Lesson video

In progress...


- Welcome to today's lesson.

Today's lesson is called Talk About What Has Happened at a Specific Time Versus in General.

And it's part one of two lessons on this topic.

Now today we're going to look at using the perfect tense, but when the perfect tense has two different meanings, we're going to largely focus on regular ER verbs also in their plural forms. Now for today's lesson, you're going to need something to write with and something to write on.

It would be also good if you are in a quiet place with no distractions.

On the screen now you can see the plan for today's lesson.

Please have a read of what it is we're going to be doing today.

Now, no screen your can see some of the language that I will be using throughout today's lesson.

Most of all, you'll hear me say to ask if you are ready and I'll ask you to pause the video by saying when I'd like you to complete an activity.

I'm going to use that phrase at the bottom now to ask you to pause the video here and to read through this language, just refreshing yourself with what it means.

You might like to read the words out loud to yourself, to practise saying them.

Now, as a ways, we're going to start with some of the sounds of French.

Let's have a look at the sound that we're going to focusing on today.

Now the sound for today is actually a silent sound.

It's the silent final consonant.

Have a look at this word here D-A-N-S.

We don't pronounce the consonant on the end of the word Okay? It is silent.

Do you remember what dans means? Well done, it means in.

Now, these letters that if you look are the word careful with the vowels removed, so C R F and L.

Now these are sounds that might make a sound at the end of the word.

Okay, so they are consonants that are often not silent.

Let's take a look at some more examples and some familiar words.

The T on the end is silent.

We don't pronounce the D.

We'll revisit these sounds next lesson.

It's time for our vocabulary for today.

Now I'm going to introduce the vocabulary that we'll be using in today's lesson and in part two of this lesson.

I'd like you to repeat each word after me.

Please, don't worry about writing anything down yet.

You will have time later this lesson to copy down the words.

Here we have some of the words that we have just seen.

Now, I'm going to say a word in English, I would like you to point to and say out loud, the French word that you think has the English meaning that I say.

First of all, please point to and say out loud, the word for many.

Were you pointing to well done if so.

Please point to and say the word only.

Please point to and say the word for, to borrow.

Please point to and say the word for, to leave or to quit.

is correct.

Please point to and say the word for again.

Please point to and say the word for only again.

just checking.

How about the word for always? is the word for always.

So here are our words for today.

You can see that we have all of which are ER verbs that we're going to be learning how to use today in the past tense.

We then have a number of words that are to do with time.

Okay, such as can go together to mean many times.

We then have already.

You might have seen deja from dejavu meaning already seen.

Here you can see just the French words.

Later this lesson, you'll test your learning by seeing if you can remember the English meaning of these French words but for now I'd like you to simply copy this list in French, into your notes.

You will need to pause the video to complete the task.

It's now time for our first grammar focus for today.

And today, we're going to look at using the perfect tense with regular ER verbs in their plural form.

Now, we've already seen how to form the perfect tense in the singular forms. Now for more on this, you can see the lessons, talk about what you and others did and did not do.

And that's unit five lessons five and six.

So please do get back to that if you need more practise on the singular forms of the perfect tense.

Now I left is you left.

Can you remember what he left would be following the same rule? Remember we have in purple here, the auxiliary verb which is.

She left is correct.

Now, our rule looks a little bit like this for the singular forms of this verb of this tense even.

So we have being subject pronoun.

we then have the auxiliary verb, which in this case is.

We then have our past participle, which we know regular ER verbs is an E with an accent.

with an ER, goes to just with an E and an accent and a similar pattern for the rest.

Just a little bit of a check I practised It's Okay the and the go together to make and then with an E and accent.

It's important to notice that this can mean I have corrected or you have bought it Okay, or just you bought it.

Now plurals is a little bit different.

So we left.

Would be Okay, still the same pattern.

It's still the auxiliary verb is still and then the past participle.

you plural left so you have and then quitte.

We then have for they left And they feminine left Now this is your rule, okay Follow as on exactly the same as our singular forms of the verb.

So the then the form of avoir and the past participle.

I'd like you to note this down, please, because this is a new piece of grammar for today's lesson.

We're going to do some speaking to practise this.

I would like you to point you and say the correct phrase, the correct translation for the sentence at the top.

So we visited the monuments, please point to and read aloud, the correct French.

with an accent like that.

Okay, this is the past participle.

Literally we have visited the monuments.

They borrowed my bike was one of our vocab words for today for they borrowed my bike.


You plural left Geneva We corrected our homework.

They feminine practised French.

