# What are the different components in an electrical circuit?

In this lesson, we will learn how to build an electrical circuit. We will look at all the different components of an electrical circuit and learn the rules for building them. You will need a piece of paper, a pencil and a ruler for this lesson.

# What are the different components in an electrical circuit?

In this lesson, we will learn how to build an electrical circuit. We will look at all the different components of an electrical circuit and learn the rules for building them. You will need a piece of paper, a pencil and a ruler for this lesson.

## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. Describe the parts of an electrical circuit
2. Explain how electricity in a circuit is different to static electricity
3. State the conditions for electricity to flow in a circuit

### Licence

This content is made available by Oak National Academy Limited and its partners and licensed under Oak’s terms & conditions (Collection 1), except where otherwise stated.

## Video

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## Starter quiz

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### 5 Questions

Q1.
What happens to the charges to make a static charge build up?
the charges become balanced
the charges become excited
Correct answer: the charges become unbalanced
Q2.
What can cause a static charge?
when a metallic and plastic material are next to each other
Correct answer: when some materials rub against each other
when two materials repel each other
Q3.
How can we tell if a balloon is 'charged'?
It will deflate
It will pop
Correct answer: It will stick to the wall
Q4.
What causes the build up in charge when lightning occurs?
Clouds becoming hotter and hotter
Correct answer: Particles in clouds rubbing against each other
The sun shining through rain droplets
Q5.
Why does static electricity need to be discharged?
Correct answer: To make the amount of charge balanced again
To make the amount of charge unbalanced

## Exit quiz

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### 6 Questions

Q1.
Which component provides the power supply for the circuit?
Lightbulb
Wire
Q2.
Why would circuit A not work?
The switch is open
Correct answer: There is a gap in the circuit
There is no cell
Q3.
Why would circuit B not work?
Correct answer: The switch is open
There is a gap in the circuit
There is no cell
Q4.
Why would circuit C not work?
The switch is open
There is a gap in the circuit
Correct answer: There is no cell
Q5.
What happens to the charges to make a static charge build up?
the charges become balanced
the charges become excited
Correct answer: the charges become unbalanced
Q6.
What causes the build up in charge when lighting occurs?
Clouds becoming hotter and hotter
Correct answer: Particles in clouds rubbing against each other
The sun shining through rain droplets