# Lesson video

In progress...

Hello, I'm Mr. Marsh and welcome to this spelling lesson.

Now, before we begin, I'm going to let you in on a little secret, I make spelling mistakes.

Lots of people make spelling mistakes but that's why it's really important to learn and practise our spelling.

And it's also really important to kind of have some rules that are going to help us when we're spelling and that's what we're going to do today in the lesson.

And our objective in today's lesson is to investigate the suffix -ial.

So if you're ready, let's begin today's lesson.

So let's have a quick look at the agenda for our lessons today.

So we're going to look at some key vocabulary that's going to help us in this lesson, help us understand some of the things that we're going to look at and then we're going to do an investigation.

And in that investigation that's going to help us generate some rules that are going to help us know when we're spelling and using the suffix -ial.

Then finally, we're going to set some spelling words that use that suffix.

Now what you're going to need in this lesson, you'll need an exercise book or some paper, a pencil and make sure that brain of yours is ready and raring to go.

If you don't have those things ready, then pause the video for me now.

Okay, great.

The first thing we're going to do is look at some key vocabulary that's going to really help us in this lesson and help us understand when we're doing our investigation and coming up with some rules.

So I'm going to say the word and I would like you to repeat it after me.

So suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word and that suffix can change the word's meaning.

Vowel, so a vowel talks about the letters a,e,i,o,u.

Now occasionally another letter acts like a vowel because all words need to contain at least one vowel but I'm going to tell you the word sky S-K-Y, that doesn't contain a,e,i,o and u.

So in that word, the letter y acts like a vowel but it's not technically a vowel.

Okay, our next word, consonant, your turn.

So consonants are all the other letters of the alphabet, other than a,e,i,o,u, excellent.

Well, that was our key vocabulary for today's lesson.

We're now going to move on and we're going to start our investigation and in our investigation, the aim is to generate some rules that can help in our spelling because if we have rules, it can help us decide the correct spelling of a word.

Or if we're struggling, if we're finding something hard which is perfectly normal then we can fall back.

We can look out and think about our rules and go, yes, I think this is how I would spell that word.

Okay, let's start our investigation.

Here are some words that use the suffix -ial.

I'm going to say them and when I do this, I would like you to say them after me.

Okay, special, social, potential, essential, Okay, here, I'm saying that they make the sound /shul/ at the end.

Listen to me say them again and see if you can hear that sound /shul/ at the end of each of these four words.

Special, social, potential, essential.

Did you hear it? Did you hear that sound /shul/ at the end? Well, that sound /shul/ is made by two different spellings.

We have c and then the suffix -ial and then we have t and the suffix -ial, but they both make the /shul/ sound, special, potential.

So they're different spellings, C-I-A-L and T-I-A-L but they still both make the same sound.

Okay, let's focus on that letter string -cial making that /shul/ sound.

Now remember the suffix that we're using is -ial, so let's repeat these words after me, special, social, official, artificial.

Okay, I want you to pause the video.

I want you to study these words and look at them really carefully 'cause remember, we're trying to come up with a rule that'll help us know when we would need to use the -cial.

So when we need to use the letter c and the suffix -ial.

Study these words when you pause and think, is there anything that'll help me know when I should use the letter string -cial.

Okay, pause the video now and have a think.

Okay, did you notice anything? Well, I'm going to give you this sentence.

If the letter, two letters before the suffix -ial is a then -cial is often used.

Now, I wonder what can go in that gap while we talked about some key vocabulary earlier in the lesson and we talked about vowels and consonants.

I want you to pause the video again.

Can you think what we would put in that space in our sentence? So I'll say the sentence one more time and then pause the video for me.

If the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a then -cial is often used.

Okay, pause the video now, see what you think.

Now I've given you a bit of a clue, there's that letter.

Two letters before the suffix -ial.

What do you notice about it? Remember that key vocabulary, vowel and consonant.

If you're getting an idea now, think, does it apply to all of the other words there? Okay, if you want pause the video or just wait and have a think.

Okay, have you noticed the pattern.

I've filled out this sentence.

If the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a vowel then -cial is often used, let's have a look.

Does it apply on every single one of these words? Special, yeah, we've got the vowel e, in social, we've got o before the c, so yes.

