Lesson video

In progress...


Hello everyone, how are you doing today? It's me Ms. Webster with you for our next Jabberwocky lesson so I hope that you're sitting somewhere comfortably, I hope you're feeling confident and I hope that you're ready for our lesson.

In this lesson, you will need an exercise book or some paper, a pencil or a pen and your brain.

If you haven't gotten everything you need, pause the video, go and collect it and I'll see you when you're ready.

We'll start off with our writing warmup, then we're going to look at apostrophes for possession, then apostrophes for contraction and then we'll finish with a game.

So let's have a look at what our writing warmup is.

You've got to put the word classes into the correct definitions.

So I can see each word class there: noun, adverb, verb and adjective.

I'll read you the definitions, and as I'm reading, think about which word class fits with the definition.

Okay, ready to listen? A is a P, P, T: a person, place or thing.

Hmm, I wonder which one that could be.

The next one says, an describes a word; it tells us what it's like.

The third one, a is a doing or being word; if you do it or you are it, then the word is a.

And the last one says, an describes a verb; it often ends in ly.

Pause the video now, and write down the correct word class for each definition.

You don't have to write the definition out, you can just write number one, two, three and four and then the word class that you think.

Pause the video now.

Should we check? A noun is a P, P, T; a person, place or thing.

Next one, what is it? Tell me.

Yeah, an adjective describes a word; it tells us what it's like.

Next one, a verb is a doing or a being word; if you do it or you are it, then the word is a verb.

Well done.

And the last one, an adverb describes a verb; it often ends in ly.

How many did you get? Did you get them all right? Well done.

So our first bit of our main lesson is looking at apostrophes for possession.

I'm going to show you a picture.

Are you ready? You sure? Here's our picture.

It's a monster and I've put some arrows around this monster.

Have a look at the arrows and where they're pointing to.

There are five arrows pointing to five things on this monster.

Can you write down what they're pointing to? Pause the video now.

Should we see what I thought they were pointing to? I thought that first one was pointing to his round eyes.

I thought the next one was pointing to his jagged teeth, jagged teeth.

You might have got some different adjectives and that's totally fine, these were just the ones that I thought of.

What about this one? His hairy feet.

This one? His blue skin.

The last one, his long tongue.

Did you get any of the same ones? Did you get some different ones? That's totally fine.

So, who do those things belong to? You can still see my picture of of the monster there and all the things on him.

His round eyes, his jagged teeth, long tongue.

But who do they belong to? They belong to the monster.

Okay, so how can we show this? We need a piece of punctuation to show that they are the monster's round eyes.

Let's have a look.

So, the monster's round eyes.

Can you see what I've added there? From the word monster to the word monster's, what have I got? Got a funny piece of punctuation there.

I've got an apostrophe and I've got an s, can you see it in the circle? So we need an apostrophe and an s, to show that something belongs to someone.

This is sometimes called using an apostrophe for possession.

Let's say that word, possession.

In fact let's say the word, apostrophe.

So, it's your turn, here's an example, the monster's round eyes.

So your turn to write down the rest of the features.

The monster's jagged teeth, the monster's hairy feet, the monster's blue skin and the monster's long tongue, using, let's just go back and check, your apostrophe for possession.

There's my example, the monster's round eyes.

I'd like you to pause the video now and write down the next four things, using your apostrophe for possession.

Pause the video now.

Should we check? The monster's jagged teeth.

Have you got that apostrophe, s? Good job.

The apostrophe, s, for his hairy feet.

Oh, that sound gross.

What about the monster's blue skin? Have you got your apostrophe, s? The monster's long tongue.

Really good job, well done.

So let's investigate the word class.

Can you see the words in green? Can you see the word in pink? What are those words in green? Hmm, think back to our word class raps.

A noun is a P, P, T: a person, place or thing.

Are these things? Is a monster a thing? Yeah.

So we've got our nouns, the monster and his eyes.

And then what about the word round? An adjective describes a word; it tells us what it's like.

