Lesson video

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Welcome back to another geography lesson.

I'm really excited today because we are learning all about Asia.

What is Asia like? And Asia is the biggest continent on Earth.

I'm so excited.

Now you have already helped me fly to the moon, to Europe, to Australia, and Africa.

Can you help me fly today to Asia? You can? Oh, amazing.

Now, I would like to go to Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka.

There's a really, really beautiful view there and I think that's where we should start our lesson.

So we're going to count to two today.

So we're going to go one, two.

Or you can clap, one, two.

Are you ready? Get your back nice and straight, shoulders back.

Ready? One, two.

And we have arrived.

Wow, take a look at this view.

How beautiful is this? Welcome to Sri Lanka in Asia.

Okay, for today's lesson we are going to be recapping the continents, looking at a map of Asia, looking at the climate and the physical features, the landmark and some animals that you could find in Asia.

So get yourself ready.

You were going to need an exercise book, a piece of paper.

You will need a piece of paper today, so make sure you've got a separate piece of paper and the piece of paper or book that you're going to write in today.

Your pencil, a green pen, and of course, your brain.

Okay, well done.

Go and get those things if you don't have them already.

So pause the video if you need to grab them.


So we are geographers.

Let's recap what a geographer is.

Are you ready? A geographer is a special type of scientist, good, who studies the earth, the land, and the people.

Well done.

So a geographer.

Geographers are types of scientists who study the earth, land, and the people.


Here is our 100% sheet.

This is all the knowledge that we are going to be learning in this unit of work.

You can see here that we're looking specifically at these facts about Asia, and we are looking at the size and the population.

That means how many people live there.

Can you stand up wherever you are and get your hands ready for our star words? These are the key words we're going to be talking about this lesson.

Are you ready? Star words, star words, star words.

Your turn, have a go.

Good, landmark.




What's a continent? Did you say it's a large area of land? Well done.





What does population mean? It means how many people live there.

Well done.

Sit back down, get nice and comfy.

We're going to play our favourite game.

I'm going to say a continent and you're going to point to it on the map.

Are you ready? Can you be quicker than me? Can you point to Africa? Oh, good job.

Can you point to Australia? Good job.

Can you point to South America? Amazing.

And lastly, can you point to Antarctica? You are incredible.

Now take a look here at the world map with the continents labelled.

We are looking at Asia today.

It's the golden one on the map at the top.

Can you see it? It's the golden-colored continent on our map.

Now Asia is the largest continent in the world, on our Earth.

It stretches from the Arctic Ocean to the equator.

So you can see the red line.

Remember it's the imaginary line that goes around the Earth.

It stretches from the Arctic to the equator.

And some islands in Asia do dip just under the Equator there.

But you can see it is huge.

Even on the map you can see how big it is.

Now I would like you to order the continents by population from the largest to the smallest.

So we are looking at how many people live there, okay? I want you to put the country that has the most amount of people at the top and then the country with the least amount of people at the bottom, okay? Have a go at doing that one now.

Pause the video.

Okay, get your coloured pencil or pen ready.

We are going to check our answers.

Now population is how many people live there.

And remember that billions, billions of people is the largest.

So let's take a look at our answers.

So Asia has the most amount of people that live there, the largest population.


5 billion people live in Asia.


2 billion live in Africa.

741 million in Europe.

Make sure you're ticking these as you go along or you're fixing it.

So if you got it wrong you're not going to put a big scribble through it.

You can just write it next to it in your coloured pencil.

Then we've got North America which is 579 million people who live there.

South America, 422 million.

Australia, 40 million.

And then Antarctica at the bottom has 5,000.

Now the 5,000 people that live there don't live there all the time.

They live there temporarily.

That means that most of them are scientists studying the continent.

So they can't live that all the time.

It's too cold to live there all the time.

Okay, here is a map of Asia.

Now Asia has, get ready, 48 countries.

How many countries does it have? Good, 48.

This includes countries like Russia, China, and Saudi Arabia.

