Lesson video

In progress...


Hello, my name is Ms Bourke and I am a teacher with the Oak Academy.

I live in London, but originally I'm from Australia.

And when I was little I had a pet kangaroo, I wonder if any of you have any interesting pets.

I'm really, really excited to be teaching you English.

In fact, so excited that I just can't wait.

So let's get started right away.

Let's look at our agenda today.

First, we have a warm up.

Next, we will be investigating the features of instructions.

Then we will be looking at some key vocabulary we might find in instructions.

And finally, we will be doing an independent task.

In this lesson, you will need an exercise book or some paper a pencil and your brain.

If you don't have any of these things, pause the video and go and get them now.

Let's have a quick look at our word classes.

We're going to have a quick look at these word classes for our warm up.

First we have noun, your turn.

A noun is a PPT, a person, place or thing.

Then we have adjectives.

An adjective is a describing word.

Then we have verbs.

A verb is a doing or a being word.

And then we have adverbs, our turn.

An adverb describes a verb.

So let's see if you can match these words to their word class.

We have the word, dog, delicious, skip and carefully.

Can you tell me which of those words is an adjective? Which one is an adverb? Which one is a noun and which one is a verb? Pause the video and do that now.

Okay, let's go through it together.

First we have dog.

Dog is a noun, a dog is a thing.

Then we have delicious.

Delicious is an adjective.

It describes how something might taste.

Next we have skip which is a verb, you might skip in the playgrounds.

And then lastly, we have carefully which is an adverb.

It tells us how a verb is being done, it describes it, so we might carefully skip so we don't fall over.

Okay, let's have a look now at what instructions are we going to investigate what are instructions? We are going to be writing our own instructions for this writing unit.

So first, I'd like you to think what are instructions? Pause the video and have a think and say aloud what you think and instruction is.

Good job, an instruction is a direction or an order.

It also is information about how a task should be completed.

Hmm, when have you had or followed instructions? Have a think.

Pause the video, think when have you had or followed instructions.

There might be lots of times when you followed instructions including in this video now when I told you to pause the video that was an instruction.

Some other times you might have heard instructions, maybe when you're at school, your teacher might say, "Get your whiteboards out." Maybe you've built some Lego with instructions and you wanted to build something specific.

Or maybe you followed some type of instructions called a recipe when you are cooking.

Instructions help us complete a task.

Let's look at an example of some instructions now.

Here are some instructions on how to brush your teeth.

Let's read through them together.

First, get your toothbrush and carefully put toothpaste on it.

Next, turn on the tap and wet your toothbrush.

Then put your toothbrush in your mouth and gently brush your teeth from side to side for exactly two minutes.

Finally, spit the toothpaste into the sink and thoroughly rinse your toothbrush.

Okay, let's go through some key vocabulary that we find in instructions and then we're going to have a go at looking for them in some instructions.

Okay, so we might find sequencing words in instructions.

I'm going to say that again and then I would like you to say it aloud too.

Sequencing words.

These words tell us the order in which we need to complete our instructions.

So sequencing word is an ordering word.

Sequencing words are usually the first words in each line of our instructions.

Some sequencing words that we might find are, first, next, then.

Firstly, secondly, thirdly.

Before, after, finally,.

And you can see that I've given all of these a capital letter because they're usually the first word in our sentence and we know that the first word in our sentences always need a tall capital letter.

And also what you might notice about sequencing words is that they need a comma after them when they're at the beginning of our sentence.

So let's have a look at those instructions again, and see if we can find some sequencing words in them.

We just read through these instructions on how to brush your teeth together.

But now I would like you to pause the video and have a read through of them again, independently.

Okay, good job, excellent reading.

Now that you've read through them, and you need to get your pencil and your paper ready, because you're going to pause the video again, and write down any of those sequencing words that you can find.

Remember, they usually come at the beginning of our sentence and have a tall capital letter.

Can you find all the sequencing words in my instructions? Pause the video and have a go.

Excellent work, okay let's go through them together.

If you didn't find all of them, you can write down any that you missed as we go along.

just pause the video and write down any that you missed, okay.

