Lesson video

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Hi everyone, my name is Miss Dhillon.

And last lesson, we were learning about refugees and how Syrian refugees have fled Syria in order to escape a civil war.

In the lesson today, which is the final lesson of the unit, we will be exploring the question, how will climate change affect migration? This is what the structure of the lesson is going to look like.

We're going to start with these star words, then we will think about the question what is climate change? Then we will look at what climate refugees are.

Then we will think about why do climate refugees flee their homes? And finally, we are going to study some extreme weather around the world.

So first, please make sure you have all the equipment you need ready for the lesson.

On the screen you can see the star words for today's lesson.

Let's say them out loud to you using my turn and your turn.

Climate change, climate refugee, sea level, drought, Bangladesh, Sahara Desert, Maghreb, excellent job team.

So, the first question we're going to explore is what is climate change? Climate change is a long term large scale change.

So it is happening slowly over a long period of time and it is on a very large scale and is a change in the planet's weather patterns and average temperatures.

So due to climate change, weather patterns are changing around the globe, and average temperatures are also changing.

The earth has warmed up about one degree Celsius over the course of this last century.

How many degrees? Good job, one degree Celsius.

I would now like you to pause the video so you can complete the task on the screen.

Remember to use the key words at the bottom of the box to help you to fill in the missing gaps.

Here are the answers, check to see how you did.

Did you get most if not all of these correct? Well done give me a high five.

What a fantastic start to the last lesson of the unit.

One degree might not sound like a lot, but is heard and will continue to have a big impact on both people and the wildlife around the globe.

The rising temperatures means that our weather is going to become more extreme and often very unpredictable.

This means it is going to be harder for us to know what is going to happen or to prepare for the changes in the climate when they do come.

For this task, I would like you to first fill in the missing gap with the keywords.

And then for the second sentence you will need to finish off the sentence by using the keywords at the bottom to help you write your sentence.

Pause the video now.

Here are the answers, check to see how you did.

So you should have said that the earth is heating up by one degree.

And when we are talking of rising temperatures, what we mean is that we're going to have more extreme and unpredictable weather, which will make it harder for us to prepare.

And therefore this is going to have a huge impact on people and wildlife.

It is now time for you to think about what you have learned so far in this lesson and use this understanding to think about what you think a climate refugee might be.

So the clue might be in the word.

What does climate mean and what does refugee mean? I would now like you to pause the video so you can have a think about the question in the thought bubble.

Okay, so let's learn more about climate refugees.

Climate refugees are forced to flee their homes because of a sudden or gradual change in the climate around them.

Climate refugees often flee their homes as a result of one of the two changes in climate.

These two reasons are sea levels rising which can be seen on the left and drought.

We are now going to study these in more depth.

Let's now have a look at the first reason that causes climate refugees.

This is sea levels rising.

As the earth heats up the ice begins to melt and this causes the sea levels to rise.

This means that people who have their homes close to the seas and oceans become under threat.

When the sea levels rise, flooding occurs, and these people have to flee their homes in order to get to safety.

Bangladesh is a country that is heavily affected by this form of climate change.

Experts predict that there might be up to 20 million climate refugees fleeing from Bangladesh due to the loss of land by 2050.

I would now like you to pause this video so that you can do the task on the screen.

This task is a little bit different to what we have done before.

This time, I have given you a number of statements.

What you need to do is unscramble them to create sentences.

Let's have a look at the examples there.

So I can notice that there are capital letters, and this might give me a clue because I know capital letters starts a sentence.

For example, it says as the earth heats up, that starts with a capital letter, so that will be a start of the sentence.

And then if I look at to migrate, it ends in a full stop, so I know that will be the end of the sentence.

So pause the video now to unscramble these words to create sentences.

Here are the answers.

Take a few moments to check if you unscrambled the sentences correctly.

I hope you enjoyed that unscrambling task.

We are also going to do another one later on in this lesson.

Now we're going to look at the second reason that causes climate refugees.

And this second reason is drought.

World rising sea levels threaten coastal areas.

Drought, which is a long period of no rainfall can lead to large numbers of climate refugees, but inland.

Where there is no rain for long periods of time, people cannot grow crops that they need to grow in order to survive.

Therefore, they have to leave their homes to move to areas in which they can plant foods and crops to eat.

Residents, these are the people living on the edge of the Sahara Desert, which is in Africa, are often forced to move into cities in the Maghreb.

This is a region in North Africa.

In this region, there are countries and these countries that are included in this region are, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia.

Okay, so it is now time to do the unscrambling activity again.

So for this task you will need to look at the words and phrases and unscramble them to write a paragraph describing droughts and how they lead to climate refugees.

The capital letters and full stops gives you a clue for example, we know a capital letter starts a sentence.

For example in drought.

Pause the video now to complete this task.

Here are the answers.

Take a few moments to check how you did.

So how did you do? Hopefully you really enjoyed the unscrambling activity and you got even better at doing it.

We are now going to look at extreme weather around the world.

Let's have a look at this map a bit more closely.

This is a world map and the key shows us what the different colours represent.

The key is at the bottom of this map.

The light green shows areas which are exposed to hurricanes.

The blue shows areas which are exposed to desertification, which is when fertile land becomes a desert, or drought.

Finally, the pink represent small islands and deltas which are subject to extreme weather.

On this map, I would like you to point to areas that are most likely to be affected by hurricanes.

Do that now for me.

Okay, so you should have pointed to areas that are light green.

Here are some examples.

You can see that these areas are Central America on the left of the map and the Atlantic coast, which is also in the same area.

But also on the other side of the map, you can see that all the areas that are quite close to the Pacific Ocean are also prone to hurricanes.

Now, I would like you to point to areas that are most likely to be affected by desertification, which is when fertile land becomes desert or a drought.

I would now like you to point to areas which are most likely to be affected by desertification or drought.

So this time, you are looking for areas that are coloured in blue.

Point to those areas now.

Okay, so hopefully you pointed to some of these areas.

We can see that specific areas within a continent are affected.

For example, you can look at South America and you can see some parts of it is blue, but not all of it.

So only parts specific parts are affected by drought or desertification.

And you can also see this in Africa.

Finally, point to which areas are not at risk of any form of extreme weather related incidents.

I wonder what colour that would be.

What do you think, say it aloud.

Good job, so you should have said that you're now looking out for the grey areas which show that they're not affected by the risk of extreme weather related incidents.

So pause the video now to point out those areas.

Okay, so hopefully you pointed to some of these grey areas.

As you can see on this world map, there are lots of areas that are not affected by hurricane or droughts.

Okay team, that is now the end of today's lesson.

I am sure you've had a great time learning lots about climate change, but also how it can affect migration.

And hopefully you now understand what a climate refugee is.

Can you remind me what are the two reasons, two main reasons that causes climate refugees? Good job you should have said, sea levels rising and droughts.

Thank you so much for your engagement in today's lesson and I'll see you soon, bye everyone.

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