Lesson video

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Hello, it's Ms Chamberlain-Webber again, here to teach you spelling today.

Now this is lesson two in this unit.

If you haven't watched lesson one of spelling, investigating homophones yet, please go back and watch that before you do this lesson.

That's because in lesson two, offer spelling lesson of this unit, we talk about what a homophone is, and explore a little bit about the spellings.

Now in this lesson, we're going to practise and apply what we learned from last lesson.

And then at the end, we're going to have a spelling test of 10 spellings that I set in last spelling lesson.

Let's get started.

The agenda.

Firstly, we're going to revise rules.

And then secondly, we're going to review the spelling words from last lesson, before we look at a new spelling strategy that is going to help us remember these spellings.

And finally, there'll be a test at the end of the lesson.

In this lesson, you'll need an exercise book or paper, and a pencil.

If you haven't got these things, please pause the video now and go and fetch them.

Ideally, you'll be in a nice, calm space and ready with your brain switched on for your learning today.

Revise rules.

I'm going to show you a set of two words, what is similar and what is different about these words.

It will help if you say them out loud.


Here's the second set of words.

I want you to do the same.

Pause the video here and decide what makes them similar and different.

Both these set of words are pronounced the same.

Beach, beach, waist, waste.

But what is different about them? They have different spellings and meanings.

Let's have a look at them a bit more in detail.

A two spellings of beach.

Can you point to what's different about them? One is with a double E, and one is with an E A.

Let's look at our spelling with a double E.

Beech, spelled this way, is a type of tree.

A beech tree, isn't very common in the UK, but it's common throughout the rest of Europe.

I'm going to look at beach with a different spelling now.

E A.

This is the meaning of a place where there's sand and there's sea.

In fact, does there have to be sand? Sometimes a beach is pebbly, or has stones.

So, what's similar about these words again? You say them the same, they're pronounced the same.

And what's different about these words? The spelling or the meaning? How do we say these words? Waste.

What sticks different about the spelling of these words? Can you point to the difference? Let's start with the meaning of the top word, waste.

Waste has many different word classes.

In fact, three.

Can you think of the different word classes for waste? Noun, adjective and a verb.

We're going to focus on waste as a noun.

Waste means discarded objects and things that people don't want, or that can't be used anymore.

The spelling of waste has an E at the end.

How about the second waist below? What does this mean? This is the part of your torso that's a bit higher up near your ribs.

And this has a slightly different spelling.

This time is there an E at the end? No.

What have we learned? Pause the video here and read the sentence with the missing words below, deciding which key words should go in the missing sections.

Let's read the sentence together with the key words below included.

Homophones are words that have the same sound, but a different meaning and a different spelling.

You can have different spelling or different meaning whichever way round you would like.

Can you spot the homophones in these sentences? Let's start with the top one.

Read along with me.

The lion's mane was long and thick.

Second sentence.

They dropped me off at the main entrance.

Which words here, are homophones? Homophones sound the same.

Point to the homophones in these sentence now.


and let's think about the difference in their meaning.

A lion's mane was long and thick.

That is that hairy part of their face going round the edges.

They dropped me off at the main entrance.

This main means the central or maybe most important entrance.

What was different about the spellings of these words? It's the vowel sound.

The vowel sound for lion's mane is made with an A split E.

How was the vowel sound A made for main entrance? With a A and a I.

Time to spot the odd one out.

These three words are mostly homophones but there's one that is not.

I really tried to trick you.

Can you notice which one is not a homophone and why? Pause the video now for some more time.

Sad is not a homophone.

Can you think of the other two spellings for other two words? My turn, vein.


Vein, has a different spelling with an E.

To be vain, is that adjective to describe someone who thinks they're very, very attractive.

They really like they're looks.

They think highly of themselves.

And that's the spelling with an A.

Can you tell me what the meaning of vein with a E is? In fact, you might be able to show me a new spot a vein here on your wrist.


Our, with an O U R is a pronoun to describe something that belongs to you and others.

But how about hour, spelt with an H? What does that mean? You might be able to look at the clock and tell me what hour it is now.

Time to define what a homophone is.

I have two options here.

Pause the video and decide which one is correct.

Option A.

A homophone is, read along with me please, two or more words that sound the same but have a different meaning and spelling.

Really well done if you spotted what our spelling vocabulary is for option two definition.

Under review spelling words.

This week's spelling, we have 10 different spellings of which are all homophones.

Pause the video here to have a look at them further.

Let's look at the first two.

Cell, spelt two different ways.

What's different about these spellings, and most importantly, what's different about the meanings? Remind me.

What does Cell with a C mean? It has two meanings.

Did you remember that it's the smallest components made up of an organism, and also can be used to describe a prison confined space.

The other Sell.

This one's a different word class.

Remind me of what word class it is.

It's a verb, to sell.

Put these two homophones into the correct place in the sentence.

Pause the video here and decide.

Okay, read along with me.

We need to sell 50 cakes.

