Lesson video

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Hi there, I'm Mrs. Howley.

I was just writing in my diary.

I've written that yesterday I had fun with Cedric.

We jumped in puddles.

I wore my wellies and then we had ice cream.

It was so much fun and I felt so happy.

A diary's brilliant.

You can write words or you can draw pictures.

I've drawn a picture of my wellies jumping in a puddle.

Oh, hang on a minute.

Hi Cedric, look I've written out my diary for yesterday.

He said he had lots of fun as well.

I wonder what fun we're going to get up to today with our learning.

In this lesson, we'll be practising using the past tense.

Yes, Cedric, that will come in handy, when we're writing diary entries.

We're going to start by recapping the recount, the diary entry.

Then we'll go to look up what the past tense is.

Then we're going to do some shared writing and then you will do an independent past tense task.

You'll need some paper or an exercise book, a pencil or a pen, and your brilliant brain.

If you haven't got any of those things yet, pause the video so you can collect them now.

Cedric's wondered if I can remember the structure of a recount of a diary entry.

Now we did this with stepping, let's see if I can remember.

So, I, introduction, then we had first event, then we had second event.

Then we had third event and then we had the conclusion, that's right.

That came at the end and summed it all up.

Now, in Ma Liang's diary entry, it started off with him talking about how he felt about the past few days.

Can you remember how he felt? He felt amazed, he couldn't believe it.

Then we had his first event.

Now his first event was about him using the magic paintbrush to help other people, and yes, he drew a river.

Then he drew the plates of food, that's right, Cedric.

And then he drew some houses, that's right.

Now, what happened in the second event, Cedric? Ah, yes, the paintbrush was stolen from him and then he had to go into jail, and he talked about his feelings.

He felt lonely.

He felt scared.

And we learned when we did our drama work, that he felt really worried about how he was going to be able to help the other people.

That's right.

And then in the third event, he was called to the king to help him.

Now the king asked him to draw a golden mountain, but he didn't, he drew a sea, that's right.

And then the king and his people set off on the sea.

And then he drew a giant wave.

That's right, Cedric.

And that was the end of the king.

And then in the conclusion, Ma Liang talked about how happy he was that he'd got his magic paintbrush back.

Well done.

So, what is past tense and why are we learning about it? When we retell events, we are talking about them as if they'd happened in the past.

They're not happening right now.

They happened in the past.

I've got a song I'm going to teach you.

And then we can work together to change it to the past tense.

Cedric thinks that will really help him with his learning.

Okay, the song goes like this.

♪ I paint pictures ♪ ♪ I make dreams come true ♪ ♪ I help others make their lives better too ♪ Can you try that bit with me? ♪ I paint pictures ♪ ♪ I make dreams come true ♪ ♪ I help others make their lives better too ♪ Great.

The next bit goes like this.

♪ I paint homes to live in ♪ ♪ I paint food to eat ♪ ♪ I like to find people in need ♪ ♪ and help them on the streets ♪ Let's try that bit.

♪ I paint homes to live in ♪ ♪ I paint food to eat ♪ ♪ I like to find people in need ♪ ♪ and help them on the streets ♪ Well done.

Now, all of the verbs in that song, were in the present tense.

Let's see if we can change them, so they're in that past tense.

So instead of, I paint pictures, it would be, I painted pictures.


And instead of I make dreams come true, it would be, I made dreams come true.

What would it be instead of I help others, it would be helped.

And instead of make their lives better, it will be made their lives better.

Let's try that section in the past tense.

♪ I painted pictures ♪ ♪ I made dreams come true ♪ ♪ I helped others, made their lives better too ♪ Great.

Now let's think about the next half, it says, ♪ I paint homes to live in ♪ So instead it would be, ♪ I painted homes to live in ♪ ♪ I painted food to eat ♪ That's right.

I liked to find people in need and helped them on the streets.

Okay, let's try that last section.

♪ I painted homes to live in ♪ ♪ I painted food to eat ♪ ♪ I liked to find people in need ♪ ♪ and helped them on the streets ♪ Well done.

So we talked about changing the verbs in that song.

What are verbs? They are action words, are doing words.

Let's see if we can find them in these sentences.

