# What challenges can an ageing population present?

In this lesson, we will be learning all about places which have more older people than younger people. We call these ageing populations, and they can present some challenges, which will be explored.

# What challenges can an ageing population present?

In this lesson, we will be learning all about places which have more older people than younger people. We call these ageing populations, and they can present some challenges, which will be explored.

## Lesson details

### Key learning points

1. Articulate what an ageing population is
2. Explore why an ageing population can present challenges
3. Review examples of challenges

### Licence

This content is made available by Oak National Academy Limited and its partners and licensed under Oak’s terms & conditions (Collection 1), except where otherwise stated.

## Video

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## Starter quiz

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### 9 Questions

Q1.
Which city is Rocinha favela in?
Brazil
Manila
Mumbai
Correct answer: Rio De Janeiro
Q2.
The population of Dharavi is about:
Correct answer: 1 million people
1,000 people
10 million people
100 million people
100,000 people
Q3.
Life in a slum is very similar for all people living there.
True
Q4.
Approximately how many people around the world live in slums?
Correct answer: 1 billion
1 million
175,000
7.8 billion
Q5.
Slums tend to be densely populated.
False
Q6.
By the year 2050, what do experts believe the population of the world will be?
Correct answer: 10 billion
10 million
100 billion
100 million
Q7.
Birth rate can be defined as which of the following?
Correct answer: The number of births per 1000 people per year.
The number of deaths per 1000 people per year.
When there are more births than deaths
When there are more deaths than births
Q8.
Life expectancy can be defined as which of the following?
Correct answer: The average age that a person is expected to live to.
The number of births per 1000 people per year.
The number of deaths per 1000 people per year.
When there are more births than deaths
Q9.
'Natural increase' can be defined as which of the following?
The average age that a person is expected to live to.
The number of births per 1000 people per year.
The number of deaths per 1000 people per year.
The people who live in a particular place.
Correct answer: When there are more births than deaths, so the population grows.
When there are more deaths than births, so the population shrinks.

## Exit quiz

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### 9 Questions

Q1.
What is the capital city of Wales?
Belfast
Edinburgh
London
Q2.
What is the capital city of Scotland?
Belfast
Cardiff
London
Q3.
What is the capital city of Northern Ireland?
Cardiff
Edinburgh
London
Q4.
What is the capital city of England?
Belfast
Cardiff
Edinburgh
Q5.
By 2050, experts believe that the population of Earth will be about
Correct answer: 10 billion
10 million
100 billion
100 million
Q6.
Since 2010, Japan's population has been
Correct answer: Declining in number and becoming older overall
Declining in number and becoming younger overall
Rising in number and becoming older overall
Rising in number and becoming younger overall
Q7.
Which continent has the most youthful population?
Asia
Australia
Europe
North America
South America
Q8.
Japan has an ageing population.
False