Lesson video

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Hi there.

My name's Mr. Byrne Smith and today I'm going to be teaching you some spelling, which I'm very, very excited about.

The other day I was reading a book and I came across a really, really nice word, which I'd like to share with you.

It was peculiar.

I looked it up and peculiar means strange.

So you might say, that's a very peculiar looking bull, quite a nice word, I thought.

In today's lesson, we are going to be looking at two suffixes the -ity and -ness suffixes.

Today, we're going to be investigating them so come along and have some fun.

Here's the agenda for today's lesson.

Firstly, we'll look at some key vocabulary, then we'll investigate and generate rules.

Finally, we'll set some spelling words for this unit.

In this lesson, you will need an exercise book or paper, a pencil and then of course, don't forget this, your brain.

If you need to run off and get any of these things, pause the video and do that now.

Key vocabulary.

These are the words that we are going to be using most in today's lesson.

So it's really important we understand exactly what they mean.

My 10 year old will tell, suffix.

A suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word that changes meaning and sometimes its class.


An adjective is a word that describes a noun, it tells you what it's like.


A noun is a person place or thing.

Root word.

A Root word is the most basic version of a word, a word with no prefixes or suffixes attached.

Before we carry on, we need to think in a bit more detail about nouns, there were three main types of nouns, proper nouns, proper nouns, common nouns, common nouns, and abstract nouns, abstract nouns.

Proper nouns, describe things of which there is only one in the world, these are often people, their names or places.

Here's some examples, Mina and Paris.

Mina is a name and Paris is a place, these are always capitalised, they have the capital letter at the beginning.

A common noun is a thing that you come across quite frequently, these are things that can be touched and seen, you can interact with them physically.

Here's some examples, dog and pencil, A dog is something you can touch and see and interact with physically, so is a pencil.

Finally, we have perhaps the strangest type of noun, abstract noun, an abstract noun is a thing that you can't interact with physically.

You can't touch it, you can't see it, but it is a thing and exist in some form or another.

Let's see some examples, love and happiness.

Love and happiness of both things, however, you can't see them and you can't touch them, these are abstract nouns, today we are going to be thinking and talking about abstract nouns.

Let's have a practise, there are three nouns in front of us.

I let you to have a think about which of these is an abstract noun? Road, Harriet or freedom.

Pause the video now and have a go.

Okay, the abstract noun is freedom, road is a common noun, Harriet is a proper noun, freedom is an abstract noun, next one.

Peace, jumper, Africa.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, the abstract now is peace, peace is not something you can touch or see, therefore it's an abstract noun, jumper is a common noun, Africa is a proper noun.

Let's investigate in generate rules.

Today we going to be looking at two suffixes, the -ity suffix and the -ness suffix.

These suffixes turn words into abstract nouns, that's their job.

Here, the -ity suffix has turned the word able into the abstract noun, ability.

Here, the -ness suffix has turned the word fresh into the abstract noun freshness.

Let's look in some detail at the -ity suffix.

Here's the word active, I'm going to have a go at applying the -ity suffix to this word.

I know that if I applied the -ity suffix to the word active, it will become activity, now I'm going to have a go at writing it.

When I apply the -ity suffix to the word active, this is what happens.

I drop the e and I add the ity.

Fortunately with the -ity suffix and the -ness suffix, lots of the changes, are very easy to hear.

When I say the word activity, I can hear, the change.

Time for you to have a go, here's a word generous, I'd like you, to have a go at adding the -ity suffix.

Firstly, say out loud, this is a really important step, and then have a go at spelling it.

Now this is tricky, so do your best and don't worry if you come across any obstacles along the way.

Pause the video now and have a go.

Okay, great, let's see what happens, when you add the -ity suffix to the word generous.

First of all, I know that it becomes the word generosity, generosity.

That sounds slightly different to the word generous.

Generous has a us sound at the end, generosity has an os sound in the middle.

