Lesson video

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Hi everyone.

My name is Miss.


And last lesson, we were exploring the question, how do migrants vary? Can you name me one push factor that might make someone leave a country? Say aloud.

Good, so you might've said a push factor might be poor transport links, worse conditions, living conditions, for example, they might be quite unhappy with their way of life.

There might be fewer hospitals or schools, or there might be a lack of jobs.

So these are some of the examples of push factors that push a person to leave the source country.

Well done, if you listed any of those.

In the lesson today, we will be exploring the question, how does migration affects people and places? This is what the structure for today's lesson is going to look like.

We're going to start by revising the seven continents.

Then we will look at the advantages and disadvantages for the source country, then the host country, and finally, we will think about the impact of migration on the UK.

On the screen, you can see the list of equipment that you will need for today's lesson.

Please make sure you have these things ready and you can pause the video if you need to go and collect them.

On the screen, you can see the star words for today's lesson.

We will be learning lots of new key words.

So let's start by saying them out loud using my turn and then your turn.

Are you ready? Migration, source country, host country, advantages, disadvantages, NHS, shortages.

Excellent team, well done.

I know you're saying them really loud and proud, so really well done.

But first let's start by revising the seven continents.

I know you had lots of fun doing this last lesson.

So this lesson, please make sure you think really carefully about the ones that you missed last time and fingers crossed you get them this time.

So pause the video now to name all seven continents, you can write them down in a bullet point in list.

Here are all the answers.

Take a few moments to check your answers.

How many did you get this time? Well done, high five.

Awesome job.

The more we practise learning the continents, the better and faster we will get at naming them.

Good job team.

Today's lesson, there is two key words that we need to know, and that is source country and host country.

Say after me, source country, host country, good job.

The source country is a country where a migrant originally comes from.

So you can remember this, that by thinking about rivers.

When we say the source of a river, that is where the river begins.

So a source country is where the person originally comes from.

Now, when we're thinking about host country, this is where a person migrates to and it hosts the migrant.

So it takes them in and keeps them in the country.

We can think of this as the Olympics.

So during the Olympics, loads of countries around the world, come to the host country, which is a country that is holding the competition for everyone.

So that is why I use the Olympics and water reminds me what a host country is.

And hopefully, it will help you today as well.

We are now going to look at the advantages and disadvantages of at the source country.

So this is a country that the person originally comes from.

So let's look at the advantages first.

Money is often sent home by migrants and this money is usually sent back to their families so that they can carry on living a good life.

So that is an advantage of moving somewhere else, because you can potentially get more money and send more money back to your family.

Another advantage is it reduced this pressure on jobs and resources within the source country.

So by people leaving to work in another country, there is less pressure in the source country.

Another advantage is that migrants who do leave the country when they come back, they bring back loads of skills that they learned in the host country, which is country they migrated to.

So if they learn more skills, that will be very beneficial when they bring those skills back to the original country.

Now on the right hand side of the table, we're going to look at the disadvantages.

One of the disadvantages is that the country loses skilled workers and therefore reduces the country's work size.

So on the other hand of reducing the pressure is that too many people leave and therefore you're losing skilled workers.

Another thing to think about, even though it's good that the migrants can send loads of money back to their families, actually the fact that someone has left to make that money means that families get separated.

And this is a negative of migration for the source country that people get split up from their families.

And finally, fewer people are paying taxes.

So if more people leave to work in another country, then they're not paying tax in the country that they originally form.

So therefore, that country will have less money overall.

I would now like you to pause the video, to complete the task, you are going to write an explanation of just one advantage and one disadvantage of migration for the source country, which is the country that the person, the migrant is originally from.

I have given you some sentence stems to get you started.

For example, migration is important for the source country because.

Migration is important but it can have disadvantages for the source country, for example.

You can also go back to the previous slide, which is the one with the table and use this to help you write your answer.

Pause the video now to complete the task.

Here's an example of what you might have written using the table.

Pause the video to read through the model example.

Okay, so hopefully you wrote something along those lines using the table and the information in the table.

We are now going to look at the advantages and disadvantages for the host country.

So, the host country is a country that takes the migrants in.

One of the benefits of having loads of migrants for many different countries, is that they bring with them a rich and diverse culture, making the place more exciting.

Another benefit is that if more migrants come in, they have to pay taxes.

So the government has more money.

Another advantage is that sometimes in a place, for example, the host country, there can be certain jobs which are not getting filled because there's not enough people wanting to do those jobs.

So having migrants come in means that the migrants can then do those jobs.

On the other hand, let's look at the disadvantages.

If more migrants come in and the population increase then this puts pressure on the healthcare system and the schooling systems. Having loads of migrants come in can also be problematic if there are too many coming in, then it can cause overcrowding.

And finally, the fact that lots of people are mixing from different cultures and backgrounds and religions, can sometimes mean that they can have disagreements between them.

I would now like you to pause the video, to complete the task on the screen.

Remember for this task, you can always go back to the table and use the table with the advantages and disadvantages to write your answer.

Your sentence stems are in the box, ready to help you write your answer.

