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Hello, and welcome to this revision lesson on the Christian practises unit.

I am Miss Kendrick.

And in this lesson, we're going to be recapping some key ideas from this unit.

We're going to be applying some scripture and we're going to be testing ourselves a little bit as well.

If you've not done any other lessons in this unit, then hopefully we'll be able to revise a bit because I've been recapping, but you do want to double check what you have covered in this unit before you start, 'cause otherwise you're going to be a bit bamboozled at points, but hope you'll find this revision really helpful.

The key things to keep in mind when we're revising, we need to think hard, okay? That's mean one of the most important things.

And I'm going to demonstrate this to you a little bit as we go through the lesson, but if we're thinking hard about the information, then we're much more likely to remember it.

So we've got to engage our brains and be willing to, yeah think hard and really try and remember things and recall things.

What you're going to need is, you're going to need a pen or pencil, you're going to need a different coloured pen or pencil, that's going to be really vital for this lesson, and you're going to need some paper as well.

So if you don't have those things in front of you now, then pause the video quickly and run and get them.

Then in this unit, we have covered a huge variety of topics.

We've looked at how Christians worship and we've looked at sacraments like baptism, baptism, Eucharist, we've looked at reconciliation as well, so confession.

We have looked at festivals, pilgrimage, prayer and worship.

And then we've let's say what we call outreach.

So, not just what the church does within a church service on a Sunday, but how they help their local communities and how they respond to wider world issues as well.

We have looked at responses from different denominations and that's what denominations are.

We have looked at lots of different groups like charities and how they work to help people as well.

So what we're going to do is we are going to start by seeing what we do remember.

So I want you to take, uff! I would say, even two pieces of A four next to each other.

So if you're working in a A four book, then open it out, take a double page spread.

If you're working on A four paper, maybe you'll want to break this into two mind maps, okay? Or get two this paper next to each other and go over both of them.

Because what you're going to do is you're going to start by writing down everything that you can remember so far.

So use this moment to help you make sure it's nice and spread out that you've got lots of space to add to it and just begin by writing down what you can remember.

So you should spend about 10, 15 minutes doing this, think really hard hopefully remembering one thing will lead to something else.

Try to include key definitions, try and include names of different types of Christians, different denominations and if you can remember any key quotations as well, that would be absolutely fantastic to include.

So you're going to spend some time doing that and I will see you when you have got a fairly full mind map from your memory.

So hopefully that's jogged your memory a bit to start writing some of those things down.

What we're going to do, is I'm going to ask you some quick-fire questions and what you're going to do afterwards is you're going to see what else you can add to your mind map.

And anything you add, you're going to do it in a different colour.

And we're going to do this so that you can see the difference between what you remembered immediately and what you remembered after a bit of jogging of your memory, or maybe even things that I tell you as we get through this quick-fire questions.

Now, you can leave adding to your mind map until after the quick-fire questions and I will give you an opportunity to do that.

But the reality is you have a pause button that I have no control over, so if halfway through the quick-fire questions, you think, Oh, actually I'd forgotten that completely and I really wanted it get written down.

Just pause me and get it onto your mind about it because this is all about adding to our knowledge, but let's just see what we can remember.

So what's happened to Coventry Cathedral? It was bombed in World War Two, so it was very heavily bombed.

And how did the local Christians in Coventry responds to the cathedral being bombed? They made a commitment to forgiveness.

Why did the Christians at Coventry decide to forgive? They wanted to build a kinder more Christlike World.

What is the name of the community at Coventry, which works towards international reconciliation? It is the community of the Cross of Nails.

Which of the charities below it helps persecuted Christians? Open Doors.

Who smuggled Bibles into communist countries in the Cold War? It was Brother Andrew.

Which Bible verse best fits with the belief that all people are valuable because Jesus died for them? I'm going to give you a little bit longer to answer this question.

"For God loved the world so much that He gave His only Son so that everyone who believes in Him may not die, but have eternal life." Which of the options below is not a way in which the church building is used to help the local community? Street Pastors.

So the reason why is because Street Pastors go out of the church, into the streets to help people.

So it's not going to be based at the church or they might pop into the church before or afterwards.

But the main point of being a Street Pastor is going outside rather than having people in the church.

Which of the options below is not a reason why Christians will help the local community? Ideally not because they want to look good in the newspapers, at least based on Christian teachings that shouldn't be a reason.

Which of the following do Christians do to celebrate Christmas? Sing carols, all of the others happen at Easter.

And which of the following do Christians do to celebrate Easter? They will paint eggs or traditionally they'll paint, all the other ones come from Christmas.

Which of the following is not a part of Holy week? So the answer is Easter Sunday.

So Easter Sunday is the day after Holy Week ends.

How long does the season of Easter last? The answer is 50 days.

What event is not part of the Christmas story? Father Christmas, I'm afraid is not mentioned in the Christmas story at all.

What event is not part of the Easter story? Jesus did not become an angel.

So Christians traditionally believed that Jesus was fully human and fully God, but not an angel, but there are angels in the Easter story doing other things.

