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Hi everyone, welcome to today's geography lesson, I'm Ms. Harris, what's your name? Oh, it's lovely to meet you.

Now, today we are continuing our learning about the oceans.

We are answering this question.

How are people protecting the ocean? So we're going to look at what other people are doing to protect the oceans.

We will also be recapping the location of the ocean, so where they are on a map, we're going to look at rubbish in the ocean, what the government is doing to protect our oceans, and what other people are doing.

And then lastly we're going to look at a country called Indonesia, which is where lots of turtles live.

And we're going to find out how they are protecting marine life like turtles.

You will need an exercise book, a pencil, a coloured pencil, and your brain, have you got that? If haven't got those things, you can pause the video and go and get them now.

Now in today's lesson, we are going to be geographers.

A geographer is a type of scientist who studies the earth, the land, and the people, can you do those actions with me? The earth, the land, and the people, well done.

Now I'm good say an ocean, and I want you to point to it, ready? Find the Pacific Ocean.

So you can see it here on the map.

Remember that our maps show the earth to be flat, but actually it's a sphere shape.

So the Pacific Ocean comes up twice.

Can you find the Atlantic Ocean now? It's here, well done.

Can you find the Indian Ocean now? Okay, now, the Indian ocean is here.

Can you now find the Arctic Ocean.

It's at the top bottom, well done.

And lastly, can you find the Southern Ocean? Oh, sorry, I did that really quickly.

It's there at the bottom, well done.

Now there are five oceans.

Let's do our star words, the words we're going to be saying a lot, ready? Turtles, your turn.

Ocean, survive, protect, harmful, plastic.

Well done.

Now we have to look at this last lesson, we talked about what is human activity? Human activity are all the things that we do in our lives.

And the things that we do can affect our oceans.

So things we do can affect what is going on in our oceans.

So human, hmm, are all the things that we hmm in our life.

can you write down what human activity is, and fill in the gaps.

Pause the video and try that now.

Well done, now pick up your coloured pen or pencil.

We are going to check our answers.

Okay, human activities are all the things that we do in our life.

So the words are activities and do.

If you didn't get those right, don't worry.

you can put a nice, neat line through it and write it above.

Can you pause the video and check now? So we previously discussed that these things that are currently affecting our oceans, things like, overfishing, rubbish, pollution, and oil spills are the things that are affecting our oceans.

So today we're going to find out what our government is doing to protect the oceans.

But first, what has happened to our rubbish that's in the ocean.

So when rubbish goes into the ocean, we might think that most of the time, it sinks to the bottom, if it's heavy.

But what happens to the plastic and all the rubbish that floats on the top of the water.

We're going to find out.

So, in the ocean, we have something called a gyre.

A gyre is a large rotating current where the water spirals around like this round and round.

It's where lots of our rubbish that's floating in the sea collects.

So if there is something rotating in the middle, and then you put something in the water and it moves closer towards the gyre, it gets sucked up and then it continues spinning around like this and it can create a big pile.

So a gyre is a large rotating current in the ocean.

In your books, I would like you to write what is a gyre? Can you write this sentence and fill in the gaps? Pause the video, do that now.

Well done.

Pick up your coloured pencil, let's tick or fix.

A gyre is a large rotating current in the ocean.

If you wrote gyre give yourself a tick, if you wrote current, give yourself a tick.

If you didn't, don't worry, you can pause the video and check.

Well done.

So in the Pacific Ocean, which is closer to where we are, there is a gyre which contains the biggest rubbish dump on the planet.

It's called The Great Pacific Garbage Patch or rubbish patch.

People think, they estimate, that it is roughly twice the size of the United Kingdom, where we live.

So our country that we see on the map, they think it's twice the size of that.

And it might look something like this.

It would be bigger, huge, it would be really, it would be much taller, and there'd be a lot more rubbish, but this is what it would look like on the surface of the ocean, so on top.

We can see there's lots of plastic and rubbish, and ropes, and nets, lots of things have ended up in the ocean.

So, what has our government done so far to help us protect the oceans, and what have they done to protect the ocean? On the 24th of September last year, the government announced a new global alliance, that means lots of countries coming together to make a decision.

They decide to help drive urgent action, to look after our oceans and protect the wildlife.

So in our country, the government, the people who are in charge of our country to look after it, they passed a law that says that plastic bags are now five P.

