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Hello, everyone.

My name's Ms. Butt.

And today I'm going to be teaching you three words for you to use in your explanation text on how bees make honey.

I am absolutely fascinated in bees.

And I've been really lucky, because I got to actually visit a beehive with a bee expert who taught me all about the different things inside a hive.

One thing I learned about bees is that they work extremely hard.

And that's why today we're going to be learning three words to describe different ways of trying really hard at something.

I hope you enjoy today's lesson.


Let's get started.

In today's lesson, I am going to introduce the new vocabulary one word at a time.

Then for each word, we're going to look at the synonyms and word pairs.

And finally, we're going to have a go at applying these new words that we've learned in sentences that we could use in our explanation text on bees.

Things you're going to need today are a piece of paper, because right at the end of the lesson, I'm going to ask you to write three sentences, a pencil, and your brains.

Please make sure that you try to clear away anything that's going to distract you if you can.

Pause the video to make sure you've got everything you need and that you're ready for your learning.


So let's start thinking a little bit about bees.

Now I've already said that bees work very hard.

Why do you think it's so important for bees to work hard? Can you pause the video and tell me? Wow.

Some brilliant answers, I agree.

I think that bees have to work hard, because they've got a really important job to do.

Not only collecting nectar and pollinating the flowers, but also making all that honey.

I'm sure lots of you have got jars of honey and your houses and it takes lots and lots and lots of bees to even make one little teaspoon of honey.

That's why they have to work really hard.

And they're very good at working as a team.

So some key vocabulary we're going to need today is, and I'm going to say it, and then I'd like you to repeat it back to me, a synonym, word pair, adjective, noun, verb, and adverb.

Let's go through what each of these words mean.

A synonym is a word that means exactly or nearly the same as another word.

For example, merry and happy.

Word pairs are words that often together like a bright sun or a bright moon.

An adjective is a describing word, and often it describes a noun, which is a person, place, or thing.

For example, if I was going to describe my mug, which is the noun, 'cause it's a thing, I might describe it as being stripy.

A verb is it doing or being word.

So anything that you do, for example, yawn or stretch, is a verb.

And an adverb tells us more about how the verb happens.

For example, if the verb is ran, then the adverb could be quickly ran.

Let's take a look at our first trying hard word.

And we're going to start off by looking at an illustration.

And in this illustration, I want you to be detectives and look very closely and describe what is happening here.

How do you think both these characters are feeling? And what do you think is going on in this picture? Can you pause the video and have a think? Well done, I can see here that there is one character who looks like she is in the middle of something.

She looks like she's talking about something and she's so consumed by what she's talking about.

She's not noticing what's going on around her.

And in fact she hasn't even noticed that she's walked off the edge of a cliff.

And then it looks like there's a little character behind her who's desperately trying to write down what she's saying.

And he also seems so desperate to get everything down that he's also walked off this cliff.

Well, definitely this character seems to be work, both characters in fact seem to be working extremely hard.

Wonder what this word could be? Let's take a look.

This word is dedicated.

I say, you say, dedicated.


Well done.

This is an adjective so it's a way that we could describe someone and it means keen or devoted.

When you care about something so much, nothing can stop you.

I think she definitely looks like she cares a lot about what she's talking about.

Perhaps it's a part of her job.

And she's cares about it so much that nothing can stop her.

Not even a cliff.

Let's take a look at some words that could be synonyms of dedicated.

And of course a synonym is a word that means the same thing.

Devoted, follower, team, committed, staff, teacher, keen, employee, space and volunteer.

Here's the word in a sentence.

The dedicated team of bees work together to collect the nectar.

I wonder if you could pause the video and see if you can guess which of these three words are synonyms of dedicated.

Off you go.

Let's see if you were right.

The synonyms are devoted, committed, and keen.

That means the rest of these words are all word pairs.

And I'm going to read them to you.

A dedicated follower.

Perhaps a celebrity might have a dedicated follower who is very committed to them and follows them and all kinds of things on Instagram and things like that, and has got posters of them in their room.

A dedicated team.

Perhaps they're dedicated, because they practise every single day together and never miss a practise.

Dedicated staff where you'd hope in any job that the staff would be dedicated to their job.

A dedicated volunteer.

A volunteer is someone who offers to do something and often they don't get paid.

So they must be dedicated because they're not getting money for what they're doing.

They're just doing it because they really care about it.

A dedicated teacher.

I'm sure all of you have got very dedicated teachers.

A dedicated employee.

Perhaps someone who you employ.

And a dedicated space.

This one's a bit tricky.

What this means is that imagine if you go to the dentist and in the dentist, there might be a dedicated space which is only for the dentists to park in.

So that every day when they get to work, they know there's always a free space for them to park in.

And so we would say that that's a dedicated space to the dentist, because it's just for that one person.

I'd like you to pause the video in a second and read the word pairs aloud.

