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And in this lesson, we'll explore a higher style of GCSE writing question, concentrating on transformation before reconstructing a written response together.

I hope you're in a quiet space away from distractions.

And all you need for this lesson today is some paper and a pen ready to start.


This is the plan for today's lesson.

Please have a read before we start.

If you need more time, just pause the video now.


If you're ready,.

This is a GCSE-style question we will be working on today.

And everything we do in today's lesson will help you to write an answer to this question.

So what are we being asked to do in this question? Let's explore it together.

To sum up.

Did you say your area? Well done.

So you need to write to Beatriz and tell her a little bit about your area.

What is it that we need to mention, though? So , which we know is area.

So what is this about? What do I need to say? Were you thinking what I do in my area? Correct.

'Cause is you do so you need to mention what you do in your area.

Did you say the good thing about living in your area? So is recently.

What was number three about? This is something to do about my region? Yes.



I need to talk about, I need to write about what I did in my area, in my region recently.

Do you think he's talking about what your plans for the weekend are? So talking about your plans for the weekend, the coming weekend.

So you need to mention in your email to Beatriz what you do in your area, what's the good thing about living in your area, what you did recently in your region or area, and your plans for next weekend.

But before we get started today, I like to introduce you to the writing model we will use in our lesson today.

This will help us to structure our piece of writing in a logical and coherent way.

At Oak National Academy, the writing model we use is called the border model.

Border, you got it here and then you can cite.

And this model will help you to plan your answer carefully.

To do this, you will need to write a basic answer to the bullet points.

So B stands for basic answer to the bullet point.

And then there are multiple options for what as you might choose to include.

So you might want to include an opinion.

You can also extend that opinion with a reason.


You can add some extra details and possibly an extract sample that would include sophisticated and more elaborate language to impress your teacher.

Once you have written your plan and your piece of writing, you need to review it carefully thinking about whether what you are planning on including actually answers the question and is relevant to the question.

So the R stands for relevance.

Now, if you like to make a note of this model, please pause the video now to do so.

And let's start by learning some key verbs you would find really useful in our lesson today.

I'm going to say the Spanish first, and I want you to repeat after me.

Then I'll show you the English.

This is the complete list of the verbs that we've seen together.

You can write them down if you'd like to.

And the key to any successful piece of writing in GCSE is accurate tenses.

And that's exactly what we're concentrating on initially in our lesson today.

Very often, when we're listening, when we're reading, we can use a time indicator, that's the time phrase, or something else in the sentence to help us work out the meaning.

Let me show you an example of that.

In English.


Last Sunday, I went to the park.

And which words in the sentence do you need to cut to be able to work this out? Was it this? And this? And then your brain filled in the gaps? If we're not careful, we might not notice this word , and we don't pay enough attention to the form of the verbs, it's really hard for us to use them correctly when speaking or writing.

These can mean that we write or we say things that are confusing for the reader.

In the next activity, I'm going to show you some verbs which refer to different tenses, but all the time indicators have been taken away.

This means that you really need to pay attention to the form of the verb to work out to which tense they refer to as well as to which person they refer to.

Which tense is it in? Is it in the past? in imperfect, in the present tense, or in the near future.

Do say the tense out loud.

Do you think present tense? is I swim.

Which tense is it in? Let's check.

Did you say past, preterite? It was an accent.

It's a preterite tense.

What about ? Which tense is it in? Do you say past imperfect? is a preterite.

I with an accent, another of the endings for the preterite.

Which tense is it in? It's the near future.

Which tense is it in? Is it the present tense? It's in the present tense.

It still has an o.

Did you say preterite? Well done, we've already done see that e with an accent.

Right, so let's summarise what we've seen on using multiple tenses together.

Everything I'm about to show you and say applies to area verbs in the I form of the verb.

Now, in the past, the preterite tense, the I form of AR verbs are the stem plus an e with an accent at the end.

In the imperfect tense, we add aba to the stem of the verb for the I from the verb.

And in the present tense, we add an O to the stem of the verb.

And for the near future, we've got three elements.

We need voy, we need a, and we need an infinitive verb.

If you don't have this information already, please pause the video now and complete and copy this in your book.

Let's practise a little bit more with a range of verbs.

means to buy or buying.

So I'm going to try to conjugate it to refer to different tenses all of them in the I form of the verb.

To say out loud, , we getting that O ending.

Now again, out loud.

In the near future, I'm going to buy.

Do you have the three elements? How about preterite? Think of the ending.

, I bought.

That's correct,.


I used to buy.

is the other ending.

You might find it a little bit tricky because you may not know the verb.

Just do your best.

Present tense, I from the verb.

I watch or I see the man.

Can you say ver? So in this case, I keep an E between the stem, which is V and the ending, which is a veo.

this should be easier.

