Lesson video

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Hi, everyone.

Welcome back to another lesson with me, Ms. Chu.

In today's lesson, we are going to be writing, witness statements for our newspaper report.

This is the section where people who were there, the bystanders, the shop owners, the waiters, the people on the buses, they are giving their first hand account of what they saw.

We're going to transfer that into a report using direct or indirect speech today.

When you're ready, we can start.

Let's look at what you'll need today.

You need an exercise book or paper, pen or pencil, and have your thinking head switched on.

What's the agenda for today? Let's start with a writing warm up, then look at some success criteria.

Look at some modelled writing, and then get on with our independent task.

What's the writing warm up today.

Let's recap on some speech punctuation.

How should we punctuate speech? I wonder if you remember.

Have some time to think.

You can either pause the video or you could just have a think now.

That's right.

Let's go back to our "Speech Sandwich".

We have our inverted commas, bread, our tomato punctuation and the speech, the cheesy speech, in the middle.

Looks like this.

Inverted commas, capital letter, it was absolute chaos, exclamation mark, inverted commas, reported a bystander, full stop.

There are inverted commas, with our sandwich bread.

And that's represented in the sentence below.

We've got to remember the rest of the sentence to tell us who said it for clarity.

For example we have our "Speech Sandwich" with our cheesy speech.

And then at the end, we've got who said it.

Reported a bystander, full stop.

Then we have, our three types of speech.

Speech first, is when speech is said in the sentence first.

And then the person who says, said it comes after it.

Speech second, if you remember the person who says it comes fast, comma, and then the speech comes second in the sentence.

Interrupted speech, is when the speech is interrupted by who said it.

It was absolute chaos, who said it? A bystander reported.

And then the rest of the speech, because it's interrupted by the person who said it.

Good memories.

I would like you now to pause the video in a minute and write your own speech sentences.

This is what someone at the restaurant has said.

He's a restaurant owner, and his name, I've given his name as Raul Garcia.

They took all the money from my restaurant.

It was absolute chaos.

And then I've got your "Speech Sandwich" image below, to remind you how to put in the correct punctuation.

I would like you to pause the video and have a go at doing either speech first, speech second, or interrupted speech.

You could choose.

Or if you'd like to have a go, you could try having a go, all three, pause the video and have a go.

It's my turn.

Using the speech sound, which image to help me.

I have written, famous restaurant octopus owner.

Raul Garcia claimed, comma, inverted commas, capital letters.

They took all the money from my restaurant.

It was absolute chaos, exclamation mark with an inverted commas at the end.

Wonder if you know what type of speech this is, Is this a first speech, second or interrupted speech? Have a look now.

Where does the speech come in the sentence at the beginning, first in the sentence, second in the sentence, or is it interrupted by the person? Yes, it's speech second because the person who said it comes first, then the speech comes second.

Well done.

Success criteria.

What is the success criteria for today? Number one, direct speech and indirect speech.

Two types.


Direct speech has inverted commas and all the punctuation that comes with speech, indirect speech doesn't.

Got to remember that for today.

Number two.

Vary types of speech.

We want to think of using first, second or interrupted, we don't want to just use one type.

We want to vary it in our writing to show off that we know all three.

Number three.

Speech punctuation for direct speech and synonyms for said.

We don't want to keep using said, said, said, we want to use synonyms, reported, claimed, exclaimed.

Those are some examples that you could use today.

And brackets for additional information.

Let's look at some modelled writing now.

Quick recap.

Do you remember all the different types of people that could be around the scene of the event that we could talk about? We could write about? I have office worker, restaurant owner, shopper, waiter.

Can you now have a think.

Pause the video, have a think.

Who are the other people that we could mention in our newspaper report? You could have a delivery man, local resident, any other things, shout them out to me.


Let's look at some of the things that they could have said at the time.

These are three examples of things that people could have said.

The diner bandits were driving like maniacs down the street.

I'm sure I saw a dark silhouette that looked like Spiderman.

Thank goodness he was there, otherwise the police would have never caught him.

Pause the video and look at your planning of the third paragraph, our eye witness statement paragraph.

You should have on your planning, at least two examples of people and their names, their jobs, their feelings, and what they said.

Have a look.

You should have it on your planning.

Here is an example that I have from before.

On my planning I have the name, Steve Glub, his job, he was a delivery man.

And how he felt, he was bewildered.

This is what he said.

I just happened to be unloading when I saw a couple of men driving like maniacs down the street.

How now do we change that into a paragraph? Let's have a look now.

At the top of my page, I have my plan and my success criteria, because they will both help me to write the paragraph.

I've just gone through who the person is.

Steve Glub, he's delivery man, he's bewildered.

And what he said, I just happened to be unloading when I saw a couple of men driving like maniacs down the street.

And I have my success criteria to use direct or indirect speech, varying my speech, using the right punctuation and brackets.

Here is some modelled writing.

It's a writing that I did earlier and let's have a look if I have included all the things that I needed to include, I've started with.

A bewildered delivery driver, because I've used my plan.

