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Hi, it's Ms. Morgan here for your spelling lesson.

Today we'll be investigating and exploring compound words.

These are, words that made up of two or more preexisting words.

For example, sunglasses.

Sunglasses are a compound word.

They're made up of the word, sun and glasses.

Another one is, handwash.

The two words are hand and wash.

And so handwash is a compound word.

You will probably find a lot of compound words and maybe even know a lot already.

Let's get started.

On our agenda today, we're going to look at a key vocabulary.

We're going to explore compound words, and look at some examples.

And then I'm going to set you 10 for you to learn.

As usual, there's three things you need, yelling them me, an exercise book or paper.

Pencil, and of course your brain.

You've got it switched on and ready for learning.

Pause the video, get ready now.

Key vocabulary.

Compound word, adjective, noun, root word.

You have met all of these words before.

Can you, wiggle your fingers if you think you might know the meanings of some of these? So many wiggly fingers well done.

The first new word or the new phrase that we're going to look at is compound words.

And that is a word made up of two or more preexisting words.

Remember I gave you the example of, sunglasses.

An adjective is a word that describes a noun, it tells you what it's like.

I could be describing my sunglasses and say that they are, shiny.

Shiny is the adjective.


PPT, a person, place or thing.

So my sunglasses could be a noun.

They can also be a compound word as well.

Root word, is the most basic version of a word, no prefixes and no suffixes.

Let's look at some more examples of compound words.

Here I've got two nouns, star, fish.

But if I put them together, they make a compound word, which is, starfish.

Starfish is a compound word.

I bet you can think of some more, Here are two more nouns that are going to, go together, to make a compound word.

Fire, man, and together, they make the, compound word, fireman.

That's right, well done.

This time the compound word is, sunflower.


What two words, preexisting words, are being used, to be put together to make the word sunflower? That's right.

We have sun, and flower.

Sunflower is a compound word.

How about these words? Someone, somebody, something, somewhere.

Hmm, what do they have in common? You're yelling at me now.

Ms. Morgan, they all have the word, some.

Absolutely, someone, is a compound word, somebody is a compound word, something is a compound word.

And somewhere is a compound word.

They are all, compound words.

I told you you'd know lots of them, didn't I? As we just saw, you can have, one word being used in a lot of compound words.

Here's another one of those words.

The word, time.

Can you think of any words, that are compound words that you know, have the word time in? Can you pause the video now, and either say them out loud, or write them down.

So any compound words that have the word, time in.

I'll give you a clue.

Think about, what time of day do you eat.

Around midday, when you're at school you might go into the school hall, and we would say it is, m, time.

Pause the video, see how many you can think of.

There's a lot, let me tell you.

Oh, that's right, you thought of a lunchtime, breaktime, any of the ones? Teatime.

Ooh, well, let's have a look.

Can you see how many I found? Playtime.

Oh, you got that one too? Lunchtime, timeline, that's right, we use a timeline in history.


That's right, that's the person who's keeping the time in a running race, or maybe if you're doing a test.



Oh yes you use the expression sometimes.

Timetable, that's right, that has the subjects that you have, for learning throughout the week.

So many, with that original word of time.

And they are all compound words.

Now, I've got a bit of a fun activity.

This time, you're going to see if you can make your own compound words.

But they have to make sense, they have to be words that you know, we use, and do make sense.

So, here are some root words.

I'll read them out for you, and I want you to, put them together, to see if you can make compound words.

You can either say them out loud, or you can write them down.

The root words on the top.

No, dust, any, bin, where, mill, wind.

Can you put, two or more of these words together? Can you put, two of these words together to make a compound word? Pause the video, do this now.

How did you get on? Did you try and create some very strange compound words? I bet you did.

Here's the first one I came up with.

A picture of a wind, and a picture of a, mill or a miller.

So I put the words together and they made, windmill.

Wind, mill, together, windmill.

And you may not know, but a mill, is a place where flour gets ground, in order to make bread.

So you can see this gentleman here is, he's got some wheat, and he's got his sacks of flour.

So windmill, wind turns around, the arms of the windmill, and it grinds the flour.

So windmill, is a compound word.

Wind plus mill, together makes, windmill.

Huh! I thought I'd try something else.

Wind plus bin.


Have you heard of windbin? No, me neither.

It is not a real word.

Let's try another example.

Dust, plus bin.

Together it makes, dustbin.

And that's a real word, a real compound word.

We've got the two root words, dust, bin together, they're making a compound word.

I tried another one.

Dust plus no, dustno.

You ever heard of that? Me neither.

That is not a real compound word.

The next example, any plus where became, anywhere, I couldn't see them anywhere.

No plus where became, nowhere.

They were nowhere to be found.

Some plus where becomes, somewhere.

Somewhere over the rainbow.

Or they were somewhere, over there.

And these are three of your spelling words that you're going to learn later on.

It's got a tricky spelling with the where in there.

They are all compound words.

Let's look at our sentence stem, that sums up our learning.

M, are made up of two or more preexisting words.

There's only, one missing phrase here to complete the sentence.

What's that? Compound words.

Compound words are made up of two or more preexisting words.

So for example we had, handwash, hand, wash together make handwash.

And there were so many that we investigated.

Fireman, sunflower, toothbrush, hairbrush, in fact, I suspect that you can think of a whole lot more.

Let's set your 10 spelling words for you to learn.

Get a clean piece of paper, and write the numbers, one to 10 down, in a list.

Pause the video, do this now.

Are you ready? I'll say your spelling words, one by one, I'll say them twice, and then put them in a sentence so you understand the meaning.

Remember you can pause the video, if you, want to check you've got the right spelling.

Spelling number one, dustbin.


The dustbin was full.

Number two, windmill.


The windmill was working again.

Be careful double l in mill, so after a show consonant.

Number three, playground.


The playground was open.

Again be careful with that ou sound in ground.

Number four, nowhere.


They were nowhere to be seen.

Be careful with your e-r-e in where.

Number five, anywhere.


The treasure could be anywhere.

Be careful with that e-r-e in where.

Number six, somewhere.


Remember some is a tricky word.

I think it is somewhere over there.

The beehive is full, and needs to be empty.

Number seven, beehive.


The beehive is ready to be emptied of its honey.

Number eight, beekeeper.


The beekeeper is very busy today, emptying the hives.

Number nine, honeycomb.


The honeycomb tastes delicious.

Number 10, cupboard.


Be careful with cupboard it sounds, different to what the spelling is.

'Cause you can see it says cup board.

But you pronounce it cupboard.

The cupboard is full of the honey.

Those are your 10 spellings.

Check you've got them written down carefully.

To sum up our learning, which is the correct definition of a compound word? There are two options.

Option one, is a compound word, a word made up of two or more preexisting words? Or, is it a word that describes a noun, it tells what it's like? Pause the video, point to which one you think it is.

That's right.

Option one is a compound word.

A word made up of two or more preexisting words, for example, hand, wash, handwash.

For a bonus point, what is the correct, name, of this definition, a word that describes a noun, it tells you what it's like.

An, adjective.

Well done, we could describe it as the, the small bottle.

Small is the adjective, well done.

lesson, key vocabulary, compound words, well done.

We explored some compound words, I've set you 10 spelling words, and I want you now, to make sure you practise your spellings little and often, using all those strategies I've taught you before.


Well done.

I'll see you next lesson.