Lesson video

In progress...


Hi there, my name is Mr. Byrne Smith, and today I'm going to be teaching you spelling.

We're going to have lots of fun, because today we're looking at double consonants, which is a surprisingly interesting and fun unit.

So please do, come along and join me.

Here's the agenda for today's lesson.

First, we're going to look at some key vocabulary.

Then we'll investigate and generate rules before finally setting our spelling words.

In this lesson, you'll need an exercise book or paper, a pencil and of course, your brain.

If you need to go and get any of these things, pause the video now.

Okay, let's run through some key vocabulary.

My turn your turn, vowel.

A vowel is one of the five letters, a, e, i, o and u.

Consonant, consonants are all of the other letters So all the letters except for a, e, i, o, u Noun, a noun is a person, place or thing.

Origin, origin refers to where something comes from.

When we talk about the origin of the words we're talking about where they come from, the languages and countries they come from.

When we think about vowels, it's important that we think not only about vowel letters, a, e, i, o, u but also vowel sounds.

Now vowel sounds can be split into two categories, short vowel sounds and long vowel sounds.

The short vowel sounds are a, e, i , o, u.

Long vowel sounds are ay, ee, igh, u_e.

There are other long vowels as well, but these are the most common.

These are also the most common spellings.

Many of these long vowels can be spelled in a variety of different ways.

Let's have a quick practise.

I'm going to give you a word that contains either a long or short vowel sound.

I'd like you to tell me whether it's long or short.

Do this by pointing to short vowels or long vowels.

Okay, the first word is Pat.

Pat, pat contains a short vowel a.

The next word is might.

Might, point for me, might contains a long vowel sound igh.

The next word is feast, feast.

Feast contains a long vowel sound.

And finally, flop, flop.

Flop contains a short vowel sound o, okay.

Let's investigate and generate some rules.

I'd like you to look very carefully each of these four words.

They all have something in common.

I wonder if you can figure out what it is.

We have happy, grinned, coffee, and summer.

Pause the video now.

Okay, great, all four of these words contain double consonants.

That's what we're going to be focusing on today.

In the word happy you can see there are two Ps.

P is a consonant.

When there are two alongside each other, we call that a double consonant, two of the same consonants.

You can see that in grinned, we have two Ns, in coffee, we have two Fs, and in summer, we have two Ms. So here we have four words, each containing a double consonant.

Now's your turn, to see if you can think of many others.

I'd like you to try and think of three others.

Three words containing double consonants.

Pause the video now and have a go.

Okay, great, I thought of some , I thought of bunny, and kitten, and puppy.

For some reason they're all animals I don't really know why that happened.

Okay, we have to see if we going to identify a pattern of some sort.

We've already established exactly what short and long vowels are.

Now let's see if there's any link between the length of vowels and the double consonant.

Here we have pair of words.

Now, these words are unrelated in meanings so they don't have anything to do with each other in terms of their meaning.

However, they have very similar spellings.

The words at the top do not contain double consonants.

The words at the bottom do.

First we have biter and bitter.

Next, we have taping and tapping.

Next we have hooping and hopping.

Finally, we have super and supper.

Okay, I'd like you to see if you going to identify where the short vowel sounds are, and where the long vowel sounds are.

Let's see if we can spot a pattern.

Remember, the top row does not contain double consonants.

The bottom row does.

Pause the video now and have a go.

Okay, let's see where our short vowel sounds are, and where our long vowel sounds are.

Uh huh, so the top row contains entirely long vowel sounds.

The bottom row just contains short vowel sounds.

Well, this is interesting because as I said earlier, the bottom row also contains double consonants.

So it seems as though, double consonants and short vowels go together somehow.

I'm going to read out the bottom row, one more time, let's see if we can figure out whether the short vowel sound comes before or after the double consonant.

Bitter, tapping, hopping, supper.

Uh uh, I can hear it.

The short vowel sound is coming before the double consonant.

In bitter it's I, in tapping its a, in hopping it's o and in supper it's u.

So what can we say? Here I have a rule which I'd like you to help me complete.

Double consonants are often found after mh vowels.

And we've just looked into where the vowels are located in relation to the double consonant.

Double consonants are often found after mh vowels, which type of vowels? Pause the video.

Double consonants are often found after short vowels, uh uh.

So we have a rule, we have a rule about where and how we come across double consonants.

Okay, I've got a challenge for you.

I'd like you to think of as many adjectives as you can that contain double consonants.

So this is a question of doing as many as you can in about a minute.

How about that for a challenge? Now I'd really come up with some.

So I'm going to give you some time now to do the same.

Pause the video.

Okay, you should have a selection there of adjectives containing double consonants.

Here are mine.

I have jolly, funny, silly, happy and messy.

That was surprisingly easy, easier than I thought it would be.

It must be that many adjectives contain double consonants.

Okay, your next job is to pick two out of these.