Which of the following is not something Christians do to celebrate Easter? Tell the story of Jesus' birth.

So Easter remembers the belief in Jesus death and crucifixion.

Which of the following is not something Christians do to celebrate Christmas? They will not blow all the candles in the church.

This is done on Maundy Thursday before good Friday to symbolise the world without God in it.

Which of the following gives the best explanation of why Christians have Easter eggs? To represent Jesus' blood and the empty tomb.

So traditionally expert died or painted red to represent Jesus' blood and they were empty.

So that yolk and the white were taken out just like Christians believe Jesus' tomb was empty because of the resurrection.

Which Christians believe in transubstantiation? It's a fun word, think about what it means, break it up.

What does trans mean? What does substant mean? Roman Catholics.

And remember they're not the only Christians who believe in transubstantiation, but they are the example that we learned about.

What does transubstantiation means? So I gave you a clue a moment ago.

So it's the belief that the bread and the wine change substance institutes, His body and blood.

What is a sacrament? An outward sign of inward grace.

It is considered something special but the purple one is a much better definition.

And we are back to our mind maps.

So hopefully, going through those quick-fire questions jogged your memory with a few more things.

So again, I want you and spent some time and see how much you can add to your minds map.

Right, next task you may add to your mind map even more and I hope you did it in your different colours, so you can see what you knew really well and what you needed to add.

We've got eight definitions from this unit, and I want you to start by testing yourself, see if you can write out the definitions and then in a moment, I will give you the answers.

You can add these to your mind map.

If you're testing yourself, I think you need to test yourself first on a different piece of paper, and then once you get down your answers, you can add them with the definitions to your mind maps in the most relevant places.

So the unit that we have been going through Christian practises, can sort of be split into two sections.

And when I say this, I'm not saying this between them, but we've sort of got one of a section that's focused on worship and sacraments and another that's focused on what we can start as outreach.

So worship in sacraments will include, well obviously worship of God, prayer and remember prayer have quite a lot in it and is involved in many other Christian practises, baptism, Eucharist, reconciliation and pilgrimage.

Not all of those are sacraments by the way, so we've got baptism, Eucharist and reconciliation, sacraments for Greece, Roman Catholics, reconciliation sacrament for some Anglicans, but Baptists wouldn't say their sacraments at all.

This is where we've got now different views and we've got outreach as well.

So it work in the local community, worldwide poverty, so it's really important between those two that we know the difference between our local charities and our international charities.

So for example, Trussell Trust was local focusing on feedbacks.

Whereas Christian Aid is international, so Christians might give money to it in England, but they'll do their work in another country.

We've got worldwide reconciliation, we've got response to persecution and church growth as well.

So that was mission and evangelism.

So we're just going to look at some key ideas in each of these sections that will hopefully help draw all of this together for you.

So firstly, we've got worship and sacraments.

So worship is showing praise and adoration.

So many Christians would say that it's important to worship God because they would say, He is worthy of praise because of His qualities.

So they'll believe that God is the creator of the universe, He's all powerful, all loving that he was willing to sacrifice His Son, so that people could be saved from sin.

And because of those beliefs and because of all of these things, many Christians will respond to God with worship.

And worship can include many different things, it can include worship songs or hymns, thanksgiving, so saying thank you to God, perhaps in prayer or in other ways.

It can include helping other people, we talked about how loving others can be a type of worship, listening to sermons.

So learning more about God or reading the Bible or meditating on it.

And we're including sacraments as well because they are also an act of worship.

So there's a link here into the beliefs that God is personal, that he's the creator that He is the saviour, they are all responses to those belief.

But another reason why worship and sacraments is important is because of the belief that forgiveness can be received through the sacraments.

So the definition of a sacrament is an outward sign of inward grace.

So something happening outside, something physical that's making a change on the soul.

So that would be baptism, Eucharist and confession or the sacrament of reconciliation.

And this is because of the belief that sin separates humans from God and that grace or forgiveness is always that it's freely available.

But to access that grace, then many Christians believe that you have to go through these particular sacraments, so that, that grace can be received.

So for example, Roman Catholics would say that in the Eucharist, they meet with God through the bread and the wine that's been transformed into the body and blood of Jesus.

And through that, they are able to receive forgiveness and grace.

So those key ideas, the idea of showing God praise and adoration and receiving forgiveness bring together a lot of Christian practises when it comes to worship.

So what I'm going to get you to do is you pause the video and answer a couple of questions.

While as we're looking at the examples of how Christians worship and sacraments and baptism, things like that, we do need to know our denominations.

So the example I've given before is if I was to say that you said something that you didn't, you would probably be quite annoyed with me quite quickly.

And this is how we need to think about when we are talking about different denominations.

We can't say they believe something or do something that they don't because it's just wrong.

And if a Christian who was one of these denominations was listening then they'll probably be a bit annoyed, won't they? So, we need to make sure we know which is which and know where some of the overlap is as well.

So firstly, just point out the difference we've got Roman Catholic and then we've got Anglican and Baptist under Protestants.

And it's because these denominations came out of the reformation.