I'm going to see or to watch the man.

Boy, I beg, you said? Wonderful Preterite! I watched or I saw the man.

Right before I reveal the answer, if it helps, I always think it's a bit weird looking.

Do you say B, C? And now in perfect tense, I used to watch the man.

It is.

It's a different ending, 'cause there's an eia verb.

So it doesn't have the aba ending from the earlier verbs.

With yet another irregular verb.

I got the man.

I'm going to go the man.

It is for your ears, too.

I went.

I used to go.

If you said iba, you are correct and really well done, 'cause that's a tricky one to remember.

So from ir to go or going, I can explode this verb to two different tenses.

But remember this one is an irregular verb.

So now that we have spontaneously conjugated three verbs in multiple tenses, let's concentrate on accuracy.

Can you actually write these verbs down accurately? Now, please write on the title using verbs in multiple tenses.

And on this screen, you can see a great, Please copy the down.

Copy the titles infinitive, past preterite, past imperfect, present and the near future.

You don't need to copy the grid in full as such, but just make sure that you lay out your work so that you can understand it when you come back to look at it.

What I want you to do is to fill in as much as you can on this table.

And if you have no idea where to start, just keep watching, please.

If you're ready to start, I will send the video.

If you need some extra support on this right now, you have some help to help you to make a start like giving you some clues.

But if I'm there, I've given you the rhetoric in the present tense.

And we're coming out, giving you the near future that you could use to help you conjugate up there.

Now, compare your answers to mine and make sure you make any annotations and corrections needed.

It would also be really good if you could highlight any areas that you find particularly challenging So that you know that you need to pay more attention to them.

the video.

Now, let's work together to create an answer to this first bullet point.

And what type of things might we want to include in our answer here? What do you think? Give me.

I think we might want to include things like what we normally do.

You might also want to say how often you do those things.

And with whom you do those things, with your friends, with your family.

You could also give your opinion on the activities that you do in your area as well as a reason.

And you could even mention what one of your friends does.

Now on the screen, you can see a Spanish sentence with a missing word.

And I like you to decide which word is needed to complete this sentence.

Once you have decided, fill it.

What did you select? Did you say present tense O ending.

Now, what did you select? Did you select we do.

And I'm looking for we swim.

Do you write and away from the verb, the ending is a mos for higher verbs.

If the weather is bad.

What do you mean? Right, so tricky one.

Do you select Remember, we use the word in Spanish to talk about the weather, even though he have the word to be in English.

We watch a film.

So what do you select? Was it ? And so again, to watch that keeps and then the whole ending.

Now, in this screen, you can see a model answer to first bullet point.

Let's have a look at it more closely.

The bullet points ask us to talk about what we do in our area.

And I've got a basic response.

So no money.

I go out, I meet up with my friends on the weekends, but we also have an opinion followed by a reason.

I've also developed my ideas a little bit more by adding an example.

And the last thing I've done is to add a complex sentence with si, if.

If the weather is bad,.

So this way I've included an example of elaborate language, a complex sentence with si, if.

And an extra and additional opinion phrase.

I'm giving my opinion it's the best thing, which is also a superlative.

So it's also elaborate language, actually really well here.

So if there are any parts of these paragraphs that you would like to borrow for your own answer, by all means, pause the video now and just make some notes.

And let's have a look at it together so that we can work to create and settle this bullet point.

What type of things might we want to include this time? Name it.

Did your ideas include mention one thing you like about your area? including a reason.

Did you also think about saying what the area is like? And even what there is and isn't.

Did you also think about what your area used to be like? There's a possibility how your area has changed, and also, how would you change it? So these are some ideas of what it is that you could include for this bullet point.

Now to build an answer to a bullet point, we're going to work through a set of guided translation questions.

We going to make use of the grammatical patterns that we have just been looking at together to ensure we translate our verbs correctly.

I'll always include a couple of clues onto this screen to translate any potentially tricky content.


I live in a town or village.

And come back when you're ready to check your answers.

Let's compare.

Is that what you wrote? See, perfecto.

And the best thing is that it's quiet.

Did you write ? See, good work.

I love it because it's not big.

Did you write.

It's so small that I walk everywhere.

Did you say ? However, on the screen, you can see, now to the second bullet point and let's look at it closely.

The bullet point asked us to talk about the good thing about our area.

And I have got a basic answer.

So the best thing is that it's very quiet.

That is a basic answer, not many details, but I can extend with more.

For example, with an opinion, , and a reason,.

Then in this answer, I've always included some development.

So that's an extra detail I've added.

And last but not least, I've added an example of elaborate language by using imperfect tense and referring to the past.

And that's how I've approached this bullet point.

Once again, if there are any parts of this paragraph that you'd like to borrow for your own answer, please pause the video now and make some notes.