I've said that he's bewildered because it's in the feelings part.

I've given him the name so that the public know who he is, a bewildered delivery driver, comma, Steve Glub.

And I've now given extra information, it's not on my plan but I've decided to put it in because I want to just give that extra bit of information.

Steve Glub, brackets, who happened to be driving from Regent's Street to Oxford Street, close brackets, reported, I chose to use speech second here.

I wanted to say who it was first.

And then I wanted to say what he said, inverted comma.

Comma, if it's speech second, always comma before your speech.

Inverted commas, capital letters.

I just happened to be unloading, when I saw a couple of men driving like maniacs down the street.

And I've taken that straight from my plan, you can see in the box where I have my speech.

I've just taken that straight out and put it into my writing.

Then I don't have to think about what I'm saying because I've already got that on my plan.

And I just need to focus on my punctuation, with my full stop and inverted commas at the end.

This is an example of direct speech.

I've used direct speech and speech second.

Then I had a go at doing a different type of speech.

I wonder if you could have a look now, really carefully at what type of speech this is.

I've stuck with the same way of starting, a bewildered delivery driver.

I've taken the feelings, taken his name, Steve Glub, gave him extra information.

Who happened to be driving from Regent Street to Oxford Street.

Reported, that he had just happened to be unloading when he saw a couple of men driving like maniacs down the street.

I've taken again what he said, but this time, instead of using inverted commas and I haven't used direct speech, I've changed it.

I wonder if you can see the difference between the first bit of speech that I wrote and this speech.

I said reported that he had just happened to be unloading when he saw a couple of men.

I've changed it from, I changed the person from first person to third person, it's now not, I saw, but he saw.

And I've also taken out the inverted commas, and I've had to put in, that he had just happened to be unloading, when he saw.

This is an example of indirect speech.

We also can call it reported speech.

There are two names for this.

We can say indirect speech or reported speech.

Let's look now at another example, of a planned eye witness statement.

Name, Jane Horlock.

Job, she's a local resident.

I haven't worked out what job she has, but I've just said that she's a local resident and that's fine.

Feeling, relieved.

What does she say? What things is she relieved about? Thank goodness he was there.

The police would have never caught them without Spiderman.

How am I going to now transfer this into sentences? Let's have a look.

I have my plan again and my success criteria and they're there because I need them both to help me to write.

I know it's Jane Horlock.

She's a local resident, she's feeling relieved.

And that's what she says.

I'm going to now transfer it into sentences.

A local resident.

And this time I've given the extra information of who she is in brackets, Jane Horlock, aged 55, who happened to observe the scene from her flat, comma, commented that she was relieved that Spiderman was there.

She believed that the police would have never caught them without him.

Have a look now.

Pause the video.

And I want you to think about what type of speech this is.

Let's look at what things that are highlighted.

Give me the clues as to which type of speech.

Commented that.

The word that.

She was relieved that Spiderman was there.

She believed, right, it's not in first person, it's in third person and there are no inverted commas.

This must be an example of indirect or reported speech.


What about this one now? Thank goodness he was there, explained Jane Horlock, a local resident, aged 55, who observed the scene from her flat.

The police would have never caught them without Spiderman.

I want you to pause the video, read through it yourself and see if you can tick off on the success criteria the things that I have included.

Pause the video and go.

I have got my speech punctuation.

I'm going to tick tick, tick.

I've got my inverted commas, capital letter, my comma, I've said, who said it, Jane Horlock and I've used the synonym for said, I said explained.

I've got my brackets for extra information.

And I've got my full stop right at the end of both my sentences.

This is an example of what type of speech.

Did you have a think about what kind of speech this could be? There's speech at the beginning, there's speech at the end, and in the middle, interrupted speech.


This is direct an example of direct interrupted speech because it has the inverted commas, the person who said it is in the middle, it's interrupting the speech.

Well done if you've got that.

Independent task, It is your turn to write your paragraph.

You will use the two examples of speech that you have written from before in your previous lesson.

You can use two examples or three.

And you're going to write your paragraph using this success criteria, the same one that I used when I wrote my modelled writing.

You can choose between direct or indirect speech.

What would be great is if you could do one direct speech and one indirect speech if you're doing two examples.

And I will let you choose what type of direct speech you'd like to do.

You could do, speech first, speech second, or speech interrupted.

If you'd like to challenge yourself, do speech interrupted.

Remember your synonyms for said and brackets for additional information.

Here is a slide that you may use, while you are doing your writing, which has the plan on the left and the success criteria.

You will have your own plans, but you can refer to this success criteria.

Pause the video and have a go at writing your paragraph right now.

Well done.

You have done really well today.

You have written so, so many sentences using the accurate or appropriate speech punctuation.

We looked at the success criteria, which you needed to use today.

We looked at some modelled writing to help us.

And then we did our own independent task which was to write the third paragraph of our newspaper report, which was the eye witness statements paragraph.



You have completed today's lesson.

If you'd like to share your work with a parent or carer do so.

And I look forward to teaching your next lesson.