Because the way that we remember new vocabulary is not just by reading them or hearing them, it's by saying them yourself.

So if you read these word pairs aloud, then you're hopefully going to remember this word dedicated.

Could you pause the video and have a go at reading them now? Well done.

Can you tell me, what does dedicated mean? That's right.

Well done.

It means you're keen or devoted and you really care about something so much that nothing can stop you.

I wonder if there's anything that you're dedicated to.

Perhaps it might be getting better at something or being part of a team.

Perhaps you could tell me now, is there anything that you're dedicated to? Okay, let's take a look at the next illustration.

What's happening in this picture? What can you see? What do you think this is showing us? How do you think this character is feeling? Could you pause the video and have a little think? Well, I can see a sign that says finish, and there's also, it looks at this person's running through a kind of ribbon that they've broken.

And that's usually what we see at the end of a race.

So it seems to me like this character has just finished a race.

And from the look of this character and how exhausted they look, which I can tell, 'cause I can see some sweat flying off them, like body language is kind of slumped over, like they're really struggling to do those last few steps.

So I think that this might have been a really long race.

Maybe even something like a marathon.

I wonder what this word could be? Let's take a look.

This word is persevere.

Persevere, now this word is actually a verb.

It's not an adjective.

Can you remember what an a verb is? Yeah, that's right.

It's something that you do.

So persevere, if you persevere with something, it's something you do.

It means to keep going or carry on.

Like running all the way to the end of a marathon.

I wonder if anyone's ever told you to persevere with something.

For example, perhaps maybe you're doing a drawing and you're struggling to get started with it.

And someone says to you, "Wow, I really think you should persevere with that drawing, 'cause I think it looks really good." That means that they want you to keep going and carry on.

And perseverance is a really, really important quality trait to have, because all of us come across challenges in our life and all of us find things difficult.

But if we persevere, it means even though something's difficult, we keep on going.

And that's how we achieve things.

Let's take a look at some words that could be synonyms of the word persevere.

Keep going, in the race, with the job, in the search, carry on, persist, steadily, doggedly, despite all obstacles, and with the diet.

Now this is quite a tricky one 'cause there's different phrases.

Some of them are phrases.

Some of them are words by themselves.

Some of them are adverbs.

So I wonder if you can, first of all, just identify which words here, which phrases mean the same thing as persevering.

Here's the word in a sentence to help you.

The bees persevere until all the honeycomb cells are filled.

Pause the video and see if you can spot which words are synonyms of persevere.

Okay, so the synonyms are keep going, carry on, and persist.

If you persist with something, it just means you keep going with it.

So for example, if you really wanted and new, let's say you really, really wanted a pet dog.

And your parents or your carers said to you no, you can't have one, you might persist and keep asking over and over and over again.

That means that you're carrying on asking.

You're not just giving up.

That means the rest of these words or phrases are word pairs.

and I'm going to read them to you.

So you might persevere in the race, as we can see this character in this image did.

Maybe you might persevere with the job.

Everyone has jobs sometimes that they don't like at first.

But if you persevere, it means you keep going with it and see if you might eventually like it.

Persevere with the diet.

Perhaps if you're trying to be really, really healthy and it's really tempting and someone says to you oh, there's some cake if you want some.

If you persevere with the diet, it means you keep going with it and keep continue to try to be healthy.

Persevere in the search.

If you've lost something, not giving up and finding it.

Persevere despite all obstacles.

Obstacles are things that might get in the way.

But if you persevere, you're going to, whatever gets in the way, find a way around it.

Persevere steadily, so in a steady way.

And finally persevere doggedly.

And if you do something doggedly, it means that it's like grim persistence.

If you imagine a dog who's got a bone and it really doesn't want to get rid of it, you would try and take the bone, but it would bite onto it with its teeth.

That's a bit like what the adverb doggedly means.

So steadily and doggedly are both adverbs, 'cause they're telling us how the verb is happening.

Persevere, steadily, persevere doggedly.

And you'll have noticed they both end in L-Y or ly.

I'd like you now to pause the video and to say these phrases aloud.

Because again, that's how you're going to remember this word persevere.

Off you go.

Well done, can you tell me, what does this word persevere mean again? Well done.

It means to keep going or carry on.


Here's our final image.

I bet you're going to find this one a little bit funny.

Quite often these words of very funny.

They make me laugh.

So what do you think is happening here? Can you describe this picture? Pause the video and have a think.

What I can see is a character who looks extremely fixed on that burger.

The burger is dangling from what looks like a fishing rod that they've attached to their running machine.

This person is running and I can see that sweating or again, they're looking very, very determined.

I wonder what this word could be? It looks to me like maybe this character is saying, "I can have that burger, but only after I've done this exercise.

Let's take a look.

This word is determined.

I actually said that already.

I say, you say, determined.

Determined, determined is an adjective.

And it means you're driven or single-minded, working extra hard to get what you want.