Which spelling of sell is it? With an S.

Well done.

The second sentence, read with me.

The cell was tiny, bleak and draughty.

That's our other spelling with a C.

Here are three words, we pronounce the same way.


Let's look at their meaning again.

Remembering that two of them are noun.

Can you point at the two that are nouns? The first two.

Rein, which holds a horse's mouth and pace and rain, droplets from the sky.

Our final reign can be two different word classes and means for the monarchy, so the king or queen to rule over a place, or a country.

Let's try putting them into a sentence.

First sentence, pause the video here, read it to yourself and decide which homophone should go in which sentence.

Read the first sentence with me.

You pull the left rein to turn left.

This is, rein with a E I for the horse.

Second sentence.

Her reign was long and prosperous.

This time we remember the G in the spelling reign.

Her, being Her Majesty or a queen.

And finally, the rain was incessant yesterday.

Huh, what does that mean, the weather was like? Very, very rainy.

Three more homophones that have the same pronunciation.


Okay, same thing again.

Let's look at the different meanings.

Which two are verbs? Point at the pictures.

Rode, the past of ride your bike and rowed the past raw a boat.

So what word class is the middle road with an A? A noun.

Put them into the correct sentence, pausing the video here.

The first sentence.

Let's read it together.

I rode my bicycle into town.

This spelling is with an O D E.

The team rowed powerfully down the river.

This spelling is with a W.

And finally, the noun.

The road was too narrow for the car, is spelt O A D.

Piece, will be on next homophone.

We have two here, one meaning piece to a puzzle or piece to anything which makes up a whole.

And peace.

Can you remind me what this peace sign means and what peace means? It means no conflict, or harmony.

Let's put them into a sentence.

Pause the video here for some thinking time.

That piece of cake look scrumptious.

Which spelling is that? With a I E.

So then, the second sentence.

I need peace and quiet to study, is spelt with a E A.

Time to look at a new spelling strategy.

This one's called pyramid word.

Pyramid words are a great way of practising our spellings.

Let me show you what they look like.

What we do, is for every new letter in the word, we write it on a new line.

This means we're really focusing on each letter in the word individually and how the whole letter is formed.

But why is this a good strategy? It's a visual strategy, which really helps us memorise how a word looks.

Have you noticed this very interesting pattern.

Tell me what you notice.

Not only have we got the full word at the bottom of our pyramid.

But in fact, the side of our pyramid forms a complete word too.

In this case, darted.

Why is this useful? This strategy means we will repeat copying.

And this means that we commit what we're writing to memory a lot easier.

Repetition is brilliant, the spelling because we're writing each letter at a time.

This helps us remember how the whole word is formed.

And finally, it means we can identify really interesting patterns within a word.

You have a go now.

Let's use the two spelling words from our spelling lists, road and peace.

Pause the video here and show me your pyramid spelling strategy on your paper.

And for the spelling test.

As usual, you'll need a fresh piece of paper.

And please hide the practise from earlier on in the lesson, or that you've done previously.

The first thing you need to do is number one to 10 on your piece of paper.

Pause the video now to complete that.

For each spelling, I'm going to read out the word and most importantly, I'm going to put the word into a spelling.

Because these are homophones that sound the same, you must listen to the sentence I say really carefully for the meaning.

I'm also going to have it written on the screen for you so that you can check the meaning yourself.

After I've read each word, please pause the screen to give you more time to think about it.

To write your spelling and to check your spelling very carefully.

Number one.


I would only like a small piece of pie.

Number two.


The cell was cramped and musty.

Number three.


Rain is forecast for tomorrow.

Number four.


The road was long and winding.

Number five.


How much does the phone sell for? Six.


She had a successful rain as manager.

Number seven.


He rowed rapidly across the lake.

Number eight.


I would like some peace and quiet.

Number nine.


They rode in silence through the forest.



He used the rein to guide the horse.

Pause the video here and look at every single word carefully, looking at your spelling rules, and most importantly the meaning.

Have you got the correct homophone? Does it fits into the sentence correctly, to make sense? Time to check our answers.

Have a different coloured pen ready, if you've got one.

Number one, piece, spelled I E C E.

Check your spellings along with me as I read out each letter.

P I E C E piece.

Number two, cell.

C E L L.

Number three.


R A I N.

number four.


R O A D.

Number five.


S E L L.

Number six.


R E I G N.

Number seven.


R O W E D.

Number eight.


P E A C E.

Number nine.


R O D E.

Number 10.


R E I N.

Now you've corrected your spellings, maybe you've spotted one or two rules that you need to work on a bit further.

That's absolutely fine.

That's what makes spelling practise so great.

Is that you can focus on a particular spelling that maybe you find a bit more difficult.

Perhaps you'll use the strategy from today, pyramid spelling.

So, fantastic work at revising rules, reviewing our spellings.

You learnt a completely new strategy, pyramid spellings that I hope you will use in the future.

And finally, good job on your spelling test.

I'm sure you worked very hard today.

Well done.