Lesson video

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Hi, it's Ms. Morgan.

I'm here for your spelling lesson.

Today, we're going to be practising and applying knowledge, of the spelling rules when we add the suffixes.

Well that's a hard word.

Suffixes -er and -est.

So it could be describing the slice of bread that I got.

And I got my slices here.

And I would say that this slice is thinner than this slice.

But this slice is the thinnest of them all.

Let's get started.

On our agenda today, we're going to revise the rules that we've looked at already.

Then we're going to practise and apply those rules.

I'm going to teach you a new spelling strategy today, and then we're going to have our spelling test.

So, have you got those three things ready? Something to write in, something to write with, and of course that brain's switched on and ready to learn.

Let's go.

Our key vocabulary for today.

Suffix, root word, adjective.

I can hear you say, "Ms. Morgan, we know what these words mean." Fantastic.

That's even better.

Let's go.

So suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word that changes its meaning.

So important, the word, meaning, changes.

A root word is the most basic version of a word, that has no prefixes and no suffixes.

Finally an adjective.

An adjective describes a noun.

So if I was to have my piece of bread, my adjective would be healthy.

So if I was to have my bread, an Adjective would be healthier, and then noun is bread.

So you might say, this bread is healthier than that bread.

Let's see if you remember some of those rules.

Here is a picture of some people white water rafting.

See if you can listen, to what the root word is and what the adjectives are.

Ally is wet.

Louis is wetter than Ally.

Sophie is the wettest.

Ally is wet.

Wet is the root word.

Louis is wetter than Ally.

Sophie is the wettest.

Have you spotted anything? We spotted the double consonant after the short vowel, brilliant.

The root word is wet.

We add the suffix -er to make wetter, and -est to make wettest.

You remember what type of adjective, wetter and wettest are.

Wetter is a comparative word.

Wetter is a comparative adjective, because we're comparing how wet the person is.

And wettest is a superlative adjective.

That person is the wettest person there.

So if he was the wettest person there.

Lets have a look at this example.

Shiny is the root word.

We add -er, it become shinier.

In a sentence you might say, her earrings are shinier than her necklace.

We add -est to say shiniest.

And you might say, the rings are the shiniest piece of jewellery.

Here, the root word just changed into being adjectives.

Shinier and shiniest are adjectives.

So here are the rules that we investigated last time.

We discovered that, if words end with a Y, we needed to replace the Y with an I, and add this suffix -er or -est.

We also found out, that we could just add -er or -est to words, but we had to be detect and spot, if there was a short vowel sound before the consonant.

Whether we could hear, a e I o u, that we needed to double the consonant.

Those are the rules we learned last time.

We also learned that we just add the suffixes, or if we had a word that ended in E, we needed to remove the E and add -er or -est.

Let's see if we can apply this now.

Here is a sentence from fixed in our learning.

I'll read it twice, and then we need to fill in the gaps with the words below.

The words missing are noun, remember P-P-T, adjective, meaning, When we add a suffix to a root word, use your finger to track with me.

When we add a suffix to a root word, it changes its hmm.

If we add -er or -est, the word becomes an hmm.

An adjective describes a hmm.

I'll read it again, track with your finger.

When we add a suffix to a root word, it changes its hmm.

If we add -er or -est, the word becomes an hmm.

An adjective describes a hmm.

Pause the video, see if you can fill in the gaps.

How'd you get done? When we add a suffix to a root word it changes its meaning.

If we add -er or -est, the word becomes an adjective.

And an adjective describes a noun.

And a noun is a PPT, a person place or thing.

Well done.

Now we're going to practise, and apply the rules that we have learnt.

Lets see what you can remember.

These are the rules for adding -er and -est.

Here's the root word, mad.

Can you add an -er and -est? Which spelling rules would we use to help? Have some of you spotted, we've got that consonant after a short vowel an A, so we need to double the D.

Mad becomes madder, mad becomes maddest.

So the rule is just -er or -est, and we double the consonant.

The root word is pretty.

Have you spotted something at the end of the word? It's a Y.

Can you add the suffixes -er and -est to pretty? Just say the spellings out loud.

Which rule will you use? Point to which rule on the screen now.

Well done.

We turn pretty into prettier, but you have replaced the Y with an I, and added -er.

And pretty becomes prettiest.

Again, we have replaced the Y with an I, well done, and added the suffix.

So the rule is, replace the Y with an I, and add -er or -est.

Well done.

Now you're going to have a go.

The two root words are angry and hot.

Can you add the suffixes -er and -est to them.

I want you to write down what you think it will be.

I'll leave the rules up so you can look at them.

Remember, it's okay to write a few different examples, if you're not sure of the rules.

Pause the video and write them down now.

You're adding -er and -est to angry and hot.

Angry will become angrier and angriest, hot will become hotter and hottest.