Pick two of yours in fact, and put them into sentences for me.

I've picked two, and I put them into sentences and here they are.

First sentence contains the word jolly, the jolly man wandered down the street and whistled himself.

The next sentence contains the word messy.

The messy playroom needed to be sorted before the adults got back.

Okay, pick two of yours and do the same.

Pause the video now.

Okay, now it's time for us to have a go with animals.

Once again, we're looking for animals which contain double consonant.

Now, I already give up already given you some of these.

Earlier, I brought up three examples, all of which were animals.

If you can remember those, then you're off to a flying start.

I've got some, I thought you said you can get some too.

Pause the video now.

Okay, here's my selection of animals that contain double consonants.

Puppy, kitten, hippo, otter, and jellyfish.

Okay, let's put these into sentences.

I'm going to pick two, I've gone for, puppy and jellyfish.

As the young girl looked across the room, she heard her puppy barking, and the jellyfish lurked in the murky water.

I let you to have a go with two of yours.

Pause the video now.

Okay, next category, verbs.

Now, this is an easy one.

and there's a reason for that.

Lots of verbs when put into the present ING or the past ED tense, has to have one of their consonants doubled.

Which means there are actually quite a few of these, which is really helpful.

I've got some up my sleeve.

I'd like you to have a go.

Pause the video now.

Okay, here are mine, swimming, stopped, married, patting and hitting.

There are my verbs containing double consonants.

I wonder which you came up with.

Time for us to pick two of our choices and put them into sentences.

He stopped in his tracks at the sight of the strange shadow.

The children were swimming when their mum said it was time to go.

Okay, I'd like you to have a go with two of yours.

Pause the video now.

Now, some letters are never doubled.

Some of the letters of our alphabet are never doubled.

An example of one of these is W.

W is a letter which is never doubled.

I wonder if you can think of any others.

Some are easy to pick out because they're peculiar letters in the first place.

So I would start with those, start with those really strange letters, you know the ones I need.

Pause the video now.

Okay, the other letters that aren't doubled are H, J, K, V, and Z.

Now, some letters are rarely doubled, that means not very often.

When they are, it's usually because the word that doubles them comes from a different language.

I have two examples that use and double the letter C.

Broccoli and cappuccino.

These are both words that come from the Italian language.

Doubling C is more common in Italy, because it makes often a slightly different sound to the one that we make with a C in English.

That's why these two words do contain a double C, because they come from Italy.

Okay, let's set our spelling words.

Here they are.

You're going to need to write these down very carefully.

I'm going to read each one out loud.

I'm going to explain what it means if necessary, and I'm going to put each of these into a sentence, just to provide you with some context, and it's a good idea of how it's used.

The first word is silly.

My turn your turn, silly.

He did a silly dance whenever she came in the room.

Two common, common.

Common is an adjective which means frequent.

So if something is common, it means it happens often or it's seen often.

It can also be used as a noun.

As a noun, a common is generally an open piece of land.

So a green maybe, that people can sit and spend time on.

In some countries, John is not a very common name.

Follow, follow, the lion likes to follow its prey before panting.

Funny, funny, she was so funny that he laughed at almost anything she said.

Getting, getting, getting is a verb which means to obtain.

So it's to bring something into your possession, it can also be used to mean becoming.

For example you might say, I'm getting very sleepy, I'm becoming very sleepy.

Things are getting very strange.

There in that instance I used it to mean becoming.

If I use it to mean bring into my possession, I might say, I'm getting some apples from the shop.

Six carrot, carrot.

I like to include at least one carrot in every meal, even breakfast.

Seven comma, comma.

Commas are often used to separate clauses.

Scuffle, scuffle, a scuffle is a small fight.

A fight which is not especially serious.

If you say a scuffle broke out, you mean a fight started.

But we're not talking a proper fight.

Here we're talking a very kind of minor physical disagreement.

You can also use scuffle to describe noise that feet make on a corridor you might say there's a scuffle along the corridor.

And that are the two main uses for the word scuffle.

A scuffle broke out between the two siblings.

Nine, sudden, sudden.

Sudden is an adjective which means quick.

So a sudden movement is a quick movement, one which came about quickly or comes about quickly.

There was a sudden movement in the bushes.

10 possession, possession.

Possession is a word which means ownership.

It also means something that belongs to you.

So you could talk about possession, which means ownership, owning something.

But a possession is something that belongs to you.

So, I keep my possessions in my bag, or each possession he took with him was special in a different way.

Okay, now there are words, when you practise these, I want you to make sure that you spend a few minutes each day, that's much, much more effective than doing all in one go.

So spread it out throughout the week, five or 10 minutes a day.

That's a very, very effective practise rotor.

So I really recommend that.

And that's the end of the lesson, so congratulations.

We've looked at key vocabulary.

We've investigated and generated rules, and we set spelling words.

So well done for all of your hard work.

You've completed the lesson, bye.