Lesson video

In progress...



Welcome back.

My name is Ms Apps and I'm very excited to be welcoming you back into my history classroom today.

Over the past couple of lessons, we've sailed the seven seas to the Caribbean, with Sir Francis Drake and the sea dogs.

We've explored America at Roanoke, and we've travelled towards the Islamic world of the Ottoman empire and Morocco and explored the ways in which these areas were connected to Elizabethan England.

In today's lesson, we will be travelling all around the world to trace the places that Elizabethan England traded with.

So without further ado, let's get started.

Grab a pen, grab some paper, pause the video if you need to, and we will get going.

Do you have your pen? Do you have your paper? Are you ready? If you are, let's begin.

So over these six lessons together, we are going to be investigating why the world was opening up to Elizabeth I and her people.

However in today's lesson, we're going to focus in on how the places and people that Elizabethans traded with expanded.

So I'd like you to get your title down now, please.

How did trade expand in the Elizabethan era? If you need a second, put a pause on the video now, so you can get that done.


If you've written down your title, let's get started.

So in front of you, I have a map.

I wonder if you could guess what this map and the stars might represent.

I'm going to give you 30 seconds.

Jot down on your piece of paper.

What do you think the stars on this map might represent? Off you go.


What did you write down? What did you guess? Did you guess correctly? These are the areas of the world that Shooter England attempted to trade with.

So if you got that correct, well done.

To get started with those today, what I would like us to do, I'm going to get rid of my face now so you can see this is we're going to have a go at doing a little sequencing activities that we can make sure that we've gotten what we've covered so far correct.

And we remember it.

So I've got four events.

What I would like you to do is see if you can get these down on your paper, in the correct order.

So we have, England and Morocco form an alliance against Spain.

The reformation causes tension, the Spanish empire developed and privateering triggers war.

Can you get these events that led to the Elizabethan world expanding in the correct order? Put a pause on the video now and have a go.

So how did you do? Let's look through the order.

So this is the order.

So first of all, from 1492 onwards with the voyage of Christopher Columbus to the new world that wasn't actually that new, the Spanish empire developed.

So from 1492, the Spanish are developing their empire.

That's fine until the reformation begins to cause tension because the English reformation means that England becomes Protestant and Spanish is the Catholic nation, therefore starts to go against England.

As a consequence of religious differences between England and Spain, tensions rise.

And this leads to Elizabeth I allowing her privateers to attack Spanish shipping and colonies, so areas controlled by Spain in the Caribbean, South and Central America.

This triggers the war between Spain and England.

As a consequence of that from 1588 onwards, Sultan Ahmad al-Mansur, who we learned about last lesson, starts to seek to develop better links with England, by creating an alliance with England against Spain.

Did you get those correct? Give yourself a tick for the ones you did and if you didn't quite get them correct, can you now copy and paste copy, sorry, not copy and paste.

Can you now copy these down in the correct order? Put a pause on the video if you need to.

And then we'll move on.

In the Elizabethan era, trade was expanding massively.

And the Elizabethans were increasingly finding far flung places to trade for goods.

If we're going to understand this, one key idea we need to understand when we think about Elizabethan trade, is the development of the joint-stock company.

Because one of the reasons why the Elizabethans were able to trade to so many places was because of the invention of this type of company.

So a joint-stock company sounds difficult but it's actually really really easy to understand.

A joint-stock company is basically when a group of rich courtiers, so a group of wealthy noble men and women who live at the courts of Elizabeth, who live with her, who are either partially royal or Lords or Ladies or Jukes and merchants as well, pool together their money.

So they all invest a little bit of money into a company.

The company, all those people together then use that money to buy ships and to pay for sailors and merchants to travel to new areas of the world on trading missions.

Once you've invested your money, you hope that the missions go well.

And any profit that is made from those missions, you get a share of.

So to put it in the simplest terms, you put some money into a company, the company uses your money alongside lots of other people's money to pay for a trading mission.

Say, for example, in this instance to Morocco, just as we learned about last week.

So the Barbary Company might pay people to go to Morocco.

When those traders go to Morocco and they trade English cloth for things like wine, sugar, horses and bring those back to England, those items are then sold to the English people.

And any profit is made, gets shared out amongst the people who have invested.

So joint-stock companies are really important.

And if you're going to go on to study things like early America, when English people found first went to America, it was joint-stock companies that funded those journeys as well.

But that is a story for another inquiry.

