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Hello and welcome.

My name is Mr. Santhanam, and this is lesson five of 10 from our "Jack and the Beanstalk" unit.

In today's learning objective, we are going to be using our inference skills to form opinions about what is said and what is done in a text.

When we're using our inference skills, we are looking for clues and we are making up our own mind about things that we have read.

So we need to really have our brain switched on for this lesson.

Before we begin, I want to ask you a question.

In the story of "Jack and the Beanstalk", Jack creeps back into the castle where the giant lives, and he steals back his treasure that his dad used to have from the giant who stole it.

He steals back a magic hen.

Can you remember what he steals back? There are three things, can you remember? Oh, that's right.

He had a magic hen that laid golden eggs.

He had some gold coins and also a magic harp that played music on its own.

I'm not sure what a magic harp is.

A harp is an instrument, a musical instrument that plays music.

And it sounds a little bit like a guitar.

Have you ever heard a guitar? Amazing.

Well, I wanted to ask you a question.

If you could have any of those things, which one would you choose? Would you choose the magic hen that lays golden eggs? Would you choose all the gold coins? Or would you choose a magic harp that plays music on its own? Can you give a reason why you want that particular thing? I would like the, because.

Now I wonder if you can guess which one I would like.

I think I would choose the golden harp.

What can you infer about me from the fact that I chose the golden harp? That means you really have to look for clues now and think about what does that tell you about me from the fact that I chose the golden harp? What do you think? Oh, I heard that some children said that I like music because I wanted a musical instrument and it would play a beautiful, elegant, relaxing music for me.

You're right, I do like music.

I think I would choose the magic harp.

I wonder what you would choose.

So in this lesson, you are going to need some paper, a pencil, and most importantly, you are going to need your brilliant brain.

Pause the video now while you go and get those things.

Amazing, let's get started.

In today's lesson we are going to start off with our spellings.

We will then learn how to use our inference skills.

Then we'll put it to the test in an inference writing task.

And then finally, we're going to do some reflection on the whole lesson.

Let's get started.

This week we have been learning about the grapheme, V.

You usually see that in words that usually end in the V sound.

But the grapheme is spelled V-E.

Let's have a look at some words that end in V.

I love my mum.

I've lost my glove.

Give that back to me.

I live in London.

We do not shove.

My favourite bird is a dove.

Pause the video now while you write those down.

I know that a great strategy check is to look at the word, say it in a sentence so that it makes sense, cover the word, then write the word next to it and then I can check my spelling.

Why not give yourself a little spelling test now and see how many of those words you know? I just know that your spelling is getting better and better and better.

So do give this a try and see how many you still need to learn.

I have made some very silly mistakes here.

I need your help to help me correct them.

I've spelled all of these spellings wrong.

Love, glove, give, live, shove, and dove.

I've just spelled them the way that I think they should be spelled because I'm using my phonics.

Can you spell them properly for me and correct my mistakes? Pause your video now while you correct all my silly mistakes.

Silly Mr. Santhanam.

Thank goodness I've got you to help me out.

Okay, we're first going to have a look at our inference skills.

What exactly is inference? Do you know? When we are reading, we use our inference skills when we are looking for clues in the text.

So that means that the information might not be in the words itself, from whatever we're reading.

We need to look for our own answers and form our own opinions.

And we do this by looking for clues.

This means reading around the words, what is the author or the writer suggesting? And we form our own opinions from evidence in the text.

So we need to find something to back up our point.

I think this, because I read this in the text.

Okay, are you ready to have a go? Let's read the first part of our story.

Once there was a boy called Jack who lived with his mum in a little cottage.

They were very poor.

Sometimes Jack would say, mum, where's dad? Then his mum would shake her head and cry, saying nothing.

The question here is what can we infer about Jack's dad? So think about that.

I can reply to this question by saying, I think that, I think that, or I have a feeling that, or I wonder if, so we're really being detectives now and we're making our own opinions based on evidence in the text.

What do you think happened to Jack's dad? Hmm.

Now we need to think about what from the text that is right here makes you think that.

You could say the text says, I have found evidence in the text, and this part supports my point.

So what information in this paragraph supports your point about what you think? Let's have a look at what I said.

Now I would write this down using a full sentence.

I think that something bad happened to Jack's father.

I wonder if he was killed or died in a sad way, leaving Jack's mother alone.

The word or phrase that makes me think this is Jack's mother would cry and shake her head whenever he asked her about his dad.

So I've said what my opinion is, what my thoughts are.

And then I've pulled out which part of the text makes me think that.

