New
New
Year 2

The second join: if, il, it with lead in

I can correctly form the second join with a lead in and lead out.

New
New
Year 2

The second join: if, il, it with lead in

I can correctly form the second join with a lead in and lead out.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. The letters all have a lead in and a lead out.
  2. The pencil only lifts to add the dot to the i and the cross to the t.
  3. The second join goes from the baseline to above the x-height line towards the ascender line.
  4. When forming the letter f it has two loops; one at the top of the lead in and one at the bottom ready for the lead out.

Common misconception

Children will often remember one of the loops for the f but forget the other.

Lots of modelling and emphasising that the letter f needs to 'hold hands' with the letter in front and behind it.

Keywords

  • Cursive - style of handwriting where the letters are joined together in a flowing and connected manner

  • Lead in - the stroke or line that guides us into starting a letter

  • Lead out - the stroke or line that guides us to smoothly finish a letter

  • Baseline - this is the line that most letters sit on

  • Ascender line - this is the top line of the tramlines

Give the children a visual of the letters being joined together by holding hands. If you lift your pencil then you are breaking the connection and they can't hold hands.
Teacher tip

Content guidance

  • Physical activity required.

Supervision

Adult supervision recommended.

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Video

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6 Questions

Q1.
Cursive letter joins refer to...
how the letters sound.
Correct answer: how the letters connect together.
the size of the letters.
Q2.
True or false. You don't lift your pencil when joining two letters.
Correct Answer: true, True
Q3.
Select the correct first join for 'in'.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the correct first join for 'ig'.
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An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
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Q5.
Select the correct first join for 'ed'.
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q6.
Select the correct first join for 'eg'.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q3 image 1 NA Q3 image 2 NA Q3 image 3 NA Q4 image 1 NA Q4 image 2 NA Q4 image 3 NA Q5 image 1 NA Q5 image 2 NA Q5 image 3 NA Q6 image 1 NA Q6 image 2 NA Q6 image 3 NA