Lesson video

In progress...


Hi, my name is Mr. Byrne-Smith.

And today I'm going to be teaching you some spelling.

I'm very excited about this because I love spelling.

I love spelling for a few reasons.

It's all to do with words.

I'm really into words.

In fact, I learned one the other day, brand new one.

Gargantuan, gargantuan means really, really big.

In fact, more than big.

Gargantuan means huge.

I heard somebody use it the other day on the street.

They said, "Oh, my look at that gargantuan crane." And it was gargantuan.

It was on top of a building.

That's my word of the week, gargantuan.

In today's lesson, we're going to be practising and applying our knowledge of suffixes.

In particular the -ed past tense suffix.

I can't wait.

So, come along.

Let's go have some fun.

Here's the agenda for today's lesson.

Firstly, we're going to look at some key vocabulary.

Then we're going to recap the spelling rules.

Next, we're going to learn a strategy.

And finally, we're going to have our spelling test.

Now in this lesson, you're going to need an exercise book or paper, a pencil, and then finally your brain.

So don't you forget that.

If you need to go to find any of these things, pause the video now.

Here's some key vocabulary that we're going to need in today's lesson.

My turn your turn, suffix.

Suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word that change its meaning.


A verb is a doing or a being word.

Past tense.

Past tense refers to things in the past, things that have happened previously.

Present tense.

This is a tense to describe things in the present, things that are happening now.

We need to spend a few minutes looking at this fifth definition.

Irregular verb.

This is closely linked to a verb.

An irregular verb is a verb that does not follow the normal rules or patterns.

We're going to encounter some of these today.

Let's just recap the four rules we need when we're adding the suffix ed to present tense verbs into the past.

The first is just add ed.

Often, when putting present tense verbs into the past it's only necessary to add ed on the end without any other changes being made.

Next we have double consonant and ed.

If a present tense verb contains a short vowel sound it's necessary to double the consonant at the end of the word before adding ed.

The third rule is remove the e and add ed.

Often present tense verbs ending an e.

In these instances is necessary to remove the e before adding ed.

Finally, we have removed the y add i and add ed.

Sometimes present tense verbs end in a y.

In these instances, it's necessary to remove the e, add an i and then add ed.

Let's have a practise.

Here, I've given you a present tense verb.

In this instance, it's care.

I'd like you to do two things.

First, you're going to identify the rule that we need to apply, then you're going to have to go applying it.

In order to do this, it's necessary to write down the present tense verb care and then it's past tense equivalent.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, great.

The rule that applies in this instance is remove the e and add ed.

So care becomes cared.

Next we have dry.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, great.

In this instance the rule that applies is remove the y, add i and add ed.

Let's have a look at what that looks like.

Dry becomes dried.

Let's have another go.

In this instance, the word is wait.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, great.

In this instance the rule that applies is just add ed.

So wait becomes waited.

Finally, we have beg.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay great.

With the present tense verb beg, we must apply this rule, double the consonant and add ed.

That's because of the short vowel sound in the word beg.

E, e, e.

Beg becomes begged.

And there is our doubled consonant.

Okay, great.

Challenge number two.

Here we have a present tense verb.

Here, the verb is belong.

Now I've had a go at putting it into the past tense and I've come up with two possibilities.

The thing is, I'm not sure which one's correct.

So I'm going to need your help.

You need to think of two things.

Firstly, which of these two options is correct? And secondly, what's gone wrong with the other option? Which is correct? And what's gone wrong? Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, great.

There's the correct version highlighted in blue.

With regards to what's gone wrong with the other option, you can see that the consonant has been doubled.

In this instance, that is not necessary.

Here's the rule that applies.

Add the ed suffix to the verb to form the past tense without doubling the consonant at the end.

Let's have another go.

Here, our present tense verb is jog.

Now I've had a go but you can see I've struggled.

I got two options.

I think I've done quite well to come up with those, but I need a bit of help refining them.

So, which is correct? Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, great.

Jog becomes jogged.

And there's the correct option.

Because jog contains a short vowel sound o, o, o.

It's necessary to double the consonant before adding ed.

If the vowel sound is short, double the consonant and add ed.

Let's have another go.

Here, my present tense verb is cope.

I've had a go, but once again, I'm not exactly sure which of these two is correct.

I need your help.

Which is correct and what's gone wrong with the other one? Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, great.

So the correct version is there we go.

With the other option you can see if you look carefully that the e hasn't been removed.

