Lesson video

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Hello, everybody.

Welcome to your fifth lesson on human lifestyles with me, Miss Roberts.

It's so fantastic see you back here.

And I hope you enjoyed last lesson.

I wonder, Did you speak to anybody about your think question? Which stage of life did they think was the most important? Which one did you think? Hmm.

I thought babies was the most important stage of life because that's when they learn everything about the world around them.

So, In today's lesson, we're going to think about what it is to be hygienic.

And why it's important.

I got Lenny the lion here, and he is really excited for today's lesson, because, uh huh, oh we, Lenny tells me that we are going to learn about some famous scientists in this lesson.

I am really excited.

So, if you want to get your favourite teddy, go and pause the video and get them now.

In today's lesson, we are going to learn our star words.

Then we're going to learn about germs. Then we'll think about keeping hygienic, and then we'll learn about Florence Nightingale.

Then, I'm going to show you video about seeing germs. So, you are going to need your exercise book and a piece of paper, a pencil and your brain.

Pause the video and go get things you need now.

I'm going to run get my brain.

Okay, let's do my favourite part of the lesson.

Are you ready? Star words, star words, star words.

Well done.

My turn your turn, hygiene.


Hygiene is keeping clean and healthy.

Hygiene is keeping, clean and healthy.

Well done.

Germs, your turn.

Germs, your turn.

The next one is hygienic.


So, which other words that look familiar to you on the screen? Well done.

It looks like the word hygiene.

So, it's got a different suffix.

So when we are being hygienic, we are being clean and healthy.

And the last word is mould, your turn, mould, your turn.

Mould is when something grows on something that's not very clean.

Have you ever seen mouldy food? When it's a little bit, it looks a little bit fluffy or grey.

And that's because it's not very clean or it's very old and a bit dirty.

So, pause the video and I would like you to read out your star words to your screen again.

Well done.

Let's learn about germs. Germs are tiny living things that we cannot see with our eyes.

They can live on our bodies and germs are everywhere.

Some are harmful, but some are not.

If harmful germs get inside our body, they can make us sick.

Like when we get a cold or when we vomit.

Hygiene is the things that we do to keep our body clean and to help stop the spread of harmful germs. So, not like I said, not all germs are bad, some of them are good.

It's when the bad ones get inside us.

That's when we get sick, and we don't feel very well.

So, what can we do to keep ourselves hygienic? These are four things that we can do to keep hygienic and to maintain good hygiene.

That's going to help us stop any bad germs getting inside us.

So, we can wash our hands, we can have a shower and wash our bodies, we can clean our teeth and we can wash our hair.

That stops the germs on our bodies from getting inside us.

Let's do them again.

Can you read with me, we can wash our hands, we can have a shower and wash our bodies, we can clean our teeth, and we can wash our hair.

Well done.

Those are four ways that we can keep hygienic.

So, let's have a look back at the 1700s.

This was a long long time ago.

And the picture on the screen is of a hospital.

This is not a very hygienic hospital.

There were people sleeping on the floor.

There would have been rats.

They would have been wearing dirty clothes, and so with the doctors and nurses.

And there would have been mould on the walls and on the floor.

We didn't always know about hygiene like we do today.

In fact, when people used to go to hospitals, they were very unhygienic places.

There were often rats, food was mouldy, patients didn't change their clothes, and some people had to sleep on the floor.

This means that people often got more ill instead of getting better.

That's sad, isn't it? Because we know that when you go to a hospital, you want to get better.

So, luckily, there was a lovely lady called Florence Nightingale, who realised the hospitals were not very hygienic places.

She was born in 1820, and she was a nurse who helped soldiers that had been hurt in the war.

She made big changes to the way hospitals are run and made them more hygienic places.

She made sure there were enough beds with clean sheets, for patients to have good food to eat, and all nurses wash their hands and the hospital was a clean place to be.

That's another image of her, and you can see that all the patients are lined up in clean beds.

Can you see anybody sleeping on the floor? No.

Can you see any rats? No.

Does it look like she's wearing clean clothes to stop spreading any germs? Yes.

This looks like a very hygienic place to get better.

So what I'd like to do, is draw this table.

I'd like to list all of the things that happened in hospitals, before Florence Nightingale.

All of the unhygienic ways that hospitals were ran.

And then I'd like to list all of the things that Florence Nightingale changed that happened after.

So, pause the video, draw your table and fill it in now.

Okay, pause the video if you need more time, because I'm going to go through the answers.

Are you ready? So, before Florence Nightingale, patients wore dirty clothes, there were rats, lots of people were sleeping on the floor, and there would have been mould on food and on the walls.

After Florence Nightingale she realised that they needed clean sheets, healthy food for patients, a clean building clean clothes for doctors and nurses.

And that way the hospital was hi, what's that word? Hygienic, well done.

If you miss some of those off your table, that's okay.

I'd like to just add them on now so that you've got all of them written down.

Now what I'm going to do is show you a video.

And this video is ways that you can see germs. What this man has done is he's put a special material on his hands, a gel, and then he's putting it under a special light.

On his hand, you'll see some yellowy sort of brighter sections.

It won't be like a normal hand in normal light.

Those sections that are lighter and almost green, are where all the germs are on his hand.

Now remember that not all of those germs on his hand are bad germs. Some of them will be good ones and we need some germs on our hands.

So let's have a look.

There you can see he's got his hands underneath the UV light.

Can you see especially around his fingers, and on the tops of his palms, and on the bottom of his palms, you can see that there are germs all over his hands.

So, this is really interesting team, because it shows us that even if we're washing our hands, lots and lots, we'll still have germs on our hands.

That's why it's really important to wash our hands, to have showers and wash our bodies, to clean our teeth and to wash our hair to make sure that we don't spread all of the germs that are on our hands.

We can also use hand sanitizer, that helps get rid of some of the germs that are left on our hands as well.

You have done so well today.

I'm really really impressed.

I hope you enjoy drawing that table and learning all about Florence Nightingale.

What an amazing nurse she was.

And she transformed the lives of patients in hospitals to stop them getting any more poorly than they did before.


I wonder what things you're going to do to change the world like that team.

So, it's time for me to go and wash my hands because I'm about to go and cook.

So, I need to make sure that I don't cook with dirty hands.

What things are you going to do to keep hygienic today? I wonder if you can write them down.

Maybe you could make a list of things at the end of your day.

Well done today team and join me next time for our final lesson on human lifestyles.

Bye everybody.