Lesson video

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Hello, and welcome to lesson two of the globalisation unit.

I hope you're doing well today In this lesson, we're going to be looking at how has globalisation changed the way we communicate? Let's have a look at the agenda for this lesson now.

So the first thing that we're going to look at in today's lesson is how has the way we communicate changed? Secondly, we'll look at is access to the internet equal? And lastly, we'll look at what are the effects of changing communication? For this lesson, you'll need three things, an exercise book, or some paper, a pencil, or a pen.

And lastly, and most importantly, our brains.

So pause the video now to make sure you've got those things.

And then when you're ready to get learning, resume and we'll get started.

In this first part of the lesson, we're going to look at how has the way we communicate changed? And to start off with, we're going to look at a series of different images, which tell us the story of how communication has changed since the early 1800's, okay? So in the early 1800's, people mostly relied upon this form of communication.

What do you think it represents? Nice one, yeah, absolutely right.

It represents letter writing.

So people had to really rely upon either talking to each other in person or writing letters to each other, in order to communicate, As things progressed, things like Morse code were used in which people pressed down on a button and the different taps would be translated into a message.

Now, what is this old chunky device? Yes, it's an old telephone.

And so the telephone was invented in 1876.

Didn't really become widely used at first, but eventually the telephone completely transformed the way we communicate with each other and helped build those connections that globalisation is all about.

And then of course we have laptops and computers now.

And what is the key thing that connects everyone through laptops and computers? The internet, of course, yes.

So the internet has truly transformed the way we communicate with each other.

Now we can use email or video calls.

And so now someone in Australia can very easily communicate with someone here in England, where I am at the moment because of the power of the internet.

And that's had a big effect on globalisation.

And then of course, mobile devices has made it even easier.

So you can be on the move, talking to people on the phone, emailing people over the internet, seeing new information.

So communication has been through a dramatic change since the 1800's, where we relied upon, well, I wasn't there, but where people relied upon, either writing letters to each other or seeing each other in person.

And now we have laptops, computers, and mobile phone devices, which enable us to communicate and share information as quickly as we would like, unless your internet goes down.

But mostly the internet pretty solid.

So based on that information, I'd like you to complete the following task.

Describe how communication has changed since the early 20th century.

So since the early 1900's, how has communication changed? When you're ready, pause the video to complete your task and resume once you're finished.

And if you're wondering how to get started, here's a little sentence starter to help inspire your thinking.

Okay, let's go through the answer together now.

So here's what I wrote, since the early 20th century forms of communication have changed significantly.

For example, in the 1800's, the main ways to communicate were to send a letter or to talk to each other in person.

The invention of the telephone mobile phone and the internet has made it much easier and quicker for people to communicate.

So obviously yours doesn't need to be word for word like mine, but as long as you have managed to express how people used to rely upon the letter writing, seeing each other in person, but then telephones, mobile phones, computers, and the internet have made it much easier to communicate.

And remember, that's really important for globalisation because it helps build those connections, which globalisation is all about.

Let's move on to the next part of the lesson.

In this second part of the lesson, we're going to be exploring the question, is access to the internet equal? And by that we mean, does everyone on planet earth have the same ability to use the internet? And what we're going to do first, is start off with a very interesting task.

So what I'd like you to do is to make a list of the different things in your house that you can communicate with.

Okay, so have a think about all the different devices or other ways that you can communicate with, and then list them down.

And when you're ready to do that, pause the video to complete your task and then resume once you finished your list.

Okay, how many things did you find it? Be very interesting to compare with different people, what they've got right? Here is my list, it was quite a good little task this, having to think about this.

So I have four, but I also, I guess I could write a letter as well.

But my four were, my computer, which I'm recording with right now, I could send emails on that.

I could do an instant chat.

There's loads of ways I could use my computer to communicate with people using the internet.

I've got my mobile phone, which again, I can use this mobile phone to call people, email people, WhatsApp people, text message people, lots of different ways.

Just on one device.

I also have a tablet that I can use to do all the same things as a computer.

And then I also thought even, even my computer console that I have, I could use that to communicate with people as well.

Now I wonder how many things are on your list.

Now think about this.

Do you think someone in another part of the world would just have the exact same list or similar number of things that they could communicate with? Let's have a look at that now, via a very interesting map.

So this glorious map shows us the level of internet penetration.

And by that we mean the number of internet users in a country as a percentage.

So for example, can you find where Great Britain is on the map? Okay, hopefully you've found it.

You will see it is a dark blue.

And that means that between 90 and a hundred percent of people in Britain have access to the internet, which is extraordinary.

But in other countries they have far less access.

And we can see those countries because the countries in red or very, very dark red, they have between zero and 29% of their population can access the internet and the countries in yellow or a darker yellow, that is between 40 and 59%.