Since cope ends in an e is necessary to remove the e before adding ed.

Last one, fry.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, fry becomes fried and there is a correct option.

But what's gone wrong? Well with the other option you can see that the y hasn't been removed.

If the present tense verb ends in a y you must first remove the y, add i and then add ed.

And there's our rule.

Here are three present tense verbs.

I'm going to put them into the past tense.

And I'd like you to see what you notice.

Bring becomes brought.

Make becomes made.

Say becomes said.

I'd like you to pause the video and have to think.

What do you notice? Okay, great.

You might have noticed that these three present tense verbs do not follow the ed past tense rules when you put them into the past tense.

These are what we consider irregular verbs.

They do not follow the normal rules or patterns.

You might have come across some of these in your practise.

In the English language, there are lots of irregular verbs, which makes learning it and spelling it quite tricky.

These exist and they make spelling tricky at times.

But if you follow the rules carefully and practise your words carefully, you can overcome them very easily.

We're going to practise a new strategy.

It's called pyramid words.

This is a fantastic strategy that you can use on any of your spelling words.

It's really useful, it's fun and it's always appropriate.

To practise this strategy, you must start off with the first letter of the word you're looking at.

Here we're looking at the word darted.

So I started off with a d.

Below that, you put the first two letters.

And then the first three, then the first four.

You can see what's happening.

Slowly, but surely, I'm making a pyramid.

And it's complete.

When it is complete, there's a couple of really nice touches you can do.

If you look very carefully down the right hand side, look what spelled out.

Darted, there's our word.

And then as a last finishing finishing touch, a nice pyramid round the outside.

Now the question is, why is this strategy useful? Why does it actually work? Well, there are three reasons.

Firstly, it's a version of repeat copying.

This means you're repeating the word again and again and again.

This means you become increasingly familiar with the word and how it's spelt, which is a very useful method when it comes to learning the new spelling.

Secondly, you build the word and letter at the time.

This means you're forced to slow down and consider the word carefully.

It's very difficult to rush.

Thirdly, you can identify.

By this, I mean, you can identify anything that's tricky in the word.

Let's have a look now at what that might look like.

We have a new word, begged.

I'm going to start off with a b, B-E B-E-G.

Now I don't know about you, but I always forget the second g in begged.

It's just a really bad habit of mine.

To help myself remember, when I use pyramid words on the word begged, I do this.

I highlight it.

This is the row I find tricky.

And therefore I made a really big deal of it.

And that way, I don't forget.

And there is our pyramid.

In a second, I want you to pause the video and practise this strategy on some of this week's spelling words.

I'm giving you four suggestions here, dashed, wrapped, chased and cried.

But you can use any of the spelling words that you'd like to focus on.

Pause the video now and have a go.

Okay, great.

It's really good to have another strategy under our belt.

Okay, it's time for this week's test.

I'm going to read out the words to this week's test.

While I do this, I'd like you to pause the video when appropriate to give yourself as much time as you need.

In each instance, I will repeat the word and put it in a sentence.

The first word is darted, darted.

The fish darted along the sea floor.

The second word is yelled, yelled.

The child yelled out to his father.

The third word is dashed.

dashed, They dashed across the playground after a ball.

The fourth word is begged begged The two young girls begged their mother for more time to play.

The fifth word is wrapped, wrapped.

They wrapped their arms around one another in love.

The sixth word is grabbed, grabbed.

He grabbed the pencil and threw it to the ground.

The seventh word is gazed, gazed.

I gazed into the distance as the sun went down.

The eighth word is chased, chased.

The predator chased its prey.

The ninth word is worried, worried.

He worried his dad when he went outside without his coat on.

The 10th word is cried, cried.

The helpless animal cried out.

Okay, great.

Now we have a chance to go through the spellings for this week's test.

What's really important is that if there's anything you got wrong, you write out next to it the correct spelling.

It's fine to get things wrong in a test.

Even if you've been working really hard it's very easy to make a little mistake.

And that's not a problem.

In fact, it's often the words that we get wrong a few times that we end up remembering the best.

There are some words I struggled with this child, which now I couldn't forget if I wanted to.

Here are the spellings for this week.

Pause the video if necessary.

Check your spelling very, very carefully.

And write out any incorrect spellings again, Okay, great.

Well done.

In this lesson we've covered key vocabulary.

We've recapped the rules.

We've learned a new strategy.

And we've done our test.

Pretty good job if you ask me.


Well done working so hard.

You've completed your lesson.