New
New
Year 2

The fourth join: wl, ok, rt and rl with lead in

I can correctly form the fourth join with a lead in and lead out.

New
New
Year 2

The fourth join: wl, ok, rt and rl with lead in

I can correctly form the fourth join with a lead in and lead out.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. The letters all have a lead in and a lead out.
  2. The pencil does not lift when forming the join.
  3. The fourth join goes from the x-height line up towards the ascender line.
  4. The joins wl, ok and rl all reach the ascender line.
  5. The join rt, reaches to between the x-height line and the ascender line.

Common misconception

Children will often want to take their pencil off to form the join.

Emphasise the flowing motion of cursive writing. The letters need to be joined together so the pencil needs to stay on the page.

Keywords

  • Cursive - style of handwriting where the letters are joined together in a flowing and connected manner

  • Lead in - the stroke or line that guides us into starting a letter

  • Lead out - the stroke or line that guides us to smoothly finish a letter

  • X-height line - this is the line that x-height letters reach

  • Ascender line - this is the top line of the tramlines

Encourage the children to hold their hands together and imagine they are letters being joined together. If you lift your pencil then you are breaking the connection and they can't hold hands.
Teacher tip

Content guidance

  • Physical activity required.

Supervision

Adult supervision recommended.

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Video

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6 Questions

Q1.
Which style of writing comes before cursive?
joined up
Correct answer: pre-cursive
print
Q2.
Select the letters which have ascenders.
o
Correct answer: b
Correct answer: f
Correct answer: t
r
Q3.
Select the correct formation of the fourth join of 'ob'.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the correct formation of the fourth join of 'of'.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q5.
Select the correct formation of the fourth join of 'ot'.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q6.
Select the correct formation of the fourth join of 'oh'.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q3 image 1 NA Q3 image 2 NA Q3 image 3 NA Q4 image 1 NA Q4 image 2 NA Q4 image 3 NA Q5 image 1 NA Q5 image 2 NA Q6 image 1 NA Q6 image 2 NA Q6 image 3 NA