I'm going to hand it over to you now to learn a little bit more about Elizabethan trade.

So what I would like you to do now is to pause this video, read the slides on the next page about the development of trade and joint-stock companies in Elizabethan times and answer the comprehension questions.

So pause the video now and come back to me when you're finished.


How did we do? Let's go over these answers.

Remember as always, if you don't quite write what I've written, that's absolutely fine.

As long as it's around about the same idea.

So you can always give yourself a tick or cross or pause the video and rewrite your answers.

So what problems were connected with the wool trade? An acceptable answer would have been the wool trade made people poor.

A really good answer though, would have been the wool trade increased poverty as the wealthy took over lots of land for sheep farming.

Pause the video if you need to.

Number two, where had the Tudors begun to trade before the reign of Elizabeth? So before the reign of Elizabeth, an acceptable answer might have been, the Tudors had begun to trade in Russia and Guinea.

Guinea is in West Africa.

They were trading in Russia with a King called Ivan the Terrible.

A good answer there would have been, the Tudors had begun to trade in Newfoundland, the Canary Islands, Guinea in Africa and Muscovy or Moscow in Russia.

So a good answer has a little bit more detail.

Again, pause on the video if you need to.

Number three, getting trickier, what is a joint-stock company? So an acceptable answer might have been something along the lines of a company with people investing.

A really good answer would have been a company with investors who would help fund voyages in return they would receive a portion of any profit made.

So if you talked about investors or people paying towards the company and then receiving profit in return, brilliant answer.

Question number four.

What items did the Elizabethans want from the Ottoman Empire and Morocco? An acceptable answer might've been that they wanted sugar and silk.

A really, really good answer though, would have been, the Elizabethans wanted wine, currants, cotton and silk from the Ottoman empire and from Morocco, they wanted sugar.

Question five challenge.

Were the Elizabethan attempts to trade and explore the new world of the Caribbean and America successful? You should have come to your own conclusion here and you could sit on the fence.

So if you were arguing that they were successful, you might have said that they established a colony at Roanoke, which would be developed later under James I, you could have mentioned Sir Francis Drake's Panama raids where if you remember back to the previous lessons, he managed to snatch 150,000 pesos of silver in 1573.

For not successful though, you could have mentioned the fact that Roanoke failed, that Sir John Hawkins attempts to slave trading failed, and that largely things did not go that great in the Caribbean and America.

So coming back to this question, why was the world opening up to Elizabeth I and her people? When we think about trade here really we're thinking about the facts that relying purely on the wool trade caused lots of hardship and poverty to the main part of Elizabethan people.

And so therefore when we think about trade, we're largely thinking about wealth.

So the Elizabethan people decided to trade with more areas of the world, purely to develop England's wealth.

Let's pause the video now and attempt our challenge task.

So why did the Elizabethans attempt to expand trade? Let's put our learning from today's lesson into context.

So the Elizabethans attempted to expand trade because the cloth trade caused poverty.

Consequently, they.

Finish my sentence telling me about the regions that they traded with, the companies they set up and the goods that they sought to buy.

Pause the video now and resume once you finish writing that answer.

How did you do? Let's have a look for a model answer now.

Remember as always, if you haven't quite written what I have, it's absolutely fine.

As long as it's around this sort of answer, we're good.

If you would like to though, if you'd like to improve your answers, please feel free to pause the video and steal some of my ideas.

So what would I have written? I would have said the Elizabethans attempted to expand trade because the cloth trade caused poverty.

Consequently, they sought to expand who they were trading with.

Joint-stock companies were set up to fund trading missions to new areas of the world.

Levant Company traded for currant, silks, cotton and wine with the Ottoman Empire.

The Barbary Company traded for sugar with Morocco.

The Elizabethans also attempted to establish their own trade and colonies in the Caribbean and America.

Again, feel free if you'd like to pause the video and have another go at your answer, that's absolutely fine.

Well done on all your brilliant work today.

I have been so, so, so impressed.

Don't forget to have a go at the quiz on the next slide.

And also I absolutely love it when you share your work with me.

So if you would like to share your work with me and share your work with Oak National, please ask your parent or carer to share your work on Instagram, Facebook or Twitter by tagging @OakNational and #LearnwithOak.

You've been so brilliant today.

I've been so, so impressed.

I'm really excited about the prospect of our next lesson which will be on Elizabethan Island and is an area of history that I love.

But for now have a lovely day.