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Hello, it's Ms. Morgan here, for your spelling lesson.

Today we're going to investigate homonyms. It's quite an interesting word and actually a really exciting lesson.

One of the things about homonyms is it means that the word has different meanings, but the same spelling.

For example, the word bark, it could be, we are talking about a dog barking, a dog's bark.

Or the word bark also means the bark on a tree, the outer rough bit on a tree.

Let's get started and find out some more about homonyms. On our agenda today, we're going to look at that key vocabulary, we are going to explore and investigate homonyms and then I'm going to set you 10 spelling words to learn.

In this lesson, you're going to need something to write on, a pencil or a pen.

And of course, you've got your brain switched on.

Pause the video now and go and get those things and get ready to learn.

So there's just one key word for today.

The word is homonyms. Can you say after me, homonyms. It's quite tricky as a word, isn't it? And the meaning of homonyms, they're words that have the same spelling, but multiple meanings.

Maureen, that's okay.

They are words that have the same spelling, but multiple meanings.

For example, the word bark I talked about, a dog's bark, the noise a dog makes, or the bark on a tree.

The rough bit on the outside of a tree.

The word is homonyms, homonyms rather.

Wave is a homonym.

We have an actual wave here, or the actual act of giving a wave.

The wave was enormous.

He gave a wave to the people on the boat.

so they have different meanings, but they have the same spelling.

I think it's really interesting to look at where the origins of words come from.

And homonym, it's a hard word to say, but it's a hard word to understand the meaning.

So it's important to look at it.

So we can split it into two parts.

The first part homo, which means one and same.

It's a Greek word from homos and nym means word or name.

So you're looking at the same word, which gives us a really big clue, we know about the same word, but it has different meanings.

Let's see another example.

It's the word safe.

Can you think of any of the meanings of the word safe? Pause the video now, have a think.

I wonder if you had the same as me.

Keeping it safe.

But here this child is putting a face mask on to keep safe, or to keep things in a safe.

The safe is a physical object.

These words are all homonyms. They are words that have the same spelling, but multiple meanings.

Can you think of the different meanings of these words.

The first word is bright.

Can you think of what the word bright means? Can you come up with more than one meaning? What about the word, bat? The word rose, and the word bark.

I've already given you a clue for that one.

Can you think of the different meanings? Pause the video.

Say them out loud.

How did you get on? There's lots of them, aren't there? So you could be talking about a bat, the nocturnal mammal or to bat a ball as in [Inaudible] or a cricket bat.

So actually that's got three meanings there.

We talked about bark.

The dog's bark, the noise a dog makes, or the bark on a tree.

The word rose, it can be the physical rose, the flower that you can smell, or it could be another word for getting up.

So you talk about the sunrise, or you would say the sun rose early that morning.

And the word bright, bright can mean clever or intelligent.

He was a bright child.

Or it can mean that it's very bright in the sky.

So maybe the sun was bright today and hurt my skies.

The sun was bright today and hurt my eyes.

Now this is important.

Unlike many of the other rules we've investigated, there are no patterns for homonyms. They can be nouns, verbs or adjectives.

Wow, goodness me! And its place within a sentence will tell us its meaning.

Here is another example.

The homonym is train.

And here are its two meanings.

I travelled by train.

So train there is the noun.

Or I'm going to train hard today.

So he's talking about his swimming training.

` So different meanings, but the same spelling.

Train is a noun.

And the train here is a verb.

Let's go and see if we can do some exploration of homonyms. Can you spot the homonym in these sentences? I looked at my watch to check the time.

You could have a nasty accident if you don't watch out.

Which word is the same but has different meanings? Point to it, when I read them again.

I looked at my watch to check the time.

You could have a nasty accident, if you don't watch out.

Did you spot it? Yes, that's right, it's watch.

So watch, can mean a wristwatch, or something you use to tell the time.

Or it can be used to explain that you need to keep aware or something, be aware.

So you could have a nasty accident, if you don't watch out.

If you don't look where you're going.

There's another homonym, letter.

Can you think of what letter means? Can you think of more than one meaning? Well done.

The one I think of is always, I'm going to write a letter, it's a physical letter.

