Lesson video

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Hi there, my name is Mr Byrne-Smith.

And today, I'm going to be teaching you some spelling.

Which I'm really looking forward to.

I love spelling.

Spelling is all about words.

When you have words, you can put together really cool phrases, like the one I heard the other day.

Somebody said, I was like a cat on a hot tin roof.

And I said, "What on earth do you mean?" And they said to me, "Imagine a cat on a hot tin roof." And I thought to myself yeah, I can imagine that.

And then they said, "Well, that's how I was feeling." And I said, "Well, what's a synonym? What's another way of expressing that emotion?" And they said, "Agitated or anxious." But I'm not sure there was a perfect synonym.

I think that phrase is completely unique.

So there you go.

In today's lesson, we're going to be focusing on suffixes.

In particular, we're going to look at the -ate and -en suffix.

We're going to have lots of fun, I'm really looking forward to that.

So come and join me.

Here's the agenda for today's lesson.

Firstly, we're going to look at key vocabulary that we're going to need today.

Then, we'll investigate and generate rules.

Finally, we'll set the spelling words for this unit.

In this lesson, you will need an exercise book or paper, a pencil, and last but not least, don't forget this, your brain.

This is our key vocabulary for the lesson.

My turn your turn.


A suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word, that can change its meaning and sometimes class.

And we'll talk about that a bit in a second.


A verb, is a doing or a being word.


A noun is a person place or thing.

Root word.

A root word is the most basic version of a word, before you've added any prefixes or suffixes.

Today we're going to have to think very carefully about vowels.

Now you might already be familiar with your vowel letters.

A e i o u.

Today, we're going to have to think carefully about some vowels sounds.

When we think about some vowel sounds, we can split them into two categories.

Short vowels, and long vowels.

These are all short vowels, a e i o u.

These are our long vowels, ay ee igh oa u_e.

Long vowels can be spelled in a variety of ways.

These ones are fairly common.

There are also some extra long vowels which haven't been included here.

I've just included the most common.

Let's have a practise.

I'm going to give you a word, your job is to tell me whether it contains a short vowel or a long vowel.

I'd like you to do this by pointing, to the correct option.

The first word is Pat.

Listen very carefully, pat.

Pat contains a short vowel.

A a a.

The next word is might.


Listen really carefully.

Might contains a long vowel, igh.

The next word is feast.


Feast contains a long vowel, ea.

Finally, we have flop.


Point to the correct option, flop contains a short vowel, o o.

Okay, fantastic.

Today, we are going to be considering two suffixes.

The -ate suffix, and the -en suffix.

This is how they're spelled.

Throughout the lesson, I'm going to refer to them as -ate and -en.

Ate and -en suffixes, turn words into verbs.

They change their class.

By doing that, they change their function.

So they alter what they do.

Ate and -en suffixes change words into verbs.

Here's some examples.

You can see that the -ate suffix has turned active, into activate.

Active, is an adjective.

When you add the -ate suffix, it becomes a verb.

The -en suffix here, has changed deep into deepen.

Deep is a adjective, and deepen is a verb.

To make something deeper.

Let's see if you can have a go.

Challenge number one.

I've given you a root word, pollen.

This is a word that has not yet had any suffixes added to it.

I'd like you to add the suffix -ate.

What does the word become verbally when you say out loud? And as an extra test, I wonder if you could try writing it down.

Now this is hard, but let's give it a go.

Pause the video, and a have a go.

Okay, great.

Pollen becomes pollinate.

And if you look really carefully, something strange has happened there to the spelling.

With adding -ate straight on the end.

However, we've have to change that -en pollen to an -ate.

Let's have a go with the -en suffix.

I'm going to give you the word strength.

And I'd like you to add on the -en suffix.

Say out loud and then try and spell it.

Pause the video, and have a go.

Okay, great.

Strength becomes strengthen.

In this instance, we've just had to add the suffix straight on the end without changing anything else, about the root word.

Ready for another go? Medicine.

Let's add the -ate suffix.

Say it out loud, and then have a go writing it down.

This one's tricky, but I believe in you.

Pause the video, and have a go.

Okay, medicine becomes medicate.

That was a hard one.

Well done for trying, and don't worry if you made a mistake.

Let's have a go with flat.

Flat makes use of the -en suffix.

Say out loud first, and then try and spell it.

Pause the video, and have a go now.


Flat becomes flatten.

When you flatten something, you make it flat.

So when we look at that we can see a very clear link between the root, and the verb that it becomes.

Challenge number two.

I've given you a root word.

Your job, is to tell me which of the two suffixes you think, it makes use of in order to become a verb.

You have to try them both out loud.

And I've got a sneaky feeling that you'll hear it quite quickly.

Once you can just figure it out, I'd like you to try and spell it.

Do your best.

Pause the video now, and have a go.


So here's our root word, motive.

Motive takes one of these two.

Motive takes the -ate suffix, and it becomes motivate.

To motivate somebody to do something, is to encourage them.

Let's have another go.

Our new word is worse.

That's our new root word.

Have a go.

Remember, try them both out loud, see if you can hear it, then have a go at spelling it.

Pause the video, and a have a go.

Okay, great.

Worse becomes worsen.

Let's see what we've had to do here.

The -en has been added on the end.

But look, we've had to remove the e first.

That's quite common when it comes to adding suffixes.

Next word.

The word is threat.

Let's see if we can add the appropriate suffix, to turn this into a verb.

Pause the video, and have a go.


Threat becomes, threaten.

To threaten somebody to do something, is to try and scare them into doing it.

Here are this week's spellings.

We're going to go through them one by one.

And think very carefully, about which ones might be tricky, and why.

Now, different people find different spellings difficult for different reasons.

So if there's one that you're not sure about, do not worry, because you'll soon know it.

I'm going to read these out very clearly, and put each one into a sentence.

Just so we're very clear about what they mean.

The first word is activate.

My turn your turn.


To activate the robot, push this button.

The second word is, motivate.


It's important to motivate each other.

When you motivate each other, you encourage each other.

Number three, concentrate.

My turn your turn.


Let's concentrate really hard on these spellings.

When you concentrate, you focus all your energy on something.

Number four, medicate.


Some people medicate asthma, with an inhaler.

When you medicate something, you treat it with medicine.

Number five, pollinate.


Bees pollinate flowers, so they are very important.

If you look carefully, I've highlighted that i that we spotted earlier.

That's something strange about the word pollinate.

Because the root word pollen, does not contain an i, it contains an e.

Word number six is brighten.


Flowers, brighten up any room.

The word brighten means, to make brighter.

We normally use this to talk about light.

But you can also use the word brighten, to describe things improving.

The next word is sharpen.


Go and sharpen that pencil, it's blunt.

When you sharpen something, you make it sharper.

Number eight, straighten.


Before leaving his desk, he thought he'd better straighten his chair.

When you straighten something, you make it straighter.

Number nine, lengthen.


Some teachers, want to lengthen the school day.

When you lengthen something, you make it longer.

Wonder how popular that idea will be at home.

Number 10, threaten.

This one came up earlier.


When I misbehave, my teachers threaten me with the telling off.

I hope you've never been in that position.

It's okay really, we all have.


There are the spellings for this week.

I'd like you to think about how you're going to practise those this week.

My top tip, is to practise them little and often.

That's the most effective way to learn.

I think it's much better than learning them all in one go at the end of the week.

Congratulations, you've completed the lesson.

Today we've looked at key vocabulary, we've investigated and generated rules, we've set spelling words, and I want to say well done for all your hard work.

You've done really, really well.

And you've completed the lesson.