So I think what we can see from this map is lots of different countries have very different levels of access to internet.

And can you tell, or have you noticed a pattern in the graph? What kind of countries for example, are more likely to have less people using the internet? If you're thinking poorer countries, then you're absolutely right.

Generally the poorer country is the fewer people have access to the internet.

Now, what I would suggest doing now, is pause the video and have a look at the different countries and have a look at what percentage of people can access the internet in those countries.

Okay, based on this excellent map, we're going to complete the following task.

What I'd like you to do is write down one or two sentences about what surprised you about the graph, and when you're ready to do that, pause the video to complete your task and resume once you're finished.

Okay, would be very interesting to hear what did surprise you about the graph.

Here's what surprised me about the graph.

The graph surprised me, because there are many countries in central Africa whose populations have very little access to the internet.

And I know it's almost like obvious that the poorer a country is the less likely they are to have access to the internet, right? And central Africa has some of the world's most poorest countries, but still I was really surprised that some of those countries only have between zero and 9% of their populations being able to access the internet, which shows us how unequal access to the internet is.

Even though it's very easy to assume that everyone can just access the internet in one way or another.

Let's move on to the final parts of this lesson.

What we're going to do in this last part of the lesson is look at what are the effects of changing communication.

To Start off with, I'd like to show you this graph, which is another graph, which tells us a lot about how communication has changed and what its effects are.

So this graph shows us internet users per 100 inhabitants.

So it tells us similarly to the map, the proportion of people in a country who have access to the internet.

It shows us the purple line, which is the developed world.

So those are richer countries.

It shows us globally, which is the green line.

So that means the entire world.

And then it shows us the developing world, which is the blue line, which are often poorer countries.

Now this tells us a couple of things.

It tells us number one, that again, the number of people being able to access the internet is not equal because look, the purple line is much higher than the blue line.

But it also shows us one other key thing about how internet use has changed over time.

What do you think that is? If you've just said Mr. Barber, the key thing is that the number of internet users is steadily increasing.

Then you're absolutely right.

Because if we look, no matter what part of the world you're in, the number of people who are using the internet is increasing dramatically.

And so that is one of the effects of changing communication.

The number of people using the internet.

Now the internet is a wonderful thing.

However, we have to be realistic that there are some advantages, which are good things about internet and also some disadvantages about the increasing internet usage.

So what I would like you to do now is complete the following task.

Make a table on your piece of paper with one column saying advantages and one column saying disadvantages, just like on the screen.

What I would then like you to do is list down what are the advantages and disadvantages of increasing internet usage? And try and get three different points for advantages and three different points for disadvantages.

I'll give you a couple of examples now.

So one advantage of increasing internet usage is that people living in more remote communities can communicate more easily.

So a farmer in the Sahara, can very easily communicate if they have access to an internet device.

Now, one disadvantage though, of increasing internet usage is that internet has led to less face to face communication in some places, as people are just happy and satisfied, like, I'll just send them a WhatsApp message.

I don't need to see them in person.

And some people will see that as a disadvantage.

Now it's up to you.

So when you're ready, pause the video to list your advantages and disadvantages and resume once you're finished.

Okay, how many did you get? And did you have more advantages or disadvantages, I wonder? Let's go through some of the additional points that I made, and maybe you'll disagree with me, but I suspect you'll probably agree with me.

Let's have a look.

So what did I put for advantages? I put, it has become easier for people to learn new things.

That's absolutely right.

Right now, you are learning about this over the internet.

Another thing that has been good about the internet or increasing internet usage, is that it's made buying things a lot easier.

So the customers who are buying the things, they can get the things that they need or want, and the people selling those things are going to make more money, more profit because the internet has made it easier.

But there are some disadvantages, of course.

Some people are completely addicted to the internet.

We know that is true.

The amount of people who are just looking at their phones all the time, can't get away from this screen.

That is definitely a disadvantage of increasing internet usage.

And then another point, cyber criminals can use the internet to steal information.

So this is something that's increasing now.

People or criminals are finding new opportunities by using the internet to commit crimes such as stealing information, whether that be personal information or banking information.

So even though the internet has got huge benefits, it does come with some disadvantages as well.

That brings us to the end of this lesson.

Well done for all the fantastic learning that you've done.

Hopefully that's been a really interesting exercise in reflecting about the internet, who has access to the internet, have what are the pro's and con's of having such access to that internet.

Before we finish, there are just two things that you need to do.

First of all, please remember to write down three key things that you'll remember from this lesson.

And then secondly, please remember to complete the exit quiz at the end.

You can not only see the amazing progress you're making, but it's also a really great way of solidifying information in our brains.

I hope you enjoyed the lesson and have a fantastic rest of your day.