Off you go.

So you've written the root word hot.

We're going to turn it in to hotter.

This is what I came up with.

Point the screen, which one do you think is correct? Did you spot? There's a short vowel and a consonant after it.

The short vowel is, O.

well done.

So we need to double the T.

And so number two is our correct one.

And for hotter, you remembered again, you have to double the T.

And actually, if you look at that one below, it says hoter, if you have a go at reading it.

And it just doesn't look right.

So the correct one is number one there.

Well done.

On the word angry, which one is correct here? Have you spotted the Y on the end? So you replace the Y with an I.

Well done.

So that one is correct there, number two.

Angriest and angryest? I think I know which one looks right.

And I also know that we need to replace the Y with an I.

Well done.

I'm going to teach you a new strategy now.

It's one you may have seen before, but I want to show you how it can relate to these words.

The strategy we're doing is called naughty letters.

And it's anything to do, that's going to help you to remember, some tricky letters or some tricky spellings in words.

Here's the word bigger.

Is there any words that you sometimes miss out, sorry.

If there are any letters that you sometimes miss out here.

So for example, I often used to forget to double the constant that G, you need to write them in a much bigger size, and then it will help you to remember.

Sometimes you also can draw a picture around it to help you remember.

You could put some smiley faces into that, the Gs there, to make them big.

I just draw lots of lines to remind myself that I need to double that G.

Okay, here with earlier, I used to find it really hard.

I sometimes used to put that Y in there.

So I've written my L and my I in really big letters.

I put a nice big cloud round it.

You might want to add some colour as well.

And if you keep doing this naughty again and again, you will build up that visual memory.

Why is it useful for us? You're interacting with the word, that's right.

You're having a look and seeing what's going on with it.

You're highlighting those naughty tricky letters.

And then finally, you're really thinking about what a word means.

Now, I want you to choose four of those words, and have it go with the naughty letter strategy.

Maybe you want to pick earlier, like I did, or maybe you want to choose some other words.

You're going to pause the video.

You're going to practise this strategy now, by choosing full words during the naughty letter strategy.

Off you go.

Now, we're going to get on the spelling test.

Remember if you want to practise more, you can come back to this spelling test later on.

We need a piece of paper, and I want you to write the numbers 1 to 10 on it, with each number on a new line.

Pause the video, do this now.

Write the numbers down.

Ready? I'm going to read out the spellings one by one, and then we'll go through them at the end.

I'll read each spelling out twice so you can hear them.

And also put it in the sentence that you used before, so you can understand the meaning of the sentence.

Here's some strategies I want you to think about, when you're spelling.

Lots of them we talk about, all the time.

But I want to remind you, that it's, you need to take a breath, you need to pause when you're doing the spelling.

I often say to you, you can pause the video, and that's absolutely fine.

Take some time.

There's no hurry here.

Now, if you were thinking, I don't know if I need to replace the Y, I'm not sure if I need to double the consonant, remember to write out different versions of the word.

We call that our best bet spelling, don't we, and then have a look at it.

The other one I like to do is, still go back to your phonics.

Sound out those words, which spelling sounds right to you.

And again, have a go at writing it more than once, with different spellings.


Are you ready? Let's go.

Spelling number one.



My slice of bread is thinner than yours.

Remember, you can pause in between each spelling.

Number two.



I have the thinnest slice of bread.

Number three.



This snuck bar is bigger than the rest.

Number four.



This is the biggest snack bar in the shops at the moment.

Number five.



It's healthier than a packet of crisps.

Number six.



This snack bar is the healthiest.

Number seven.



These grapes are tastier than ice cream.

Number eight.



These cherries are the tastiest that you'll ever eat.

Number nine.



The earlier we get there the better.

Number ten.



My earliest memories are when I fell over in the park.

We've finished your spelling test.

Just take a moment, pause video and check through your spellings.

Are you happy with them? Well done.

Let's mark them now.

Remember you tick if correct, and you change.

if not.

Make sure you copy down the correct spelling, so you can practise it for next time.

Spelling number one, T-H-I-N-N-ER.

Remember we double the consonant because we have a short vowel.

Number two, thinnest.

T-H-I-N-N E-S-T Number three, bigger.


Did you remember the double the consonant? Number four, biggest.


Number five, healthier.


Did you remember to replace the Y with an I? You did.


Number six, healthiest.


This is a tricky one.

Number seven, tastier.


Number eight, tastiest.


Number nine, earlier.


Number 10, earliest.



What a busy lesson.

Well done.

We've revised rules.

We've practised and applied those rules.

It then led to new strategy, your naughty letter strategy.

And then we just had a spelling test.


Meant for you, keep practising.

Remember if you go to any spellings wrong, its actually fine, it shows your learning, but make sure you practise little and often.

See you next time.