Lesson video

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Hi there.

Welcome to lesson one of grammar programme with me, Mr. Halpin.

I hope you are all excited about this journey that we are about to embark on together.

I know I am.

So lesson number one, past simple verbs and capital letters.

Let's go.

In order to be successful today, you will need a pen, a piece of paper, and you'll need to engage your brains.

Please pause the video if you'd need to go and collect any of those pieces of equipment.

Resume the video when you're ready.

All sorted? Fantastic.

Let's crack on.

Past simple verbs.

We're going to start with the definition.

The word is verb.

A verb is a word that tells us the main action someone did.

Let's just repeat that so we're sure.


A word that tells us the main action that someone did.

And I have some examples on this slide for you.

Words like watched, talked and listened.

They're all verbs.

So remembering that a verb is a word that tells us the main action that someone did.

It's time for you to have a go.

Which of these three words on the board do you think is a verb? I'm going to count to three.

Then I want you to point at the screen or if you'd rather, shout out loud, your answer.




One, two, three.

Jumped! Perfect if you got that correct answer.

Well done.

Great start.

Your turn now.

I'm going to ask you to underline the verb in all of these sentences.

We're going to go through one together, don't worry.

Let's start by reading these sentences.

Sandra played tennis.

Tony watched the concert.

The friends talked on the phone.

Bob arrived late.

Can you remember the rule? A verb is a word that tells us the main action someone did.

Sandra played tennis.


So I write out Sandra played tennis and underline the word played.

I would like you to pause your video, write out the sentences , and.

and underline the word that you think is the verb in each of these sentences.

Resume your video when you're ready.

How was that? Let's find out how we got on.

Tony watched the concert.

The friends talked on the phone.

Bob arrived late.

Our verbs here, watched, talked and arrived.

Words that tell the main action that someone did.

Fantastic work if you got all of those correct.

Well done.

Now, we're going to move on to look at telling what happened.

And you may have noticed that the ed on the end of the word happened there is green and underlined.

That's not a mistake.

I'll return to that in a moment.

First, I want us to focus on sentences that tell what happens.

Sally works at the bank every Saturday.

He calls me in the evenings.

I always ask for more cake.

Those sentences all tell what happens.

We are interested in telling what happened.

So here are those sentences again.

They now tell what happened.

Sally worked at the bank every Saturday.

He called me in the evenings.

I always asked for more cake.

You may notice now that the words in the sentences all have that ed ending, just like the word happened.

Our next rule, next thing for you to remember.

Past tense, an action that has already happened.

A verb, an action that has already taken place.

It's in the past.

Past tense, an action that has already happened.

Let's give it a go.

Remembering our rule, past tense, an action that has already happened, which of these words is a past tense verb? Talk.



Again, on the count of three, you can point to your screen or say it out loud with lots of enthusiasm.

One, two, three.

Asked! Perfect.

Well done if you got that word correct.

Your turn now.

You'll see a table on the slide in front of you.

And all I want you to do is write the correct past tense verb in the blank spaces.

We are going to do the left-hand column together.

Then you are going to pause your video and complete the right-hand column.

Write the correct past tense verb in the blank spaces.

You'll see the first one has been done.


The verb use in the past tense becomes used.

What about work? What do you think work becomes? Worked.


Look? Looked.


And call? Called.



Time for you to pause your video now, write out the words, want, need, help, and seem and change them into the past tense verbs.

Resume your video when you are ready.

Ready? Okay.

Let's have a look at our answers.

Hopefully, you all wrote these words down.

Want becomes wanted.

Need becomes needed.

Help becomes helped and seem becomes seemed.

Fabulous work if your table now looks like this.

And hopefully you will all notice that the past tense verbs all have that ed word ending.

They're all past tense verbs.

Now, we're going to move on to look at capital letters.

Another rule, capital letters.

For certain letters, the capital letter is just a bigger version of the lowercase letter.

You need to be really careful when you are writing these out.

Make sure that the correct size on your lined paper.

On the screen in front of you, you'll see a lowercase a and a capital A.

On the count to three, which one is the capital? One, two, three.

Fantastic, of course it is.

Well done.

It's a bit trickier now, few more options for you to choose from.

Can you still spot the capital letters? We have the letter b, E, W and n.

I'm going to count to three.

You may touch the screen if you like or call out loud.

Which of these letters are capitals? One, two, three.

E and W! Fantastic.

Your turn now.

I want you to correct the capital letters in all of these sentences.

I will read them all for you.

We'll do the first one together, then I will ask you to pause your video.

verity likes the Zoo.

The Kitchen is Over there.

kelly Values time alone.

zoe hit clair with an Orange.

Let's return to.

verity likes the Zoo.

verity there was the start of a sentence.

It's also somebody's name.

And verity likes the Zoo, capital Z on Zoo.

How would we correct that? Like this.

Well done.

Capital V for Verity, likes the zoo lowercase z.

I would now ask you to pause your video.

Write out the sentences , and with the correct capital letter use.

Resume your video when you are ready.

Fantastic work once again.

Let's check our answers.

The kitchen lowercase k, is over lowercase o, there.

Kelly capital K, values lowercase v, time alone.

Zoe capital Z, hit Clair, capital C with an orange lowercase o.

Incredible work if your work looks like that, well done.

Now we move on to our writing task.

In these lessons, you'll be writing mini stories based on a picture.

At the start, we'll keep these nice and short but I still want you to concentrate on getting everything absolutely correct.

Each time you write, you'll be aiming to complete some mastery checks.

And here are our mastery checks for lesson one.

Check number one, I have written in full sentences.

Check number two, I have written the correct verb for each person.

Check number three, I have written my capital letters correctly.

Keep those in your mind when you are writing.

Here is your first visual prompt.

I would like you to pause the video, take about 30 seconds to look at this image.

All done? Fantastic.

Couple of things we need to pick out from an image.

Who and what? So who is in this image? Vicky and Charlie.


And what words might we use, to say what are they doing? What actions are taking place? Sat.



Well done if you came up with some of those words.

Who? Vicky and Charlie.

What? The verbs, the actions worked and played.

Time for you to write your mini story based on this image.

I'm going to ask you to pause your video, write your mini story about Vicky and Charlie and resume when you are ready.

All done? Fantastic.

Hopefully you managed to write a wonderful story about Vicky and Charlie.

If you didn't, not to worry, here are some sentences that we're going to complete together.

You could add to your writing.

Vicky and Charlie blank together.

What Vicky and Charlie, both doing together.

What verb could we put in there? Worked? Played? Sat? Vicky blank at her desk.

Looking closely at Vicky's desk, we can see she has a computer and we can suggest that she's probably working.

So Vicky worked at her desk and all the while Charlie down here on the floor, played with his blocks perhaps.

Well done.

Now, moving on.

How successful was your writing? Can you remember the checks? Check number one.

Did you write in full sentences? Vicky and Charlie sat together.

Check number two.

Did you use the correct verb for each person? Vicky worked at her desk.

Charlie played with his blocks.

And check number three, did you write all of your capital letters correctly? Is it clear on your lined paper? Capital V for Vicky capital C for Charlie? Well done if you completed all three checks of your first piece of writing.

You should be incredibly proud.

That brings us to the end of lesson number one.

I hope you enjoyed it as much as I did.

Please, please remember to complete your quiz.

And if you would like to share your amazing work, please ask your parent or carer to share your work on Instagram, Facebook or Twitter, tagging @OakNational and #LearnwithOak.

Thank you very much everyone.

I look forward to seeing you for the next lesson.