They might be very relevant to you.

Now, it's up to you.

You've got two bullet points to answer.

Please write border down in the margin.

What are you going to include for each bullet point? Planning is super important.

Try to include all the elements of border in each of your paragraphs.

Remember R stands for relevance.

So if you find yourself writing something that doesn't really answer the question, stop and consider a way to convert that is directly linked to the question.

And again, that's why planning is so important.

Once you've written your plan, you can get started writing an answer to the remaining two bullet points, bullet points.

Please keep watching if you think you're going to need a little bit more of help to be able to complete this task.

And likewise, if you really like a challenge.

So stay here for some support.

On this screen, you can now see the two bullet points.

And I've also put down a couple of ideas of where you might want to write about on the right hand side.

You might want to say what you did last week and last weekend.

I've always included some sentence starters in Spanish, which might help you to get started.

So if you want to talk about what you did last week, last weekend, you could say , just make sure you use the verb in the I form of the verb, in the preterite.

You might want to say who you did it with.

And you can use this to help you.

And you can say whether you enjoyed it and why.

So you use an opinion phrase in the past.

plus a reason.

Finally, you can challenge yourself by trying to refer to all this experience.

For bullet point number two, you might want to say the activity that you are going to do, , plus an infinitive verb of your choice.

You could also say why, the reason why you're doing it, and finally, you can refer to a friend, and an infinitive verb.

Remember to look back at the notes in your book from early in the lesson, because that will help you when structuring your response.

What to challenge yourself? Keep watching.

And if you're looking for something a little bit more challenging, why don't you attempt to answer the four bullet points? The key here is to be concise.

Just don't allow yourself to get distracted from the question and include irrelevant information.

Concentrate on including things that you know how to say.

This might be different from what you actually might want to say, but accuracy and relevance are two of the keys to success on this task.

Can you remember what the R stands for in border? See? No? No answer? It stands for relevance.

And now we're going to review your work, yep, concentrating on accuracy and whether what we have included responds to the question or not, whether it's relevant or not.

So please get a different colour pen so that you can correct, mark, or even upgrade your work.

Let's review the first person singular.

I've got two sentences on this slide.

There's only one of them that's valid.

The other one has a major mistake and I need to throw it in the bin.

I want you to tell me and say out loud the correct sentence.

Do you say Netherlands, ? Hear the sentence, we throw in the bin.

We can't even recycle it.

It is an awful sentence.

I need to review our work and make sure that I've used that I form of the verb for the first person singular for the present tense.

So that's an ou.

So please make sure you review your work looking for the correct verb ending for the present tense for the I form of the verb.

And now we're going to review the use of gustar-type verbs with all the verbs.

Do you say ? The other one goes to the bin.

And remember that gustar-type verbs are always followed by the infinitive.

So check your work.

If you've used two valve structures with gustar-type verbs make sure that the second one is an infinitive verb.

And now we're going to look at the use of.

Do you say ? I use with plural nouns and in here I have the infinitive, so I need.

If you need to talk about what you can do in your town or your city, make sure that you've used the correct ending.

Now using the preterite tense,.

Do you say ? Who gained at football? And again, just make sure that when you've answerably point on what you did last weekend or recently in your area that you use a right ending for the preterite tense that also includes using the right time phrases.

is last week, so that triggers the past tense, in this case, the preterite.

So review your work to make sure that you've used the right ending for the preterite and the right time phrase.

Using the simple feature,.

Do you say ? Remember that we form the simple future with the whole infinitive, so if you've used the simple future, just review your work to make sure that you used the right ending and that you've used the right forms, the whole infinitive plus the ending.

Now, let's have a look at relevance.

I've got two sentences here to answer the bullet point.

One of the sentences doesn't really give much information about that bullet point is correct, grammatically correct, but it doesn't answer the bullet point.

Which one is it? That means the or.

So the one that I need to throw in the bin is 'cause that doesn't really answer the bullet point in any form or shape, whereas yes, that's something that you do in your area.

I've got two sentences.

Which one of these sentences does not respond directly to the bullet point? Hopefully, you thought because that doesn't answer the bullet point.

Whereas is a positive thing about my area.

It's a good thing about my area.

I've got two options.

Which sentence does not respond to that bullet point directly? Name it.

And it says , because the bullet point is asking me about what I did recently.

So my direct answer, even my basic answer to it has to be in the past tense.

Whereas if I say , I'm talking about a routine that doesn't really answer the bullet point.

Now, listen, we've seen three example of how to look for relevance in your writing so just make sure that you've got direct answers for each of the bullet points that you've answered but also that you've reviewed the accuracy of your work.

And the last thing you need to do is to complete the quiz.

That's going to allow you to consolidate what we've seen together today.

And I look forward to seeing you very soon in our next lesson.