Lesson video

In progress...


Hey everyone.

My name is Miss Dhillon and last lesson, we were learning about what economic migrants are and why they move from one place to another for economic reasons.

For example they might do this, to find a job.

In the lesson today we will be exploring a very interesting question, which is, what is a refugee.

This is what the structure of the lesson is going to look like today.

We will begin by going through the star words, then we will think about the question what is a refugee, then we will think about migration from Syria to the UK and why people were fleeing from Syria, and finally we will finish by thinking about the impact on refugee families.

For this lesson, please make sure you have all your equipment ready to go.

So you will need some paper or exercise book to write in, a pen or pencil, and of course your brain so you can do lots of thinking together, in today's lesson.

On the screen you can see the star words for today's lesson.

Lets say them out loud using my turn, and your turn.

Refugee, persecution, asylum, asylum seeker, Syria, civil war.

Excellent job team.

So like every lesson, lets start by thinking about the key vocabulary that we will need to understand, in order to access today's lesson.

Lets have a look at the definition for refugee.

You have already come across this definition before.

A refugee is a person who has been forced to leave their home.

For example it might be due to war, persecution, or a natural disaster.

Persecution means when someone is unfairly treated, because of their race or religious or political beliefs.

In the United Kingdom, a person is officially a refugee, when they have their claim for asylum accepted by the government.

Asylum means the protection given by a country to someone who has left their home as a refugee.

So asylum means protection.

What does asylum mean? Good job.

It means protection.

Now you might have heard the term asylum seeker before.

This is a person, who has left their home country, and has formally applied, for asylum or protection in another country, but the application, has not yet been granted.

Therefore they are seeking, or looking for asylum and protection.

Until its not granted, they are not officially a refugee.

Now that we've gone over some important vocabulary for today's lesson, I would like you to match up the key words or phrases, to the correct word.

So match up the pink, with the orange.

Pause the video now to complete this task.

Here are the answers.

Well done for endeavouring to get all eight key words, and phrases matched up correctly.

We are now going to look at the migration from Syria to the United Kingdom.

Migration from Syria to Europe, is one of the most important and telling examples of the movement of refugees, from one place to another.

There are approximately six million Syrian refugees within Syria, and approximately six million refugees outside of Syria.

Look at the map on the screen.

This map shows the migration route from Syria to Europe.

Looking more closely at the map, can you tell me which countries, do Syrian refugees pass through on route to Europe.

So before you do that, I am going to share one with you.

So on the map, I can see, that they pass through Jordan.

That is one example.

Now on the screen, you can see two more examples, of countries, through which the refugees pass through.

Look more closely at the map, and say them out loud.


So did you say Egypt at the very bottom? And then Italy as well.

So Italy is the gateway into Europe, which means it allows refugees to finally enter Europe.

So now you're probably wondering, why are refugees fleeing Syria.

So there has been a civil war in Syria, for the last seven years or so.

A civil war is a war, between citizens of the same country.

What is a civil war? A war between citizens of the, good same country not different country.

Okay? And the people of Syria became very upset and angry with the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, and they tried to fight against him.

However, he used chemical weapons and army forces that led to lots of fighting in a destructive civil war through out the whole country.

Looking at the example of migration from Syria to the UK, I would like you to think about the following.

What type of migration is this? Is it a forced or voluntary migration? And based on what I've just told you, can you identify one push factor, that would lead someone to flee Syria.

Pause the video now to complete this task.

Here are the answers.

So the key thing to say, in regards to the push factors, is that the war, the civil war is pushing the migrants to leave Syria, or that its too dangerous for them to live there, and that's why they are leaving.

Look at the picture on the screen.

This is a picture of a village in Syria.

I would like you to think about whether or not you would like to live here and I would like you to answer why.

Why would you, or would you not want to live here.

So pause the video now to think about the answer, remember there is no right answer, it is just your opinion.

You are now going to look a bit more closely at the picture.

Okay team.

We are now going to think about the impact on refugee families.

A refugee family who has to flee Syria to escape the war, would be feeling lots of different emotions.

We are going to try to understand what impact being a refugee, can have on a family.

We are first going to look and think about Tarek, who is a twenty eight year old Syrian father.

So in that family image, we are just zooming in onto the father.

So lets read about how he is feeling, about fleeing Syria.

At the moment, it is not safe for me and my family to live in Syria.

I am really happy to be moving to the UK to reach a place of safety, for me and my family.

Although i am happy, I am devastated to leave other members of my family behind, for example my brother.

I hope that he can join me in the UK, in the near future.

Now we've just read about Tarek and his experiences as a father.

So what I would like you to do, is name one reason why Tarek is happy, and then one reason why Tarek is sad.

To do this task, you might need to go back and pause here , so you can re-read the text.

Pause the video now to complete this task.

Here are the answers.

So you should have said that Tarek is really happy to get to safety, but he is very sad because he has to leave other family members, who are still back in Syria.

Okay team.

So now you've seen an example I would like you to think about, how would a child in this refugee family, be feeling when they are forced to flee their country.

We cannot of course ever truly understand what they go through, but we are trying to be empathetic and understand what concerns they might have.

Think about that child, in the picture.

The child is very young, and so might be scared about what's going on, about the civil war and the chemical weapons are being used in their country.

Think about that child and how they might also be thinking about school and missing school, and also not been able to see their friends or family.

I would now like you to write in the first person so you will need to use I, when you start your sentences for example, I feel, I am worried about, I don't understand, I will miss, I hope, and I am happy about.

So now I'd like you to pause the video to complete this task.

Okay team.

That is now the end of today's lesson.

I am sure, that you have been very empathetic and written very thoughtfully from the perspective of a child.

You should now understand what a refugee is and what seeking asylum or protection means.

You have also learnt, about how a war can be a push factor for migrants, and in particular in the case of migrants moving from Syria to the United Kingdom.

Next lesson, we will be learning, about how climate change will be affecting migration.

Bye everyone.

If you'd like to, please ask your parent or carer to share your work on Instagram, Facebook or Twitter tagging @OakNational and #LearnwithOak.