So I have a feeling something's going to have to change, Let's have a look, aha! So the O-U-S has turned into O-S before adding the -ity suffix, fortunately, that was a change that I could hear.

Let's have another go, the word is equal, I'd like you to try to add the -ity suffix to this word, pause the video now and have a go.

Okay, great, when I had the -ity suffix to the word equal, it becomes equality.

This is how it's spelled, you can see that in this instance, I've just had to add the -ity on the end.

Let's have a look at the -ness suffix.

Here, we have the word happy, I'd like you to try to add the -ness suffix onto the word happy.

Remember, try out loud first and then have a go at spelling it.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, let me add the -ness suffix to the word happy, it becomes happiness, but what happens to the spelling? Aha, the y has been replaced for an I, before adding the suffix, this is very common when adding suffixes.

New word, fair.

Your job is to add the -ness suffix to this word, pause the video now and have a go.

Okay, fair becomes fairness, and look at that, no change the spelling.

We can add the suffix right on the end, easy peasy.

New challenge.

Challenge number two.

Here, I've given you a word, your job is to think about which of our two suffixes will apply.

The word is lovely, when we want to turn the word lovely into an abstract noun, do I use the -ity suffix or the -ness suffix, top tip, try them both out loud.

Pause the video now and have a go.


Lovely becomes loveliness and if you look carefully, you can see once again at that y has been replaced with an I.

Next word, kind.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, kind becomes kindness, and once again, the -ness just gets added straight on the end.

New word, Stupid, which of these two suffixes do we apply? Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, stupid becomes stupidity, and once again, in this instance, the -ity suffix is added right on the end, no need to change the root word, stupid.

Next word, flexible, which of the two suffixes does this word make use of? Ity or -ness? Pause the video and have to go.

Okay, flexible becomes flexibility, this is a word which has undergone a fair amount of change when adding the -ity suffix.

Nasty, that's how they go adding either the -ity or the nest suffix.

Pause the video and have a ago.

Okay, nasty becomes nastiness, and you can see that the y has been replaced by an i.

Reliable, which of these two suffixes does the word reliable, make use of? Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, reliable becomes reliability.

Once again, this is a word that once you say out loud becomes quite clear, spending a reliability relies quite heavily on how it sounds.

So once you've read it out loud reliability, you can really hear the sounds and therefore the spelling.

Let's set some spelling words for this week, these are this sweet spellings, I'm going to go through them one by one.

The first is ability, my turn, your turn, ability, now I'm going to put the word in a sentence.

She had the ability to see through walls, wow.

Activity, activity.

The amount of activity in the market and made her head spin.

Equality, equality between all people is very important.

Visibility, when the fog came in, visibility got much worse.

Visibility means how well you can see if the visibility is good.

It means you can see well, if visibility is bad, it means you can't see well.

Bad visibility is often caused by things like fog and mist.

Number five, generosity.

Generosity is another word for kindness, his generosity made everyone like him.

If somebody's generous, then they don't mind giving things to other people.

Number six, happiness.

Everything she did was for the happiness of other people.

Got to be really careful here, this is one of those words in which the y has been replaced for an i.

You can see that in happiness, and as that i, trying to trick us that it's not going to work.

Number seven, darkness.

As darkness fell, the city came alive.

Number eight, kindness.

I look for kindness in people that I want to be my friend.

Number nine, loneliness.

Spending lots of time alone can cause feelings of loneliness.

Number 10, fitness, fitness.

His level of fitness have really improved since he had started running to school, I'm not surprised.

Okay, make sure made a careful note of each of those 10 spellings.

Key here is to copy them out correctly because otherwise the risk is that your practise from now on the wrong spellings, which we don't want.

Congratulations, that's the end of today's lesson and you've done a fantastic job.

We have looked at the key vocabulary, we've investigated and generated rules, we've set spelling words, and that's the end of the lesson.

So well done for working hard and I'll see you soon.