I looked at the paintbrush.

I had a dream.

I sprinted to the fields.

Looked, had, and sprinted, are all our verbs.

And we can tell that these things happened in the past because we've used the past tense of those verbs.

What do we add to paint, to make it a past tense verb? We do this with lots of verbs.

Today I paint.

Yesterday I painted.

Well done.

We added E-D.

Now, today I feel happy.

Yesterday I, do we add E-D? Would we say yesterday I feeled happy? No, this one's irregular, it's a tricky one.

So instead it changes to the word felt.

Ah flt, felt.

Today I feel happy.

Yesterday I felt happy.

Now, let's look at the next one.

This already ends in E, so do we add E-D? Today I change.

Yesterday I changed.

We only need to add D because it already ends in E.

And then finally, I think this is another tricky one.

We've got, today I have.

Yesterday I haved? That doesn't sound right Yesterday I had.

That's another tricky one that we've just got to know.

Great work.

Now, I'm going to have a go at writing some sentences in the past tense.

Each time I'm going to think the sentence, say the sentence, and then punctuate it.

When I'm writing, I'm going to think it, write it, then read it back.

Okay, so the first sentence I want to change is, the king wants the paintbrush.

So my capital T, instead of the ke-ing, the king wants the paintbrush, I'm going to change it to past tense, so I'm going to add E-D.


The king wanted.

The king wanted, I've got my E-D on the end, I'm happy with that.

Wanted the, one of our tricky words, the paintbrush.

When you writing the word paintbrush, remember to break it down into two words.

The king wanted the paintbrush full stop.

The next sentence that I want to change to past tense is, they smile at me.

They, capital letter for they, they smile.

Now smile ends in E anyway.

So I only need to add D, they smiled.

They smiled at me.

Make sure you say it out loud and rehearse it to make sure it makes sense, and it sounds right.

So the next sentence is, I feel so happy.

But I'm changing that to past tense.

I'm not going to add E-D 'cause that doesn't sound right.

I felt, I felt.

I felt so happy.

I felt so happy.

Full stop.

I felt so happy full stop.

Now the next one is, I go to the people.

I go to the people, something that he might say, but it's past tense, so I don't want I goed and add E-D, no, that's not right.

I want, I went.

I went.

I went to the, I went to the people.

I went to the people full stop.

I went to the people full stop.

So now it's your turn to try changing some sentences to the past tense, so we could use them in our diary entries.

So instead of, he locks me in jail, imagine it happened in the past.

He locked me in jail.

Cedric said, "Don't forget your E-D." Thanks, Cedric.

The next one is a tricky one.

I go to the fields, but if it happened in the past, I went to the fields.

I trick the king.

What's that going to be in past tense? And I change people's lives.

Pause the video now and have a go at writing those sentences but in the past tense.

Press play when you're ready.

Cedric's right.

He said, we need our neenah, neenah, neenah, past tense police.

Could you be the past tense police? I've got some sentences that I want you to check with me.

Make sure I've used the past tense.

Okay, so let's look at our first verb.

He locked me in jail.

We didn't add E-D to the verb lock.

Lock, E-D, locked.

He locked me in jail.


That's better.

I can learn from my mistakes.

Now, the next one we changed, I go to the fields.

I've added E-D, I goed to the fields, but that's not right because it's a tricky one.

He went, W-ehnt, went to the fields.

I tricked the king.

Great, I added E-D onto that verb.

I changed the people's lives.

I've added E-D, but hang on a minute.

The verb ended in E anyway, so I just needed to add, what did I need to add? D.

I changed the people's lives.

Great work.

Learning from mistakes is really important.

Thanks for your help with that.

Don't forget to check your own work being past tense police.

Remember, mistakes are beautiful because they show that you're learning.

Now, I need to give you the answer to the riddle I gave you in lesson three.

So it went like this.

I sometimes have paint on, but I'm not a wall.

I come from trees, but I'm not fruit.

I get put in a printer, but I'm not ink.

What do you think it was? Paper! Absolutely right.

I'm nearly running out of paper 'cause I can't stop writing in my diary.

Don't forget to write what you've been up to in your diary.

Have a brilliant day and we'll see you soon.