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Hi, everyone, and welcome to lesson three of five, where we are Exploring the Deep.

So in this lesson we're going to continue to read some of the book and explore some more of these deep sea creatures.

So when you are ready, let's get going.

Hi, and welcome to today's lesson and our learning objective is to read a text and answer questions.

So our agenda is that we're going to recap the features, then look at some key vocabulary, we're going to read through the text and answer questions and then there is a final question for you.

In this lesson, you will need exercise book or paper pencil and your reading brain.

So if you need to pause the video to go and get any of these items do that now.

Great, so you should have everything in front of you ready to go.

Remember it's always good to be in a as quietest space as possible.

So if you can move yourself to somewhere but quieted, then that's really helpful.

It's also useful to get rid of any distractions around you.

So when you're ready, let's go.

Oh, what text type are we reading? Do you remember what we are reading? Have a little think, sure we do.

What was so special about it? It had index page, the contents page and the glossary.

Index, content, glossary , yada.

Yes, of course it's saying oh, non-fiction, oh we're actually what does that mean? Does it mean that it has lots of facts and tells you lots of information about a topic? Or that it's made up and uses lots of imagination? Which one is it? Can you point it on your screen in three, two, one? Which one is it? Yes, of course, this is a non-fiction text.

And a non-fiction text means that it has a lot of facts and tells you lots of information about a topic.

Okay, so something different about a non-fiction text.

Some of the features we looked at were inside the book like the index page and the contents page, and the glossary, but have a look at this spread of pages and 18 and 19.

What features can you spot that make it look different to maybe if you're reading a novel.

What is different? Have a little bit of thinking, tell me you can point to this screen and explain what you can see that's different and to maybe a chapter book, okay.

So if you need to pause the video, do that if you want a little bit of extra time, let's have a look.

I noticed, oh, so I have circled a few things, maybe now if you're not sure, if you weren't sure before, amybe now you have a bit of a better idea.

What are those bits I've circled? All right, let's have a look together.

So, life in the gloom is of course like a header, it's a header for my page there.

The anglerfish do you see that is a whole fact box.

It's a box with lots of facts about the anglerfish and we've got how do fish glow in the dark? We've got questions as headers.

It's quite a common thing with non-fiction texts that we ask the question as a header and then we answer the question using lots of facts.

Photographs and diagrams are often in non-fiction text.

Remember in a previous lesson, we saw that diagram of how deep the water levels were, and then, of course, they often come with captions.

So these are some of the things, some of the features that are in the inside of the book that makes us realise that we're reading non-fiction, and because it looks quite different to a fiction book.

Okay, some key vocabulary is going to come up in today's lesson that you might never have heard of, and will be helpful for you to know is photophores.

Photophores and I'll be honest with you, I didn't know what a photophores was, but this is an example of an animal with lots of photophores.

And a photophore is light and a light emitting organ.

So some fish have these organs that make light.

And that's what they call photophores.

Adapted, adapt is to become adjusted to conditions.

So adapted and it's become adjusted to certain conditions, you've adapted to a new school, where you have adapted to a new way of living, and that's how we might use adapted.

Great, so we've got photophores and adapted.

Great, let's move on.

Before we start our reading, we have to recap our ways of answering questions.

So remember, one, we underline key information in the question, two, we skim and we scan the text for key words, so the key words that we've underlined in our question, and then when we found them, we read around it, to check the context and to see if that actually answers our question.

So there's three things are really important to remember.

So let's read some of the text.

So reading pages 18 and 19, so they're here.

Again, what you can do is pause the video and read it yourself first, and then listen to me read it, or you can read it with me first and then pause the video and read it after.

Okay, so life in the gloom.

The deep sea is one of the most unexplored areas left on the planet.

In these dark waters thousands of strange and mysterious creatures have adapted to life without light.

What was the word that we just looked at? Hmm, I tapped it.

So question for you.

Why is the deep sea one of the most unexplored areas left on the planet? And this one is a bit of an inference question, 'cause it doesn't actually tell us, but why do you think this might be? So that's what we just read, the deep sea is one of the most unexplored areas left on the planet.

Why do you think that is? Pause the video and answer that now.

So just have a think why would that be, why would the deep sea be one of the most unexplored areas.

Have a go? Great, so what did you come up with? I wonder if it was similar to what I said.

So my answer was, it's really hard to get to as it's so deep.

You need specialist equipment and training to get that far down.