Is there anything right now that you're really determined for? Something that you're really driven to get or that you really want to work hard for? Let's look at which words could be synonyms of determined.

Effort, expression, purposeful, enemy, thief, opponent, voice, dead to set on, and driven.

Here's the word determined in a sentence.

Finally, the determined bees seal the honeycomb using a wax lid.

That's when they cover up after they've filled up each honeycomb with honey, they then seal it to stop it to keep it safe with a wax lid.

So which of these words do you think is a synonym of the word determined? Could you pause the video and see if you can spot any? Well done, so they're synonyms are purposeful, and dead set on.

That means that all these other words are word pairs, and I'm going to read them to you now.

Oh, sorry, there's one more, driven.

So purposeful, dead set on, or driven.

So we could say the driven bees seal the honeycomb using a wax lid.

Here are the word pairs.

A determined effort.

A determined expression.

If you look at this picture, this character has definitely got a determined expression.

Can you show me what a determined expression might look like? If you were really determined for something, what might it look like? Wow, amazing acting everyone.

A determined enemy.

A determined thief.

A determined opponent.

So someone you're either playing a game against or fighting against or playing a team sport against.

And a determined voice.

Mm, what would a determined voice sound like? Perhaps quite strong and powerful.

Okay, so just as before, I'd like you now to read these word pairs to me.

Make sure you're reading nice and loudly and clearly, and maybe you can read each one with a determined expression.

Off you go.


Well done.

So we've now learned three new words.

And all these words are different ways of explaining that someone is trying hard.

So here are the images.

Could you match up which image matches which definition? And remember a really important thing is that two of these words are adjectives.

So they're describing words, to describe someone who's trying hard.

And one of them is a verb.

So it's more, it's a doing word.

It's the act of trying hard.

Pause the video and see if you can match the images with the words.

Let's see how you got on.

The first one was dedicated.

The second one, this is the verb, is persevere.

Something that you do.

And finally the last adjective is determined.

Got a bigger challenge for you now.

Can you remember which definition matches which word? Can you pause the video and read the definitions and see if you can spot which one matches which image and which word? Okay, So dedicated means keen or devoted.

Persevere is to keep going and carry on.

And determined means driven or single-minded.

Let's have a go now at applying these new words that we've learned in sentences.

Hm, these, mm, insects, fly from flower to flower to search for nectar.

How could we describe these insects? So it's got to be an adjective, so I never can't be the verb.

Could you pause the video and see if you can identify which word fits best here? Now actually you could've said these dedicated insects, or these determined insects, because both of them are adjectives to describe these insects, which we know try hard.

So either of those would have worked.

Now in this sentence, we've got the two words that need to fit.

These, mm, creatures steadily, mm, flapping their wings until the honey has thickened.

Now there's some clues here to help me, because the first missing word is an adjective, because it's these, mm, creatures.

Creatures is a noun, it's a thing.

So we're trying to think of a word to describe them.

The second word, steadily, mm.

Now steadily is an adverb and that describes a verb.

So I think the second word must be a verb, a doing word.

Could you pause the video and have a think which words would fit in this sentence? Well done, these determined creatures steadily persevere, flapping their wings until the honey has thickened.

You could have also said, these dedicated creatures steadily persevere, flapping their wings until the honey has thickened.


It's time for you guys to do some writing now.

I'd like you to have a go at writing a sentence using the word dedicated.

Now this is quite a tricky thing to do, 'cause this is a word that we've only just learned, but perhaps you could use the word pairs to help you.

For example, you could write a sentence about a dedicated team.

Here's a sentence scaffold to help you.

if you want, you could just finish the sentence off for me.

Firstly, a dedicated forager bee, what do they go off and do? What do the forager bees do? So you could either write your own sentence using any of the word pairs, or you could finish off my sentence for me.

Pause the video and have a go.


Well done, everyone.

Now I'd like you to have a go at writing the word, writing a sentence using the word persevere.

Again you could use these word pairs to help you.

For example, you could say that, describe someone persevering doggedly, or you could just take the example of persevering in the search and you could form a sentence around that.

Don't forget capital letters at the start of your sentences and full stops at the end.

Pause the video and have a go at writing your own sentence using the word persevere.


Well done, brilliant sentences.

I've got one more sentence I'd like you to write.

And this time I'd like you to use the word determined.

Again, use a word pair if you'd like to help you.

For example, you could write a sentence about a determined thief.

See if you can make this last sentence really ambitious.

Off you go, Well done, everyone.

You've worked so hard in today's lesson.

You should feel really proud of yourselves.

And now you've learned three amazing new words that you could use in your bee explanation text.

You could use the verb persevere to describe the bees, what the bees do.

And you could use the adjectives determined and dedicated to describe the bees.

If you want to share any of the sentences that you wrote today, you can ask her parent or carer and upload them on Twitter, 'cause we always love seeing the brilliant work that you guys are doing.

I'll see you soon.

Bye, everyone.