Have a look at the map.

Can you see any other countries there? Can you say one name out loud? Good, well done.

Now take a look at the top here of the map.

Can you see the country Russia? You can? Now did you know that Russia is the biggest country in the world, and it's part of Asia? And I think that Russia helps to make Asia so big because it's the largest country in the world and it's part of the biggest continent in the world.

Now there are 4.

5 billion people that live in Asia.

That's a lot of people, isn't it? But 1.

4 billion of those people live in China, which is quite a big country.

It's got quite a lot of people that live there, 1.

4 billion, wow.

Now, can you, in your exercise book, can you write down three countries in age? Pause the video and have a go at that now.

Okay, well done.

Now we just talked about how China has got 1.

4 billion people who live there.

Now within China is a city called Beijing.

Here's a picture.

Now when you have a city that has a population of more than 10 million, it is classed, we call it a mega city.

We call it a? Let's say it.

Let's say it really loud.

Mega city.

Your turn.

So Beijing is a mega city because it has more than 10 million people.

In fact, it has 1.

4 billion people that live there.

It's known as a mega city because its population is more than 10 million.

Now another city in Asia called Tokyo in Japan is also a mega city.

And so is Delhi in India.

There are lots of mega cities in Asia actually.

But in London, our city, London, the capital city of the United Kingdom, 9 million people live there.

Now we need 10 million people to make a mega city.

So how many more people need to live in London for it to be a mega city? There needs to be one more million people need to live in London.

So when we get to 10 million London will be classed as a mega city.

Okay, here are some fruits that you might find in Asia.

You can buy them here in the UK at some markets.

You might be at being able to buy some of them in the supermarkets.

Now we can see up here, this one here is called a jackfruit.

It's called a? Good, a jackfruit.

Now we eat things like apples and oranges or bananas.

That's not to say that they are our fruit that we buy.

Fruit gets travelled and transported all over the world.

But these are some common fruits that you might find in Asia.

So we've got the jackfruit in the middle.

The white one, the white and pink one is called a lychee.

It's called a? Now I've tried lychee and it's really, really nice.

We've got durian up the other side of this row, durian.

We've got down here, So I'm pointing to them, in the place down here we have got mangosteen.

It's called? Good, then in the middle, we've got carambola.

We've got? It looks like a star, doesn't it? When you cut it, so when you pull it almost out its shell and then you cut it, it looks like a star.

And then the far side on this row here we have got a pink one called dragon fruit.

It's called? Good, well done.

You can have dragon fruit in smoothies.

It's really, really delicious.

Now in your books I would like you to draw a picture of the fruit.

And then I would like you to find its name, so label it in your book with its name.

The first one I have done for you.

So pause the video and have a go at doing that now.

Okay, well done.

So we have got the lychee is the pink one on the other side of this row.

Then we've got dragon fruit, which is this one.

And then we have got carambola, which is the one that looks like a star.

Well done.

So the physical features of Asia.

It's a hugely diverse land.

There are loads of different areas of Asia.

We've got desert.

So you can see here that it looks like sand, doesn't it? This picture is from space.

It's from the International Space Station.

They've taken this picture.

And you can see from space how it's covered in sand.

It's like desert, the land is covered by sand.

Then we've got tropical rainforest as well.

We've got lots of mountains and we've got lots of plains and grasslands.

There are loads of different types of environments in Asia.

Now then there's a place called Mount Everest, which is the highest point on Earth.

And there are two main routes that you can follow if you want to climb Mount Everest.

But it can take up to 40 days.

And it's really, really hard because there's bad weather.

You can get really poorly.

There's lots of wind.

It's really cold.

Do you think you might be up to the challenge of climbing Mount Everest? You could show so much courage, well done.

Now that is the highest point on Earth.

Now the lowest point on Earth is here.

What can you see the man doing in the water? He's reading the newspaper.

Does he look like he's swimming? No, he's not swimming because he's in the Dead Sea.

He's in the? In the Dead Sea, the lowest point on Earth.