But Anglican Christianity can sometimes look quite similar to Roman Catholicism, especially when you're going to maybe a high, we'd call a high church, Anglican church, which is much more formal and liturgical.

Remember liturgical is following set prayers and patterns of worship.

And so they do have lots of similarities with Roman Catholicism.

There are lots of differences as well, I am not saying they are the same, I am saying they have some similarities.

So one of those similarities is that they will both believe in sacraments.

They believe in different numbers of sacraments because Roman Catholics believe in more, but they all agree that baptism and Eucharist for example, are sacraments.

Baptist Christians, do not believe in sacraments in the same way.

They did not believe that it is necessary to have these things to receive forgiveness in the way that Anglicans and Roman Catholics will.

They do still think they are incredibly important, especially things like baptism.

so that is important, but they don't have the same language of it, they don't have the same understanding.

We've got, He had three different names for the Eucharist or the communion.

So we've got mass for Roman Catholics, Eucharist for Anglicans and the Lord's Supper for Baptists.

And again, sometimes you'll hear these names being used interchangeably.

But what I wanted to highlight here is the different focus for each denomination.

So for Roman Catholics has a focus on transubstantiation, the belief that the bread and wine are transformed into Jesus' body and blood.

For Anglicans, we've got the belief in real presence that they do meet with Jesus in the Eucharist through the power of the Holy spirit, and in the Lord's Supper there is a focus on remembrance so remembering the last supper, but also looking forward to God's kingdom.

And finally we've got practises for baptism.

So both Roman Catholic and Anglican will have a focus on infant baptism.

They will baptise adults when that adult was not baptised as a child, but that just Christians believe that they shouldn't practise infant baptism at all.

They believe in Believer's baptism.

They think that someone has to make that decision for themselves, whether or not they want to be a follower of Jesus.

So this breakdown, hopefully it will be useful for you to make sure you know the difference between these different denominations.

These are not the only denominations, there are a lot more, so just cause you know, some of them remember you don't know all of them, but this is going to be useful so far, for your examinations.

So now I've gone over that recap for you, you're going to pause the video and answer some questions.

The last thing we are going to do is we're just going to practise applying some Bible quotations to these different topics.

And I think this is one area in which students often struggle a little bit just in terms of making sure they're aware of what the quotations mean and how they make it fit.

And the reality is, which can be quite helpful is that lots of these quotations can be used for more than one topic.

And I've taken a couple of those quotations that can be used for more than one here.

And these are familiar ones, I think I've already talked about both of them in this lesson.

So, "I tell you, whenever you did this for one of the least important of these followers of mine, you did it for me." So that is Jesus' words from the parable of the sheep and the goats.

And we've got, "for God loved the world so much that He gave His only Son that everyone who believes in Him may not die but have eternal life." And along the top row, we've got local community and poverty and you are going to apply the quotations to each one.

So ideally, you would fill in all of these boxes depending on the quotation and the topic.

So I've got a couple of examples for you to get you started because I'm incredibly nice.

Firstly, many Christians believe that they will be judged on whether they help others.

Therefore they may donate to local charities like Trussell Trust.

So I've got two things here.

Firstly, I have pulled out the belief in judgement because that quotation is from the parable of the sheep and the goats, which is about judgement , about judgement day.

And I've added in a specific example and that's a really good thing to do because it shows off your knowledge.

If you can add in something like Trussell Trust in your explanation, if it fits and it's appropriate, that's brilliant.

It might be that a key word or something like that is going to be the best fit here and that would be great to add as well.

If you were to be doing this task in a classroom, if all of my class were doing this, then I would not expect everyone to have exactly the same thing in each box, but I would expect some specific points rather than just writing something like Christians have to be nice to people, that's not specific enough.

And that's one of the reasons why I've included Trussell Trust in my answer.

Secondly, Christians believe that all people are valuable because of Jesus' sacrifice.

Therefore they will show God's love to those who are suffering through charities like Christian Aid.

So again, I've added in a specific charity or a specific example, and I've talked about the key focus of that quotation.

So this quotation is about judgement.

This quotation is about God's love and God's sacrifice.

So we are focusing on people being valuable because of God's love and therefore Christians will help them.

So what we're going to do is you are going to give this task a go by yourself, if you are really bamboozled, then you might want to pause me now really quickly, so you can get down my examples.

I'm going to get you to draw out the table as well so that you can have this nice, clear, explanation of how each verse fits the topic.

Well done for all of your hard work in this lesson.

I feel like we have covered quite a lot of information and there is a lot to know, but if you're feeling a bit overwhelmed, do not panic.

What you can do, If you are feeling a bit overwhelmed is just choose, Let's say five key facts that you aren't so competent on, that you can spend some time learning.

And if you know those key facts, then that's going to really help you.

And as you learn more in later lessons, you can start to hook more information onto those five things.

You could learn them by using techniques like, look, cover, write, check, repeat and things like that.

They do work, okay? The more often you see or hear something, the more likely you are to remember it, but thank you for now for all of your hard work, you can now complete the exit quiz.