Onto our second grammar focus for today.

We're going to look at how the perfect tense can have two slightly different meanings depending on the context.

So we've just seen means I left.

It also means I have left.

for instance means we played, or we have played.

Now we need to choose which English translation we use, depending on the rest of the sentence.

Please just make a note for yourself that and have these two different meanings.

Well sometimes there was a sentence that give you a clue.

So we have here some words from our vocabulary list, We can then see them in action in certain sentences.

now these make the past tense translation a little different.

Instead of for the first one saying I did my homework, because we've got again there, we have to say I have already.

So I have done my homework again.

Okay? I have done my homework again.

Okay, because we wouldn't say I did my homework again.

Okay, I have done my homework again.

Sounds that bit better.

Now what I would like you to do here is to note down these phrases, okay? So the on the next time we're going to look at what these sentences mean.

For a bit of a challenge, if you would like to try and translate these sentences, please do.

If not, in the meantime, you can just write them down and start to have a think about what they might mean.

Now it's really important to know where these words are in a sentence.

You'll notice that they go between the auxiliary so between the form of avoir the and the past participle.

However, is a little different from the end of the sentence.

So here are the sentences you wrote down.

Did you know what they mean? I've done my homework again.

What about I've already borrowed a pen.


Remembering that I have in English is I've in a shorter form.

I've only eaten an orange super.

I've always liked Switzerland.

And I play tennis many times.

Now, if you need a moment to write down these translations or correct your own, please do pause the video here.

Otherwise please continue to watch.

Please point to the beginning of the translation.

So does it begin with I have or I've or does it just say, begin with I.

So I ate or I did.

What do you think based on the sentence is that? Please point to the correct one and if you can continue to translate the sentence into English.

I have already eaten the orange.

We know because we've got the there okay, I've already eaten.

It's we played the guitar okay? We haven't got a time at verb in there.

So just we played the guitar is absolutely fine.

He has always lived in Spain, okay? He has always lived in Spain.


We've got the there to tell us that.

They have only corrected their maths homework, okay? they have only.

You borrowed my book.

Okay We're going to do some listening now.

You are going to be required just to write down the letter A, B or C, depending on the phrase that you hear.

Please write the number or the letter of the phrase that you hear, please.

Okay, letter A is what you should have written because we heard for I've already done my homework.

Letter C would be correct because we heard We're going to do some writing practise now, and this is the translation race.

Now you're going to be required to pause the video at each stage.

You're going to see a sentence you need to try to translate it.

When you're ready for some help in your translation, please press play again.

Use the help that's provided and press play before you are ready to see the answer.

Okay? I'll talk you through each one.

So number one, they've already visited the museum.

Please pause and try to translate it.

When you need some help, press play.

Here is your support.

Use this to try and improve your answer.

The answer really careful where deja goes in the sentence, remembering the accent on for museum.

Let's have a go at number two.

A little bit longer.

I have always corrected my homework for my maths teacher.

Here's a little bit of support.

My sister has only borrowed one pen.

I borrowed the book.

Have a go press play when you require some help.

He's your support.

Please try and improve your answer.

Please make any corrections you need to pausing the video should you require.

It's time now to revisit our vocabulary.

Now, earlier this lesson, you wrote down this list of French words in the knowledge that later this lesson, you would come back and see how much of the English you can remember.

Now is your time to see how much of the English you can remember.

So I'd like you to pause the video and test yourself.

Please write down the English next to the French words.

When you've done as much as you can, you can press play again.

Here is the full list of words.

Please make any corrections you need to.

We're going to do a speaking activity now.

Please, say the sentence at the top of the screen, using something from each line of the table of words.

So for instance, here, you need to start with either then you need to use either all the way up to the top.

She has always eaten meat.

Okay, We have done the washing up again.


For we have done the washing up again.

They have only borrowed my bike.

It's now time to summarise our learning.

Please write numbers one to five and translate the phrases or verbs here into French.

Let's take a look at your answers.

I ate.

I've already eaten.

I did.

I've only done.

And I've played tennis many times.

Do make any changes you need to.

Big well done and a thank you.

You've done a fantastic job today learning how to use the perfect tense, especially when it can mean two slightly different things in English.

Now I'd like you to move on to the exit quiz for today please, and have a go at checking how much you've learnt before you do this, if you'd like to go back in the lesson and so rewind in the video that is or re-watch any of the grammar or the or see the vocabulary again, please do.

But otherwise it's time for the exit quiz.

Now it'd be fantastic to see you again soon for part two of this lesson, but in the meantime, take care.