It has really, really salty water, the saltiest water in fact.

And it's denser.

It almost means it's heavier than normal water, which means that you can float, your body is lighter, so you can float in the water without having to swim and keep yourself up like you would in a swimming pool.

You can see here he is floating in the water reading his newspaper.

How silly.

Okay, let's take a look at some landmarks.

Now this is called The Great Wall of China.

It's called the? Now this is a really, really popular place to visit in China.

It's all part of Chinese history.

And you can learn about that another time.

But today my key fact for you is that it is 5,500 miles long.

You can see here from the picture that you can see the wall travelling up and over the mountains and it goes into the distance so you can't see it anymore.

It's that long.

It's really, really big.

So you could visit the Great Wall in China.

Where is it? It's in, good.

Here we've got the Taj Mahal in India.

You can see here, how beautiful is this building? Look how beautiful it is.

Now this, the Taj Mahal is in India.

Thousands and thousands of people visit this key landmark every day.

But you can see here in the picture there isn't many people.

This picture was taken when there wasn't lots of people.

So the Taj Mahal is in India.

It's in? Good.

Here we've got the rice terraces.

These are in the Philippines.

Now these look a bit strange, don't they? But if you look a bit closely you can see that there's lots of flat land.

This was built 2,000 years ago so farmers could grow rice on the flat land.

Because if you imagine a hill, it goes down like this.

It's quite hard to grow things on there.

So these terraces were built to help rice farmers grow the rice.

It is a fantastic piece of history here, seeing how they built it like this.

And it's still there today.

So you can see at the top it's nice and flat.

So it still looks a bit like a hill, but the top is flat so you can plant the rice and grow the rice.

Then you go down a level and you plant around that bit.

Down another, you can carry on planting.

Down again, carry on planting so that you can plant all the way round in the Philippines on this part here in the rice terraces.

This is fantastic.

I love this picture.

Okay, then we've got the Batu Caves in Malaysia.

What's it called? It's called the? Good, the Batu Caves.

Now these are limestone hills that are a series of caves and temples.

And these caves are part of the Hindu religion.

It's a Hindu shrine.

And you can see here the golden statue which you can see from miles away.

It's huge.

You can see the people at the bottom are really small.

Now Miss Harris has been here.

And a really, really interesting fact here is you can see there are lots of steps behind.

Can you see behind the statue? There are some steps that you have to climb.

And it takes a really, really long time.

It took me a really long time to get up there.

But when you get into the temple it's really quiet and it's really beautiful.

And there's lots of people looking around admiring the limestone which they think was there hundreds and hundreds, millions of years ago.

But in the temple sometimes there are some really, really cheeky monkeys.

They're really, really cheeky.

And you can see a picture here of the monkeys.

Okay, now here is a Dragon Bridge in Vietnam.

In? Good, in Vietnam.

This is in Danang, which is a city in Vietnam.

And this bridge, you can see here, it shoots out fire, it breathes fire and water.

And this is a sign of special occasions in Vietnam.

And you can see here it breathes fire and water.

And this happens every Saturday and Sunday.

So you have to be really careful when you're walking past you don't get wet.

Suddenly it just shoots out the water and you get really wet.

So that's in Vietnam.

Okay, now we've done this task before.

You are going to write down which countries are these landmarks from.

So start with the number one, the Great Wall of China.

What country is it from? Pause the video and have a go at that now.

Okay, let's check your answers.

So the Great Wall of China is in China.

The Taj Mahal is in India.

Tick or fix.

The rice terraces is in the Philippines.

The Batu Caves are in Malaysia.

And the Dragon Bridge is in Vietnam.

Check your answers.

If you need to pause the video to check them now, you can do that.

If you got one wrong, don't scribble it out.

Just write the correct answer next to in your coloured pencil.

Good, okay.

Here is the fact file that we are going to make today.

So with the piece of paper I asked you to get earlier, I'd like you to fold it in half so you make a little book that looks like this.

