New
New
Year 2

The second join: il, it, ik, ul with no lead in

I can correctly form the second join.

New
New
Year 2

The second join: il, it, ik, ul with no lead in

I can correctly form the second join.

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Lesson details

Key learning points

  1. The letters are formed by following the right starting point and direction.
  2. All of the letters have a starting point on the x-height line.
  3. The second join goes from the baseline to the ascender line when joining to a tall letter.
  4. The second join goes from the baseline to in between the x-height line and the ascender line when joining the letter t.
  5. The pencil only lifts to add the dot to the i and the cross to the t once you have finished the letter string.

Common misconception

Children often want to add the dot for the i and the cross for the t when forming that letter rather than waiting to the end of the letter string.

Emphasise the flowing motion of cursive writing. The letters need to be joined together so the pencil needs to stay on the page.

Keywords

  • Join - how things connect

  • Starting point - the point the formation of a letter begins on the tramlines

  • Lead out - the stroke or line that guides us to smoothly finish a letter

  • Baseline - this is the line that most letters sit on

  • Ascender line - this is the line that letters with ascenders reach up to

Give the children a visual of the letters being joined together by holding hands. If you lift your pencil then you are breaking the connection and they can't hold hands.
Teacher tip

Content guidance

  • Physical activity required.

Supervision

Adult supervision recommended.

Licence

This content is © Oak National Academy Limited (2024), licensed on Open Government Licence version 3.0 except where otherwise stated. See Oak's terms & conditions (Collection 2).

Video

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6 Questions

Q1.
The first join goes from the baseline to the ...
ascender line.
baseline.
Correct answer: x-height line.
descender line.
Q2.
Select the correct formation of the first join of 'ed'.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q3.
Select the correct formation of the first join of 'eg'.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q4.
Select the correct formation of the first join of 'id'.
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q5.
Select the correct formation of the first join of 'ig'.
Correct Answer: An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
An image in a quiz
Q6.
True or false? The join for 'an' uses the first join connecting from the baseline to the x-height line.
Correct Answer: true, True
Q5 image 1 NA