In official, we've got i before the c and in artificial, we've got i before the c.

Okay, I want you to repeat the sentence after me, pause the video and read it to yourself.

So I'm going to read the sentence one more time and then I want you to do it.

If the letter two letters before a suffix -ial is a vowel then -cial is often used.

Pause the video, read that sentence aloud to yourself.

Okay, let's move on.

I've just highlighted here what I meant when I said the vowel before each of them.

So if the letter two that's just before the suffix -ial is used, so is a vowel then -cial is often used.

Okay, so that's one rule that we've talked about.

And I now going to set you a challenge and you might find it hard but that's absolutely fine.

I've got two spellings of the same word.

One of them is correct and one of them is incorrect.

I want you to think back to that rule that we've just learned.

Which one do you think is correct? All repeat after me, the word is artificial, you turn.

Now artificial means something that's fake.

It's something that's not real.

So I want you to think back to that rule that we've just learned and think which of these do you think is the right spelling of artificial.

It's got that /shul/ sound at the end.

Okay pause the video now.

Okay, what did you think? Well, remember our rule, if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a vowel then -cial is often used.

Have a look at those words again, which is the correct spelling do you think with our rule of artificial? Okay, did you think it was that one? Well, if you did, excellent, if you didn't then that's fine.

That's why sometimes things are tricky but we can learn and set these rules that can help us.

So remember our rule, if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a vowel then -cial is often used for that /shul/ sound.

So here we have an i before the /shul/ sound.

So it means we use -cial and not -tial.

Okay, have another go for me, here, we have the word crucial, your turn.

It is crucial you get your homework in on time.

Pause the video, think about the rule that we've just learned and have a go at which one you think is the correct spelling of crucial.

Okay, now remember that if the two letters before, sorry, if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a vowel, then -cial is often used.

So that means that here we have the u before the c in crucial.

Great, so we've looked at and set a rule for that often is used for -cial and that /shul/ sound using the suffix -ial.

We're now going to look at -tial, I'm going to say the words and I'd like you to repeat them after me.

Potential, essential, torrential and residential.

If you're not sure about the word meaning of torrential, I mean we talk about torrential rain.

So when it's raining so hard and really heavily, we say it's torrential rain.

Now you may have noticed that they've all got that /shul/ sound at the end of the word but this time we've got that letter string -tial with the suffix -ial, so instead of a c this time before the suffix, we have a t.

Now we're going to try and fill this sentence in again.

If the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a, then -tial is often used, pause the video.

Can you think, oh, I've noticed something.

I spotted something.

Think back to that key vocabulary earlier in the lesson.

Okay, pause the video for me now.

Okay drawing a little arrow for you.

Remember this is the letter two letters before the suffix -ial.

What do you notice about it? Think about it, is it vowel or is it consonant? So here, if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a consonant then -tial is often used.

So in all of these words, before we have the /shul/ sound, we have the letter n, now it might not always be the letter n but it might well be a consonant.

This is often the rule for when we use -tial for the /shul/ sound.

Think about that rule that we've just done.

Here is the word partial, your turn.

So partial means that you've done part of something.

You can see that word part in the word partial.

Maybe that's given you a bit of a clue actually.

Maybe I've let you in but let's see how you get on.

So I want you to pause the video, think to yourself, which of these is the correct spelling of partial.

Okay, pause the video for me now.

Great, how did you get on? Well, remember our rule is if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a constant, then -tial is often used.

So here we have the letter a, two letters before the suffix -ial, which is an a is a consonant which means that we use -tial and not -cial.

Okay, I've put the rule and I've left it here this time.

So if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a consonant then -tial is often used.

We have the word impartial, your turn.

So someone who's impartial means that they don't have an opinion about one thing or another and often mean someone that's good because they might be fair in a situation.

So we impartial.

Which of these do you think is the correct spelling? Pause the video now, think about our rule.

Okay, which one did you think it was? Well, here we have the letter a two letters before the suffix -ial and a again is a constant.

Therefore we use the T-I-A-L spelling for the sound /shul/.

So I've got our two sentences.

I want you to put in constant or vowel in the correct sentence.

