Lesson video

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Hi, there, my name's Mr. Byrne-Smith, and today, I'm going to be teaching you some spelling.

In today's lesson, we're going to be looking at French-derived words, which means words which come from the French language.

English is fantastic.

Lots of the words in our language actually come from or via other languages.

Which just means over the years, we've been pinching all of these fantastic words from other languages to make our language even better.

And what a great language it is.

So come along and let's make a start.

Here's the agenda for today's lesson.

First, we're going to look at some key vocabulary, then we're going to investigate and generate some rules, before finally, setting our spelling words for this unit.

In this lesson, you will need an exercise book or paper, a pencil, and then finally, most importantly, your brain.

If you need to go off and get any of these things, pause the video now.

Okay, let's go through some key vocabulary.

My turn, your turn.


Definition is the meaning of a word.


An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

It tells you what it's like.


A noun is a person, place, or thing.


Origin means where something comes from.

We use this term quite frequently with regards to words.

When we talk about where a word comes from, we talk about the language they originated in.

Let's investigate and generate some rules.

So we have four words here.

I'm going to read them out loud and I'd like you to try and identify the sound that they all have in common.

Shin, bush, spatial, machine.

Shin, bush, spatial, machine.

Pause the video and have a think.


You might have noticed that they all have the sh sound in common.

In each instance, it's spelt slightly differently.

In shin, we have the sh sound at the beginning of the word spelt with S-H.

In bush, it's spelt S-H, but it comes at the end of the word.

In spatial, we have the T-I spelling.

And then in machine, we have a C-H spelling.

These spellings all make the sh sound.

This is a common sound in English, which we hear again and again and again.

As we've seen already, it's spelt in a variety of different ways.

Today, we are going to focus on this particular spelling of the sh sound, the C-H spelling.

We have the word machine, but it also features in other words, for example, chef and chalet.

Machine, chef, and chalet.

Here, we have three words.

We're going to try and identify where the C-H spelling of the sh sound comes from.

I can already see that I have two C-H spellings and one S-H spelling.

The S-H spelling is in the word shop.

The C-H spelling is in the words machine and chalet.

Now, in order to try and figure out where this noise comes from, let's dig a little bit deeper.

First with the word class.

Shop is a noun.

It means a building where things are sold.

Then we have our word class and our definition.

You can see the word class has been put in italics, which is slanted writing, which is very common.

Shop is a noun, meaning a building where things are sold.


How about where it comes from? Well, whenever you look up a word, it's possible to find out where it comes from.

If you have a dictionary handy now, you could even do this for yourself by pausing the video.

You can do this in a dictionary or online.

Alongside the definition, there's normally a section on origin.

The origins of a word are all about where the word comes from.

In this instance, shop comes from Old English.

So that's a version of English which doesn't exist anymore.

Our current language, the English we speak today, has evolved from, partly, from Old English.

How about machine? So the machine is a noun, and it's a device that does a physical task.

Okay, so that's our definition.

How about the origin? French.

Hmm, that's interesting.

So machine is either a word that's come from French or via French.

If it's come via French, it means it's come from an ancient language through French, and then into English.

If it's come from French, it means it's a French word, which has come straight into English.

Finally, we have chalet.

Chalet is a noun, meaning a wooden house found in the mountains.

That's our definition.

Our origin, French.

Hmm, okay.

So we're looking to figure out the sh sound spelt with a C-H and where it's come from.

I'll let you pause the video and think about any similarities you've spotted so far.

Okay, now you might have spotted that they're all nouns.

That's a similarity.

In terms of their origin, I've spotted a similarity.

So far, the C-H spelling of the sh sound seems to be coming from France.

It seems to be French.

I think we need to look at some more examples in order to test this.

Here, we have champagne and brochure.

Champagne and brochure.

Now I can already identify that we do contain the C-H sh sound.

There is a beginning of champagne and halfway through brochure.

First, let's look at some definitions and word classes.

Champagne is a noun.

It's a bubbly wine from France.

Hang on a second, there's a big clue.

How about this word's origin? I think I can already guess.

Yup, French.

This word has come from French.

Okay, we're getting somewhere here.

How about brochure? Brochure is a noun which means an information booklet.


I think I can already figure out where it's come from, but let's have a look.

Aha, so brochure also comes from French.

I wonder if you can help me put together a rule, explaining the origins of these C-H spelling of the sh sound.

Word that contain the something sound spelt C-H often come from blank.

Pause the video and help me complete this rule.

Okay, words that contain the sh sound spelt C-H often come from French.


