New
New
Year 2

# The second join: if, il, it with lead in

I can correctly form the second join with a lead in and lead out.

New
New
Year 2

# The second join: if, il, it with lead in

I can correctly form the second join with a lead in and lead out.

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## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. The letters all have a lead in and a lead out.
2. The pencil only lifts to add the dot to the i and the cross to the t.
3. The second join goes from the baseline to above the x-height line towards the ascender line.
4. When forming the letter f it has two loops; one at the top of the lead in and one at the bottom ready for the lead out.

### Common misconception

Children will often remember one of the loops for the f but forget the other.

Lots of modelling and emphasising that the letter f needs to 'hold hands' with the letter in front and behind it.

### Keywords

• Cursive - style of handwriting where the letters are joined together in a flowing and connected manner

• Lead in - the stroke or line that guides us into starting a letter

• Lead out - the stroke or line that guides us to smoothly finish a letter

• Baseline - this is the line that most letters sit on

• Ascender line - this is the top line of the tramlines

Give the children a visual of the letters being joined together by holding hands. If you lift your pencil then you are breaking the connection and they can't hold hands.
Teacher tip

### Content guidance

• Physical activity required.

### Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

## Starter quiz

### 6 Questions

Q1.
Cursive letter joins refer to...
how the letters sound.
Correct answer: how the letters connect together.
the size of the letters.
Q2.
True or false. You don't lift your pencil when joining two letters.