So the first sentence reads, if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a then -tial is often used.

And if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is then -cial is often used.

Okay, see if you can fill in consonant or vowel in those sentences, pause the video for me now.

Okay, great, how did you get on? Well, if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a consonant.

So remember consonant is all the letters of the alphabet apart from a,e,i,o and u then we often use -tial for the /shul/ sound.

Now, if the two letters, so if the letter two letters before the suffix -ial is a vowel then we use -cial for the /shul/ sound and that's often used.

Now that we have carried out our investigation and found two rules for words ending with a /shul/ sound and using the -ial suffix.

We're now going to set some spelling words that follow those rules.

So before I show you the spelling words for this lesson, I want you to make sure that you have a pen or pencil and some paper to write down the spelling words for this lesson.

If you haven't paused the video and go and get them for me now.

Okay, so there are 10 spelling words that I'm going to set you.

Now, I'm going to go through each and every one of those spellings to explain their meaning.

So to start with, you could just listen to me and listen to the meaning of each of the words or you feel free to write them down as we go through them.

But once I've been through them all I want you to make sure that you copy down all of the words carefully and check that you've copied them down correctly.

Otherwise we might learn the wrong spellings for these words.

Okay, let's start going through our words.

When I say the word for the first time I want you to repeat after me, beneficial.

Okay, so beneficial then it's got the word benefits on it.

So if something's beneficial it means it's done something good.

It's done something positive.

Official, so when we think about official, well, you might have like an official document which means it's the real thing or you might have an official that kind of oversees a football match or a match.

So sometimes referees are also referred to as officials.

Artificial, so I always think of artificial grass.

That means it's not real, it's not genuine.

Superficial, so superficial refers to things that maybe just you can see on the face of something.

So let me explain, on a building you might have damage, may have superficial damage.

So you might see the damage on the outside but the building might not be damaged on the inside.

Crucial, so you might have information that's crucial, in other way you might think of that is essential.

It's absolutely vital.

We talk about torrent and when you talk about torrential, we think often of rain, so really heavy rain.

So think of that rain when you've been outside and it's just bouncing back off the pavement.

It's that hard, it's that heavy.

So that's torrential.

Influential, so influential.

It's got the word you might see part of the word influence in there.

Now influencer is someone that has an effect on someone else.

So influential person is someone that lots of people might listen to and they have an effect on lots of different things that people might do.

Confidential, okay, confidential.

You might have seen that written on documents, confidential means like things that are private.

So if a documents confidential it means that only the people that it's addressed to are allowed to read it and no one else.

Partial, in the word partial you can see the word part.

You think about what the part of something is.

It means it's not the whole, it's not everything.

So if something's partial, partially completed, it means it's not been fully completed.

Potential, okay, so you think about potential.

Someone might have potential.

They might have things that may make them good at something and so maybe they haven't quite fulfilled their potential but they have the ability to do really well at something.

Okay, what I want you to do now, I want you to pause the video, make sure you've copied down every one of the spellings very carefully so that when you take them away, you've got the correct spelling to practise them.

Okay, pause the video for me now.

Excellent, that brings us towards the end of our lesson.

Now, just before I wrap up, I want to just congratulate you and just remind you of the things that we've done in this lesson.

We had some key vocabulary where we looked at suffixes and what a suffix is and we looked at vowels and consonants that were really crucial when we moved on to the next part of our lesson where we investigated and generated some rules for words that have the /shul/ sound at the end and they use the -ial suffix.

And then finally with those rules, we've set some spelling words that follow the two rules that we've looked at.

Well done, that's the end of our lesson.

Now if you found it a little bit tricky then that's absolutely fine.

We all find different things tricky and challenging but often the things that we find the most challenging are the things that we become best up.

Now, I hope that you enjoyed the lesson, I certainly did.

Now for you all, what I want you to do is keep hold of that list that you've carefully written down the spellings and over the next week or so, I want you to practise each and every one of those spellings.

Maybe using some spelling practise strategies that you already know.

The best and most effective way to practise your spellings is little and often.

So maybe 10 minutes each day, maybe just focusing on two words at a time.

Okay, that brings us to the end of our lesson, hope you enjoyed it, goodbye.