Lesson video

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Hi there.

My name is Mr Byrne Smith and today we're going to be doing some spelling together.

In particular, we're going to look at the AL suffix.

You're going to be practising and applying our knowledge at this suffix, including testing ourselves.

If you haven't watched lesson two or 10 I really recommend you go back and do that.

It's going to be very, very helpful for today's lesson.

So without further ado, let's make a start.

This is the agenda for today's lesson.

First, we're going to look at some key vocabulary.

Then we're going to recap some spelling rules.

Next, we'll learn a brand new strategy before finally doing our test.

In this lesson, you will need an exercise book or paper a pencil and then I suppose you can't forget this one A brain.

If you need to run off and get any of these things, pause the video now.

Okay Let's go through some key vocabulary.

My turn, your turn Suffix.

Suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word that changes meaning and sometimes class Adjective.

An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

It tells you what it's like, Noun.

A noun is a person, place or thing.

Root word.

A root word is the most basic version of a word.

It has no prefixes or suffixes.

Let's recap, some spelling rules in particular, we're looking at the al suffix.

Whenever we look at suffixes it's very important to think about exactly what they do what their purpose is.

The al suffix often turns nouns into adjectives.

I've been careful to use the word often there, because this is not always the case Here we have some root words Let's look carefully at how the AL suffix might be used on each of these.

These root words are all nouns nation medic person season Nation, you can see has become national with use of the AL suffix.

I'd like your help adding the AL suffix to the remaining nouns.

Pause the video now, and half a go.


So medic becomes medical, person becomes personal and season becomes seasonal.

You can see that these have all become adjectives, describing words.

You might say national emergency.

You might say medical officer.

You might say personal problems. You might say seasonal weather.

These words are all used to describe nouns.

Here, the AL suffix has been added onto the end of the root word without any change being made.

In the majority of cases, you can add the AL suffix without changing the root word.

However, not always.

Let's have a look at some examples.

Here, we have four root words, and then we have the products of these root words, plus the AL suffix accident and accidental exception and exceptional sensation and sensational globe and global.

I'd like you to think very carefully about which of these root words have had to change when adding the AL suffix and which have not pause the video now and have a go.

Okay, great.

So if you look very carefully, you can see that adding the AL suffix to the first three of these words is very straightforward.

I've had to make no changes to my root word.

However, the word globe has become global in doing so It lost the E at the end, the E end of the word globe has been dropped before adding the AL suffix.

There it is.

If the root word ends in E, it's necessary to remove the E before adding AL.

Here, we have the example we looked at just now.

And then there's another example.

Nature has become natural.

I'd like your help with these next two root words.

I really, really want to add the AL suffix, but I need to be careful I don't make any mistakes.

Now, both of these root words and in E So let's think very carefully about what we're going to have to do before adding the AL suffix.

I'd like you to have it go in order to help me out.

Pause the video now and have a go.


So when I applied the AL suffix to brute, it becomes brutal.

I've dropped the E before adding the AL How about when I do the same with the root word universe, it becomes universal.

I, once again.

I've dropped the E before adding AL.

Here, I've had a go adding the AL suffix.

However, I've struggled episodes slightly.

What I do have is two options.

I need your help picking between the two.

My root word is refuse.

My product of that root word is refusal.

I have two spellings here, have a careful thing, which is correct.

And why do you think I've made the mistake? I've made with the other spelling.

Pause the video now and have a go.



The correct spelling is this one.

In the other example, you can see that I have forgotten to remove the E before adding AL Here's another example.

My root word is person.

I've had a go adding the AL suffix, and I have two options, which is correct.

Pause the video now, and have a go.


Person has become personal.

The correct spelling is this one.

With the other option, you can see that I have doubled the continent at the end of the word.

Now, this is a technique which is sometimes necessary when adding suffixes.

However, nothing is instance.

Help me out adding the AL suffix to each of these.

Here, We have the root word addition When I add the AL suffix, what does addition become? Pause the video now and have a go.


Addition becomes additional.

How about accident? Pause the video now and have a go.


Accident becomes accidental.

Last one, Arrive Pause the video now and have a go.


Arrive becomes arrival Of these three examples, this one is different.

I'd like your help figuring out why.

Now there are a couple of reasons.

I wonder if you can think of them both Pause the video and have a think.


You might have spotted them.

The first difference is the fact that, the root word Arrive has to be tweaked before adding the AL suffix.

It's necessary to first remove the E.

That was not true of the other two examples.

So in that sense, it's the odd one out.

There's another reason.

If you look very carefully, arrive is a verb.

The other two examples were nouns.

They would nouns turning into adjectives.

This is a verb turning into a noun.

Arrive is a verb Arrival is a noun.

This is interesting because this goes to show that it's not always the case, that the AL suffix turns nouns into adjectives.