Is the word round telling us about the eyes? Yeah, so we've got our adjective before our noun to describe those eyes.

So what if we changed the order? What if it said this? The monster's eyes were round, instead of saying, the monster's round eyes, we can say, the monster's eyes were round.

Can you have a go? Pause the video now and you can see my example there, and change the word order for the next four.

So what would the monster's jagged teeth become? The monster's teeth, were.

Pause the video now and have a go at writing all these ones down.

Should we check? The monster's teeth were jagged.

Have you remembered that apostrophe, s? Well done.

The monster's feet were hairy, apostrophe s? The monster's skin was blue and the monster's tongue was long.

Well done.

What other nouns could we use instead of the monster? There's a picture of him.

Could you just say the monster, the monster, the monster? How else could you refer to him? Pause the video now and write down at least two other ways.

Pause the video.

Should we see what I thought of? Did you get any of these? The beast, the jabberwocky.

Remember, we looked at the poem in the last lesson and we found out that the jabberwocky was a dangerous creature, a made up, but still very dangerous creature.

So we could call this monster the jabberwocky, the creature, or the being.

So did you get any of those nouns? Tell me one that you got.

It could be one on this list.

Well done.

So here's a picture of a different monster and he's got some features as well.

He's got some claws, some skin, got some other things.

So are these apostrophes used correctly? I want you to get your thumbs ready to show me.

Hmm, let's look at that first one.

The monster's claws.

The claws belonging to the monster.

Is that apostrophe used correctly? Or incorrectly? Hmm, should we do it together? One, two, three.

It's correct, isn't it? Because the apostrophe s is after the word monsters, showing that the claws belong to the monster.

What about this one? The creatures red skin.

Have a bit of a moment to think about that one, really look carefully.

Can you see an apostrophe there? Yes or no? One, two, three.

Nope, not there, so it would have to be this, wouldn't it? The creature's red skin.

Ready for another one? The beasts' sharp toenails.

Can you point to his toenails? Well done.

Is that apostrophe used correctly? Let's just look back at this example, the monster's claws.

Think about where that apostrophe is, apostrophe s, apostrophe s, okay.

Let's see this one.

The beasts' sharp toenails.

Is that used correctly or incorrectly? One, two, three.

It's incorrect isn't it? It would have to be before the s.

Can you see where the apostrophe is now? Point to it.

That's before the s isn't it? To show that the sharp toenails belong to the beast.

What about the next one? The jabberwockys evil eye's.

Point to the apostrophe.

Does that apostrophe look like it's in the right place? One, two, three.

Nope, not in the right place because the apostrophe has to be on the word jabberwocky, to show that they are his eyes, so they are the jabberwocky's eyes.

Okay, let's write some sentences that have apostrophes in them.

For example, the beast's evil eyes glared menacingly.

Can you glare menacingly at me? Glared menacingly.

So here are some questions.

What did the creature's long tail do? What did the monster's sharp teeth do? What did the jabberwocky's lethal claws do? Lethal means that they can really hurt you.

So they are so sharp that they would really cause a lot of pain and a lot of injury.

So I'd like you to pause the video now and write some sentences, answering those questions.

Starting off with, the first one, the creature's long tail.

Second one, the monster's sharp teeth.

Third one, the jabberwocky's lethal claws.

Pause the video now.

Should we see what I got? So the long creature's tail.

What did the creature's long tail do? The creature's long tail swished from side to side.

Can you pretend that your arm is a tail and can you swish from side to side? What was your sentence for the first one? Tell me.

Thank you.

So, for my next one, what did the monster's sharp teeth do? This is what I thought, the monster's sharp teeth ripped through his food.

Can you see where I got my apostrophe? Point to it.

Now point to the apostrophe in your sentence.

Well done.

The next one, what did the jabberwocky's lethal claws do? This is what I thought.

The jabberwocky's lethal claws tore the boy's skin.

Tore is the past tense of tear, it means ripped, so his claws were so sharp that they could rip through skin.

