# Lesson video

In progress...

Hi everyone.

My name is Miss Smith and welcome to today's lesson.

This is Lesson Three of our unit, Rabbit-Proof Fence.

And in our lesson today, we will be revising the function of apostrophes.

So when you're ready, let's get started.

In our lesson today, we will review spellings before we look at the function of apostrophes.

And later in the lesson, we will practise using apostrophes.

And so in the lesson, you will need an exercise book or some paper to write on, a pencil to write with, and make sure that you have somewhere quiet and a space that means you can concentrate and use your brain for the whole of this lesson.

Okay, so we'll start today's lesson with some spelling, and you should consider which spelling is correct.

So I'm going to show you two options for each spelling and you should write down on your lined paper the spelling you think is the correct spelling.

And I'll pause after I've given you both options so you've got lots of time to write down the spelling you think is correct.

So spelling one, appreciate.

Is it option one or option two? And write down the one you think now.

Okay, let's see.

It's option one.

And in that spelling, you are really mulling over how to form that "sh" sound in appreciate.

C-I-A-T-E.

Spelling two, language.

Option one or option two.

Write down the one you think now.

Okay, it was option two, and so an A at the end, A-G-E not E-G-E.

Spelling three, rhythm.

Option one or option two? Write down the one you think.

Okay, let's have a look.

It's option one.

So trying to trick you with a silent N on the end, but it doesn't have one.

R-H-Y-T-H-M, tricky spelling because no vowels.

Spelling four, hindrance.

Option one or option two, and write down the one you think now.

Okay, it was option one again.

So A-N-C-E the end of hindrance, not E-N-C-E.

And finally, cemetery.

Is it option one or option two? Let's see.

It's option two.

So all Es, C-E-M-E-T-E-R-Y.

Well done.

So now I want you to think whether you can write three different sentences, each using one of the correct spellings.

You practised five spellings.

Can you write three different sentences and for each sentence to use one of the spellings below.

So, You've got appreciate, language, rhythm, hindrance or cemetery, and you should pause the video to write your three sentences and then resume when you've completed it.

So now we're going to think about apostrophes, and apostrophes can be used in two different ways.

They can be used for contraction to show omission.

That's where letters have been left out of a word, and they can also be used for possession to indicate possession, which shows the ownership of something.

So let's think specifically about apostrophes for contraction.

In a contraction, an apostrophe represents the missing letters.

So let's have a look at that and remind ourselves of what that means in a few examples.

He would, when contracted, becomes he'd, and you can see the apostrophe has been put in place of the letters W-O-U and L.

He would becomes he'd.

They are can be contracted to they're, and I have can be contracted to I've.

And in each example, you can see that that apostrophe represents missing letters.

So for each contraction on the screen now, can you write the uncontracted form? And you can pause the video now and use your lined paper to note down the uncontracted form for each contraction on the screen now.

Okay, well done if you managed to do all of those.

Let's have a look.

We're going to go through each one and look at what the uncontracted form should be.

We'll start with he's, which is he is in it's uncontracted form.

Isn't is is not.

I'll in uncontracted form is I will.

They'd is they would.

You'll, you will.

She'd, uncontracted form is she would, we're is we are and hasn't is has not.

So, can you just pause for a moment and remind yourself what are the two functions of an apostrophe? So let's now move on and think about apostrophes for possession.

So for most singular nouns, when we're thinking about indicating possession, we need to add an apostrophe and an S.

Let's have a look in a sentence for an example.

This sentence reads the girl's eyes were fixed on the bird.

So our noun is singular.

It's girl and her eyes are the thing that belongs to her.

And so to indicate that, we add apostrophe S to girl.

When we're thinking about plural nouns, like in this example, the girls' footsteps rustled in the long grass.

We only need to add an apostrophe, that's because most plural nouns end in an S.

So two examples there, one for singular nouns and for plural nouns, as a reminder.

And then finally, we need to think about plural nouns that do not end in an S.

And so in this sentence, a plural noun is children.

The sentence reads, the children's eyes were wide with fear.

And this time, we do need to add an apostrophe and an S.

That plural noun doesn't finish with an S, and so we not only add an apostrophe, but we also add an S to show possession, that the children's eyes were wide with fear, all of the children and all of their eyes.

Okay, so now let's do some practise and think about using apostrophes.

We're going to think about whether, in the examples here, the apostrophe is used to indicate possession or contraction.

I've got three sentences.

We've only just arrived.

The boy's football flew over the fence.

I'd rather stay at home.

So pause your video and think whether in each example, the apostrophe is used to show possession or contraction.

Okay, let's have a look.

In that first example, we've only just arrived, it's used for contraction.

We have only just arrived would be its uncontracted form.

Sentence two, the boy's football flew over the fence, that's right.

It's for possession because the football belongs to the boy, and it's a singular noun, boy, and so we've added apostrophe S.

And finally, I'd rather stay at home, is another contracted form.

I would rather stay at home would be it's uncontracted form.

And now, we'll do some more practise, and we're going to insert an apostrophe in the correct place in the sentence below.

So the sentence reads, let's see if we can avoid the traffic.

Can you decide where an apostrophe should go? And you should pause your video and write that sentence with the apostrophe inserted correctly now.

Okay, so we'll have a look together and see if you've put your apostrophe in the same place, and importantly, can you explain why it's there? So it lives between the T and the S.

Let's see if we can avoid the traffic.

And you're right.

It's a contraction.

It's used to show a contraction.

In its uncontracted form, it would be let us see if we can avoid the traffic.

Let's practise another one.

So this sentence, where is Nadia's bag? Can you rewrite the sentence and put the apostrophe in the correct place? Pause and do that now.

Okay, this time, it goes after the A and before the S, an apostrophe S, and it's there to show possession.

Final practise, pupils' stationery should be tidied in pencil pots.

Where should the apostrophe be located in that sentence? Pause your video, rewrite the sentence with the correct placement of the apostrophe.

Okay, hopefully you've had a good look, so you can see the pink apostrophe after the S.

Pupils' stationery should be tidied in pencil pots.

So it's an apostrophe for possession, and it's a plural noun, lots of pupils with their stationery, and they should all put their stationery tidy in pencil pots.

Congratulations.

That is the end of this lesson, where we have revised spelling.

Importantly, looked at the two functions of apostrophes, contraction and possession, and you've practised using apostrophes in different sentences.

So, well done.

That is the end of lesson three, and today's lesson on apostrophes.

Well done for working so hard throughout the lesson, and for trying your best with all the practise questions.