# Lesson video

In progress...

Hello everyone.

It is Mrs. Hardisty again, with your English lesson for today.

I am particularly excited about today's lesson because we are going to be learning all about how bees make honey.

And it's a really unusual process with some rather disgusting facts.

So when you are ready, let's begin.

This is what we're going to be doing in our lesson today.

We're going to learn quite a few words, some technical vocabulary, all about how bees make honey.

Then we're going to learn about the process of how bees make honey.

We going to sequence the process in order so that we know that we've got it in the correct chronological order.

And then finally you are going to be drawing and labelling the process yourself.

For this lesson, you will need an exercise book or paper and a pencil.

So you might want to pause the video and make sure you've got all those things close to you.

Pause the video now.

Well done, let's start our lesson.

So we're going to begin with a quick warm-up to recap some of the words that we looked at in our first lesson in this unit.

I have some sequencing and causal conjunctions on screen.

Some of them describe when something happened, they're the sequencing conjunctions, and some of them link to actions together, a cause and effect, and they're causal conjunctions.

So I have the word finally, consequently, after that, firstly, and as a result.

And I'd like you to try and sort them into two groups, which ones are the sequencing conjunctions, and which ones are the causal conjunctions? You might write it down or you might just want to have a little thing.

So pause the video and sort them now.

Okay, let's have a look at the answers.

So I had three sequencing conjunctions.

They were firstly, after that, and finally.

And my causal conjunctions were consequently, and as a result.

We're going to keep on reminding ourselves of these words because we're going to use them in our writing later on.

So now we're going to look at our key vocabulary.

My tenure term, worker bee.

So worker bee is a bee that collects nectar.

That's their job to collect nectar.

Nectar.

So nectar is a sweet liquid made by flowers.

Bees absolutely love it.

Enzyme.

You might not have heard that word before.

Let's try that again, enzyme.

So an enzyme helps break down nectar and turn it into honey.

And there are enzymes inside the bee's body.

Crop stomach.

Let's try that again, crop stomach.

So stomach is another word for tummy.

Inside the bees tummy they have this crop stomach.

It's a honey stomach, especially for a bee.

Honeycomb cell.

So a honeycomb cell is a wax container for honey.

It's a bit like a teeny tiny cupboard for honey for the bees.

Wax.

So, you might've come across wax before like in a candle.

Wax is a yellow sticky substance made by bees and they use it to make containers for their honey.

Regurgitation.

That's a bit of a bizarre way.

Should we try that one again? Regurgitation.

So regurgitation is kind of like a scientific word for spitting up your food.

So regurgitation means bringing up swallow food into the mouth again.

This was that disgusting fact that I was telling you about.

And we're going to look at that in more detail in a bit.

So now we're going to look at the process of how bees make honey.

How do bees make honey? You might already have an idea of how bees make honey.

So we're going to watch a video now all about the first stage of the honey making process with bees.

So let's just check what we've learned so far.

How many stomachs does a bee have? Is it one or two? Show me with your fingers.

Is it one or two? That's right, it has two stomachs.

One of which is that crop stomach, the honey stomach.

How many flowers might a bee have to visit to fill its stomach? So how many flowers does it need to visit? Is it 100 or 1000? Is it the pink or the blue box? Point to which one it is.

Which one was it? That's right, it was 1000 flowers just to fill it's stomach.

Wow, what a lot of work for those worker bees.

So what did the bees suck up with their tongue? Is it nectar or is it wax? Pink or blue? Point to which one it is.

That's right, they suck up the nectar.

That's what they use to turn into honey.

The wax is what they use to make the little containers, which we're going to learn about later on.

So what helps turn the nectar into honey in their stomach? What is it in their stomach that turns out nectar into honey? Is it nectar? Is it wax? Is it the enzymes? Or is it pollen? Which one is it? Point to the one it is and ready, steady, go.

It's the enzymes, isn't it? The enzymes.

They're the things that turn the nectar into honey.

So now we're going to watch the second part of the video, all about how bees make honey Wow, what a disgusting process.

I never knew that about honey.

So let's just check to see now what we've learnt in our second clip.

So true or false? Bees regurgitate honey into each other's mouth to thicken it up.

True or false? Show me with your thumbs.

And that is, true.

Each time it goes into another bee stomach it becomes thicker.

What shape are the honeycomb cells? It's going to use a bit of our maths now.

Can you remember what shape are the honeycomb cells? Are they square, hexagon, circle or rectangle? Point to which one it is.

Which one is it? In three, two, one.

It's the hexagon, the six sided shape.

Okay, show me your thumbs again.

True or false? Bees flap their wings to cool themselves down after a hard day's work.

Is that true or false? It is, false.

They do flap their wings, but that's to heat up the hive to then thick in the honey, because as the hive warms-up water evaporates out of that honey mixture and it makes it thicker.

So they do flap their wings, but that's not to go themselves down.

So we are going to have a quick recap now of each stage of the process.

So to start with the worker bee goes to visit lots of flowers, remember up to a thousand flowers to fill that stomach.

And it uses its tongue.

It's really long tongue to suck up the nectar.

And that nectar goes into its second stomach.

It's cropped stomach where enzymes start to break it down and turn it into honey.

And then when the worker bee returns to the hive, they regurgitate the honey into the mouth of another bee.

And then that bee chews up and regurgitates it into another bees mouth.

And then they chew it up and they regurgitate it into another bees mouth until it is thick enough.

And then the bee that has a honey in its stomach, regurgitates it when it's ready into the honeycomb cell.

But because it's not still quite thick enough, all the bees together, fan their wings, they flap and fan their wings, which heats up the hive and thickens the honey.

And then finally, they seal off the honeycomb cell with a wax cap to keep the honey safe inside.

It's a bit like putting a lid on top of the jar.

So now we're going to have a practise of sequencing the process to make sure that we've got it in the right order.

I've got all the pictures, but can you see they're a little bit mixed up? So what I'd like you to do is order them.

You need to pause the video in a moment and then choose which one goes first? Point to it.

Which one is going second? Point to that one until you've got all the way to the end of the process.

So pause the video now and have a go at sequencing.

Brilliant, let's have a look at the answer.

So here is a process in the correct sequence.

First, the bee goes to the flower, sucks the nectar with its really long tongue.

The nectar into its crop stomach, starts being broken up.

It then goes back to the hive and regurgitate that mixer into the mouth of another bee who chews up and regurgitates it into the mouth of a different bee, who choose up and keeps regurgitating to another bee, until finally a bee regurgitate, spits that honey into a honeycomb cell and then all the bees flatter and flap their wings in order to make the honey even thicker.

And then finally, they seal off the honeycomb cell with a wax cap.

You need to draw your own images of the process that happens for bees making honey.

And then if you can, I'd like you to label your pictures and add a caption, a quick description of what's happening in each one as well.

You can see that I've started my example here, so you can have a look and then I'd like you to pause the video and do your own.

So let's recap what we've done today.

We've learnt lots of technical vocabulary like honeycomb cell, an enzyme.

We've how bees make honey or that regurgitation.

We sequence a process in order, and then we've drawn and labelled the process ourselves.

Well done everyone.

You have completed your lesson for today.

You have done brilliantly.

What was the most interesting fact that you learned today? It's pretty disgusting the way they spit into each other's mouth, isn't it? Fantastic.

Great work.