Now I use my knowledge of the sea and watching documentaries and sometimes having been to the seaside, where I've seen people scuba diving.

I don't know if you've ever seen anyone scuba diving, but that is when you put the mask on and you put the tank on your back, and you go underwater, and you can go and see the life in the water.

And I thought, well, the deep sea must be one of the most unexplored areas because even with scuba diving there's a limit to how deep we can go as humans before our ears and our eardrums would pop.

And so it must be really hard to get to cause it is that deep.

We're not talking just a little bit of water where we can swim to, it's so deep that you need specialist equipment.

So wonder if you've got a similar answer to me.

If you did, of course, take your answer, if you didn't just rewrite the right answer or have a think what it could be always check your answers.

So well done, let's move on.

Question for you is why are the animals described as strange and mysterious creatures? So it says strange and mysterious creatures, but what I want you to do is to find, so I think we would underline strange, mysterious creatures 'cause there are key words in that question.

So underline those, then use your finger and find it in the text, and then think, why do you think they've used that? Why the author chosen those two words to describe what's down in the deep sea? So pause the video, answer that question now.

So why do you think the author has used the word strange and mysterious creatures? Here's what I thought.

I said there are many animals with unusual features deep down and we still don't know much about them.

So from what we read in the previous lesson, we read some bits of animals that I didn't know about.

And I thought, hmm, and something about dark waters with thousands of strange and mysterious creatures.

And it says, adapted to life without lights, so they will have unusual features.

And we just don't know much about them.

So that's why they are strange and mysterious, because we just haven't researched them lots yet.

Well done if you got a similar answer, you can give yourself a tick or you can rewrite your answer.

Oh what does adapted mean? Remember, we looked at the start the lesson, but it came up in the text here.

So find the adapted, scan track, got to it, read around it, then what do you think it means? So again, pause the video and answer that question now.

Great, so it says in these dark waters, thousands of strange and mysterious creatures have adapted to life without light.

So what do we think it means adapted? Well, I said, when an animal changes over many years so that they can survive in a specific habitat.

The habitat that we're talking about here is one without light.

But remember, a habitat is the natural home or the environment of an animal or a plant.

So you can have forests, deserts, lakes, oceans, and this is the oceans but the oceans where there is no light, so deep down, that the sunlight can't go get to it.

It's just dark.

And these animals have adapted so that they can survive living in this dark waters in these dark waters I should say, great.

Let's read the next page.

So again you can pause and read it yourself, or you can read it with me and then pause.

Remember, if you are answering questions, you can always go back to the page where the text is on.

Unfortunately, I can't fit everything on the screen, so if you need to absolutely flick through the video.

So the anglerfish.

Habitat, all oceans, it can reach depths of up to 2500 metres.

That's the same as climbing a really tall mountain.

So going all the way up to a tall mountain that's how far deep instead it will be going down.

Females can be up to 90 centimetres while males are much smaller at 10 to 15 centimetres long.

So 90 centimetres, or 10 to 15? Other deep sea fish, oh sorry diet, is other deep sea fish.

Special skills.

The anglerfish gets its name from the long spine.

It hangs in front of its mouth.

An angler is someone who fishes and this spine looks a bit like a fishing rod.

The spine has a small fleshy growth on it which glows in the dark and acts as bait.

At these depths, there isn't enough light to see the fish's body attached to the rod.

Smaller fish swim close until they're snapped up by the anglerfish's sharp teeth.

Hmm, very interesting.

So they've got like a, almost like a spine that kind of hangs out and there isn't enough light to see it, so it's like acts as bait.

What does a bait mean, what do you think? Oh question, what does bait mean? So if you need to go back to the page where bait was on, do that if you can't remember, but otherwise, pause the video and answer the question now.

Good, so, bait.

Well, here is what I got.

Bait is what you attach to a fish fishing rod to attract fish.

The anglerfish's spine acts as bait which means that it attracts fish.

The fish then gets eaten by the sharp anglerfish's teeth.

So a bait is you know, if you go fishing and you put your bait on the end of the fishing rod sometimes it's like little worms, sometimes it's like colourful plastic fish.

And what it means is, when you put your fishing rod into the water, the fish swimming around, they think that that's food and they bite it and that's the bait.

So the bait is the actual thing that attracts the fish and then your fish gets caught and then you can take your fishing rod in.

So the bait is what you would put onto your fishing rod to attract fish.

And that is what the anglerfish has as its spine.

Okay, so how do you fish glow in the dark.