If this time you're up for a challenge, I would like you to maybe include more than one advantage and more than one disadvantages.

Pause the video now to complete this task.

I know some of you were really up for the challenge.

So hopefully, you included more than one advantage and more than one disadvantage.

Now let's have a look at an example of what you might have written.

Let's read it out together.

Migration is important for the host country because it helps to reduce any labour shortages, but also helps to create a richer and more diverse culture.

Migration is important, but it can have disadvantages for the host country.

For example, it can lead to overcrowding and can also put pressure on services, for example, healthcare and education.

In this model example, you can see how it tried to link the reasons together.

For example, the disadvantage of overcrowding is also that it puts pressure on services.

So hopefully you wrote quite similar answer using the table of information.

Now we're going to think about how has the United Kingdom being effected by migration? Some people might think that one disadvantage of migration in the UK is overcrowding.

This can be seen in the city of London for example, the population of London has been rising since the 1980s.

Since what year has the population been rising? Good job, the 1980s.

And it hit a new height of approximately 8.

9 million people in 2018.

And this is only thought to continue to grow.

So a lot of people feel that a disadvantage of migration is overcrowding.

Pause the video now to complete the task on the screen.

Here's the answer, you should have said B for this question.

Now let's think about the positives of migration and the impact it has had on the UK.

The UK has experienced many waves of migration, for example, in the 1850s from Ireland, because people were trying to escape a famine.

In the 1940s onwards, lots of people from India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh were escaping civil war and seeking employment.

In the 1950s, lots of people from the West Indies came to seek employment as well.

And in 2004 onwards, the UK saw lots of people coming in from Eastern Europe in particular, from Poland as a result of EU, European Union, which is stands for EU enlargement.

So as the European Union increased and enlarged more people from the EU started to come to the UK.

According to the migration observatory at the University of Oxford, the main reasons why people migrate to the UK is for work and for study.

The UK has benefited from a much richer and more diverse culture as a result of migration.

A lot of migrants have bought many different cuisines to the United Kingdom.

And as a result, everyone can join foods from many different places across the globe.

In this first image, you can see lots of Polish shops that are located in the Northeast of England.

In this image, you can see pictures of Indian restaurants in Canton, which is in London.

And finally, in this picture, you can see an example of a Turkish Restaurant in Surrey.

The UK has benefited from lots of cuisines coming from many different places around the world.

Can you match up a different food types to the country of origin? Pause the video now to complete this task.

Here are the answers, I'm sure lots of you have either tried this cuisine or love eating some of these cuisine.

For example, I really love Mexican cuisine.

So I'm really grateful for migrants who brought that over because otherwise I wouldn't be enjoying Mexican cuisine.

Another way that the UK has benefited from migration is, hmm.

I wonder what it is.

Maybe you can tell me, have a look at the picture.

How do you think migration has benefited the UK? What can you see in this picture? Okay, so you might have said that you think that in this picture, there is a celebration or some sort of parade going on because you can see that the man is dressed up, he's wearing what looks like a costume.

Well done, if you notice any of these things.

Migrants have bought their different celebrations to be United Kingdom so that everyone, whether or not you're part of that culture can get to enjoy them.

One great example of this is the Notting Hill Carnival, which happens in Notting Hill in London.

This carnival is a celebration that is led by members of the British West Indian community, and it attracts around 2 1/2 million people every single year.

Migration has brought a lot of rich culture and diversity into the United Kingdom, which is a positive.

Another positive is that they have also provided a lot of support to the public services.

For example, the NHS.

The NHS is currently having staffing shortages, which means there's not enough people working in the jobs that are required.

Migration has helped the NHS recruit more people into these very important job roles.

For example, doctors, nurses, porters, cleaners, and other people who look after our nation.

Recruiting migrants into the NHS has really helped to reduce the pressure on the health care system.

A very interesting statistics from the House of Commons Library by Carl Baker tells us that over 67,000 people in the NHS are from the EU.

Which is known as the European union, which is incredible.

So a large number of migrants are working in really tough jobs like being doctors and nurses and forces and cleaners, which is helping reduce the pressure on our public services, for example, the NHS.

For this task, I would like you to think about the question, why is migration important for the NHS in the United Kingdom? I have given your sentence stem, Migration is important for the NHS because.

To help you.

I've also given you some key words that will help you structure your answer.

Please make sure you use these and write in full sentences, pause the video now to complete this task.

Here's an example of what you might have said.

Let's read it out together.

Migration is important for the NHS because the NHS currently has starving shortages, which means there are not enough people working in the jobs required.

Migration helps the NHS to fill these roles and helps reduce the pressure on our healthcare system.

So hopefully team, you should have said roughly the same things that there's not enough people in these job roles, and actually migration really helps to reduce the pressure on the public services.

Okay team, so that is now the end of today's lesson.

And today you have learned how migration can affect people and places.

For example, it can bring a lot of rich and diverse culture, but on the negative side, it can actually lead to overcrowding.

So, in next lesson, we will be learning more about economic migrants and who they are, and why they migrate.

I'm really looking forward to see you again.

Bye everyone.

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