazard correct, that's what you need to write down.

But don't worry, I'll show you mine so it can help you.

Here is mine, I chose to do my kitchen.

As you can see, there are lots of hazards in my kitchen.

Choose any room you like, but if you get stuck, you can use my example.

Here is your success criteria.

Firstly, fill in the top section with your name and the room you will be risk assessing.

Secondly, walk around the room with your hazard-spotting eyes and anything that you see, pop it into the first column.

Finally, once you have spotted all your hazards, you need to write, in the mitigating hazard section, what you will do to make sure those hazards do not hurt you or your family.

Remember though, children, if the hazard is too dangerous for you to remove, please, please ask an adult to help you.

Good luck.

I hope you have enjoyed today's lesson, children.

I certainly have.

And I just know that you are really, really good hazard-spotters now.

I can't wait to see you next time.

I would love to see your complete your risk assessments.

So if you'd like to, please ask your parents or carer to share your work on Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter, tagging @OakNational and #LearnwithOak.

See you next week.