# Sawm

In this lesson, we will focus on Sawm, which is the fourth pillar of Islam. We will explore the requirement to fast during the month of Ramadan, other obligations alongside fasting and the importance of fasting.

# Sawm

In this lesson, we will focus on Sawm, which is the fourth pillar of Islam. We will explore the requirement to fast during the month of Ramadan, other obligations alongside fasting and the importance of fasting.

## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. The requirement to fast during the month of Ramadan.
2. Other obligations alongside fasting.
3. Importance of fasting.

### Equipment

You will need two different coloured pens: black or blue and another coloured pen, such as green or red.

### Licence

This content is made available by Oak National Academy Limited and its partners and licensed under Oak’s terms & conditions (Collection 1), except where otherwise stated.

## Video

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## Starter quiz

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### 7 Questions

Q1.
For which denomination of Islam is Zakah obligatory?
Neither
Shi'a
Sunni
Q2.
Which denomination has to pay Khums?
Both
Neither
Sunni
Q3.
How is nisab calculated?
Correct answer: By working out the value of a set weight of gold and silver
It is fixed to 20%
It is set to £2,000
Muslims work out how much they would like to save
Q4.
Which denominations of Islam must pay sadaqah?
Both
Shi'a
Sunni
Q5.
What is the percentage used to calculate Zakah?
10
20
5
Q6.
Which of these defines nisab?
A savings allowance below which you do not need to pay Khums.
Correct answer: A savings allowance below which you do not need to pay Zakah.
The amount of Zakah a Muslims ought to pay.
The amount on which you do pay Zakah.
Q7.
Which of these is not a group who receive Zakah?
Converts to Islam
The needy
The poor

## Exit quiz

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### 8 Questions

Q1.
What is the definition of Sawm?
Correct answer: Fasting during daylight hours during the Islamic month of Ramadan.
Going with food and drink.
Q2.
Which of these groups would not be exempt from Sawm?
Children under 12.
Pregnant women.
Correct answer: Teenage boys and girls.
The elderly.
Q3.
When can the daily fast be broken?
After the sunset prayer.
At midnight.
It cannot be broken during Ramadan.
Correct answer: When it is too dark to tell the difference between a white and a black thread.
Q4.
Complete with the most appropriate missing word/phrase: Sawm inspires [________] as it reminds Muslims of those without food so can inspire charity.
Pilgrimage
The mind
Q5.
Complete with the most appropriate missing word/phrase: Sawm helps a Muslim to fulfill Allah's commands as the Qur'an tells Muslims to fast in order to [__________________]
Correct answer: Become mindful of God.
Show others how dedicated to God you are.
So that the angels can see you fasting.
Q6.
Why does Sawm take place during Ramadan?
Correct answer: It is the period of time when the angel Jibril began revealing the Qur'an to Muhammad.
It is when Mecca was established as an Islamic city.
It is when Muhammad first established a loyal following.
It is when the revelation of the Qur'an was completed.
Q7.
What proportion of the Qur'an should a Muslim read each day throughout Ramadan?
1/10th
1/20th