They could tear the skin.

Can you point to your apostrophe in your sentence? The jabberwocky's? Well done.

I also used another apostrophe in this sentence.

Can you point to it on the screen? Yeah, I got one there.

The boy's skin.

And that shows that the skin belonged to the boy.

Read me your final sentence.

Well done.

Apostrophes for contraction.

I'd like you to have a look at this paragraph and listen really carefully as I read it.

Are you ready? If you've ever seen a monster as hideous as the jabberwocky, then I'm sure you were scared.

There's no other monster as dangerous because he's very fast, you wouldn't be able to outrun him.

Can you pause the video now? And write down all the words that have apostrophes in them.

I'll give you a clue, there are five.

Five words.

Pause the video, write them down.

Should we check? Did you get this one? We'll say them out loud.

My turn, your turn.

You've, I'm, there's, he's, wouldn't.

If there's one you didn't manage to get, that's okay, quickly write it down now and add it to your list.

So, look at that list of five words.

Is the apostrophe used for the same purpose or a different purpose than to show possession? Remember, the words we spoke about in the beginning of the lesson, the apostrophe was used to show possession.

The monster's round eyes, the creature's long tail.

The apostrophe in those words, was used to show possession, to show that something belonged to that person, or to that creature or to that beast.

What about in these words? It is the same or different? Hmm, should we say it together? One, two, three.

A different purpose.

So, we can use apostrophes for contractions, which is where we put two words together to make one word.

So, you've got a list of your uncontracted, sorry, your contracted words, you've, I'm, there's, he's, wouldn't.

You've got to match those words to their uncontracted forms. In other words, what two words made you've? What two words made I'm? Pause the video now and match each word.

Shall we check? So, you've, what two words make you've? Let's see, you have.

What two words make I'm? Tell me.

I am.

What two words make there's? There is.

Next one, he's? Tell me, what two words? He is.

And wouldn't, is made of, would not wouldn't.

Really good job.

Well done.

Let's play a quick game.

Okay? So, I'm going to show you some words on the screen.

If you think the apostrophe is shown for contraction, in other words, how we put two words together to make one, you can clap.

Practise clap.


And if you think that the words that are on the screen have an apostrophe in them for possession, so showing that something belongs to someone, you can grab, to show it's belonging.

Okay, you ready? Let's look at the first one.

The beast's jaw.

Point to your jaw This bit here isn't it? This bit.

The beast's jaw.

Is that contraction or possession? One, two, three, it's possession.

Good job.

The creature's hideous face.

Hideous, is another way of saying really ugly and repulsive and revolting.

The creature's hideous face.

Contraction or possession? Hmm, have some thinking time.

Really have a good look, set in your head a creature's hideous face.

Is it possession, belonging, or contraction? Ready? One, two, three.

Possession because the hideous face belongs to the creature.

He's dangerous.

Hmm, he's.

Have I put two words together for that one? Or is it belonging? Should we do it together? One, two, three.

It's contraction isn't it? I've put he is together and I've made one word.

I've made the word he's, got my apostrophe there.

I wouldn't go near him.

No, I definitely wouldn't go near him.

But look at the apostrophe there in the word wouldn't.

Hmm wouldn't, contraction or possession? One, two, three.

It's contraction because I've made the word wouldn't from the word would not and I contracted them together to make wouldn't.

The jabberwocky's sharp claws.

Contraction or possession? One, two three.


What belongs to the jabberwocky? His sharp claws, yeah.

And then the last one, don't look him in the eye.

Hmm, that apostrophe there, in the word don't, contraction or possession? One, two, three.

It's contraction.

What two words have I put together? do not, don't.

Really well done for working so hard, you did a great job in our writing warmup, we did a lots of practise using apostrophes for possession, we did some practise using apostrophes for contraction and then we played a game.

Really well done, this is the end of our lesson and I'm really really looking forward to seeing you again soon.

Have a really great rest of your day.