# Lesson video

In progress...

Hello, and welcome to lesson 10 of the Geography field work unit, in this lesson we're going to be looking at, what do geographers do with their data? Let's have a look at the agenda together now.

So the first thing that we're going to look at is, how do geographers use their data? And then in the second half of this lesson, we'll use the data you collected from your field work study to think about what conclusions can you draw from your data? Now, for this lesson, you will need three things, an exercise book or paper, a pencil or a pen, and most importantly, your brain.

So pause the video now, to make sure you have those things, and then resume when you're ready to get started with the learning.

So in this first part of the lesson, we're going to be looking at, how do geographers use their fieldwork data? So, we are geographers, and we've completed a field work study.

So you're probably wondering, "What do we do now?" Well, once geographers have collected and presented their data, they must analyse this data, so it can help them answer the enquiry question.

So analysis is about looking at your data, and thinking about, "What does it tell you?" Once you've done this, you can then write a conclusion, and in your conclusion, you summarise your research, or you summarised what you have found from your analysis.

And then finally, geographers use that information to answer their enquiry question.

So, to summarise, the first thing you do with your data is? That's right, you analyse the data, look at what that data is telling you.

The next thing that you do is? That's right, you write your conclusion, which is when you summarise your research.

And then lastly, what do you answer? That's right, you answer your enquiry question, based on everything you've found through your analysis, and then summarised in your conclusion.

Based on that information, you're now going to complete the following task.

So, read each of these sentences, and complete the sentences by adding the missing words.

So when you're ready, pause the video to complete that task, and then resume once you're finished.

Okay, how did you find that? Not too challenging I hope? Let's go through them together now.

So sentence number one, "Once geographers have collected and presented their data, they must 'something' this data so that it can help them answer their enquiry question." Hmm, what do you think they're doing with their data once they've collected and presented it? What's that? Absolutely right, they must analyse this data, so that it can help them answer their enquiry question.

Sentence number two.

"Once you've analysed your data, you can write your 'something' to sum up your research." Hmm, what is the name that we give to something when we're summarising our research? What was that word? That word is conclusion.

So you write your conclusion to sum up, or to summarise your research.

And then at sentence number three, ooh, missed the camera, three.

"Finally, geographers use this information to answer their 'something' 'something'." Hmm, what is field work all about? What are we trying to answer? What's the thing that you start with in field work? What's that? Nice one, yes, it is enquiry questions.

So, finally, "Geographers use this information to answer this enquiry question." Good job on completing that task, let's move onto the next part of the lesson.

In this next part of the lesson, we're going to think about, "What conclusions can you draw from your data?" Or by that we mean, like what can we learn from our data, and how can we answer our enquiry question? So, you may remember in the previous lesson, we were turning our data into a graph or a bar chart, just like the one on the screen now.

This, is actually the chart of the data I collected, I know my previous one was hand drawn, wasn't it, but I thought, "Just so it's a bit easier to see for this lesson", I'd make one on the computer.

So based on this graph, we can learn a lot of different things about the different modes of transport that are used in my local community.

I've got a question for you then, how many different types of transport did I observe, based on that graph? Have a think for a moment, look on the graph, and then decide how many different forms of transport were observed.

Okay, do you know how many it is? Say it at the screen.

What's that? Oh yes, it was five.

I observed five different forms of transport, because I observed people using cars, bicycles, walking, using the bus, and also, I saw one person on a motorbike.

So five in total.

But, some people used those different types of transport multiple times.

There are several other different things that we can learn from this graph though.

What I would like you to do now, is to study my graph, or you can study your own graph, and answer the following two questions.

So, what was the most frequently observed mode of transport? And by that I mean, what was the type of transport that I saw most people using? And then the second question is, what was the least frequently observed mode of transport? And again, by that I mean, what was the type of transport I saw the least amount of people using? And as I said, you can use my graph, or, you can use the graph you made in the previous lesson, to answer this question.

These questions, should I say.

So when you're ready, pause the video to complete your task, and then resume once you're finished.

Okay, have you done that? You've identified the most frequently observed mode of transport? And, you've recorder the least frequently observed modes of transport? Well, in doing that, you have been analysing your data, you've been looking at what it tells you.

So what was the most frequently observed mode of transport? Well the most frequently observed mode of transport was, walking, which was observed 10 times.

So most people I saw, were walking, and then number two, what was the least frequently observed mode of transport? Well, it was motorbikes, which were observed only once, and it was a very noisy motorbike indeed.

So, analysis is not too complicated.

Sometimes it's very complicated, if you have lots of different data.

But analysis can be, just making basic observations or looking at what your data tells you.

But from that data, we can now form a conclusion, and answer our enquiry question.

Let's look at how we're going to do that now.

So the final part of this field work study is going to require you to write a conclusion, and then write an answer to your enquiry question.

So let's start off with the conclusion.

So, you're sentence starter on the screen for your conclusion is going to be, "Overall, my data suggests that," and in your conclusion, you just need to write down what your data showed, and we just did that in the previous task.

So for example, the data showed that the most frequently observed mode of transport was walking.

So that is a nice, neat summary of your data.

Once you've done that, you're then going to need to answer your enquiry question.

And your sentence starter for that is going to be, and it's the one of the screen, "Therefore, I think the answer to my enquiry question is" and that's when you're going to answer your enquiry question.

Now, to do that, first of all, you should probably comment on the fact that there were many different modes of transport observed.

Or if you're using my data, then you should comment that, "There were many different forms of transport observed", and give an example.

However, in your own data, if you didn't see many different modes of transport, you can say that instead.

And then finally, you should comment on what was the most frequently observed mode of transport, and I know it sounds like you're repeating yourself, but this is part of the answer to the enquiry question now, so it's different.

So imagine this, so, "Therefore, I think the answer to my enquiry question is, that there are a wide variety of different modes of transport used in my community, such as motorbikes, walking, cars, buses, and bicycles.

Okay, hopefully you've done that now, I know that's not an easy task, so well done on completing that.

What I'll do is, I'll show you my answers, and then based on that, if you want to improve your answer, having seen what I wrote, you can go and do that, so that you've got a final conclusion and answer to your enquiry question that you're really proud of.

So here's what I wrote for my conclusion, so, "Overall my data suggests that, the most frequently used mode of transport is walking." And then I answered my enquiry question, or our enquiry question, by writing, "Therefore, I think the answer to my enquiry question is that people in my community use a range of different modes of transport including walking, cars, buses, motorbikes, and bicycles." So, see how I commented that, "Well, actually people use lots of different modes of transport." Remember yours might be different, you may have written, "The people in my community use only a small amount or a limited amount of different modes of transport." Here's my final sentence, "However, the vast majority of people in my community were observed walking as their mode of transport." So, therefore, I've got a nice answer to the enquiry question.

So if you'd like to improve your answer, you can pause the video now, look at what I've written, and then improve your answer if you think it needs improving.

If not, well done, you have completed your field work study.

You have, planned your field work, you've developed an enquiry question, you've actually been out there, you've completed actual field work, you've analysed your data, you've written a conclusion, and then you have answered your enquiry question.

So, absolutely, job well done.

That brings us to the end of this lesson, and the end of the Geography field work unit.

Well done on all the fantastic learning that you've achieved throughout this unit.

You should feel really proud of everything that you've accomplished.

Before we finish, there are just two things that you need to do, first of all, remember to write down three key things that you'll remember from this lesson, and then lastly, please remember to complete the exit quiz at the end, that's going to be a great way of seeing all the tremendous progress that you've made.

I hope you've enjoyed this unit, and have a fantastic rest of your day.