First, we had first.

Then next, Then and finally.

First, next, then and finally, with a four sequencing words used in these instructions.

Well done if you found them all if there were any that you missed, write them down now, okay.

Mm instructions or request.

We are looking at instructions today.

And I would like you to read through these two sentences here.

And think about what you notice.

So first we have hold this.

And then in our green box we have would you mind holding this for me please? Mm, have a think what is the difference between these two sentences? Okay, let's have a talk about it.

So hold this, mm.

I'm telling somebody what to do.

I'm giving them an instruction.

I'm telling them to hold this, they won't be able to say no to me, because I'm telling them that they must do it.

Then I have, would you mind holding this for me please? It's definitely much more polite.

But it's also a question.

And with a question, the person that you're asking could say, "No, I don't want to hold that for you." And that's the difference.

With instructions, we are telling people what we want them to do, or we are telling people what they must do.

Instructions use imperative verbs.

My turn first, imperative.

Your turn, let's say together.

Imperative verbs, good job.

These verbs are bossy.

Let's say imperative verbs in a bossy voice, my turn first.

Imperative verbs, your turn.

These verbs are bossy.

When we use imperative verbs, we want people to do what we are saying.

So we're using these bossy verbs to make sure people do what we are saying.

Let's have a look now and see if we can find any imperative verbs in our instructions.

They're the same instructions as before.

And we have first, next, then and finally, already up there for you, because those are our sequencing words.

I'd like you to pause the video and write down any imperative verbs or any verbs that you can find in these instructions.

Remember those around doing words.

Pause the video and write down any verbs that you can find.

Okay, good job let's go through together.

Now remember, just like last time, if you missed any, that's okay.

You can write them down as we go through.

We have get, put, turn, wet, put again, brush.

So that's what we're doing.

We're telling the people they need to brush their teeth in that part.

Spit, and rinse.

Well done, good job on looking for and finding those verbs.

Remember, if you didn't find them all write the ones that you missed down now.

Wow, you have been working so hard today.

It's time for your independent task.

Let's look at what I'd like you to do today.

For your independent task, you will need to read the instructions on how to make a jam sandwich.

I've got them for you on the next page a little bit bigger than they're written down here.

You will need to find and write down all the sequencing words and find it my turn all the imperative verbs.

So just like we did with how to brush your teeth.

This time you're going to do an independently and see if you can find them all.

Let's have a look.

Let's read through these instructions together first.

How to make a jam sandwich.

I hope you're reading along with me.

First, get two slices of bread from the bag.

Next, use a knife to evenly spread butter on one slice of bread.

Then put some jam on your knife and thickly spread it on top of the butter.

After that, put to the other slice of bread on top of the jam and carefully cut your sandwich in half.

Finally, eat your delicious sandwich.

I wonder if you like jam sandwiches.

I love jam sandwiches.

I would like you to pause the video now.

You need to read through the instructions again by yourself.

First write down this sequencing words, then write down the verbs.

Pause the video and have a go at your independent task now.

Okay, great job, I thought it might be really good today, if we went through the answers together.

Okay, so let's see, I wonder if you found them all.

All the sequencing words were, first, next, then, after that and finally, we had five sequencing words in these instructions.

Did you manage to find them all? if you didn't, you could write down the ones that you miss now.

Let's have a look at the verbs in our instructions.

We had get, use, spread, put, you had spread again, put again, cut and eat.

Okay, I wonder if you found all of the verbs in there.

If you did a good job.

And even if you didn't.

well done on all your hard work today, remember any that you missed? You can write down now, because we might use those as a word bank later on for when we write our instructions.

You have worked so hard today, well done, you have done your writing warm up, you have investigated instructions and the features in instructions, you have learned some key vocabulary and some key vocabulary that we find in instructions.

And then you have done your independent task where you've independently found those that vocabulary in the instructions.

Really hard work today, excellent job.

Congratulations, you have completed your lesson.

If you would like to please share your work with the parents or carer, I bet they would love to see it.

Again, well done today.