It's a noun.

Or it can be used when you're talking about, when you're doing the spellings, make sure you write your letters clearly.

Here is another one, age.

How would you use that in a sentence? What does it mean to you? That's right you might say, how old are you? What age are you? And that's what you might have on your birthday.

Oh, well today I am five years old.

My age is five.

But it can also mean to explain historical periods of time.

So you might say the stone age came before the iron age, Let's play a game.

Spot the odd one out here.

Which of these words is not a homonym? So which one does not have more than one meaning? Pause the video.

Which one is not a homonym? Can you think of the meanings? Which one has only one meaning? How did you get on, bus.

There's only one meaning for bus.

Lead can be talking about the lead on a roof.

Or that I'm going to go and lead the team out today in the football match.

Light can talk about a physical lamp or it can be used to describe the opposite of heavy.

So today my back is feeling light.

So bus is the odd one out here.

Let's try another one.

Here are the words.

Which one is not a homonym? Which one doesn't have more than one meaning? I'll read them out.

Rose, Egypt, book.

Pause the video.

Can you think of more than one meaning for these words? What do these words mean? How did you get on? We looked at rose earlier, didn't we? We talked about the rose, the flower, and actually I've got a rose here, we can look at.

It's an actual flower, but it also means when the sun is rising in the sky.

So the sun rose at 6:30 AM this morning.

Egypt, well Egypt is a country, I can't think of any other meaning for Egypt.

And then book, what I know that I can have an exercise book.

And I can book a holiday or I can book my train ticket.

So Egypt is the wrong one, the odd one out.

I'll sum up what we've learned, which is a sentence term to explain our learning.

I'll read it out.

And you've got to try and fill in the gaps with the words below.

The words missing are same spelling, different meaning, homonyms. Mm are words that have the mm, but a mm.

The meaning of a homonym changes depending on the context.

Read it again.

Can you guess which words are going to go into which gaps.

Mm are words that have the mm, but a mm.

The meaning of a homonym changes, depending on the context.

Pause the video, try and put the correct words into the sentences.

Say them out loud and see if it makes sense.

Let's see how we go.

Homonyms are words that have the same spelling, but a different meaning.

And the meaning of the whole name changes, depending on the context, well done.

I'm now going to set you 10 spelling words.

Can you get a clean piece of paper? And I want you to write the numbers one to 10 in a list.

And each number on a new line.

Do this now, write your numbers on a clean page.

I'll go through the spellings one by one, I'm going to give you both meanings or at least two of the meanings so you can understand.

Make sure you write them down carefully.

The first spelling is age, age.

And this can do with what age are you or could be used to explain different historical periods in time.

So the iron age was a long time ago.

Pause the video, write the spelling down.

Number two is light.

Light, this bag is light.

The light is shining in my eyes.

Number three, safe, safe.

I feel safe with my family.

Or the safe was broken into last night.

Pause, write it down.

Number four, lead can also be, can be pronounced with a contrasting sound.

We've talked about this before.

It can be the lead in a pencil or lead.

I'm going to put the dog lead on.

Spelling number five letter, letter.

Could be, I wrote a letter to my friend.

Or you could say, Oh I missed a letter out in my spellings.

Number six, wave, wave.

The wave is enormous.

Or let's go and wave at the train.

Number seven, watch, watch.

My watch is broken.

I think I'll just watch TV tonight.

Number eight, rose rose.

This rose smells amazing.

The sun rose up over the hills.

Number nine, book, book.

I'm reading this brilliant book at the moment.

Or, oh I need to go and book my train ticket.

Number ten, form.

I must form my letters correctly or Ms. Morgan will be very cross.

I won't, just as long as you try your best.

Form, you could also have, I need to fill out this form for my trip.

Those are your 10 spellings.

Make sure you've written them down carefully.

Make sure you practise your spellings later and often, and remember to use all those core strategies that we've been practising before.

Remember naughty letters, colour blocking, pyramid spelling.

Wow, pretty day.

Key vocab, exploration, and we've done our spelling words.

You've worked incredibly hard.

Make sure you practise those spellings.

And I'll see you next lesson.