Sometimes not often, but sometimes it can be used to turn verbs into nouns, just like it has done here.


It's time for us to learn a brand new strategy.

This strategy is called spot the syllable.

A syllable is a single unit of sound words are made up of a number of syllables.

Some words are made up of lots of syllables, Some words I made up of very few syllables.

It's possible to break up a word into its individual syllables.

Each syllable, is a single unit of sound.

This game or strategy, it's called spot the syllable.

The key is, to break up each of your spelling words into its individual syllables, and you need your hands to do this.

The way I like to go about this is to clap along in each syllable.

That's how we go with tropical.

First thing to do is to read the word out very slowly, Tro-pi-cal and I can already start to hear the syllables, Tro-pi-cal I'm starting to hear distinct units of sound.

Let me see if I can clap along with them.

Tro-pi-cal One more time.

Tro pi cal Each of those, is a syllable.

This time I'm going to count Tro Pi Cal three Tro pi cal three So, read all that out very slowly clap along and then see if you can write it out.

And it's syllable.

This is the hardest bit you've broken it down into syllables.

You know what they sound like You know how many they are, but can you write your word out into its individual syllables? This is what tropical looks like when this is done.

You can see that I've used a slash to separate each of the three syllables.

Tro pi cal Tropical And there is my AL suffix.

I've underlined it just to draw my attention to it.

Since that is a spelling rule that we're learning.

The question is, why is this a useful strategy? Well, I have three reasons for you.

Firstly, it involves both writing and speaking.

So you're accompanying the way something is written with the way it sounds.

This is really useful.

The way something looks and sounds kind of go hand in hand.

You don't want to over rely on how something looks or how something sounds.

Ideally, you have a combination of the two.

This strategy includes a combination of the two and therefore it's fantastic.

Second thing is that it forces you to look at the words slightly differently.

It's not often that when spelling a word, you look at it, it's individual syllables.

This is something that you normally do.

When you say a word, therefore, by forcing yourself to look at it's syllables, you're looking at it differently by looking at it differently, you better understand the word and what it's made up of.

So it's a really good approach.

Finally, repetition is practise involves lots of repetition.

I said the word tropical perhaps 10 times before I even wrote it down.

So I'm saying and hearing the word lots and lots and lots.

Repetition is at the heart of good practise doing things again and again is very important when it comes to learning something quickly.

Let's have a go with seasonal Here, you can see the word seasonal written out sea son al Sea son al let's count Sea son al This time, I want you to do it with me Sea son al Three syllables and they're not there.

They are at the bottom.

Sea son al And I've underlined my AL suffix.

I might need to practise this new strategy on some of this week's spelling words.

I've given you four options.

However, you can use any words from the list that you'd like to.

Pause the video now and have a go.



Time for this weeks spelling test for this week's spelling test.

You'll need to write out the numbers 1 to 10, pause the video and do that now.


I'm going to read each word carefully and slowly before putting it into context by putting it into a sentence, Listen very carefully to each word and don't be afraid to pause the video.

After I've read out each word in a sentence to make sure that you have enough time.

You do not need to feel rushed during this process.

You don't need to feel stressed.

I like you to try your best, but getting words wrong in a spelling test is not a big deal.

It's really just a good way of flagging up the ones that you need to focus on a little bit more, which after all is how we learn.

And it's very important.

Word Number one Global Global Global issues affect us all 2.

Natural Natural.

This cream is a natural product.


Arrival Arrival.

His late arrival meant we missed the start of the game 4.

Capital Capital Proper nouns use a capital letter, 5.

Vocal Vocal.

His vocal talents are extraordinary.


Tropical Tropical Rain forests only grow in tropical areas.


Personal Personal Her Personal items were spread all around the room.

Number 8 Accidental, Accidental.

He was hurt when his brother tripped him, but he knew it was accidental.


Seasonal Seasonal Their seasonal clothes meant they were the perfect temperature.


Autumnal Autumnal The autumnal leaves were fiery orange colour.


Now it's time for us to go through each of these.

I'm going to show you the answers and read the spellings out very slowly and carefully.

I'd like you to make sure that you write out any correct spellings next to mistakes you've made.

That's very important.

The first word is Global G L O B A L 2.

Natural N A T U R A L 3.

Arrival, A R R I V A L 4.

Capital C A P I T A L 5.

Vocal V O C A L 6.

Tropical T R O P I C A L 7.

Personal P E R S O N A L 8.

Accidental A C C I D E N T A L 9.

Seasonal S E A S A N A L 10.

Autumnal A U T U M N A L Autumnal Okay.

Well done.

That's the end of the lesson.

This is what we've covered.

We've looked at key vocabulary.

We've recapped the rules.

We've learned a new strategy and we've done our test and you've done fantastically well.

Well, all of your hard work, the lessons over and you've done a fantastic job.