So these are what we refer to as French-derived words.

That means they come from France or in this case, from the French language.

Let's test them out.

We're looking for the French spelling of this word.


When people go skiing, they often stay in a chalet.

Help me out with the spelling.

Pause the video and have a go.

Okay, when people go skiing, they often say in a chalet, French spelling, C-H.

Whenever you encounter a word, and you're unsure whether the sh sound is spelt with the French way or not, write it out in a variety of ways, and often you can just rely on what looks right.

This is a really good backup strategy if you're not sure.

Here we have another sentence.

Once again, I'm looking for the French spelling of the sh sound.

To find out more information, read the brochure.

Help me identify which of these spellings is correct.

Pause the video.


To find out more information, read the brochure.

And there it is, our C-H French spelling of the sh sound.

Let's look at two more sounds, the g sound and the k sound.

These are both sounds which appear in English fairly often and have a variety of spellings.

First, we're going to look at the g sound.

This sound in this instance, has been spelt using G-U-E, fatigue.

Once again, in this instance, it's been spelt using G-U-E, league.

Once again, in this instance, it's been spelt using G-U-E, intrigue.

Help me identify the sound and spelling that these three words have in common.

Pause the video now.

So they all contain the g sound and it's spelt G-U-E.

This is what we refer to as the French spelling of the g sound.

When the g sound is spelt using G-U-E, the word has most likely come from or via the French language.

Words that contain the g sound spelt G-U-E often come from French.

Here's the k sound.


You can hear it.

In this instance, it's at the end of the word, and it's been spelt using Q-U-E.

Very unusual-looking spelling of the k sound.

Antique, once again, spelt using Q-U-E.

Mosque, once again, spelt using Q-U-E.

Help me identify the sound and spelling that these three words have in common.

Pause the video.

Okay, they all have the k sound in common spelt using Q-U-E.

This is the French spelling of the sound.

Most likely if you encountered this spelling of the k sound, the word has come from or via the French language.

Word that contain the k sound spelt Q-U-E often come from French.


Let's set the spelling words for this week's unit.

We're going to be looking at words which contain the three sounds we've discussed: sh, g, and k.

I'm going to go through each of the words slowly and carefully.

I'd like you to write each of them down, making sure not to make any mistake at this early stage.

We don't want you to be practising the wrong spelling of your word.

For each word, I'll explain the meaning if necessary and put it in context.

Number one, chef.

A chef is somebody who cooks food in a restaurant.

She wants to be a chef in a top restaurant when she grows up.


Number two, machine.


A lever is a type of simple machine.



If you want to find out more about the museum, read the brochure.



You likely have seen the word parachute before, but just in case, I'm going to explain what it is.

A parachute is a large piece of material, which helps you slow down if and when you fall from a great height.

Parachutes allow people to jump out of planes and slowly drift down to the ground without getting hurt.

Even with a parachute, I felt scared jumping.

Number five, league.


My basketball team on top of the league.

Six, fatigue.


Fatigue is a really nice word, which means tiredness.

It means tiredness.

After 10 hours of walking, the fatigue started to set in.

Seven, intrigue.


Intrigue is another word for curiosity.

Everyone wants to know what happened.

There's intrigue everywhere.


This word sometimes appears as a verb.

When it appears as a verb, it's pronounced slightly differently, intrigue.

So we have intrigue the noun, and intrigue.

If you intrigue somebody, you make them curious about what you're doing or saying.

Intrigue, slightly different.

Number eight, unique.

Unique means one of a kind.

Each of us is unique.

Number nine, antique.

An antique is often object which belongs to the past.

These usually have some sort of value, so they're generally valuable.

The ancient house was full of antiques.

You sometimes come across antique shops, which sell things, objects, which come from the past.

Number 10, mosque.


The mosque, or a mosque, is a place of worship for Muslims, followers of Islam.

Muslims worship at the mosque.

Okay, they're our words for this unit.

Make sure you've written them down very, very carefully.

I'd like you to practise these words for this week.

Make sure that you practise them little and often.

So don't do one hour at the end of the week, I recommend doing a few minutes, 5 or 10 minutes each day.

That way you can really make sure that you learn gradually and carefully.

By approaching your learning this way, you're more likely to remember in the long run what you've learned today.

Fantastic! Well done! This is what we've covered in today's lesson.

We have looked at key vocabulary.

We've investigated and generated rules.

We've set spelling words, which is a lot.

So well done.

And that's the end of the lesson.

Well done to your hard work.

You've completed the lesson.