Without sunlight, deep sea fish have to make light of their own to catch food.

They have special organs called photophores to do this.

Inside these organs chemicals mix with oxygen to make a soft blue light.

Deep sea explorers have seen huge light shows made by fish thousands of metres under the sea.

And as a caption, it says anglerfish lit by photophores was really cool, isn't it? So they have these special organs and these chemicals that are then mixed with oxygen and they make this light and they can glow, sounds like they can turn a light switch on, off.

Again, if you'd like a little bit more time and read it yourself, you can always pause the video.

Why then do deep sea fish have to make light of their own? Why is it important for them? So pause the video answer that now.

If you need to go back and you know, what was your key word being in that question? Light, own maybe, deep sea fish.

Have a look and go back to that page, where we were on yes, and just before so just scroll back and pause the video there look for those key words and answer the question, if you need it.

So pause the video and answer the question, great.

So why do they need to be able to make light of their own? Well, my answer was, they have to make light of their own so that they can catch food.

And it said that in the first sentence, it says without sunlight, I said it here without sunlight deep sea fish have to make light of their own to catch food.

So why do they have to make light, is to catch food, Okay, the dragon fish, ooh, look at those giant jaws there and teeth.

Okay, dragon fish habitat.

Deep ocean waters in most tropical regions, it can reach depth for up to 1500 metres.

Size, up to 15 centimetres long.

Diet, anything they can lure.

Special skills.

The dragon fish has a long spine attached to its chin with a glowing light at the end.

Like the anglerfish, it uses this light as a lure.

It can flush the light on and off and wiggle it about to attract its prey.

So what I'd like you to do now is to think about the similarities and the differences between the anglerfish and the dragon fish.

So we read two fact boxes about them.

So there's that one and that one.

So what I'd like you to do is to write down the similarities and the differences.

You might like to for this again is to scroll back on the video and to pause on the page with the fact boxes.

What I suggest you do is to draw a Venn diagram.

Remember a Venn diagram, it's when we've got those circles overlapping, and then on the one side, you put the dragon fish, on the other side, you put the anglerfish, and then whatever they have in common, you can put in the middle of the bit that's overlapping.

So pause the video and answer that question now, and remember, you can scroll back in the video and go to the pages of the two fact boxes if you can't remember.

So try and do that, take your time, do it properly and do that now.

Great, so should we have a look at some of the similarities and differences between the anglerfish and the dragon fish.

So what I came up with was, well, they both live in deep oceans.

They both live deep down.

That is a similarity.

The dragon fish can reach that have up to 1500 metres, but the anglerfish can reach depths of up to 2500 metres.

So the anglerfish lives even deeper than the dragon fish.

The females of the anglerfish get up to 90 centimetres long.

But the male anglerfish and the dragon fish are both around up to 15 centimetres long.

So that is a similarity but only between the male anglerfish.

cause the females are much bigger.

The anglerfish eat other deep sea fish and the dragon fish eat anything they can lure.

So you can take your Venn diagram off and see if you got some similars.

You might have some others as well.

this was not the only thing, so take yours, add any on, well, done.

So now it's time for your final question.

So how would you describe these animals? Positive or negative? What is your opinion of them? Do you like them or not, and why? I'd like you to answer these questions in a good four, five sentences.

So you might use the scaffold and say, I think these animals are, hmm, because and give your reason, I like or dislike them, because hmm, and give ypur reason.

So spend a few minutes answering these questions.

So reflecting on our text, so how do you feel about these animals and that you've read a bit more information about them from our book Exploring the Deep.

So pause and answer that question now.

Great, so I would describe these animals as credibly cool and they have an organ that the organs that's called the photophores and they can make their own light.

I think that is quite amazing.

I like them because I think it's pretty fantastic that they can do that.

I would also be a little bit scared if I had to swim deep down in the waters and come across one of them.

So I'm glad they live really deep down 'cause I wouldn't like to be swimming in the sea and coming across those fish, the anglerfish and the dragon fish through the teeth.

I wonder what you thought, I wonder how you felt about the text, maybe you can tell someone who is with you, parent or carer and say I read about the dragon fish with the anglerfish.

Right, that's it for today.

So we have recap the features of a non-fiction text.

We have learned some few vocabularies, we have read through the text, and we've answered some questions.

I've answered your final question within a bit of an extended answer.

So well done.

This is the end of the lesson, and that was lesson three out of five.

There are two more reading lessons on exploring the deep.

Right hopefully, I'll see you soon, bye.