Are you ready to have a go on your own? Remember you need to say, I think, what is your opinion, how can you explain your opinion in a clear way? And then you need to say the words or phrase that makes me think this is.

What specific information can you use as evidence to support your point? Okay, now we're going to have a go on your own.

One day, his mum said, Jack, take our old cow to market and sell it for a good price so we can buy some food.

Jack walked off to town and the old cow, Jack walked off to town with the old cow, singing a song, ♪ I'm going to market, to market, to market ♪ ♪ I'm going to market to sell my cow ♪ Now, what can we infer about how Jack's mother will react when he swaps the cow for beans? So we know later on in the story, Jack is going to swap the cow for some magic beans.

How do you think Jack's mother is going to react? And what from the text here makes you think that? So remember in a full sentence, I think that, I have a feeling that, I wonder if, what do you think, how will she react? And of course you need to say what makes you think that.

The text says, so what from this paragraph right here, what from this paragraph makes you think she's going to react in that way? Pause the video now while you write down what you think and what information from the text makes you think that.

Okay, so in the text I saw that his mum said sell the cow for a good price so that we can buy some food.

So I think she must be feeling very desperate because she cannot even afford to buy food for Jack.

And she really needs that money.

So when she finds out that he just swapped the cow for some magic beans, she's not going to be very happy.

She might be even quite cross.

It also says that Jack walked off into town singing a song.

So he doesn't seem very bothered about not having any money or any food.

It seems like his mum is the only one doing the worrying about this problem.

So I think she's going to get very frustrated and very angry with him.

Let's have a little look.

So in one full sentence, I wrote I think that Jack's mother will be very cross because they need the money for food and he doesn't seem to understand that.

The words or phrase that make me think this is sell it for a good price so we can buy some food.

And he was singing a song as he went into town.

Pause the video if you need to change anything in your answer before we move on to the next question.

The next part of the story says the giant sucked on her soup, that means that she sipped her soup, and then said, bring me my money.

The giant's husband put the gold and silver coins on the table.

And she counted it all until she fell asleep.

That's mine, thought Jack, and he slipped out of the cupboard and took the money home.

What can we, and the question is, what can we infer about how Jack feels about the Giant's money? What does he think about the fact that the giant has the money? Remember, I think that Jack feels, I have a feeling that Jack feels, and I wonder if Jack feels.

Remember, you have to find information.

Remember, you have to find information from the text that makes you think that.

Pause the video now while you find the information from the text and explain what you have inferred.

Okay, so in the text I can see that it says, that's mine, thought Jack.

So I can infer that I think Jack does not believe that it is fair the giant has his father's money.

He also thinks that the money should belong to him.

He thinks it's unfair that the giant has stolen his dad's money and he thinks it should belong to him now because it was his father's money.

And the word or phrase that makes him think this is, that's mine, thought Jack.

So he's thinking, that's not fair.

That's not the giant's money, that's my money and I'm going to get it back.

I saw so many great inference skills going on there.

Before you know it, you're going to be amazing reading detectives in no time.

Remember the thing that we're really, really focusing on in this story is the problem.

And we need problems that matter in every single story, because that is where all the tension comes from in our stories.

And without problems, they wouldn't be very interesting stories would they? If Jack had not had a giant take all his father's money and then kill him, then he wouldn't have anything to do in the story.

So that is why the problem is so important.

We need to think about what is the main problem in the story, why is it important to solve that problem, what happens if the problem is not solved and how can we make the readers really care about the problem? So when you come to doing your own storytelling, this will be really, really helpful for you to keep in mind.

Well, I want to ask you a question now, should Jack have stolen the treasure from the giant? And is there any evidence from the text that you can use to support your point? What do you think? Oh, I heard some people saying that Jack should definitely not have stolen the money because stealing is wrong and we should never steal.

But then some other children said, Jack should have stolen the money even though it's wrong to steal, the giant stole it from him first so he deserves to get it back.

What do you think? There's no right or wrong answer.

Why not try and explain your answer? You could say, I think that, and I think this because the text says.

What information from the text have you heard that really supports your point? Pause the video now while you complete your task.

You can talk about this with a friend, your parent or carer, or your teacher.

And if you really want to, you could write it down.

Wow, I've seen so much great work today, I'm so proud of you for your hard work today.

We have been using our inference skills.

We've practised our spellings.

And we have also done some really deep reflection about a problem in the story.

Should Jack have stolen the treasure? I really want to hear your thoughts because I bet you've got some really interesting ideas.

So please share your work with Oak National.

If you'd like to please ask your parent or carer to share your work on Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter, tagging @oaknational and #learnwithoak.

I will see you next time.