So you can't get a plastic bag for free in most shops now.

And plastic straws, and plastic earbuds, so the things you clean your ears out with, the stick part, they're not allowed to be plastic anymore either.

So these are slowly being removed from the United Kingdom and they're replaced with paper ones.

So maybe if you bought a smoothie, or maybe you've been out somewhere and you've had a drink, maybe now you've had a plastic.

Instead of a plastic straw, you've had a paper straw.

So these are things that are being slowly removed and more people are buying reusable bags, or bags that you can use over and over again.

Now in the United Kingdom, there is a charity called the Marine Conservation Society.

Should we say that together, Marine Conservation Society.

Now, they've done incredible things to protect our oceans.

They've helped produce a campaign called The Wet Wipes Turn Nasty Campaign, which has really been really effective.

And lots of companies have decided to write on the labels of all their things that you cannot recycle or reuse them.

So if you have a wet wipe, so a wet wipe, a wipe that is wet, if you use one of those and you put it maybe in the toilet or in the bin, it can't be recycled or reused again.

So it's really wasteful.

So it's better to use cloths and things that we can reuse and wash.

And then in Scotland, they are the first nation, so first country in the UK to confirm that they are going to introduce a money back scheme for recycling.

So if I take my plastic cup to one of the places, they will say, "Oh, Ms. Harris, thank you for your plastic cup.

Here's some money for your plastic cup." So when you recycle, you can earn some money.

Now in your books, I would like you to write one thing that government is doing to reduce our plastic waste.

So the sentence at the bottom, in the United Kingdom, the government have hmm.

So you can choose on the side, three.

Sorry, I put three reasons, you need to choose one.

So write one thing the government has done.

Pause the video, have a go at that now.

Well done, so you could have said, in the United Kingdom, the government have created a charge for plastic bags.

You could have said that they have banned plastic straws, or you could have said, they have banned cotton buds, plastic cotton buds.

So what are other people doing to protect the ocean? Let's have a look.

So some people have created these things called sea bins.

What are they called? So a sea bin is a company, which has put hundreds of bins in the ocean, which are tracked, and they've got solar panels on the top, which the sun beams on and produces electricity.

So it helps keep it going.

They are catching lots of rubbish that's floating in the ocean.

And what it does, when it's floating in the ocean, lots of rubbish kind of moves over and it gets sucked into the bin.

Things like plastic bottles, plastic forks, tiny little microplastics, ropes, and anything else that's floating.

Some other people are doing beach cleanups.

So maybe next time you go to the beach, you can take a plastic bag with you or reusable back, and you can find lots of rubbish and put it in the bag, and then maybe go and recycle it.

So it doesn't end up in the ocean.

Now let's look at what is happening with turtles in Indonesia.

So there are seven types of turtles in Indonesia.

How many? Seven.

Six of them live in Indonesia.

Sorry, there are seven altogether, six species live in Indonesia.

But Ms. Harris, why are people interested in turtles? Ah, glad you asked.

People trade turtles for their meat, their eggs, and their body parts, so like their shell.

And these are used to make things like medicine, or souvenirs for people that are visiting.

But Indonesia have created a law.

This means that, so these are people trading.

This means that if you trade a turtle, so if you own the turtle and someone gives you money in return, it is a law, so it's illegal.

You cannot do it anymore.

And if you do, you could end up in prison.

So if you trade a turtle, either alive or dead, it's illegal and you could go to prison for five years and pay a huge fine.

So that's what they are doing to protect our turtles around the world.

Now we're going to do a true or false.

So you're going to shout true, or you're going to say false, are you ready? You can trade turtles in Indonesia.

Is that true or false? It's false.

It's illegal to trade turtles in Indonesia.

Look at the next one.

Everyone can clean up the beach, true or false? True, everyone can clean up the beach.

Next one.

I can recycle to help plastic waste, true or false.

True, we can all do lots of recycling to help plastic waste.

Well done today, you've worked really, really hard.

Can you tell me one thing that you have learned this lesson? Wow, great job.

If you would like to share your work with us, you can ask your parent or carer to share a picture of it on Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter using the tag OakNational, and #LearnwithOak.

It's time for your end of lesson quiz now, where you can show off everything you've learned.

I can't wait to see how many you get right.

Have a great rest of your day and I'll see you next time.