You are going to make a fact file about some animals in Asia.

I'm going to tell you about four animals.

You're going to choose one and you're going to draw the picture on the front and then inside you're going to write some information about that animal, okay? So fold it now.

If you need to pause the video to make that, do that now.


So these are the four animals that I'm going to talk about.

I would like you to pause the video if you need to so you can choose one.

So keep it in your head which animal.

Choose the picture, which one would you like to write about? Okay, so I'm going to talk about the Asian black bear, also known as Asiatic black bear.

Now it can walk on two or four legs.

So humans walk on two legs.

But the black back can walk on four or two.

And it does this when it wants to intimidate its predators.

Now the black bear, its eyesight and its hearing is really, really weak.

So it uses its sense of smell to detect food.

Great, now here are the facts that I've just talked about.

If you would like to make a fact file about the Asian black bear, I would like you to pause the video now and make your fact file.

If not, you're going to carry on listening till I get to your animal.

Okay, well done.

The next one is the giant panda.

So you can see here the giant panda has got really, really woolly fur, because it needs to keep warm because the giant panda lives in the mountains in China where it's really cool and wet.

So its fur helps it to keep warm.

And you can recognise the panda because it's got black marks around its eyes.

And they're really distinctive, so you might be able to recognise them easily.

They eat bamboo during the day, which is almost like a woody plant.

But pandas are not very social animals.

That means they don't like to have a lot of friends.

So they often sit on their own eating their bamboo.

But bamboo isn't really that good for the giant pandas.

So they have to eat a lot, a lot of bamboo, to stay healthy, to get the nutrients that they need.

Otherwise they wouldn't have any energy.

So the giant panda is part of the bear family.

And the giant panda, if you look at its paw, its front paws, they have five fingers.

There's my facts.

It has five fingers and a thumb like humans, like we do.

So they can grip onto things, onto the bamboo, and it helps them to climb and grip onto things.

Now, if you would like to write about the giant panda, pause the video and do your fact file now.

Okay, and the next animal, we are looking at the red panda.

Now the red panda is related to the giant panda but it's really, really, really small.

The red panda is the size of a cat, whereas a giant panda is huge, the size of a bear.

But the red panda's really small, the size of a cat.

If you have a pet cat, that's roughly the size of a panda.

They like to spend 13 hours a day eating food.

And they do eat things like bamboo, but they eat the young leaves from the bamboo.

And they live high up in the trees.

So if you would like to write about the red panda.

Ooh, they're also related to raccoons.

That's why they look a bit like them.

So pause the video if you would like to write about the red panda now.

Okay, the last animal is a reptile.

It's the Indian cobra.

So the Indian cobra is known for its threatening hood here around the snake's head.

When it feels threatened or angry, the head of the snake goes up really high and it puffs out its hood like this.

And you can see, by the picture at the top up here, you can see that it's got long ribs around the outside of its head and it's covered in skin which helps it to puff out and look really, really scary.

Now this is a really venomous snake.

So that means if it bit you, it could be really, really fatal.

So these are venomous snakes.

They eat lots of different mammals like birds and they eat birds' eggs as well, frogs and toads.

And they can live almost anywhere.

So they are a really, really deadly reptile in Asia.

So if you would like to write about this wonderful reptile, you can pause the video and write about it now.

Okay, and lastly I would like you to draw three other animals that you could see in Asia.

And here are some on here.

So we've got things like orangutan.

We've got leopards.

We've got the Asian elephant.

We've got peacock.

We got rhinos.

We've got anteaters.

Can you pause the video and draw three of those now.

Wow, Year 1, you have worked so hard today.

I'm so, so proud of you.

You should be really, really proud of yourself for all of that wonderful knowledge you have learnt today.

Now, if you would like to send me a picture of your work you can send it to me on Twitter.

So ask your parent or carer to take a picture and they can tag @OakNational and use the #ONAYear1, where I will be able to see it.

Have a wonderful rest of your day and I will see you next time, bye.